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and that dependance upon little things
of the Gospel history from among laymen as well which binds us so surely to great ones.
as clergymen, Rationalists as well as Revelation
ists, Catholics as well as Protestants, who have We cannot give the plot without marring come forward, -the multifarious positions from the reader's enjoyment, but we have it in which the defence is made, -and the entire our power to give the history of the re- unanimity among men of estimation which has ception of the book in Germany, which to action which has sprung from the influence of that
prevailed,-are all indications of a healthful many, who might not be attracted by a very history of the Incarnate God.' mere work of fiction, will be a new
"But what, it will be asked, has all this to do
with the Amber-Witch, published last year by source of interest. The whole will form à
Murray? In 1826, a small treatise was written chapter in some future “curiosities of by a clergyman of Usedom, a small island at the literature.” The account is taken from mouth of the Oder, in Prussian Ponierania, intendthe (English) Baptist Record. We musted to illustrate the witch trials and the belief in put our veto upon one sentence of the son or other, it was not allowed by the Censorstatement, however, as somewhat phari. ship of the Press. The author, therefore, kept it saical, that in the opening which offers a by him for some time, till the idea occurred to
him of putting it into the form of a narrative prosanctimonious apology for noticing a work
fessing to be derived from an old manuscript of fiction, as such, without any reference discovered in the church at Usedom, in which an to its being a good or bad book of fiction. account of a witch-trial and the events that led to It is time this cant and misappreciation posed period. It further occurred to him whether of the imagination as one of God's good he could not mistify the Rationalists of Germany, gifts were exploded--there can be no re- and thus put to the test, by means of a modern
production, the skill to which they pretend, of ligion, worth possessing, without it.
detecting forgeries be they ever ancient,
and be the traditionary evidence ever so strong * Our readers may have seen or heard of a sort in favor of their genuineness. He, therefore, of romance published last year by Murray, trans- sent the manuscript to Dr. David Strauss, lated from the German by Lady Duff Gordon, suggesting whether the account which it conentitled The Amber-Witch.' It is not a work tained might not, in some degree, illustrate certain to be noticed in these pages except on account of stalenients in the New Testament. The work, in the theological purpose it was intended to answer. short, was laid before the king himself, and by In order to explain this, it may be necessary to him ordered to be printed in 1843. Half a year afsay a word or two on the history and present ter this, the author, finding that his myth was unistate of German theology. Fifty years ago a de- versally received as a piece of genuine history, gree of scepticism prevailed in Germany, of which made a public declaration of the entirely fictitious in this country we can form no adequate concep- character of the work, and of the theological purtion. Under various names, Neologists, Rationalisis, pose it was intended to answer. He says, in Hengand so forth, they took the most daring liberties Stenberg's Kirchenzeitung for last year, after the with the Word of God. They explained away declaration referred to My view, as far as I all the miracles, and everything, in fact, which can find out here, in my literary Patmos, is attainwas supernatural. They pretended to an acquaint- ed; the work is almost universally received as ance with the language and history of the sacred genuine ; none of the critics mention the least suswritings so profound, as to be able to decide picion of what is nevertheless the fact, that it is respecting the most ancient portions of Scripture, mere fiction, without any single historical ground what was genuine and what was not so, to a to rest upon. In this way those persons have redegree of certainty which overpowered all exter- ceived my undisguised myth for genuine history, nal evidence. Accordingly, there is hardly a book who have rejected as fabulous a history which is of the old or New Testament whose genuineness, attested not only by its existence and wide exteneither in whole or in part, has not been impugned sion to the present day, but by the united testimony by them. And of what these writers have of all antiquity and by the blood of thousands of allowed to remain, the most important parts, the martyrs-a madness more insane than if they great facts on which our religion mainly rests, were to affirm that the splendid cathedral at has been declared by others to be statements of Cologne was commenced and obtained its present the same kind as those which Niebuhr rejected state without an architect and without a plan, by from the early bistory of Rome, i. e., legendy, or the act of pilgrims who merely cast stones together as they call them, myths, to which some ancient as they passed ! common opinion had given rise.
"In a subsequent communication to the same “Of this kind a portentous phenomenon has periodical, the author says:—- After I had made appeared within the last ten years. An elaborate my former declaration, the uproar was unbounded work by Dr. David Strauss was published in 1836, at the manner in which the critics had been deto show that the whole history of Christ was
ceived; they not only abused me and accused me exactly what the Apostle Peter said it was not, of wickedness, but persisted in declaring that my a cunningly devised fable;' i. e., not a fraud, Amber-Witch' was a genuine historic document. but a myth, a sort of spiritual exhalation, the I, therefore, hereby subjoin the united testimony of superlative beauty of which was one of the evi- the Synod of Usedom that my declaration is cordences that it could not be real. Astounding as rect.' Here follows their testimony. The author this production appeared, it was soon perceived continues :- From the history of my work the that it was likely to be the crisis of a disease following conclusions may, I think, be drawn, which had long preyed upon the vitals of German which I would fain circulate far and wide:-1 theology. It is to the credit of Neander, the The critics who ussert that they can develope, celebrated historian of the Church, that, as a from the letters and the style of the sacred writings member of the Censorship, he gave a casting vote the author, and the exact time of composition, in favor of its publication. The result has fully ought to blush at the present failure of their skill. justified him. Osiander remarks, in the Studien 2. Those of them who declare that history of und Kritiken' for 1840 :--While the eagerness Jesus Christ, whose historic truth has a far better and concentrated activity of the contest shows foundation than any other historic fact whatever, the deep importance of the object, and indicates to be a romance, ought to be ashamed of thema vital crisis in theology, the universal excite- selves for taking the romance of Dr. Meinhold (the ment produced by it,--the number of defenders author's name) for real history. 3. If they per
sist, as they probably will, in declaring my fable nounced their own condemnation. If the device to be a fact, in spite of my own assertion to the by which I have proved this is wicked, it is the contrary and of the affidavit of a synod of divines, wickedness of one who, by an artifice, would deand yet declare the history of the Gospel to be tect a thief that had broken into the sanctuary. false or fabulous, though its authors have sealed To me and thousands of others the Gospel is such their testimony to its truth with their own blood; a sanctuary." all reasonable men will judge that they have pro
NEW AMERICAN WORKS.
Pontiffs, Ecclesiastical Councils, bulls,
decrees, persecutions, &c. The work Mr. Cooper's new novel, to be published will form an octavo volume of about 600
early this month by Burgess & Stringer, pages, illustrated by some 40 or 50 en* is entitled “ Satonstoe, or the family of gravings, and will be published by E. Little Page.”
Walker, 114 Fulton street, in a few A new edition of the Poems of Halleck weeks.
has just been issued by the Messrs. J. S. Redfield has just published a “PicHarper.
torial History of the American RevoluWiley & Putnam have in press a volume tion," illustrated with several hundred
of “ Tales by Edgar A. Poe,” and a engravings, in one volume, octavo. new and complete edition of the “ Let- Nearly ready, The Snow Drop, a gift ters from Italy," by Mr. Headley. The for a friend, by Rev. C. W. Everest; poems of Alfred B. Street are also to be and the Sinless Child and other Poems, published soon.
by Mrs. Seba Smith, in Miniature Messrs. Harper have press
«А Library style. Chance Medley,” a collection of Mis- We take this opportunity of calling attencellaneous papers from the Quarterlies tion to Dr. Ruschenberger's excellent and Monthlies, by Thomas Colley Grat- series of Elementary text-books, detan.
signed for the use of colleges and The Æsthetic Letters, Essays and the schools on the subject of Natural His
Philosophical Letters of Schiller, trans- tory. Eight volumes have already aplated with an introduction by J. Weiss, peared, comprising the following divi. 1 vol., 12mo., published by Little & sions: Anatomy and Physiology; Mam. Brown: Boston.
mology; Ornithology; Herpetology and Saul: a Mystery, a poem by Arthur Ichthyology; Conchology; Entomo
Cleveland Coxe, will be issued immedi- logy; Botany; and Geology. This ately at Hartford, Conn.
series has been adopted in several of Phreno-Mnemotechny, or the art of Mem. our colleges and public schools, and
ory ;-the series of Lectures explana. with, as we learn, unqualified satisfactory of the principles of the system de- tion. One admirable feature among livered in New York and Philadelphia- others, which characterize these works, in one large octavo of 600 pages, ac- is their perspicuity and simplified arcompanied with fine mezzotint Portrait rangement, combining a vast amount of of the author, Professor Gouraud, is information in the smallest compass-a just issued.
mode of imparting instruction quite up Mr. Downing's New Work on Fruit trees, to the labor-saving and time.economis
is nearly ready. Wiley & Putnam are ing spirit of the age. Gregg & Elliot, the publishers.
of Philadelphia, are the publishers; We have the pleasure to announce a new and they are for sale by Langley,
work, by Rev. John Dowling, A, M., Wiley & Putnam, and the booksellers of this city. "A New and Complete generally. History of Romanism.” It will comprise Prof. Gregory has in press a new coma copious yet succinct history of the pendious work on Chemistry for stu. Latia Church, its rise, progress and dents, condensed from his larger work, present state, derived from the most which has acquired such high repute. accredited authorities, both Catholic The work will pass under the superand Protestant, including among the vision of Dr. Webster, and will be former, Bellarmine, Baronius, Ray- issued by Ticknor & Co., Boston. naldus, Sarpi, &c., accompanied with Jewelt & Co., of Philadelphia, have now notices of the most celebrated Roman ready an attractive little work-StoVOL. XVI.-N0. LXXXII.
ries of the American Revolution," com- neous writings of Carlyle, the critical prising a complete anecdotic history of papers of Talsourd and Stephen ; a sethat great event-a valuable and inte- lection from the Quarterly Review, inresting book for the perusal of the cluding Southey, Hallam, Milman, Croyoung “ The Maiden, a tale for my ker, Gifford, Scott, Lockhart, Heber, countrywomen, by T. S. Arthur,” is and others; Sir James Mackintosh's the title of another little volume from contributions to the Edinburgh Review; the same publishers.
Sir Walter Scott's Critical Writings, Prof. Frost has just commenced a serial and those of Lord Jeffrey.
issue of a “Pictorial History of the The same publishers are about issuing World”-a work entitled to special the Waverly Novels complete, in five consideration both as to its superior ar- royal 8vo. volumes, for two dollars and a tistic embellishments and the judicious half. arrangement of its literary department. Lea & Blanchard, Philadelphia, will pubThe first part contains a well-digested lish, “Browning's History of the Husketch of Egyptian history, based upon guenots,” in 1 volume octavo. the latest authorities, including the “ Wraxall's Historical Memoirs of his monumental records of Gliddon and own times," in one volume octavo. others. Geo. S. Appleton has in press « Guthrie on the Anatomy and Diseases “ Melodies adapted to gems of Music,” of the Bladder and Urethra," in 1 vol. by Mr. S. T. Sullivan, of Philadelphia. octavo. one of the best Artistes in this depart. “Esquirol on Insanity,” translated by Dr. ment, we know of; like Anacreon Moore E. K. Hunt, in 1 volume 8vo. -he composes his song and chants its Miss Strickland's“Memoirs of the Queens melody, extemporaneously. The forth- of England,” volume 8. coming collection will receive a cordial Ranke's “ History of the Reformation in welcome.
Germany," parts 3, 4 and 5. Wilkins & Carter, of Boston, have in Gregory's "Outlines of Chemistry," for
preparation a thoroughly revised edi- the use of Students, in one volume, tion of “ Worcester's Dictionary of the
small 12mo. English Language,” which is to com- “Fowne's Chemistry," edited by Bridges, bine many new features.
in one thick volume, royal 12mo. “Hoblyn's Dictionary of Terms used in
Medicine and the Collateral Sciences."
Edited by Isaac Hays, M. D., in one REPUBLICATIONS.
volume, 12mo. The Fourth number of Wiley & Putnam's “ Costello's Cyclopedia of Surgery."
Library of Choice Reading will be “Modern Cookery,” by Eliza Acton, in “ Leigh Hunt's Imagination and Fan- one volume, 12mo, with cuts. cy;" to be followed by the “ Indicator," “ Every Man his own Farrier," by Cla« The Seer," and his other writings. ter. Edited, with numerous additions, The same series will also include the by J. S. Skinner, 1 volume, 12mo. Works of William Hazlitt, to appear in Greeley and McElrath have just issued successive volumes.
“ Popular Lectures on Astronomy, Wiley & Putnam have also in press, &c.” by M. Arago, with additions and
“ Stories from the Italian Poets," illustrations by Dr. Lardner. We need “Dante, or the Italian Pilgrim's Pro- not add a word of commendation on a gress.” “Pulci, or the Humors of a work endorsed by two of the most emi. Giant," and the “ Battle of Ronces- nent names that adorn the annals of valles." By Leigh Hunt.
this department of science. We are Appleton & Co. have in
“ Smith's gratified to find that Dr. Lardner is Dictionary of Greek and Roman Anti- preparing for publication a series of his quities,” for Schools. “ Smith's New Scientific Lectures, delivered during the Classical Dictionary," for Schools. past four years, in the several cities of Mrs. Loudon's “Country Companion." the Union. The entire work will ocTempleton's “ Operatives' Mechanics' cupy about a dozen numbers, at 25 Companion.” “Goldsmith's Village," cents each ; the first of which will apby Zschokke.
pear 1st May, Carey & Hart, of Philadelphia, are about Taylor & Co. have issued an excellent
to publish a cheap stereotype edition in little story for youth, entitled “ The double columns, of “ The Modern Es- adopted Child,” &c., by Charles Bursayists,” to include the works of Mac- dett. The same firm has also issued anlay, Alison, Sydney Smith, Professor Charlotte Elizabeth's Judæa Capta, Wilson (the Recreations of Christo- being a sketch of the overthrow of Jerupher North), the critical and miscella- salem.
Charlotte Elizabeth, in her full name Psalms," with an Introductory Essay by
Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna, is engaged Rev. Edward Irving. Few Theologiin writing a new work, expressly for cal works enjoy a higher reputation this country, for which a copyright will with the whole religious public than be secured by the publisher Mr. M. this excellent commentary; and the W. Dodd of this city.
accompanying Essay, by Irving, is a Jan Stuart Mills's “ New System of splendid specimen of his masterly style; A Logic," the English edition of which a rich florid gothic, full of quaint con
was published some time since in two ceits and exuberant in imagery and large octavos, is about to appear fro illustration ; R. Carter, of this city, is the press of Appletons.
the publisher. The same publishers issue shortly Dr. R. Carter, of this city, has also issued a
Arnold's “ Lectures on History," with fine edition of Prof. Wilson's “Lights notes and an introduction by Prof. and Shadows of Scottish life," a work, Reade of Pennsylvania University; it like the “ Diary of a late Physician" of will form a volume uniform with the such striking verisimilitude that the life and letters of the author. Reid's reader cannot doubt the reality of the new “ Dictionary of the English lan- narratives ; those who have never guage,” is also in press ; this will, be- read this admirable work have a rich sides other new features for a portable treat in reserve. “A world without dictionary, comprise those of punctua- souls,” by Rev. Mr. Cunningham, is a tion and derivation.
specimen of religious allegorical writing A fine library edition has just appeared no less fitted to arrest attention than to
of Bishop Horne's “ Commentary on the impart instruction.
THE NEW COMEDY OF FASHION.
fied, and when once the Theatre offers
greater attraction of this kind than is The production of a new five act local found outside of it, every one will run Comedy, by an American Author, on to the Theatre. The contrary is at prethe boards of the Park Theatre, is a sent the case. There is more that is circumstance of sufficient importance really dramatic to be found in the in itself, whatever the merits of the committee room, the political meeting, ! play, to be carefully recorded. Some- the lecture on magnetism, the newsthing should be gleaned from such a paper and the ale-house, where the fact to survive for the benefit of the dialogue is always more pointed and Drama, when the immediate occasion amusing than on the present stage, shall be entirely forgotten. It is one than in the Theatre itself. Notwith point gained that a play by an American standing this our people are, in reality, author has been acted at all; it is still great supporters of the stage. The another, that the scene is laid in New number of houses open and the large York in the year 1845; and it is another, suns of money expended are sufficient of less consequence, that the play is proofs of but yet, with the exception called a Comedy and extends to five perhaps of a particular class of “roaring acts. It is not to be doubted that at boys” at the Bowery, there is no regular some future day the country will pos- dramatic audience-no set of people
a national drama. The instinct constant in their support of the drama, for theatrical amusements is as keen to be relied on for their presence habitually here as in any part of the world; or even occasionally, and to constitute, perhaps keener than in most lands, as what is essential, a fashionable society in any one may have noticed who has the boxes. There is nothing on the stage cast even a careless look at the holiday to hold such a set of desirable people amusements of the people, and the together. The London cockney drama dramatic element exhibited in Camp which has exclusive possession is a thing Meetings, Revivals, and especially to be laughed at,- not with. It is Political Processions. No people more mere farcical distortion and absurdity, greedy of shows, none fonder of amuse- with not even the good laughter of broad ments, gossip and criticism in which honest farce. Until we have some the stage delights, can be found in the sympathy with what is going on upon the world. Now this is a taste to be grati- stage, there can be no true interest ex
pected in the matter. And this constitutes, cedent for managers, for its performance we may remark, the difference between proved one thing incontestably,that a good comedy and its caricature, and leads audience can be easily called together to us, by a short turn, to the so-called witness an American pay, nay that there comedy of “ Fashion." With all genuine is great readiness to appreciate and pocomedy we have a certain sympathy, sitive enthusiasm for the faintest excelwith this play of “ Fashion" we have lence. Let this be remembered, and when none at all. There is too little humor in opportunity offers, acted upon. It is no it for comedy, and too little force for pleasant task to labor in the raw infancy satire. This may be, and we think it is, of any business.- Mrs. Mowatt will be a fault of the subject, which has not remembered for her courage and zeal in depth enough for the profound qualities encountering the difficulty. essential to a comedy. Fashion in its present stage in New York affords materials for broad farce, or in the hands MR. HUDSON'S LECTURES ON SHAKSPEARE of a keen writer for indignant satire; but of that mode of treatment which is Mr. Hudson as a critic is in the right indispensable to create an interest in the line of succession in the same branch as hearts of men, it is not capable. It is Coleridge, Schlegel, Hazlitt and Lamb, only when fashion shall have become a and not at all in the spurious line of setiled power in society, when it has its Rymer, whose glory it was to show up acknowledged good laws as well as its the absurdities of Othello, Steevens who abuses, when its authority is felt and said people could be compelled to read the recognized, and it requires to be held Sonnets only by Act of Parliament, Malone responsible for its failures, when it is who whitewashed the bust, and ihe other something real and tangible, that it can numerous Stupidities who offered up their be put upon the boards with any effect. incense, according to Geoffrey Crayon, At present, Fashion (we mean the thing as worshippers in Roman countries smokand not the play) is poor and meager, a ing with their farthing candles the image mere unsettled piece of pretence, too thin which they pretend to glorify. It is the and flimsy to get humor out of. It will fashion to praise Shakspeare, a fashion be time enough to think of comedies which has silenced much empty criticism, of Fashion a hundred years hence. A but it is doubtful whether the old spirit very thin species of farce seems the which suggested the objections does not embodiment of the hurrying incident of yet exist-suppressed within the heads the present dày, which does not survive and hearts of a great many. The readers long enough to deposit character. who understand Shakspeare are, perhaps,
A man of great wit and severity--a as few this day as ever. Mr. Hudson stern biting censor might, we think, make puts life into this empty creed by bringing something of our ways and manner on the home to his audience the principles and stage-might find abundant material for mode of thinking and acting of his great satire in the popular ignorance, the flip- author. Others have done it before, nor pancy, the pretence and corruption of the does the lecturer claim anything on the Times. But he should write with a pen score of novelty or originality, as the lat. of iron, and the audience should tremble ter is generally understood. It is because while the actor spoke. We need some his thoughts are old, he says, that they are one to strike our hollow life and show it a likely to be true. It is a circumstance worth « sounding brass ;" to strip us of our con- mentioning that just now, in the lecture ventionalism and disguises ; to be thor- room of New York, the oldest and most asoughly in earnest with sharp naked sured truths are the most striking and novwords.
el. People listen to tales of the wonders of The “ Fashion" of Mrs. Mowatt, meas- magnetism and the rights of women, and ured by the strictest stage requirements, perfectibility of man, with the greatest inhad undoubtedly many faults, and we difference and complacency, but talk to may expect many faults in the com- them of such old matters as the character mencement of our attempts at the much of Adam and Eve, and the spiritual phi. talked of “ National Drama.” As we have losophy of the Bible, and they stare. Mr. said, too, there was not material for a com- Hudson's simplest truisms create the edy in the subject matter ; the plot was greatest sensation, when he says, for inwithout strength and the language with- stance, that it is impossible for woman out any epigrammatic niceties. But it is in all respects to become man. creditable that a lady should have made The general scope of Mr. Hudson's the attempt. If it do not contain the Lectures may be indicated, when we say germ of any future dramatic authorship, that he traces the genius of Shakspeare which it does not, it is at least a good pre- through every part of his writings with