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PRE FACE.

The present work, the first of its kind in Great Britain, was originally published in 1843. It was designed and commenced by the late Dr ROBERT CHAMBERS-always zealous and indefatigable, as he was successful, in the promotion of literature and public improvement. The work was undertaken for the purpose of supplying what was considered a deficiency in the literature addressed at that time to the great body of the people-namely, a chronological series of extracts from our national authors -a concentration of the best productions of English intellect, from Anglo-Saxon to recent times, set, as it were, in a popular biographical history of our literature. Great efforts had previously been made for the diffusion of useful knowledge, and for popularising scientific information ; but there was no work, at once cheap and comprehensive, which sought to bring the treasures of imaginative and historical literature within the reach of the busy mercantile and industrial classes of society. This CYCLOPÆDIA, which aimed at supplying the want, was received with great favour, both in this country and in America. Gratifying proofs of its usefulness have been received from various quarters and from numerous readers, who have acknowledged that their earliest love of literature, and their veneration for our great authors from CHAUCER to WORDSWORTH, were first called forth by the successive monthly parts of this work.

After the lapse of fifteen years, during which literature and literary information had greatly increased, a Second Edition of the CYCLOPÆDIA was issued, bringing it down to the year 1858. This edition also was highly successful.

A further interval of eighteen years having taken place, a Third Edition is now offered to the public, carefully revised, continuing the extracts and biographical notices to the present time. One distinguishing feature of this period has been the advance in American literature. The New World has nobly vindicated its claim to be associated with the Old in the arts which dignify and adorn social life; and there only wants an international law of copyright to completely assimilate and do equal justice to British and American authors.

It would have been impossible to have rendered the present work as complete as it now appears, without the sanction of living authors and publishers, proprietors of copyrights; and the great liberality and courtesy with which permission to make extracts has been granted, demands the grateful acknowledgments of the Editor and Publishers. It remains to be added that, for the revision of the second and third editions of the work, we have been indebted to ROBERT CARRUTHERS, LL.D., of Inverness, whose excellent literary knowledge and taste are conspicuously observable in the present improved edition.

W. & R. C.

EDINBURGH, March 1876.

CONTENTS OF FIRST VOLUME.

PAGR

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ENGLISH LANGUAGE-THE GAEL AND CYMRY.

ANGLO-SAXON WRITERS...

Extracts from BEOWULF and JUDITH.

CEDMON, the Monk of Whitby...

Extracts from Cædmon's Creation

3

ALFRED THE GREAT (with Extracts)..

3

ALFRIC, CANUTE, THE SAXON CHRONICLE.

4

ODE ON THE BATTLE OF BRUNANBURH.

4

ANGLO-NORMAN OR Semi-Saxon Writers.

5

WACE, LAYAMON, &c. (with Extracts)..

5

The OWL AND THE NIGHTINGALE..

6

SONG, “Summer is Coming in'-Squire of Low Degree...... 6

EARLY ENGLISH WRITERS

THOMAS OF ERCILDOUN-HAVELOK, THE DANE

7

ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER .......

8

England and the Normans about 1300...

8

The Muster for the First Crusade.

8

ROBERT DE BRUNNE....

9

Interview of Vortigern with Rowen

Praise of Good Women.........

Death of Edward I...

LAWRENCE Minot, Richard Rolle, William LANGLAND 10

How Edward the King came to Brabant

What is in Heaven...

Extracts from Piers the Plowman
GEOFFREY CHAUCER (died in 1400).
Opening of the Canterbury Tales..

14

The Knight, the Squire, the Prioress

15

The Monk, Friar, Franklin, Wise of Bath, Poor Parson ... 17

Extracts from the Tales of the Knight, the Man of Law,

the Franklin, and Wife of Bath..

19

Good Counsel Chaucer.....

On Gathering and Using Riches.

John Gower (circa 1325—1408).

Story of the Caskets ....

SCOTTISH POETS........

23

Oldest Fragment of Scottish Poetry

24

Jons Barbour (circa 1316—1395)..

24

Apostrophe to Freedom..

24

Bruce's Address to his Army..

25

Death of Sir Henry de Bohun.

25

Battle of Bannockburn...

.. 25

ANDREW WYNTOUN (died after 1420)..

Macbeth and the Weird Sisters.

26

St Serf and Satan......

27

JOHN FORDUN (died about 1385).

27

PROSE LITERATURE......

27

SIR JOHN DE MANDEVILLE (circa 1300-1372)....

27

The Beginning of Mohammed..

27

Lecture on Christian Vices.

27

JOHN DE TREVISA (translator, 1387)

28

John WYCLIFFE (1324—1384).

23

Gospel of St Mark, chap. i..

28

The Magnificat...

29

The Mendicant Friars.

29

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SECOND PERIOD.

1400—1558 : HENRY IV. TO QUEEN ELIZABETH.

THOMAS OCCLEVE (circa 1370—1454)

JOHN LYDXATE (1373–1460)

Description of a Silvan Retreat..

The London Lyckpenny...

30

30

30

31

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82

87

PAGE

Sır PHILIP SIDNEY (1554-1586)...

PROSE LITERATURE.

.... 77

Four Sonnets....

PAGE

77

SIR JOHN FORTESCUE (1395–1485).

EDMUND SPENSER (circa 1553–1599).

54

78

English Courage

54

Una and the Red-cross Knight..

81

What Harm would come to England if the Commons were Poor? 54

Adventure of Una with the Lion.....

82

Bishop Pecock (circa 1390—1460)..

The Bower of Bliss.........

55

Sir THOMAS MALORY (Acts of King Arthur, 1469).

55

The House of Sleep...

83

The Death of Sir Lancelot...

55

Description of Belphæbe....

83

WILLIAM CAXTON (circa 1412——1491).

56 Fable of the Oak and the Brier..

84

Account of Virgil.

56 Extract from the Epithalamium..

84

Legend of St Francis

56 Robert SOUTHWELL (1560-1595)..

86

ENGLISH CHRONICLERS-ROBERT FABIAN (circa 1450–1512), The Image of Death..

86

and EDWARD Hall (circa 1499-1547)....

56

The Burning Babe.

86

Jack Cade's Insurrection....

56

Times go by Turns...

86

Scene in the Council-room of the Protector Gloucester ....... 58 William WARNER (1558—1609).

87

SIR THOMAS MORE (1480-1535)

The Life of a Shepherd..

59

87

Specimen of More's Juvenile Poetry, note

SAMUEL DANIEL (1562-1619)..

59

Epigram of a New-married Student, note..

59

Epistle to the Countess of Cumberland...

87

Sheep-masters Decayers of Husbandry.

60 Richard II. the Morning before his Murder..

88

The Utopian Idea of Pleasure....

60 Early Love.....

88

Character of Richard III...

61 Sonnets.

88

Letter to Lady More.......

Ulysses and the Syren...

88

Act oF PARLIAMENT, 1533..

61

MICHAEL DRAYTON (circa 1563—1631).

89

BISHOP JOHN FISHER (1459-1535)..

62 Description of a Stag-hunt...

89

Habits of a Pious Lady of Rank.

62 Sherwood Forest and Robin Hood...

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SIR THOMAS Elyor (circa 1495–1546).

62 The Queen of the Fairies visiting Pigwiggen.

91

BISHOP LATIMER (circa 1485—1555).

62

EDWARD Fairfax (died after 1631)...

91

Account of his parentage...

63

Armida and her Enchanted Girdle.

91

Germany made a Mingle-mangle of their Religion.

63

Rinaldo at Mount Olivet.....

91

Bishop Latimer gives place to Robin Hood's men

63

SIR JOHN HARRINGTON (circa 1561-1612)..

92

Goodwin Sands and Tenderden Steeple....

63

Epigrams: Of Treason, Of Fortune, &c.

92

The Devil the most Diligent Preacher.

64

WILLIAM SHAKSPEARE (1564-1616).

92

JOHN LELAND (circa 1506—1552), and GEORGE CAVENDISH

Sonnet, “That time of Year'.

93

(circa 1500-1562).

64

The Horse of Adonis ....

93

King Henry's Visits to Wolsey's House

65

Venus's Prophecy after the Death of Adonis

93

The Death of Wolsey...

65

Selections from Sonnets...

94

LORD BERNERS (circa 1474—1532).

66

Selections from Songs...

94

Battle of Cressy.....

66 Sir John Davies (1570—1626)..

95

Edward IV. and the Countess of Salisbury

66 The Dancing of the Air..

95

Bishop BALE (1495—1563)..

67

Reasons for the Soul's Immortality..

96

Death of Lord Cobham..

67

EDWARD VERE, EARL OF OXFORD (circa 1540–1604).

96

WILLIAM TYNDALE (circa 1477–1536).

67

Fancy and Desire..

96

The Magnificat and Lord's Prayer..

68

SIR EDWARD DYER (circa 1540—1607),

96

Part of St Matthew's Gospel...

68

‘My mind to me a kingdom is'.

97

MILES COVERDALE (1485—1565)..

68 THOMAS STORER (died in 1604).

97

Passage from Book of Genesis..

68

Extracts from poem on Wolsey.

97

TRANSLATIONS OF THE BIBLE..

68 John DONNE (1573-1631)...

97

Sir JOHN CHEKE (1514-1557)...

69 Address to Bishop Valentine.

98

Remonstrance with Levellers

69

Valediction-Forbidding Mourning.

98

Sir THOMAS WILSON (circa 1520-1581).

The Will...

98

Simplicity of Style Recommended..

69

Character of a Bore..

99

ROGER ASCHAM (1515-1568)...

69

Bishop Hall (1574-1656).

Interview with Lady Jane Grey....

Selections from Satires,..

70

Study should be relieved by Amusement.

70

JOHN MARSTON (died about 1634), THOMAS CHURCHYARD

Occupations should be chosen suitable to the Natural

(1520-1604), GEORGE TUBERVILLE (circa 1530 – 1594).

Faculties.

THOMAS WATSON (circa 1557-1592), and Henry Cox-

71

JOHN BELLENDEN (circa 1495—1550).

STABLE (circa 1560-1612)...

71

Part of the Story of Macbeth.

Sonnets by THOMAS WATSON..

72

THE COMPLAYNT OF SCOTLAND..

NICHOLAS BRETON (1558-1624).

72

A Pastoral........

From Farewell to Town.........

THOMAS LODGE (circa 1555—1625), and RICHARD BARNFIELD
THIRD PERIOD,

(died after 1598)...

Beauty-Rosalind's Madrigal..

1558—1625: THE REIGNS OF ELIZABETH AND JAMES I.

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Love-Two Short Poems...

..103

THOMAS SACKVILLE, LORD BUCKHURST (1527—1608)........ 73 CHRISTOPHER Marlowe (1564-1593), and SIR WALTER

Characters from the Mirror for Magistrates...

73

RALEIGH (1552-1618)...

......103

Duke of Buckingham in the Infernal Regions...

75 The Passionate Shepherd to his Love..

..103

JOHN HARRINGTON (1534-1582)...

75 The Nymph's Reply....

.103

Sonnet on Isabella Markham..

75 Raleigh's Verses before his Execution...

..106

ARTHUR BROOKE (died about 1563).

75 Passions are likened best to Floods and Streams.

....106

Friar Lawrence.....

75

Two Sonnets by Raleigh..

......106

Love of Romeus and Juliet...

75

The Pilgrimage..

. 107

The Nurse to Romeus...

76 On Sir Philip Sidney..

..107

George GASCOIGNE (circa 1535–1577)..

76 The Lie...

.. 107

The Country Gentlemen and Squires..

76 Joshua SYLVESTER (1563-1618)..

....108

Satire on the Court Ladies..

76 Satan's Temptation of Eve...

...... 108

The Arraignment of a Lover..

.... 77 Morning-The Sun-Plurality of Worlds..

......102

.....108

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Ben Jonson (1573-1637)...

...109 THOMAS Kyd (temp. Elizabeth)...

.131

To Celia.–From The Forest.

..109

Scenes from Hieronimo....

.131

The Sweet Neglect.–From The Silent Woman.

109

Thomas Nash (circa 1564—1600).

.132

Hymn to Diana.–From Cynthia's Revels.

. 109

Short Extracts from Plays..

.132

To Night.–From The Vision of Delight..

109

Robert GREENE (circa 1560-1592)

.133

Song:- From The Forest..

..109

Extract from Pandosto.....

. 134

Good Life, Long Life..

109

Extract from Orlando..

..134

Epitaphs

Content, a Sonnet....

.135

To Penshurst..

Sephestia's Song to her Child,

.135

To the Memory of Shakspeare..

11ο The Shepherd and his Wife...

.,135

On the Portrait of Shakspeare..

III THOMAS LODGE (circa 1555–1625)...

SIR JOHN BEAUMONT (1582—1628)....

I11

CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE (1564–1593)..

.136

Richard III.'s Address to his Troops at Bosworth.

Scenes from Faustus.......

.137

FRANCIS BEAUMONT (1586—1616)...

Passages from the Jew of Malta....

..138

From Letter to Ben Jonson..

..112 Scene from Edward II....

. 139

On the Tombs in Westminster...

..112 Description of Tamburlaine.

. 140

An Epitaph......

..II2 The Nobles remonstrate with Edward II.

.140

Sir HENRY WOTTON (1568—1639)..

ANTHONY MUNDAY (1554-1633), and HENRY CHETTLE (died

The Character of a Happy Life.

..113

after 1603)..

...141

To his Mistress the Queen of Bohemia.

..113 Sport in Sherwood.

.141

LORD BROOKE (1554-1628)...

..113 ANONYMOUS DRAMAS..

..141

The Prehistoric Age......

.....113

Scene from Arden of Feversham ...........

...141

PHINEAS FLETCHER (1584–1650), and Giles FLETCHER (circa Picture of a Gambler....

...142

1588—1623).......

..114

William SHAKSPEARE (1564-1616).

....142

Decay of Human Greatness.........

.114

Garden Scene in Romeo and Juliet..

.147

Description of Parthenia..

.115 Moonlight with fine Music.....

..148

The Sorceress of Vain Delight.

115

Ghost-scene in Hamlet..

..149

WILLIAX BROWNE (1590—1645).

116 Hamlet's Soliloquy on Death.

.149

A Descriptive Sketch.

117

Mark Antony over Cæsar's Body.

. 150

Evening-Night...

.117 Bolingbroke's Entry into London.

The Syrens' Song.

.117

Fear of Death.

.151

Description of Psyche.....

118

Perseverance ......

151

Mercy.

151

SCOTTISH POETS,

The Forest of Arden.....

..151

ALEXANDER SCOTT (To the Queen, 1562).

The World compared to a Stage

..152

Rondel of Love.....

Oberon's Vision.

118

.152

To his Heart..

BEN JONSON (1573–1637).......

118

..152

SIR RICHARD MAITLAND (1496–1586).

The Fall of Catiline.....

119

...154

Satire on the Town Ladies...

Love.-From The New Inn......

119

..155

ALEXANDER MONTGOMERY (died about 1607).

A Simpleton and a Braggadocio...

119

...155

Extract from The Cherry and the Slae..

Bobadil's Plan for Saving the Expense of an Army.

..119

ALEXANDER HUME (circa 2560—1609)..

Advice to a Reckless Youth.................

..157

Extracts from the Day Estival..

The Alchemist ........

. 120

..157

KING JAMES VI. (1566-1625)..

Court MASKS OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY. ........158

Ane Schort Poeme on Tyme...

Extracts—Venus and the Graces, &c...

160

THE EARL OF ANCRUM (1578--1654), and the EARL OF

FRANCIS BEAUMONT (1586–1616), and John FLETCHER (1576

STIRLING (1580-1640).....

1625)....

121

Sonnet in Praise of a Solitary Life.

Extracts from Philaster..

.161

Sonnet to Aurora....

Generosity of Cæsar

...162

WILLIAM DRUMMOND (1585—1649).

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..120

.161

Grief of Aspatia......

..163

The River of Forth Feasting..

Palamon and Arcite...

..164

Pastoral Love .....

Epitaph on Prince Henry.

..165

..123

Five Sonnets..

Perigot and Amoret..

..165

..123

Sir Robert AYTON (1570-1638).

Melancholy --From Nice Valour.

.166

123

On Woman's Inconstancy.

Song.–From The False One

.166

123

The Forsaken Mistress....

The Power of Love.-From Valentinian..

.166

123

166

George BUCHANAN (1506--1582), and DR ARTHUR JOHNSTON

To Sleep-Song to Pan-Song from Rollo.

(1587–1641).....

GEORGE CHAPMAN (1557–1634)..

..167

124

Extracts from Bussy d'Ambois...

..167

THOMAS DEKKER (died about 1641)..

..167

DRAMATISTS.

Short Extracts..

168

JOHN HEYWOOD (died in 1565), and BISHOP BALE (1495 Picture of Court-life....

168

-1563)...

.125 JOHN WEBSTER (early half of 17th century).

..169

NICHOLAS UDALL (1504–1556), and JOHN STILL (1543—1607).125 Funeral Dirge for Marcello....

..169

Extract from Roister Doister..

126 Scene from the Duchess of Malfi.

Jolly Good Ale and Old...

126 Death of the Duchess, and Dirge..

THOMAS NORTON (1532—1584).

.126 THOMAS MIDDLETON (died in 1627).

. 170

Extracts from Gorboduc.

126

Happiness of Married Life...

.171

RICHARD EDWARDS (circa 1523–1566), GEORGE WHETSTONE Witches going about the Caldron.

..171

(temp. Elizabeth), &c...

..127 Flight of the Witches, and Song.

....171

JOHN LYLY (circa 1553—1601).

.128 JOHN MARSTON (died in 1634)..

Cupid and Campaspe.....

128 The Scholar and his Dog...

......172

Two Songs .....

129 Prologue from Antonio and Mellida..

George Peele (circa 1558-1598).

. 129 Short Extracts : Day Breaking-One who died Slandered-

Apostrophe to England....

..129

Wherein Fools are Happy...

173

Prologue to King David and Fair Bethsabe.

.129 ROBERT TAYLOR-WILLIAM ROWLEY-CYRIL TOURNEUR (all

Parable of Nathan and David....

130 temp. James I.).........

..........173

Song, Cupid's Curse'....

.131 Scene from the Witch of Edmontox ..........................873

. . I21

..122

..169
..169

.....172

.172

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