Early Warning Systems for Natural Disaster Reduction

Capa
Jochen Zschau, Andreas N. Küppers
Springer Science & Business Media, 11/11/2013 - 834 páginas
This volume is the result of the International IDNDR-Conference on Early Warning Systems for the Reduction of Natural Disasters, held at the Geo ForschungsZentrum in Potsdam, Germany from 7-11 September 1998. En dorsed by the United Nations International Decade for Natural Disasters Reduc tion which had been established by the United Nations General Assembly in December 1989, it was jointly organised by the GeoForschungsZentrum Pots dam and the German IDNDR-Committee. The event brought together 370 scientists, public officials, and representatives of the United Nations system, non-governmental and international organisations and diverse professional, commercial, and civic individuals from 86 countries. Together they comprised a wide and multidisciplinary range of experience, as both providers and users of early warning and preparedness information related to natural disasters. The Potsdam Early Warning Conference represented the first major thematic com ponent of IDNDR's concluding evaluation. It provides recommendations to en sure disaster reduction into the 21st Century. The conference dealt with an essential goal of the decade, expressed as a ma jor priority of the Decade's Scientific and Technical Committee. It was included in the Plan of Action adopted at the 1994 World Conference on Natural Disas ter Reduction in Yokohama, Japan, and was the subject of three subsequent UN General Assembly resolutions on the improved effectiveness of early warning between 1994 and 1997. The German Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mr.
 

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Índice

Natural Disasters and Early Warning
3
Risk Perception
19
The Role of NGOs
33
7 Disaster Management and Cyclone Warning System
50
The Warning Front Line 55 Due to its geographical position Bangladesh
56
1 Public Communication of Warnings 67
66
Aspects of Disaster Management Emergency
88
3 Natural Risks in Albania and the Role of Related Warning
103
8 On the Establishment of an Automatic Earthquake Informa
461
10 25 Seconds for Bucharest 471
470
13 Project of Creation of an Earthquake Early Warning System
487
14 Can Plate Motion Surveys by GPS Measurements
495
Vb Early Warning Systems for Volcano Monitoring
503
16 Geochemical Monitoring on Merapi Volcano Indonesia
511
18 Information and Warnings to Authorities and to the Public
521
19 The MerapiProject Interdisciplinary Monitoring
527

5 Gender Age and Social Class in Psychological Work
113
1 The Role of the WMO World Weather Watch System
127
3 Track Forecast Guidance Improvements for Early Warnings
166
4 The Tropical Cyclone Warning System
185
Problems
215
10 Satellite Monitoring of Floods as a Part
240
12 ShortTime Flood Forecast Methodology Using
253
14 Extreme Runoff Events in Small Catchments the Need
265
A New Capability for Flash Flood Early Warnings
277
17 The Passage of the 97 Flood Wave on the Lower Odra
283
19 Cultural and Political Obstacles to Accepting Early Warnings
304
20 Early Warning Systems for the Detection and Response
311
IVc Early Warning Systems Related to Drought
317
22 Global Information and Early Warning System on Food
337
Space Time and User Needs
345
24 Agrometeorological Information System for Mitigation
350
IVd Monitoring and Early Warnings Related
364
28 Operational Seasonal Predictions in Australia 375
374
IVe Early Warning Systems for Severe Weather Phenomena
390
31 The Early Warning and Forecasting System EWFS
399
Current Status
409
Prediction Prevention
424
4 Towards an Earthquake Early Warning System
433
5 The Seismic Alert System in Mexico City
441
6 Earthquake Early Warning System in Japan
447
The Early Warning System for Mitigation
453
20 Early Warning Systems for Tsunami an Overview
535
22 Advances in the Chilean Tsunami Warning System
542
24 Early Warning Systems Related to Mountain Hazards 555
554
25 Movement Studies to Forecast the Time of Breaking
565
27 Monitoring the Conditions of Dangerous Lakes
579
2 Application of Logistic Models to Predict HumanCaused
593
3 The Use of Microsatellites in the Fight Against Pest Plagues 601
600
4 ECPCs Global to Regional Fire Weather Forecast System
609
Experience
619
8 SpaceBorne Autonomous OnBoard Recognition
633
9 Dedicated Earth Monitoring and Disaster Warning
641
11 SatelliteBased Forest Fire Detection and Automatic Alert
649
1 Technological Hazards
657
2 Early Warning Systems for Mitigation of EarthquakeRelated
674
3 A New Concept for the Earthquake Vulnerability Estimation
693
Recent Advances
709
6 The Earthquake Early Warning System
715
8 Optimizing the Seismic Early Warning System
727
6 Use of Advanced Earth Observation Capabilities for Disaster
769
Special Problems of Early Warning Systems
788
4 Special Problems Faced by Sri Lanka as a Small Island
807
5 Transferring Flood Warning Technology
811
Officers List
823
Subject Index
829
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