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for they teach not their own use, but that is a wisdom without them, and above them, won by observation. Read not 20 contradict and confute, nor to believe and take for granted, nor to find talk and discourse, but to weigh and confider. Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested ; that is, some books are to be read only in parts ; others to be read, but not curiously ; and some few to be read wholly, and with diligence and attention. Some books also may be read by deputy, and extracts made of them by others : but that should be only in the less important arguments, and the meaner fort of books ; else distilled books are like common distilled waters, Aalhy things. Reading maketh a full man ; conference a ready man ; and writing an exact man.

And therefore, if a man write little, he had need have a great memory ; if he confer little, he had need have a present wit ; and if he read little, he had need have much cunning to seem to know that he doth not,

BACON.

.CH A P.

X.

ON SA TIRICAL W. I T.

-TRUST

'RUST me, this unwary pleasantry of thine will

fooner or later bring thee into scrapes and difficulties which no after wit can extricate thee out of. In these fallies, too oft I see, it happens, that the person laughed at confiders himself in the light of a person injured, with all the rights of such a situation belonging to him; and when thou viewest him in that light too, and reckoneft upon his friends, his family, his kindred and allies, and musterest up with them the many recruits which will lift under him from

a sense

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a sense of common danger ; 'tis no extravagant arithmetic to say, that for every ten jokes, thou haft got an hundred enemies ; and, till thou hast gone on, and raised a swarm of wasps about thine ears, and art half ftung to death by them, thou wilt never be convinced it is fo.

I CANNOT suspect it in the man whom I esteem, that there is the least fpur from spleen or malevolence of intent in these fallies. I believe and know them to be truly honeft and sportive ; but consider, that fools cannot distinguish this, and that knaves will not; and thou knowest not what it is, either to provoke the one, or to make merry with the other : whenever they associate for mutual defence, depend upon it they will carry on the war in such a manner against thee, my dear friend, as to make thee heartily fick of it, and of thy life too.

Revenge from some baneful corner shall level a tale of difhonour at thee, which no innocence of heart or integrity of conduct shall fet right. The fortunes of thy house fhall totter-thy character, which led the way to them, shall bleed on every fide of it--thy faith questioned-thy works belied-thy wit forgotten—thy learning trampled on. To wind

up

the last scene of thy tragedy, CRUELTY and CowARDI C'E, twin ruffians, hired and fet on by Malice in the dark, fhall strike together at all thy infirmities and mistakes : the best of us, my friend, lie open there, and trust me when to gratify a private appetite, it is once resolved upon, that an innocent and an helpless creature shall be facrificed, it is an cafy matter to pick up sticks enough from any thicket where it has ftrayed, to make a fire to offer it up with.,

STERNE.

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с н А Р

XI.

HI AMLET'S INSTRUCTIONS TO THE

PLAYERS.

S

PEAK the speech, I pray you, as I pronounced it to you

trippingly on the tongue. But if you mouth it, as many of our players do, I had as lieve the town crier had spoke my lines. And do not saw the air too much with

your

hand thus ; but use all gently ; for in the very torrent, tempeft, and, as I may say, whirlwind of your passion, you must acquire and beget a temperance that may give it smoothness, Oh! it offends me to the soul, to hear a robusteous periwigpated fellow tear a passion to tatters, to very rags, to split the ears of the groundlings ; who (for the most part) are capable of nothing but inexplicable dumb shews and noise : I could have such a fellow whipp'd for o'erdoing termagant ; it out-herods Herod. Pray you, avoid it. Be not too tame neither ; but let your own discretion be

Suit the action to the word, the word to the action, with this special observance, that you o'erstep not the modesty of nature ; for any thing fo overdone is from the purpose of playing ; whose end, both at the first and now, was and is, to hold, as 'twere, the mirror up to nature ; to shew virtue her own feature, scorn her own image, and the very age and body of the time, his form and pressure. Now, this overdone, or come tardy of, though it make the enskilful laugh, cannot but make the judicious grieve: the censure of one of which must in your allowance o’erweigh a whole theatre of others. Oh ! there be players that I have feen play; and heard others praise, and that highly (not to

speak

your tutor.

{peak it profanely) that, neither having the accent of Chris. tian, nor the gait of Christian, Pagan, nor man, have fó ftrutted and bellowed, that I have thought some of nature's journeymen had made men, and not made them well ; they imitated humanity fo abominably.

And let those that play your clowns, speak no more than is set down for them : for there be of them that will themselves laugh, to set on some quantity of barren spectators to laugh too ; though, in the mean time, some necessary ques. tion of the play be then to be considered :--that's villainous : and shews a most pitiful ambition in the foot that uses it.

SHAKESPE A Rio

CH A P. XII.
THE PRESENT CONDITION OF MAN

VINDICATED.
EAV'N from all creatures hides the book of Fate,

All but the page prescrib'd, their present state :
From brutes what men, from men what spirits know,
Or who could suffer being here below?
The lamb thy riot dooms to bleed to-day,
Had he thy reason, would he skip and play
Pleas’d to the last, he crops the flow'ry food,
And licks the hand just rais'd to shed his blood.
Oh blindness to the future ! kindly given,
That each may

fill the circle mark'd by Heav'n ;
Who sees with equal eye, as God of all,
A hero perish, or a sparrow fall.
Atoms or systems into ruin hurl'd,
And nu w

bubble burst, and now a world.
Hope humbly then ; with trembling pinions soar;
Wait the great teacher Death ; and God adòre.

What

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What future bliss, he gives not thee to know,
But gives that Hope to be thy blessing now.
Hope springs eternal in the human breast ;
Man never Is, but always To be bleft,
The foul, uneasy and confin'd from home,
Rests and expatiates in a life to come.

Lo, the poor Indian ! whose untutor'd mind
Sees God in clouds, or hears him in the wind;
His soul proud Science never taught to stray
Far as the solar walk, or milky way ;
Yet simple Nature to his hope has given,
Behind the cloud-topt bill, an humbler heav'n ;
Some safer world in depth of woods embrac'd,
Some happier island in the wat'ry waste,
Where Naves once more their native land behold,
No fiends torment no Christians thirst for gold.
To Be, contents his natural desire,
He asks no Angel's wing, no Seraph's fire :
But thinks, admitted to that equal sky,
His faithful dog shall bear him company.

Go, wiser thou ! and in thy scale offense,
Weigh thy Opinion against Providence ;
Call imperfe&tion what thou fanciest such,
Say, here he gives too little, there too much :
Destroy all creatures for thy sport or guft,

et cry, if Man's unhappy, God's unjuft ;
If man alone ingrofs not Heav'n's high care,
Alone made perfect here, immortal there :
Snatch from his hand the balance and the rod,
Re-judge his justice, be the God of God.
In Pride, in reas'ning Pride, on error lies ;
All quit their sphere, and rush into the kies.

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