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D E S I G N.

HAVING proposed tr> write some pieces orfHutnart Life and Manners, such as (to use my Lord;Ba'oon:s expression) coirie home to Mert't Buslnifs and- Bofi1rit, I thought it more satisfactory: to beginwith corflidering Man in the abstract, his Nature and his State: since, to prore any moral duty,. toenforce any moral precept, or to examine the perfection or? imperfection of any creature •whatsoever, it is necessary first to know what condition jftid reiaiion it is placed in, and what is the proper end and purpose of its being.

The.- science of Human-Nature isv like all other sciences, reduced to a-se*u deaf points-:- there are not many certain truths in this world. It is therefore. in the anatomy of the Mind as in that of the Body: more good will accrue to mankind by attending to the large, open, and perceptible parts, than by studying too much siner nerves and vessels, the consirmations and uses of which will for ever escape our observation. The disputes are all upon these last, and I will venture to say, they have less sharpened the quits than the hearts of men against each other, and have diminished the practice more than advanced the theory of morality. If I could flatter myself that this Essay has any merit, it is in steering betwixt the extremes of doctrines seemingly, opposite; in passing over terms utterly unintelligible; and in forming a temperate, yet not inconsistent; and a short, yet not imperfect system of Ethics.

This I might have done in prose ; but I chose verse, and even rhyme, for two reasons: the one will appeal' obvious ; that principles, maxims, or precepts so written, .both strike the reader more strongly at sirst, and are more .easily retained by him afterwards. The other may seem odd, but it is true; I foun4 I could express them more

shortly shortly this way than In prose itself, and nothing is truer than that much of the force, as well as grace, of arguments or instructions depend upon their conciseness. I was unabk to treat this part of my subject more in detail, without becoming dry and tedious; or more poetically, without sacrisicing perspicuity to ornament, without wandering from the precision, or breaking the chain of reasoning. If any man can unite all these, without diminution of any of them, I freely confess he willcompass a thing above my capacity.

What is now published, is only to be considered as a general map of Man, marking out no more than the greater part's, their extent, their limits, and their connexion, but leaving the particular to be more fully delineated in the charts which are to follow. Consequently these Epistles in their progress (if I make any progress) will be less dry, and more susceptible of poetical ornament. I am here only opening the fountains, and clearing the passage: to deduce the rivers, to follow them in their course, and to observe their effects, would be a task more agreeable.


creature, and of all creatures-to Man. The gradation
ofsense, instinct, thought, resection, reason; that Rea-
son alone countervails all the other faculties, ver. 207.

How much farther this order and subordination of living
creatures may extend' above and below us ;-, were nuyt
part of which broken, not that part only, but the
whole connected creation must be destroyed,. ver. 234-

TEe extravagance, 7nadnes and. pride- of such a desire,

ver. 259,

The consequence-of all, the absolutefobwiJfioti. dueto Pixy—

videuoe, both as to our present andsuture slate,

ver. 28i, Sec. to the end


Os the Nature and State of"Man, zvith respytt ti

Mimseff, as an Individual.

*T*HE business of Man not to pry into siW,but to study

-* hivisels. His Middle Nature; his Powers and. Frailties,

ver. i, &c.

The Limits of his Capacity, ver. i9, &c

The two Principles of Man., Sels-love. and, Reason, both
necessary, ver. 53, &c.

Self-love the stronger, and why, ver, 67, &c.

Their end the fame, ver. 8i, &c

ThePAssiONS, andtheirusej ver. 93, &cv

ThepredominantPaJJion, and its force, ver. i3i, &c-to i60.
Iti necessity, in directing Men to different purposes,

ver. i65, Sec
Its providential Use, in sixing our Principle, and ascer-
taining our Virtue, ver. i75.
Virtue and Viet. joined in our mixed. Nature; the limit!
near, yet the thingi separate and evident: what is the
Office of Reason, ver. i95, 8Lc'.
How odious Vice in itself, and how we deceive ourselves
into it, ver 2i7, &c.

That however, the Endi at Providence and general Good art

answered in our Passions aud Imperfections, ver.2 J9,&c-


How usefully these are distributed to all Orders of Men,

ver- 241, &c.
How useful they arc to Society* '• * • -ver. 249, &c.
And to Individuals, ver. 263.

In ever-yjiate, and every age oflife,- ver. 271, &c.


Of the Nature and State of Man with refteft to

*TPHE whole Universe one fystemxbf Society, ver. 7, &cv

* Nothing made wholly for itself, nor yet wholly .for
another, ver. 27.

The happiness of Animals mutual, ver. 49,

Reason or lnjiirift operates alike to the good of each Indi-
vidual, ver. 59.

Reason or Instintl operates also to Society in all Animals,

vex. 109.

How far Society carried by Instinct, ver. 115.

How much farther by Reason, ver. 131;

Of that which is called the State of Nature, ver. 147.

Reason instructed -by Instinct in the invention .of Arts,

ver. tgo.

And in the Forms of Society, ver. 179;

Original of Political Societies, ver. 199.

Origin of Monarchy, ver. 210.

Patriarchal Government, ver. 216.

Origin of true Religion and Government, from the fame
Principle of Love, ver. 235, &c.

Origin of Superstition and Tyranny, from the fame Prin-
ciple of Fear, ver. 237, &c.

The influence of Self-love operating to thesocial and
public Good, ver. 269.

Restoration of true Religion and Government on their
first principle, ver. 283.

Mixt Government, ver. 289.

Yarious forms of each, and the true end of all,

ver. 303, &c.

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