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A

PRESERVATIVE AGAINST POPERY, ,

IN SEVERAL

Select Discourses

UPON THE

PRINCIPAL HEADS OF CONTROVERSY

BETWEEN

PROTESTANTS AND PAPISTS:

BEING WRITTEN AND PUBLISHED

By the most eminent Divines of the Church of England,

CHIEFLY IN THE REIGN OF KING JAMES II.

COLLECTED BY

THE RIGHT REV. EDMUND GIBSON, D.D.

SUCCESSIVELY LORD BISHOP OF LINCOLN AND LONDON,

(B. 1669, D. 1748.]

CAREFULLY REVISED AND EDITED

FOR THE BRITISH SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING THE RELIGIOUS PRINCIPLES

OF THE REFORMATION,

BY

THE REV. JOHN CUMMING, D.D.

VOL. XIV.

LONDON:
PUBLISHED AT THE SOCIETY'S OFFICE,
8, EXETER HALL, STRAND.

1848.

V

The following note has been received from the Rev. J. Mendham.

The name of the writer is ample apology for its insertion.

“In Dr. Cumming's edition of Gibson's Preservative against Popery, vol. xiii. p. 229, in the continuation of a note by the Editor, occur the following words, respecting the change of the expression in some Missals, and in one of the Hymns or Prosæ, Jure matris impera Redemptori, as addressed to the Virgin Mary-the charge is taken from Daillé. The Editor proceeds : Natalis Alexander says of this idolatrous and blasphemous language; Non est ab Ecclesia probata, et quibusdam tantum Missalibus olim inserta. Hist. Eccles. Sæc. v. dis. 25. vol. ix. p. 773. Bing. ad Rhenum. 1787. The quotation, which is not continued, proceeds thus, continuously :-'ejus auctor ignotus : nec diu in usu fuit : : quanquam innoxius esset iste loquendi modus; jure matris impera Redemptori. The blasphemy is not (says Alexander) approved by the Church. Missals, &c. are not usually, if ever, formally approved; but was this expression ever disapproved ? Rome has obvious, and almost necessary means when public, of so doing repeatedly and authoritatively, in her Indexes Prohibitory, (not, as frequently and ignorantly called, Expurgatory). Of these Alexander, it is probable, possessed and cultivated almost complete ignorance. Perhaps by the term church, he understands himself and his party, and their approbation, that of their own private judgment. And what does he think of the private judgment of the churches which concocted, approved and used, the poor discarded prosa containing the terms ?

“Again; the prosa now so virtuously abandoned, was used only in some churches. Did Stillingfleet and his authorities above, say more? Many are specified in the text, and I will tell Alexander and his friends, what, I believe, neither he, nor they, knew before, that those Missals are confined to the Church of France, which before and after the Reformation, and even after the Council of Trent, had in her various cities and towns, Missals peculiar to herself. Several are mentioned above; and I am able to add one of Chartres, which has likewise in it another prosa containing the words Jube natum ; two of Liege (one a fine folio), one belonging to a friend, and

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