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18. Announced that several of the leading tobacco firms of the United Kingdom had amalgamated their businesses, under the title of the Imperial Tobacco Company (of Great Britain and Ireland) (Limited).
19. The Duke and Duchess of Cornwall visited Halifax, Nova Scotia, meeting with a very warm reception.
- M. Santos Dumont, a Brazilian, fulfilled the conditions of the prize of 100,000 francs offered by M. Deutsch, by going in his navigable balloon from the park of St. Cloud round the Eiffel Tower and back in half an hour.
23. Mr. John Morley unveiled a statue of Mr. Gladstone in Manchester, and delivered an eloquent panegyric on that statesman.
- It was announced from the War Office that, in consequence of the speech delivered by Sir Redvers Buller on October 10, the Commanderin-Chief, after full consideration of all the circumstances and of the explanations furnished by Sir Redvers Buller, had recommended that he be relieved of his command, and that he had accordingly been placed on half-pay. Major-General (local Lieuteuant-General) Sir John French had been appointed to succeed Sir Redvers Buller in the command of the First Army Corps, the appointment to take effect when Sir J. French's services were no longer required in South Africa. Pending his return Major-General (local Lieutenant-General) Sir H. Hildyard would commaud the force at Aldershot.
24. The Duke and Duchess of Cornwall were most cordially welcomed at St. John's, Newfoundland, and took part in various public functions.
- Formal opening took place of Archbishop's Park, Lambeth, an area of over nine acres, forming part of the lands of Lambeth Palace, which had been given up to the public by the Archbishop of Canterbury, and laid out by the London County Council.
25. Lord Milner had a very warm reception at Pietermaritzburg, on the occasion of his first visit to Natal, and paid an emphatic tribute to the services of the Colony during the war.
- Mr. Long, President of the Local Government Board, speaking at Liverpool, eulogised Sir R. Buller's character and services, but said that the Cabinet unanimously supported the Commander-in-Chief in the action he had taken in view of Sir Redvers's Westminster speech, than which no soldier could have made a greater mistake.
28. At the South African Compensation Commission, Sir John Ardagh announced that a settlement of all the claims for deportations had been come to with all the friendly States, except France and the Netherlands, for a total sum of 69,5501.--the claims so settled having amounted to 550,1951. The remaining claims were settled within a short time, the Netherlands claimants receiving 37,5001.
29. Czolgosz, the murderer of President M‘Kinley, executed by electricity at New York, declaring himself, at the last moment, unrepentant.
30. At Newmarket the Cambridgeshire Stakes (Handicap) won by Mr. W. C. Whitney's Watershed, 3 yrs., 7 st. 7 Ib. (J. Reiff). Twentythree ran.
31. The Duke and Duchess of Cornwall arrived in the Solent in the Ophir at the end of their journey round the world. The King and Queen and Royal children travelled to Portsmouth to receive them.
- The Bank Rate was advanced from 3 to 4 per cent. on account of heavy withdrawals of gold for export. The reserve was 23,882,0001., and the proportion to liabilities 484 per cent.
1. The Duke and Duchess of Cornwall met by the Royal Yacht, with the King and Queen on board, off Yarmouth, Isle of Wight, and proceeded to Portsmouth Harbour, where they were received with much enthusiasm.
- Two thousand Public Schools Volunteers from fourteen principal public schools held their annual field day at Camberley.
- The Duke and Duchess of Cornwall arrived in London, and were welcomed by great crowds, the streets through which they drove being profusely decorated.
5. Admiral Caillard arrived at Mitylene, in command of a squadron sent to enforce the demands of France for the settlement by Turkey of various outstanding claims.
6. Major-General Baden-Powell presented, at the Imperial Institute, Mr. Chamberlain presiding, with a sword of honour, part of a gift from his Australian admirers. (It also included two fine horses, a saddle and a gold-embroidered saddle cloth, which had been presented to the defender of Mafeking at Cape Town.) There were also presented to-day a cedar case and a bar of fine gold from miners of North Queensland.
- Return of New York municipal elections held on the previous day showed a complete defeat of the Tammany organisation, Mr. Seth Low, the “Fusionist” or Reform candidate for the mayoralty, being elected by a large majority, and the other Reform candidates being also successful.
7. The appointment of Canon Gore to the Bishopric of Worcester, vacant by the resignation of Dr. Perowne, was announced.
- Very heavy fog prevailed over London and the mouth of the Thames, and several accidents were the result.
8. The King conferred the title of Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester on the Duke of Cornwall.
- Mr. Andrew Carnegie was elected Rector of St. Andrews University.
9. The King's birthday was celebrated throughout England with ringing of bells, firing of guns, etc. The Emperor William gave a luncheon at the New Palace, Potsdam, in the King's honour.
- By the bursting of a big gun on board H.M.S. Royal Sovereign one officer and six Marine Artillerymen were killed, and the captain of the ship and thirteen sailors were injured.
12. Severe gales were experienced over the greater part of Great
Britain. In the north the wind was accompanied by heavy rain, which occasioned floods.
12. At a meeting of the London County Council it was agreed to contribute 36,0001. towards the purchase of the Marble Hill Estate, Richmond, which was in danger of being built over, thus spoiling the view from Richmond Hill.
13. The gale continued to rage with great violence. Telegraphic communication with Scotland and the north of England was broken down. Several wrecks occurred, among them the Coastguard cruiser Active, which was completely lost, with her chief officer and eighteen of the crew, on Granton breakwater.
16. The Automobile Club celebrated the fifth anniversary of the inauguration of the Locomotives on Highways Act by a tour from London to Southsea. The journey (of 95 miles) was accomplished in a little under seven hours.
18. The new treaty between the United States and Great Britain as to the Isthmian Canal was signed at Washington by Mr. Hay and Lord Pauncefote.
19. The Liberals attacked the town of Colon in Colombia, and captured it after ninety minutes' fighting, occupying all the principal buildings.
20. The Coal Smoke Abatement Society held a meeting at Grosvenor House, when speeches dealing with the evils arising from coal smoke were delivered by Sir W. Broadbent, Professor A. H. Church and others. The recent dense fogs lent emphasis to the proceedings.
21. Commandant Buys was taken on the Vaal near Villiersdorp.
- “Colonel” Arthur Lynch (N.) was returned for Galway (in the room of Mr. Morris (C.), who had succeeded to his father's peerage), polling 1,247 votes against 473 for Mr. Horace Plunkett (U.).
– Serious disturbances occurred in Athens in consequence of the indignation of students and others at the projected publication of translations of the Gospel from the original Greek into the vernacular. A decree by the Holy Synod disavowing such translations was deemed inadequate, and the excommunication of translators demanded. A collision between the demonstrators and troops resulted in death or wounds to twenty persons. The Metropolitan resigned. So did the Ministry of M. Theotokis, and a new Cabinet was formed under M. Zaimis.
- A clerk in the Bank of Liverpool named Goudie absconded. His defalcations amounted to about 170,0001., believed to have been lost in betting transactions.
22. Count Hatzfeldt, for sixteen years German Ambassador in London, died at the German Embassy.
23. The German Antarctic exploration ship Gauss, several weeks overdue, arrived at Cape Town.
- Colonel Sir E. T. Hutton accepted the command of the Federal forces in Australia.
26. Battle Abbey, with 6,118 acres, was sold by auction for 200,0001.
28. A special Army Order was issued directing the embodiment of four more battalions of Militia for service in South Africa.
29. The Liberal insurgents at Colon surrendered to the Government forces.
1. A demonstration was held in Hyde Park to pass a vote of sympathy with General Buller as to his dismissal. It was attended by large crowds, who behaved in an orderly manner.
2. The fraudulent bank clerk Goudie was arrested at Bootle, where he had been hiding for some days.
– The Salmon, torpedo-boat destroyer, was run into at Harwich by the Great Eastern Railway Company's steamer Cambridge, and so severely damaged that she had to be abandoned.
3. The Prince and Princess of Wales received Sir David Tennant, Agent-General for Cape Colony, who presented to them on behalf of the inhabitants of Somerset West an oil painting entitled “Lengthening Shadows on the Shores of False Bay.”
4. The Court of Claims sat to hear and determine claims of service to be performed at the Coronation, the Lord Chancellor presiding. Many claims were presented and mostly rejected as outside the sphere of the Court.
– The British South Africa Company held their annual share. holders' meeting. The report described increasing prosperity in Rhodesia.
5. The Prince and Princess of Wales visited the City and were entertained with much splendour by the Corporation at the Guildhall in celebration of their return from their colonial tour. The streets through which they drove were decorated and much enthusiasm was shown. The Prince, Lord Rosebery, Mr. Chamberlain and Lord Salisbury spoke after the luncheon.
– The Khedive held a review of 4,000 troops at Khartoum.
6. The Industrial Arbitration Bill finally passed by the Legislative Council of New South Wales. It places all labour disputes under a Court invested with very extensive powers.
7. A “Petition of Right” to the King against the appointment of Canon Gore to the Bishopric of Worcester was presented by the officials of the Church Association and the National Protestant League.
9. Announced that Major-General Sir H. C. Chermside had been appointed to succeed Lord Lamington as Governor of Queensland.
- Speaking at a dinner given by Mr. Torrance, Chairman of the London County Council, Lord Rosebery said that the Council had outlived its unpopularity. Its work was more immediately interesting, and perhaps more immediately important than that of Parliament itself.
10. Proclamation issued fixing Thursday, June 26, 1902, as the date of the coronation of King Edward VII. and Queen Alexandra.
10. Another proclamation issued fixing the designs of the new coinage, the inscription on which will bear the abbreviated words “ Britt. omn.”; thus partially fulfilling Lord Rosebery's desire that in the Sovereign's title the words “All the Britains” should be introduced.
- Publication of the text of the agreement between the PostmasterGeneral and the National Telephone Company as to the rates, etc., for telephonic service under the new Post Office system and that of the Company.
- General Bruce-Hamilton, after a night march, surprised and captured practically the whole of the Bethel commando at Trichardsfontein-seven Boers killed and 131 captured. The British force engaged had marched fifty-one miles in twenty-four hours.
11. American telegrams published, stating that the Nicaraguan Government had agreed to lease perpetually to the United States a strip of territory six miles wide, including the route of the proposed Isthmian Canal.
- M. Szell, the Hungarian Premier, rebuked a deputy who had attacked England for her conduct of the South African war, and, recalling British sympathy with Hungary in the past, said that England possessed the friendship and deserved the esteem of Hungarians.
- At the Queen's Club, Oxford beat Cambridge at Rugby football by eight points, after an exciting game.
- Mrs. Aitken obtained (subject to appeal) 751. damages, in the King's Bench Division, from the London and North Western Railway Company, for the destruction of a Peruvian mummy sent by their line.
12. A violent gale, with snow or cold rain, prevailed for two days over most of the United Kingdom, and telegraphic communication between London and the North was suspended for several hours.
13. General Bruce-Hamilton's columns, after another long night march, surprised Piet Viljoen's laager at Witkraanz, twenty-five miles north-west of Ermelo, killing sixteen and capturing seventy Boers, and recovering one of Benson's guns, the other having been destroyed. On receipt of this intelligence the congratulations of H.M. Government were telegraphed by Mr. Brodrick, through Lord Kitchener, to General Bruce-Hamilton.
- A despatch published from Lord Kitchener, enclosing a report by Major Young, D.S.O., describing atrocious conduct by Boers to the wounded officers and men of Colonel Benson's column at Bakenlaagte, on October 25.
14. Johannesburg telegram published, describing important new regulations as to native labour, issued under Lord Milner's authority.
16. Announced that the offer of the Canadian Government to increase from 600 to 900 the strength of the new contingent of Mounted Rifles now being raised in the Dominion for South African service has been accepted by H.M. Government.