« AnteriorContinuar »
H. OF R.
Mr. Condict then offered the following proviso proposed by his colleague; from whom he differed to the 4th section: only in the extension of the credit moved for. “ That stills employed solely in distilling fruit, shall Mr. C. said he would prefer twelve months, be- not be subjected to the payment of more than threelieving that term to be necessary to meet the cases fourths of the duties required in other cases ; and in already stated. A credit of iwo years was al- those cases where the pomace is fermented and distilled, lowed in the duties on the India trade, and the without having been first separated from the liquor by voyages performed by the Western people in seek the press, not more than two-thirds shall be exacted.” ing a market, almosi equalled those to the Indies. This motion produced some desultory debate, Mr.C.then (Mr. Hardin having previously with and was finally negatived. drawn his motion) moved to insert twelve in. Mr. Pickens, after a few remarks in support of stead of six months.
the motion, moved a new section to the bill, proMr. Smith, of Maryland, concurred in the viding that the owner or user of any still em: views of the gentleman who supported the pro-ployed wholly in distilling from fruit, have the posed alteration, but he would prefer nine months, option of taking out license, either on the capaconceiving that term sufficieni for every fair pur city agreeably to this act, or on the product at pose. He thought every facility and encourage cents per gallon. ment ought to be given to distillation, which he Mr. P. offered this amendment principally on believed would, in time, become a very great account of the short time which those who dissource of revenue, as the farmers would find it lilled only from fruit were able to use their stills, more and more their interest to carry their sur- which he thought entitled them to the privilege plus grain to the great distilleries, and barter it he proposed. for whiskey, &c. He wished also to encourage His motion was, however, negatived without a the manufacturer of that article, because he be- division. lieved it the least pernicious of the ardent spirits The Committee then rose and reported the bill generally used.
and amendments, and the House proceeded to Mr. Lowndes rose to state the motives which consider the report. influenced the Committee of Ways and Means in The House agreed successively, without objecfixing the period of credit at six months. It was tion, to the several amendments reported by the deemed by inecommittee a sufficient time to allow Committee, until it came to that adopted yesterthe manufacturer to receive bis returos, yet not day, on motion of Mr. LOWNDES, to increase the enough to endanger the public revenue by, too duty on licenses for one year one hundred per long a credit. But whilst he stated these views cent., and to graduate the price of licenses for of the committee, he was obliged to concur in shorter periods in proportion to these for one the arguments which had been advanced in favor year. of an extension of the term. He thought, however, that iwelve months was rather a longer nays were demanded, and the question decided
On concurring in this amendment the yeas and credit ihan necessary, and that nine months would be enough to enable the most remote manufac
yeas 66, nays 62, as follows: turers to make payment from the proceeds of their
YEAs—Messrs. Adgate, Atherton, Barbour, Bassett, manufacture, and still not endanger the revenue Brown, Calhoun, Champion, Chappell, Cilley, Clay. by too long a credit.
ton, Condict, Cooper, Crocheron, Cuthbert, Darling. After a few words from Mr. Hardin in sup bert, Hopkinson, Huger, Hulbert, Ingham, Irving of
ton, Forney, Gaston, Gold, Hale, Hall, Hawes, Herport of the motion, the question was taken there- New York, Jewett, Kent, Langdon, Law, Lewis, on, and carried-yeas 76.
Lovett, Lowndes, Lumpkin, Lyon, Marsh, Mason, Mr. H. moved to strike out the clause which Mayrant, Middleton, Milnor, Moseley, Nelson of Masprohibits the collector from entering a distillery sachusetts, Nelson of Virginia, Pickering, Pinkney, except in the day time; which motion was also Pitkin, Reed, Smith of Maryland, Stearns, Sturges, agreed to.
Taggart, Tallmadge, Taylor of New York, Telfair,
MARCH, 1816. Townsend, Tucker, Vose, Ward of Massachusetts, he had before observed, nearly ten times as much Ward of New Jersey, Webster, Wendover, Wilcox, was collected in that State under this alternaWilde, Willoughby, and Yates.
tive, as that on the capacity-tas. He had heard Nars—Messrs. Alexander, Baer, Baker, Bennett, of no evasions of the law in ihat case, and thought Betts, Blount, Breckenridge, Bryan, Burwell, Cald. it wise to consult the convenience and the babita well, Cannon, Clarke of North Carolina, Clark of of the people in the mode of levying burdeas Kentucky, Clendennin, Comstock, Crawford, Creigh when there could be no public loss. ton, Culpeper, Desha, Edwards, Goldsborough, Hahn,
The motion was then negatived. Hardin, Henderson, Hungerford, Jackson, Johnson of Virginia, Johnson of Kentucky, Kerr of Virginia, the House after the unwelcome reception of his
Mr. P. felt a reluctance in further troubling King of North Carolina, Love, Lyle, Maclay, McCoy, former motions for amendment; be, however, McKee, McLean of Kentucky, Moore, Murfree, Newton, Ormsby, Parris, Pickens, Piper, Powell, Rey- thought it his duty to make another essay to atnolds, Roane, Root, Ross, Savage, Sharpe, Sheffey, tain in some proportion the objects of his former Smith of Virginia, Southard, Stanford, Taul, Taylor amendment. of North Carolina, Thomas, Throop, Wallace, Ward
He then moved the same amendment as the of New York, Whiteside, and William Wilson. last, limiting it to the distillation of fruits.
Mr. Parris then moved to restore the proviso This motion was also negatived. in the fourth section, which had yesterday been No other amendment being offered, the bill was stricken out in Committee of the Whole, and ordered to be engrossed, as amended, and read & which was in the following words, viz: "Pro- third time. vided, That there shall be paid upon each still employed wholly in the distillation of roots, but one-half the rates of duties abovementioned, ac
WEDNESDAY, March 20. cording to the capacity of such still."
Mr. TUCKER, from the Committee for the DisMr. P. stated that, upon retaining this provis-trict of Columbia, reported a bill to prevent the ion, would entirely depend whether the distillers circulation of unchartered bank notes, in the Disin the District of Maine could work their stills. trict of Columbia ; which was read twice and He assured the House that his constituents were committed to a Committee of the Whole. materially interested in having it retained, for [This bill does not operate on the notes of any without it distillation from roots, particularly in unchartered baak already established, and the that section of the country, must be entirely penalties for circulating the notes prohibited are suspended; that it was the only liquor distilled not to attach to the passer of the notes, but to the in his disirict, and be believed nearly the only institution which shall issue them.] liquor consumed; with the farmers he was sure
Mr. TUCKER also reported a bill making an apit was.
propriation for completing the centre building of The question was then taken on concurring the Capitol; which was read iwice, and com. with the
Committee in striking out the proviso, mitted to the Committee of the Whole on the and decided against concurrence, by the casting bill making an appropriation for enclosing and vote of the Speaker. So the proviso was re- improving the Capitol square. tained.
Mr. TockeR also reported a bill to appropriate Mr. Condict renewed the motion be made the marriage license tax within Washington this day in Committee, with some modifications, county in the District of Columbia; which was and supported it with zeal; but his exertions read twice, and committed to a Committee of the were ineffectual.
Whole. Mr. Pickens then moved to add a new section Mr. Ward, of New Jersey, from a select comto the bill; the object of which was to retain the mittee, made a report on the petition of Andrew option allowed in the last act in case of small Law; which was read: when, Mr. W. reported distillers, whereby a duty might be paid of a bill to extend the patent granted to Andrew cents on the spirits distilled, or the proposed tax Law for an improvement in the mode of printing on the capacity, at the option of the owner. music; which was read twice, and committed to
This varied from the motion he had made in a Committee of the Whole. Committee of the Whole, as that extended the Mr. Middleton, from the Committce on Naval alternative to all stills used in distillation from Affairs, made a report on the petition of Samuel fruit only. Embracing in some measure the same Travis, and others, which was read; when, Mr. principle as his former motion, he would not, he R. reported a bill allowing pay to certain persons said, consume time in repeating his former argu- made prisoners with the revenue cutter Surveyor; ments. The option proposed would afford great which was read twice, and committed to a Comconvenience 10 lhe farmers of the interior Coun-mittee of the Whole. try, many of whom owned small distilleries, The amendments proposed by the Senate to which it was only an object for them to use oc- the bill " to authorize the payment for property casionally, and which would in many cases not lost, captured, or destroyed, by the enemy, while be used at all, if compelled to be entered for a in the service of the United States," were read, given period. The returus of the duties since and referred to the Committee of Claims. the last act went into operation, prove how Mr. CLARK, of Kentucky, from the Committee much preference had been given, in the State he on the Classification and Organization of the represented, to paying the duty on the spirit; as Militia, reported a bill for organizing, classing,
H. OF R. and arming the militia, and for calling them forth a substitute for the metallic currency. A declaration, to execute the laws of the Union, suppress iosur. therefore, at that time, that the Government would rections, and repel' invasions, and to repeal the only accept, in payment of the revenue, gold and silver, laws heretofore passed for those purposes; which Treasury notes or bank notes payable on demand in was read twice, and committed to a Committee coin, would have been equivalent to a denial of the of the Whole.
means for paying the duties and taxes, at the very Mr. STEARNS subroitted the following resolu- crisis that rendered indispensable a strict enforcement tion to amend the rules and orders of the House; of the obligation to pay them. Nor could such a decwhich was read, and ordered to lie on the table :
laration have been properly applied to the loans which Resolved, That the following be added to the stand- tion in coin was not to be expected ; a subscription
the necessities of the Treasury required. A subscriping rules of the House, viz: There shall be a standing committee, consisting of general purposes ; and consequently a subscription in
in Treasury notes could not yield any active aid for members, to be called “the Committee of the the local currencies
of the several States must have Revision of Bills." It shall be the duty of the said committee carefully the public supplies, as well as for discharging the public
been contemplated as the chief resource for procuring to examine all bills which may be reported, before they engagements. Under a sense, therefore, of the necessity are introduced into the House, to make verbal or tech which seems, for a time, to have reconciled the whole nical alterations, or take the same into a new draught, nation to the suspension of payments in coin, the if they shall think proper. But they shall not change Treasury continued to receive bank notes, in satisfacthe principles or provisions of any bill without the tion of every public claim and demand ; and Congress, consent of the committee who shall have reported the after a session of six months, adjourned on the 3d of same.
March, 1815, without intimating any objection, or The bill from the Senale “further extending making any provision, upon the subject. the time for issuing and locating military land
The same state of things continued throughout the warrants, and for other purposes,” was read iwice, year 1815. In the annual estimates communicated to and committed to the Coinmitiee on the Public Congress, at the commencement of the present session, Lands.
it was stated, that the aggregate amount which would
probably be realized and received at the Treasury du. NATIONAL CURRENCY.
ring 1815, from revenue and loans, might be placed at Mr. Calhoun, from the Committee on National the sum of about $30,400,000. But the gross amount Currency, reporied a bill to regulate the currency of Treasury notes issued and unredeemed in 1815, within the United States of the gold coins of could not be averaged higher than $16,000,000; and Great Britain, Portugal, France, and Spain, and the amount in actual circulation must be taken at a the crowns of France and five franc pieces of much less sum; for, whenever and wherever the TreaNapoleon ; which was read iwice, and committed sury notes rose to par, and above par, they were, for to a Committee of the Whole.
obvious reasons, withheld from the ordinary uses in Mr. Calhoun also laid before the House the exchange. Nor was it in the power of the Treasury following letter from the Secretary of the Trea- immediate demand for fiscal purposes. Treasury notes
to augment the issue of Treasury notes beyond the sury :
have not hitherto been regarded by the law as a subTREASURY DEPARTMENT, March 19, 1816. stitute for the national currency, and the authority to SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt issue them is only granted, as an auxiliary for supplyof your letter dated the 15th instant, making the folding the occasional deficiencies of the revenue. In the lowing inquiries on behalf of the Committee on the New England States alone, the banks still professed National Currency:
to pay their notes upon demand in gold and silver ; 1st.“ Is it practicable or expedient, at present, to but, in fact, the issues of bank notes in that quarter collect the dues of Government in gold, silver, and have proved inadequate to meet the wants of the comcopper coins, Treasury notes, and notes of such banks munity; and the revenue is almost entirely collected as pay specie for their bills ?"
in Treasury notes, which have been purchased at a 2d. “ If this be not practicable or expedient, at pres- considerable discount. It is certain, therefore, that ent, when ought an act directing the dues of Govern- neither Treasury notes, nor circulating coin, nor the ment to be so paid, to go into effect, and what ought notes of banks paying in coin, could furnish, in 1815, to be the provisions of such an act ?"
a sufficient medium, to satisfy the amount of the 3d. “Would it be expedient, after the 1st of No. duties, taxes, and loans, for the year. But, it is importvember next, or at any other time, to increase the durant here to add, that while the interior of the counties on stamps on the notes of such banks as do not try was as destitute of a currency of coin, as the cities pay in specie ?"
and towns upon the Atlantic, the Treasury note me4th. “ Are there any other measures that it would be dium was, in effect, monopolized by the commercial expedient to resort to for that purpose ?"
cities; and the local banks furnished all the means As a brief consideration of the general subject of which the planter or the farmer could collect for the your letter will afford the best foundation for specific payment of his rent or his tax. answers to the questions which have been proposed, I During the year 1815, the effects of the late war pray the indulgence of the committee in the adoption upon public and private credit were still felt; and the of that course.
extraordinary event, which involved Europe in a new When the banks, during the Summer of 1814, sus conflict, threatened a continuance of the drain upon pended the payment of their notes in coin, the Trea- our gold and silver ; to be augmented, according to a sury notes which had been issued, were manifestly general apprehension, by the force of an unfavorable incompetent, both in amount and credit, to constitute balance of trade. Under such circumstances, the res
toration of the national currency of coin could not payment to the public creditors; but even if that be cease to be desirable ; but it must become more diffi- not the case, the hazard will be slight, considering all cult in the accomplishment. The alternative issue of the legislative precautions which it is proposed to the measure deserved, therefore, the most serious con- adopt. Added to the metallic capital of the National sideration, and it was to be determined, not only upon Bank, the deposites of the revenue, collected in gold views of fiscal interest and accommodation, but upon and silver, must be a sufficient basis for a circulation principles of national policy and justice. The conse- of coin ; as the uses for the paper of the bank, entendquence of rejecting bank notes, which were not paid ing throughout the nation, will be constant as well as on demand in coin, (if such payments were not thereby uniform. rendered general) must have been to put at hazard the Under these general impressions I have the honor collection of the revenue, in point of time and in point to submit the specific answers to your inquiries, in the of product; to deteriorate (if not to destroy) the only following form : adequate medium of exchange, adopted by the coni- 1. That it be made by law the duty of the Secretary mon consent of the nation, in a case of extreme neces of the Treasury to give public notice that, from and sity; and, in short, to shake the very foundations of after the 31st day of December next, it will not be lawprivate property. The powers of the Treasury Depart- ful to receive in payment to the United States, any. ment were granted, for purposes contemplated by the thing but gold, silver, and copper coins, constituting Legislature in making the grant; but it is not believed, the lawful national currency ; provided, that the Secthat a case attended with circumstances so extraordi- retary of the Treasury may, as heretofore, authorize nary, embracing interests so extensive, and involving and allow the receipt of the notes of such banks as consequences so important, was at any time anticipa- may pay their notes, on demand, in the lawful money ted by the Legislature; or that it could be properly of the Únited States. subjected to any other than the legislativo agency. 2. That, from and after the same day, it shall not Having, therefore, made several ineffectual attempts to be lawful for the Secretary of the Treasury to authorize relieve the public embarrassments, it was deemed the or allow deposites of the revenue to be made, or to be conduty of the department to repose, with confidence, tinued, in any bank which shall not pay its notes, when upon the wisdom and authority of Congress, for the demanded, in the lawful money of the United States. application of a remedy suited to the malady of the
3. That, from and after the same day, it shall be the times.
duty of the Secretary of the Treasury to take legal The period has arrived when such a remedy may measures for obtaining payment, in the lawful money be safely and surely applied. The opinion expressed of the United States, of all notes or sums on deposite, in the Treasury report of the 6th of December last, is belonging to the United States, issued by, or deposited still however entertained, that the currency in coin in, any bank which shall not then pay its notes and cannot at once be restored ; that it can only be restored deposites, on demand, in the lawful money of the Unithrough a gradual reduction of the amount, attended ted States. by an amelioration of the value of the existing paper 4. That, from and after the same day, the notes of medium, and that the measure of reform must origi- banks and bankers shall be charged with a graduated nate with the State banks. It has been said, indeed, stamp duty, advanced at least two hundred per cent. that those institutions have already begun the salutary upon the present duty, without the privilege of com. work; that the amount of their discounts has been mutation; saving, in that respect, all existing contracts : reduced; that the issues of their paper have been re- Provided, That if any banks or bankers shall, on or stricted ; and that preparations are made for convert- before the 1st day of November next, notify the Secing their capital of public stock into the mere legiti- retary of the Treasury that their notes will be paid in mate capital of gold and silver. Public confidence coin, upon demand, after the 31st of December ; and if must naturally follow these just and judicious arrange- it be proved to his satisfaction that, after that day, payments; but the interposition of the Government will ment was so made, then, with respect to such banks still be required, to secure a successful result.
or bankers, the rate of duty and the privilege of com. It must at all times be a delicate task to exact the mutation shall remain as now established by law. Payment of duties and taxes in gold and silver, before Although the success of these measures is not in any the Treasury is prepared, independent of any contin- degree doubted, it may be proper to add, that if it gency, to give an assurance that the public creditors ever shall become necessary to increase their force, shall be paid in the same or an equivalent medium. provision might be made, under the Constitutional If, however, a National Bank be now established, this power of Congress, to subject all banks and bankets, assurance may be confidently given; and it is believed failing to pay their notés, according to the terms of the that the apprehension will prove unfounded, which contract, to a seizure of their estates and effects, for suggests that the issue of bank paper will be increased, the benefit of their creditors, as in a case of legal and consequently will depreciate by the operation of bankruptcy. such an institution. A demand for the paper of the I cannot conclude this letter, without an expression National Bank may diminish the demand for the paper of some solicitude, at the present situation of the Treaof the State banks, but, after the restoration of the sury. The State banks have ceased to afford any alcurrency in coin, the whole issue of bank paper will commodation for the transfer of its funds. The revebe regulated by the whole demand; and the propor- nue is paid (as already stated) in Treasury notes, tion of the issue to be enjoyed by the National Bank where Treasury notes are below par; and the public and the State banks, respectively, will be the subject of engagements can only be satisfactorily discharged in a fair competition, without affecting the public inter- Treasury notes, which are immediately furded at seven ests or convenience. If, therefore, the State banks per cent. Where Treasury notes are above par, the have resumed the payment of their notes in coin, be- local accumulation of bank credits is beyond the local fore the National Bank shall be organized, there will demands, and the excess cannot be used elsewhere. be no hazard of disappointment in promising a similar Discontent and speculation are abroad; and all the
Duty on Stills-Tarif-Military Staff.
H. of R.
estimates of the amount of the funded debt, created Mr. STRONG proposed to amend the bill by striksince the commencement of the late war, will probably ing out the clause which imposes a duty of 25 per fail, unless the wisdom of Congress shall effectually cent. ad valorem on imported woollen and cotion provide for the early restoration of an uniform National manufactures of all descriptions, and to substiCurrency.
tute a provision imposing a tax of 334 per cent. I have the honor to be, &c.
on manufactures of cotton, and 28 per cent. on A. J. DALLAS.
those of wool. Hon. J. C. Calhoun, Chairman, &c.
This motion involving the question to what TAX ON STILLS.
extent domestic fabrics shall be encouraged by An engrossed bill, entitled "An act to abolish protecting duties on foreign manufacturesthe existing duties on spirits distilled within the Mr. STRONG supported his motion, and the United States, and to lay other duties in lieu of expediency of making the duty on the imported those at present imposed on licenses to distillers articles higher than was proposed by the bill. of spirituous liquors," was read the third time; Mr. Lowndes rose and replied to Mr. STRONG and on the question, Shall this bill pass ? it passed on the question of extending the duty, taking a in the affirmative-yeas 118, nays 13, as follows: clear and comprehensive view of the subject of
Yeas—Messrs. Adgate, Alexander, Archer, Ather protecting duties generally ; supporting the syston, Baker, Bassett, Bateman, Bennett, Betts, Bird-tem proposed by the bill, and stating the motives sall, Blount, Boss, Bradbury, Brooks, Brown, Bryan, which induced the Committee of Ways and Cady, Calhoun, Champion, Chappell, Cilley, Clarke Means to report a smaller duty on the articles of N. Carolina, Clark of Kentucky, Clayton, Clenden. pamed, than was recommended by the Secretary nin, Comstock, Condict, Conner, Cooper, Crawford, of the Treasury, &c. Crocheron, Cuthbert, Darlington, Davenport, Desha, Mr. Smith, of Maryland, commenced some Edwards, Forney, Gaston, Gholson, Gold, Goodwyn, remarks on the subject, but not anticipating that Grosvenor, Hahn, Hale, Hall
, Hammond, Hardin, the question would be put to-day, and wishing to Hawes, Henderson, Herbert, Hopkinson, Huger, Ing. refer to some notes not by him, he moved that the ham, Irving of New York, Jewett, Johnson of Ken- Committee rise. tucky, Kent, Kerr of Virginia, King of North
Carolina, The Committee then rose, reported the bill to
THE MILITARY STAFF.
The House, on motion of Mr. JOHNSON, of
Nars-Messrs. Baer, Breckenridge, Burwell, Cul- parative view of the staff proposed by the bill peper, Goldsborough, Hungerford, Johnson of Virginia, with that which existed during the war, to show McKee, Newton, Randolph, Roane, Stanford, Vose. that the Military Committee had not recomLIQUIDATION OF CLAIMS.
mended an extravagant staff
, or one greater in The bill to provide for the adjustment of certain proportion to the number of 'men retained on the accounts, in which papers or youchers have been Peace Establishment than was allowed and found lost, was withdrawn from the Committee of the necessary during the war. Whole, to whom it had been referred ; and the
Mr. SMITH, of Maryland, followed Mr. JohnHouse proceeded to consider the bill.
son in support of the general object of the bill, After a good deal of discussion on the princi
but regretted there was not a greater proportion ple as well as the details of the bill (to which sun- of officers allowed for the Quartermaster's dedry amendments were offered)-in which Messrs. partment, the value and necessity of whose serand others, supported "ibe bill; and Messrs. Piraeration of the bill, and adopted several minor Johnson of Kentucky, LOWNDES, PARRIS, GOLD, vices he enforced by a few remarks.
The Committee then proceeded in the considKIN, HUGER, HOPKINSON, and others, opposed itthe bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third amendments at the suggestion of Mr. JOHNSON, reading.
of Kentucky. The House then, on motion of Mr. LOWNDES,
A motion was made by Mr. Taylor, of New went into a Committee of the Whole on the bill York, to strike from the bill the clause which to repeal the duties on household furniture, and provides for the retention of certain staff officers on gold and silver watches; to which no amend who had been provisionally retained by the Presment being offered, the Committee proceeded to ident of the United States since the time of retake up the bill to regulate
ducing the Army to the Peace Establishment. THE TARIFF;
Mr. T. thought ihis clause interfered with the
Constitutional power of the President and Senate which, baving been read through, and taken up to fill offices. Although the officers alluded to by sections
bad been in the service, and had 'been passed on