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While we waited for the wan watchman, the winds blew bleak along the blustering bosom of the beach. Front rank, full face; fair and funny fanned the flaming fire full in his face.

INFLUENCE. BY GEORGE W. BUNGAY.

Drop—follows drop,—and swells-
With rain—the sweeping river;
Word-follows word,-and tells
A truth—that livesforever.
Flake—follows flake,like spirits
Whose wings—the windsdissever;
Thought-follows thought,—and lights-
The realm of mindforever.
Beam-follows beam—to cheer
The cloud—the bolt would shiver;
Throb-follows throb,—and fear
Gives place to joy-forever.
The drop, the flake, the beam,
Teach us a lesson ever;
The word, the thought, the dream,
Impress the soul-forever.

T in put.

TABLE OF ASPIRATES. C has four sounds- K takes one sound

T takes two sounds-
C in cent, or s.

K in kirk.
C in clock, or k. P takes one sound-

Tin nation-sh.
C in suffice, orz.

P in pipe.

Ch takes three soundsC in ocean, or sh. Q has one sound

Ch in church. F takes two sounds

Q in queen.

Ch in chaise.
F in fife.
S takes four sounds_

Ch in chasm.
Fin of-v.

S in 50—6.
S in is-2.

Th takes two sounds_ H takes one sound

S in suresh.

Th in thin. H in hope.

S in treasury-2d of z. Th in that. The following table shows the aspirates and subvowels arranged in pairs—the two sounds of which require the same position of the organs to produce them:

Ah
H
{? {th

Ch

{24 2d sound. B

V

Oo

Th-this
M

F
P

G
Z
{

L both are
K

Wh-at N subvowels

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Ng

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ASPIRATES—MANNER OF FORMING ASPIRATES-SOUNDS OF C; F; H; P; Q;'

S; 2; K; T.

In the formation of words the aspirates interfere and break off the vowel-sounds, whizzing, puffing, and buzzing between them in a very funny and inharmonious manner, somewhat like the noise of implements or machinery in rapid motion. The ventriloquist is dependent upon the aspirates in imitating the noise of certain kinds of machinery and of escaping steam. These sounds are made by the tongue and lips, and are very penetrating; the tongue assuming certain positions in the mouth in relation to the teeth and lips, forming avenues, angles, and corners around and through which the breath is forcibly expelled. The aspirated sounds make up a large part of our language, and are quite difficult to master in connection with the vowels and subvocals. Indeed, the majority of people never acquire a good articulation, which results from want of proper training of the organs used in making these sounds.

Many persons lisp all their lives for the reason that they have never been taught where to place the tongue to insure a distinct utterance of the sounds of th and 8. They make the sound of th between the point of the tongue and the upper front teeth; then instead of withdrawing the tongue within toward the roof of the mouth, where the sound of 8 is always produced, they simply repeat the th, not making the sound of s at all. The words this, these, and others of like termination, lisping people pronounce as thith, thethe.

EXAMPLE.-A charming young gentleman expressed his lisping and confessed his love in this wise: “Thweet Thynthia, my heart-th treathure, thmile upon me, or I thall fly acroth the broad bothom of the othean and thigh out my latht breath on thome foreign thore."

Parents sometimes think lisping in their children very cunning; but the time will come when the children will think it neither cunning nor wise in their parents to have allowed them to retain such a habit. Let no person indulge in this childish habit; it is not only ridiculous, but devoid of personal dignity.

C takes four regular sounds, or rather at times it becomes the equivalent of 8, sometimes of k, and again of z, and also of sh. When it is sounded as 8 in see or so, it takes what is called its soft or namesound.

To produce this clear, shrill sound the teeth nearly, but do not quite, meet; the lips are drawn away, and the end of the tongue is placed in close proximity to the roots of the upper front teeth, leaving just room enough for the breath to be forced over the end of the tongue and out through the mouth. With the organs in this position, make the endeavor to whisper the word see, and continue the sound of 8 without gliding into ee.

It is very difficult for persons who lisp to make this sharp, clear, whistling sound. Indeed, but very few persons can articulate it distinctly when, at the end of words, it follows t or th.

Practice the following with a view of gaining the sound distinctly: Withs, smiths, ghosts, hosts, masts, pasts, marts, Christs, boats, toasts, spits, splits, quits, writs.

Pronounce the following, where c and s take exactly the same sound: City, cite, cede, cease, cent, cell, cyprus, civet, citron, circle; saints, sinners, and singers saved Sampson's sisters, Sophia, Susan, and Cynthia.

-P, C

-P, C

A very pretty ventriloquial exercise of this sound (c) is produced by imitating the sharp, clear noise made by the carpenter planing a board. The sound is prolonged, and then brought suddenly to a close in the effort to pronounce p. To make the illusion more complete, the performer will take a book or block of some kind and perform the pantomimic action of planing on the surface of a table, but must be very sure to cease the effort as soon as the р

is sounded; thus: C.

-P,

-P, cp. C usually takes this sound before e, i, and y–Cecil, facile, vagrancy.

When c borrows the sound of k it is said to be hard, but it simply assumes the sound of k. This is the correlative of g hard, as in go. To form these two sounds the organs are placed in exactly the same position; the mouth is slightly pen, and the end of the tongue pressed down against the lower front teeth. This effort forces the middle of the tongue up near the roof or hard palate in the form of an arch. To produce the clicking sound of a, the breath is then forcibly thrown over the tongue; to make the hard sound of g, the breath is vocalized before it is thrown over-that is all the difference. It takes this sound before a, o, u, l, r, t-care, came, act, come, clock, craft, cane, cape, case, calf, cask, couple, cork. It is exactly like k in kin, kick, kirk, kit.

Pronounce and spell, by the use of the sounds of the letters, the following: Climac-teric, cackle, cake, calico, caloric, cal-ca-reous, capricorn, carcass, casque with classical cloak; kicking, clicking, and kissing the keepsake.

When these soft and hard sounds come together, 8 and c are required; as in screech, scrawl, scream, scrubble, scripture, scur-ril, scutch-eon, San-skrit, school.

C also takes the subvowel-sound of z, and the manner of producing it is the same as in making the soft sound of c, of which it is a correlative; the difference being that in c soft the breath passes unvocalized; in z it is vocalized, giving a buzzing sound. C in suffice, s in cheese, and z in wheeze, all have the same sound, which is the first subvowel-sound of z.

Very many words ending in s take this sound also; as was, has, gas, arms, harms, swarms, rags, figs, drugs, tongs, gibs, fibs, bags, etc. When double s occurs, we give the soft sound; as in grass, pass, glass, wit-ness, good-ness, bright-ness.

C sometimes takes the sound of sh after an accent followed by ea, ia, eo, ean, ion. This is a pure aspirate-sound, and is the counterpart of the second sound of z, as in azure, and is produced by shutting the teeth together and forcibly blowing the breath between them. When the breath is vocalized before it is thus forced through, it makes the sound of z just mentioned — Grecian, conscientious, propitious ocean, retention, vicious. It has precisely the same sound as sh in sham, shine, shimmer, shoes.

EXAMPLES OF ALL THE SOUNDS OF C.-Cede, city, crime, clack, charm, social, suffice.

F is a pure aspirate. To make it the upper front teeth are placed on the lower lip and the breath blown through. V is the counterpart of this, only the breath is vocalized. In of, s takes the vocal sound, but its usual sound is a pure aspirate; as form, feet, fuss, fool, infinite, effete, affirm, etc.

H has one sound, which is produced by opening wide the mouth and forcibly expelling the breath. The vocal counterpart of this aspirate is the vowel ahhit, harm, home, half, help, hand, etc.

P also has one sound, which is an aspirate. It is made by pressing the lips tightly together, then suddenly separating them, as though going to whisper the word puff. It is simply a puff of air-pipe, port, post, ripe, pale, pip-pin. The vocal sound of this same effort is be bribe, Jacob, break, babble. In Jacob, Jupiter, and Baptist, it is quite difficult to distinguish the one from the other.

Q takes one sound, and is also an aspirate. The sound is quite similar to k, but in producing it the lips with the corners of the mouth protrude forward and closer together, instead of being drawn back, as in making k; nor is the tongue held down so firmly. Make the effort to whisper queen without reaching the vowel u-quill, quoth, quirk, sequel, sequence. The vowel effort that corresponds to this is 00 or close o.

S takes four sounds, two of which are pure aspirates—30, sh. It takes the sound of sh in sugar, sure, etc. Both of these sounds have been fully treated of in the remarks about the letter c. It also takes the two subvowel-sounds of 2, which have been before presented.

EXERCISES IN THE SOFT SOUND OF S.-Sam saved and sawed six slim slippery saplings, and swimming, swam smack into the Swiss swamp, south of Smith's settlement. Amidst the mists he thrusts his fists against the posts, and insists he sees hosts of ghosts, and twists and boasts of toasts. Get the latest amended edition of Charles Smith's Thucydides, and study the colonists, best interests.

2-The first sound of z is found in ro-se-ate, pleas-ures, on-thu-si-ate, scis-sors; was and is on Iser's praise dis-dainful rais'd; a busy muse,

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