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Darwinism: An Exposition of the Theory of Natural Selection, with Some of ...
Alfred Russel Wallace
Visualização integral - 1890
able abundant action adapted allied America amount animals appears become believe birds body butterflies carried cause characters closely colour common comparatively complete consider considerable continued crossed Darwin direct distinct domestic doubt effects equally evidence examples existence experiments explained extreme facts families female fertile fertilisation flowers frequently genera give given greater groups habits higher hybrids illustration important increase indication individuals infertility insects islands kind known land leaves length less living male markings means mimicry modified natural selection objections observed occur oceanic organs origin period plants portion possess present probably produced Professor proportion protection proved reach regions remains remarkable resemblance result seeds seen shown similar sometimes species structure struggle supposed surface tail theory tion trees tropical usually variation varied varieties various vegetation whole wild wings young
Página 335 - FLOWER in the crannied wall, I pluck you out of the crannies, I hold you here, root and all, in my hand, Little flower — but if I could understand What you are, root and all, and all in all, I should know what God and man is.
Página 476 - That life is not as idle ore, But iron dug from central gloom, And heated hot with burning fears, And dipt in baths of hissing tears, And batter'd with the shocks of doom To shape and use.
Página 38 - When we reflect on this struggle, we may console ourselves with the full belief, that the war of nature is not incessant, that no fear is felt, that death is generally prompt, and that the vigorous, the healthy, and the happy survive and multiply.
Página 410 - I have now recapitulated the facts and considerations which have thoroughly convinced me that species have been modified during a long course of descent. This has been effected chiefly through the natural selection of numerous successive, slight, favourable variations; aided in an important manner by the inherited effects of the use and disuse of parts; and in an unimportant manner, that is in relation to adaptive structures, whether past or present, by the direct action of external conditions, and...
Página 36 - Starting, and looking half round, I saw the lion just in the act of springing upon me. I was upon a little height ; he caught my shoulder as he sprang, and we both came to the ground below together. Growling horribly close to my ear, he shook me as a terrier dog does a rat.
Página 449 - Not being able to appreciate or conceive of the distinction between the psychical phenomena of a Chimpanzee and of a Boschisman or of an Aztec, with arrested brain growth, as being of a nature so essential as to preclude a comparison between them, or as being other than a difference of degree, I cannot shut my eyes to the significance of that all"pervading similitude of structure — every tooth, every bone, strictly homologous — which makes the determination of the difference between Homo and...
Página 29 - Not far from Shelbyville, in the State of Kentucky, about five years ago, there was one of these breeding places, which stretched through the woods in nearly a north and south direction ; was several miles in breadth, and was said to be upwards of forty miles in extent ! In this tract, almost every tree was furnished with nests, wherever the branches could accommodate them.
Página 30 - I was astonished at their appearance. They were flying with great steadiness and rapidity, at a height beyond gunshot, in several strata deep, and so close together, that could shot have reached them, one discharge could not have failed of bringing down several individuals. From right to left as far as the eye could reach, the breadth of this vast procession extended ; seeming everywhere equally crowded.
Página 17 - Paraguay, the parasitic insects would probably increase; and this would lessen the number of the navel-frequenting flies — then cattle and horses would become feral, and this would certainly greatly alter (as indeed I have observed in parts of South America) the vegetation: this again would largely affect the insects; and this, as we have just seen in Staffordshire, the insectivorous birds, and so onwards in ever-increasing circles of complexity.