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was a Scotchman born, and when very among the village girls in life and young, being then a drummer-boy, he health and full elasticity. If the reader landed in Egypt with Mackensie Fraser's has ever descended from a dissecting force. He was taken prisoner, and according to Mahometan custom, the alter. and turned from the loathsome dead,

room into the populous streets of a city, native of Death or the Koran was offered to bim; he did not choose Death, and oppressed by dull odors and noisome therefore went through the ceremonies forms, and his eye has suddenly alighted which were necessary for turning him into upon the blooming face of woman, round, a good Mahometan. But what amused me gay and full of life, he may thus again most in his history was this—that very rejoice after visiting plague-stricken soon after having embraced Islam, he was Cairo, at the sight of these dancing girls. obliged in practice to become curious and discriminating in his new faith-to make “So, I say, when you see, and hear war upon Mahometan dissenters, and fol- them, those romping girls of Bethlehem low the orthodox standard of the Prophet will gladden your very soul. Distant at in fierce campaigns against the Wahabees, first, and then nearer and nearer, the who are the Unitarians of the Mussulman timid flock will gather around you with world. The Wahabees were crushed, their large, burning eyes gravely fixed and Osman returning home in triunph against yours, so that they see into your from his holy wars, began to flourish in brain, and if you imagine evil against the world; he acquired property and be- them, they will know of your ill thought came effendi, or gentleman. At the time before it is yet well born, and will fly, and of my visit to Cairo he seemed to be much be gone in the moment. But presently respected by his brother Mabomelans, if you will only look virtuous enough to and gave pledge of his sincere alienation prevent alarm, and vicious enough to avoid from Christianity by keeping a couple of looking silly, the blithe maidens will draw wives. He affected the same sort of re- nearer and neurer to you, and soon there .serve in mentioning them as is generally will be one, the bravest of the sisters, who shown by Orientals. He invited me, in- will venture right up to your side, and deed, lo see his hareem, but he made both touch the hem of your coat, in playful his wives bundle out before I was ad- defiance of the danger, and then the rest mitted; he felt, as it seemed to me, that will follow the daring of their youthful neither of them would bear criticism, and leader, and gather close round you, and I think that this idea, rather than any hold a shrill controversy on the wondrous motive of sincere jealousy, induced him to formation that you call a hat, and the keep them out of sight. The rooms of the cunning of the hands that clothed you with hareem reminded me of an English cloth so fine; and then growing more nursery, rather than of a Mahometan profound in their researches, they will paradise. One is apt to judge of a woman pass from the study of your mere dress, to, before one sees her, by the air of elegance a serious contemplation of your stately or coarseness with which she surrounds height, and your nut-brown hair, and the her home; I judged Osman's wives by this ruddy glow of your English cheeks. And test, and condemned them both. But the if they catch a glimpse of your ungloved strangest feature in Osman's character fingers, then again they will make the air was his anextinguishable nationality. In ring with their sweet screams of wonder vain they had brought him over the seas in and amazement, as they compare the fairearly boyhood-in vain had he suffered ness of your hand with their warmer tints, captivity, conversion, circumcision-in and even with the hues of your own sunvain they had passed him through fire in burnt face; instantly the ringleader of the their Arabian campaigns-they could not gentle rioters imagines a new sin; with cut away or burn out poor Osman's inborn tremulous boldness she touches-thien love of all that was Scotch; in vain men grasps your hand, and smoothes it gently called him Effendi—in vain he swept betwixt her own, and pries curiously into along in Eastern robes-in vain the rival its make and color, as though it were silk wives adorned his hareem; the joy of his of Damascus, or shawl of Cashmere. And heart still plainly lay in this, that he had when they see you even then, still sage three shelves of books, and that the books and gentle, the joyous girls will suddenly, were thorough-bred Scotch-the Edin- and sereamingly, and all at once, explain burgh this—the Edinburgh that, and to each other that you are surely quite above all. I recollect, he prided himself harmless, and innocent-a lion that makes upon the 'Edinburgh Cabinet Library."" no spring-a bear that never hugs, and

upon this faith, one after the other, they We are not yet out of this polluted will take your passive hand, and strive to atmosphere, but here at Bethlehem explain it, and make it a theme and a comtroversy. But the onc—the fairest, and monster to this generation, and yet you the sweetest of all, is yet the most liinid; can see that those lips, so thick and heavy, she shrinks from the daring deeds of her were fashioned according to some ancient playmates, and seeks sheller behind their mould of beauty-some mould of beauty sleeves, and strives to screen her glowing now forgollen--forgotten because that consciousness from the eyes that look Greece drew forth Cytherea from the upon her; but her laughing sisters will flashing foam of the Ægean, and in her have none of this cowardice-they vow image created new forms of beauty, and that the fair one shall be their complice made it a law among men that the short shu'l share their dangers—shull touch the and proudly wreathed lip should stand for hand of the stranger; they seize her small the sign and the main condition of loveli. wrist, and drag her forward by force, and ness, through all generations to come. at last, whilst yet she strives to turn Yet still there lives on the race of those away, and to cover up her whole soul who were beautiful in tie fashion of the under the folds of downcast eyelids, they elder world, and Christian girls of Coptic vanquish her utmost str ngth-they van- blood, wil look on you with the sad, seri. quish your ulmost modesty, and marry her ous gaze, and kiss you your charitable hand to yours. The quick pulse springs hand with the big, pouting lips of the very from her fingers, and throbs like a whisper Sphynx. upon your listening palm. For an in- “Laugh, and mock if you will at the worsiant her large, timid eyes are upon you— ship of stone idols, but mark ye this, ye in an instant they are shrouded again, and breakers of images, that in one regard, the there comes a blush so burning, that the stone idol bears awful semblance of Deity frightened girls stay their shrill laughter, -unchangefulness in the midst of change as though they had played too perilously, the same seeming will and intent for and harmed their gentle sister. A mo- ever and ever inexorable! Upon ancient ment, and all, with a sudden intelligence, dynasties of Ethiopian and Egyptian turn away, and fly like deer, yet soon Kings-upon Greek and Roman, upon again, like deer they wheel round, and Arab and Outoman conquerors upon Na. return, and stand and gaze upon the dan. poleon dreaming of an Eastern Empire ger, until they grow brave once more. upon battle and pestilence-upon the

"I regret to observe that the removal ceaseless misery of the Egyptian raceof the moral restraint imposed by the pre- upon keen-eyed travellers---Herodotus sence of the Mahometan inhabitants, has yesterday, and Warburton to-day-upon led to a certain degree of boisterous, though all, and more this unworldly Sphynx has innocent levity, in the bearing of the watched, and watched like a Providence Christians, and more especially in the with the same earnest eyes, and the same demeanor of those who belong to the sad, tranquil mien. And we, we shall younger portion of the female population, die, and Islam will wither away, and the but I feel assured that a more thorough Englishman, leaning far over to hold his knowledge of the principles of their own loved India, will plant a firm foot on the pure religion, will speedily restore these banks of the Nile, and sit in the seats of young people to habiis of propriety, even the Faithful, and still that sleepless rock more strict than those which were im. will lie watching and watching ihe works posed upon them by the authority of their of the new, busy race, with ihose same Mahometan brethren.' Bah! thus you sad, earnest eyes, and the same tranquil might chaunt, if you chose; but loving mien everlasting. You dare not mock at the truth, you will not so disown sweet

the Sphynx.” Bethlehem-you will not disown, nor dissemble the right good heariy delight, with Our author is oftener witty than huwhich, in the midst of the arid waste, you morous ; we oftener smile than laugh found this gushing spring of fresh and at his sketches; but here is something joyous girlhood.”

ludicrous; an official at Cyprus slaughsnowy rice,

tering hens. Chapter XX is a very short one, and we shall give it entire—it is a species " When we returned to Baffa, the Proof prose sonnet on

consul seized a club, with the quietly determined air of a brave man, resolved to

do some deed of note; he went into the “And near the Pyramids, more won- yard adjoining his cottage, where there drous, and more awful than all else in the were some thin, thoughtful, canting cocks, land of Egypt, there siis ihe lonely and serious low-church looking hens, reSphynx. Comely the creature is, but the specifully listening, and chickens of tencomeliness is not of this world ; ihe once der years so well brought up as scarcely worshipped beast is a deformity and a to betray in their conduct the careless


levity of youth. The Pro-consul stood for wisdom, consisted in the fact, that Rothsa moment quite calm-collecting his child (the late money-monger) bad never strength; then suddenly he rushed into been the Prime Minister of England ! I the midst of the congregation, and began gravely tried to throw some light upon to deal death and destruction on all sides; the mysterious causes which had kept the he spared neither sex nor age; the dead worthy Israelite out of the Cabinet, but I and dying were immediately removed think I could see my explanation was not from the field of slaughter, and in less satisfactory. Go and argue with the flies than an hour, I think, they were brought of summer, that there is a Power divine, to the table, deeply buried in mounds of yet greater han the Sun in the heavens, but

never dare hope to convince the people of

the South that there is any other God than It was the English vice-consul (a Gold.” native) at the same Island who offered the following speculation on the British Constitution.

We have now given our more dis

tant readers a taste of a really clever “ To me it seems that of all the lands book, our city readers have doubtless by I know (you will see in a minute how I this time read the book itself. It is a connect this piece of prose with the Isle of very elegant volume, of unexceptionable Cyprus), there is none in which mere type and paper, and a very cheap one. wealth-mere unaided wealth, is held half It is published as the first of a series of so cheaplynone in which a poor devil of books which it is promised shall equally a millionaire without birth, or ability, oc- delight the true scholar and the general cupies so humble a place as in England. reader-a high standard—but one warMy Greek host and I were sitting toge- ranted to be taken with such a book as ther, I think upon the roof of the house Eöthen. The series, moreover, “Wi(for that is the lounging place in the ley & Putnam's Library of Choice Eastern climes), when ihe former assumed Reading,” is to contain new American verse upon the subject of the British Con. Copyright Works, where there will be stitution, with which he assured me that he found greater difficulty in the selection, was thoroughly acquainted; he presently,

of course, than among the old Classic however, informed me that there was English treasures and the vast field of one anomalous circumstance attendant foreign contemporary literature. That upon the practical working of our political we have as true and genuine men to system which he had never been able write books here as anywhere is part of to hear explained in a manner satisfactory our belief, and it will be from lack of to himself. From the fact of his having faithfulness rather than opportunity if found a difficulty in his subject, I began to Messrs. Wiley and Putnam do not ex. think that my host might really know hibit this in their “ Library.” Nothing rather more of it than his announcement is wanted for American Literature but of a thorough knowledge had led me to good faith and due encouragement to expoet ; I felt interested at being about to ripen it to an early maturity. Certainly hear from the lips of an intelligent Greek, thus far it has had more storm and quite remote from the influence of Euro

But pean opinions, what might seem to him the unhealthy mist than sunshine. most astonishing and incomprehensible of there are rays of light breaking throngh all those results which have followed from and long may the time be distant, the action of our political institutions. when, however faint, they are not wel. The anomaly—the only anomaly which comed in the pages of the Democratic had been detected by the vice-consular Review.


The readers of the Democratic Re- any great remuneration. There can be view need no formal introduction to but few of them produced, and to reNathaniel Hawthorne. His contribu- peat them would be to diminish their tions commenced with the first number, value. Take the best case. Suppose and have continued even to the present. a man were at this day to write a voHis gentle pen has lightened many a lume of Essays, as good as Lord Baweary track of political disquisition by con's, he might get for them from one its cheerful fancies, and left words to five hundred dollars ; if he diluted upon our pages which will grow brighter and spoilt them he might get a thousand. to the end. What, alas ! has become Charles Lamb's Essays, which are goof the noisy administrations, the all in ing about the world in stereotype ediall of the hour and the month; the tions, read and enjoyed by everybody, little men and the great speeches-gone and literally creating faculties of enjoyto feed the maw of the devouring past, ment in thousands of young readers laid up for the most part in oblivion in every year, were originally published fat spongy volumes of the Congressional in the London Magazine. They were Globe ! But our Hawthorne lives; his short, seldom extending beyond three Essays still delight the youth and or four pages. What he got for them maidens for whom poets write, his tales we do not know, but at the rate Amehave been Twice Told and will be a hun- rican magazines pay, he would have dred times. Time only evolves a pro- realized the munificent sum of five or founder moral in his writings, and from ten dollars--and no disparagement to their scattered fragments forms a whole the magazines either. Their resources in which the figure of the man appears are limited, but as it is, they are the to be welcomed and loved. But the most liberal supporters of our literary politicians, for the most part, have had men. That beautiful fancy piece, the this advantage, that if, politically speak- Child Angel, of Lamb, makes rather ing, many of them are dead, they at less than one page and a half of the least fattened in their lifetime. They London Magazine—and upon some did not talk for nothing, but received score or two of such articles, the autheir good things in their day and gene- thor's reputation hangs. They were ration—the poet lives and starves. We the cream of his life. How could they say this in no spirit of complaint, for it be paid for ?-certainly not by the bookappears to us that in the end there is no sellers, for they had none of that media great inequality to complain of. What of ocrity of book-making in them, which is advantage there is, is on the side of the the delight of the trade, they could poet. If the author could foresee his not be spun ont into volumes enough to agitated spirit fluttering with pride, and draw any great amount of coin from a humbled by poverty, he might choose purchaser's pocket—they could not be the fat turtle and dainty viands, the ad- vamped and hashed, and rehashed every miring friends and the rejoicing lacqueys season; they were done once and for of office ; could the politician get a But Lamb had means, and could glimpse of the future, he might think live notwithstanding. What, on the the poet's nothings more real than his contrary, would have become of Camprealities. One thing is certain, that the bell the poet without his pension? He habit of mind, the introspection, the stu. might have stirred the heart of all Engdies, the discipline which shall re- land by his lyrics, and won all the batsult in Essays like those of Hawthorne, tles of the age by the fire he put into the can rarely be accompanied with money- soldiery, and starved without the immemaking pursuits, and that, however diate aid of the Government. There well literature may be paid for (and in are certain of the highest literary labors, this country it is as yet necessarily very the most honorable and the most sucpoorly paid for), even the best writings cessful, which can never be paid for, of this kind, when published, cannot through the booksellers. Goldsmith's support the author of them long. In Vicar of Wakefield did not compare their very nature, they cannot afford with his “ Prefaces," which are forgot



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Nathaniel Hawthorne.
ten, in point of remuneration, and his tion with the officers in the mess-room.
Poems he wrote for himself and poste- Happy anthor he who has this privilege
rity in hours stolen from the booksellers. of being listened to with eagerness and

As authors are the immediate orna- enthusiasm, whose noble sayings are
ments of the State, as the good they not dragged down to a little standard,
confer is general, and their honor and whose trifles even are informed with the
prosperity contribute so largely to the pregnant meaning of genius. Happy
life and enjoyment and complacency critic who can keep such glorious com-
expressed in those two words we are pany. At such times be the nil admi-
charged with using so familiarly, “ Our rari far from us—let the soul slake her
Country," it would seem not unreasona- thirst for excellence in one full untrou-
ble (though we do not pledge ourselves bled draught. What care we if there
to the expediency of it) that a well fill. are greater anthors in the world ? We
ed purse should be set aside and proper- can forget Shakspeare and Milton and
ly used on occasion, with the label Dante and Tasso, Cervantes and the
Literary Pension Fund." There other gods of the upper air, for the lesser
might be difficulties in the distribution deities. We are content with demigods,
of it, but the principle has been already but they must be genuine.
recognized by our Government, and es- Deprecating, then, all pretences to
pecially of late years. The circum- criticism, we take the liberty of setting
stance attracted the attention not long in for a few moments' familiar colloquy
since of a member of Parliament, D'Is- with the writings of Hawthorne. We
raeli we believe, or Monkton Milnes, in would write for the reader as we would
a speech on a public occasion, and it talk to a friend who has a general ac-
was mentioned to the honor of the Re- quaintance with the Essays (all readers
public. With Washington Irving, an of the Democratic have this) and who
author, at Madrid ; Edward Everett, a cared for the particular grounds of our
reviewer, at London ; Wheaton, the admiration.
writer on International Law, and Fay, Imagine a man of a rugged frame of
a Magazinist, at Berlin; Alexander body and a delicate mind,

of a physical Everett, in China, and Bancroft in the hardihood to tempt all extremes of Cabinet, to say nothing of the numer- weather and suffer no annoyance as a ous instances of literary men immedi- ploughman in the heat of midsummer, ately advanced by the people themselves or an amateur traveller breasting the to Congress, and the State Legislatures, storm for mere pleasurable excitement, the country may indeed claim some- with a fancy within airy, fragile and thing on the score of its appreciation of sensitive as a maiden's; the rough Men of Letters. Utilitarian, as we are hairy rind of the cocoa-nut enclosing its said to be, and anti-poetical (a great sweet whiteness; fancy all this as a type libel by the way), we believe there has of Nathaniel Hawthorne, and you have been but one feeling about the graceful- some idea of the peculiarities which ness of these appointments and their impart their strength and their weakvalue to the State.

ness to his writings. The perfectness Nathaniel Hawthorne has passed that of his style, the completeness of form, period of his literary life in which it is the unity of his subject and of all his necessary to enter upon a systematic subjects, are masculine : the light play examination of his writings, in the old of fancy, the sentiment, are feminine. approved critical style. He is admitted There is a deeper vein which no woto be a genuine author, simple, natural, man could ever reach, an intimacy with and perfect in his peculiar department the sterner powers of life which we of writing, and stands upon that vantage should wish no woman to attain. At ground, where his position being a thing the first perusal of the writings of Hawestablished, one may write of him with thorne, the reader remarks the singular

freedom, and speak warmly of those clearness, the fountain-like beauty of points which may appeal inost forcibly the style, “ more splendid than crystal ;" to his individual taste. This, we con- a beanty not put on or occasional, but fess, is the species of criticism in which though doubtless supplied beneath by we take most delight-leaving to others secret springs welling up here and there the measuring and drilling of the raw in the sedges irregularly, yet presenting recruit in literature, we prefer the ease the smoothness and placidity of the and freedom-the abandon of conversa- river at its surface. Such calm, be as, VOL. XVI.-NO. LXXXII.


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