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Alleyn, Drayton, and Field, from the Dulwich rate, give it fair representation. Then the DicGallery ; Samuel Daniel, from the likeness prefixed | tionary' will do, and do remarkably well, for the to his Civile Warres'; Spenser, from a portrait at English-Speaking Peoples," who care, it is probable. Dupplin Castle ; James I., from Paul van Somer; a good deal more about enipire than English. Fletcher, from the 1647 edition of his and Beaumont's‘Works, and so forth. Of singular use to the The Library. Edited by J. Y. W. MacAlister. student are the views of Shakespearian London, F.S.A. (Kegan Paul.) presenting the Bankside, with views of the Globe In its new guise the Library is at once more conand the Swan theatres and the Bear Garden.
venient and more attractive than before. It is These are taken from Visscher's View of London,' more remunerative also, and its illustrations conexecuted in 1616. With these may be classed the stitute a pleasing feature. We are afraid that recently discovered sketch of the stage of a London some difficulty will be experienced in
some difficulty will be experienced in keeping it at theatre made by a Dutch visitor to London in 1596, its present level of excellence. Mr. A. W. Pollard now in the University Library at Utrecht; the contributes a capital paper, illustrated, on Wood. interior of a London playhouse, from the title-page cuts in English Plays. Mr. Delisle's Discovery of of 'Roxana'; Norden's® • View of London Bridge Long-Missing Pictures' has a finely executed plate. from East to West in 1597,' and innumerable further Mr. J. D. Brown writes on ‘Library Progress.' illustrations of a similar kind. Most jinportant Mr. E. F. Strange deals with The Decorative sections are the reproductions of title-pages to Work of Gleeson White,' and Mr. R. G. Redgrave Shakespeare's works, the facsimiles of autographs, | writes on "The First Four Editions of “English signatures, seals to documents, and other like Bards and Scotch Reviewers.") Among other conmatters. It will convey an idea of the number and tents is a portrait of Dr. Richard
tents is a portrait of Dr. Richard Garnett, serving variety of the illustrations supplied when we say that as frontispiece. the mere list occupies eight pages. Thus equipped, Mr. Lee's book will take up its position as the WAR subjects take up the lion's share in the standard authority upon the greatest of English- | reviews as in the newspapers and in general conmen. On its literary claims we have previously | versation. Room is, however, found in the Fortinsisted. If we have dwelt upon the illustrations | nightly for a few articles on literary and social it is because they do not serve a purely decorative | topics. Prof. Lewis Campbell writes On the purpose. Whatever information we possess as to Growth of Tragedy in Shakespeare.' There are the state of London and the stage in Shakespeare's many points raised on which we should like to join times is incorporated in the volume. That Mr. Lee issue with the Professor, but the article is thoughtwill, as further editions are called for, strive ful and suggestive, and is sure to be carefully lovingly to augment the value and attractions of studied in Shakespearian circles. Mrs. Hannah his work we doubt not. As it stands, however, Lynch deals trenchantly with Zola and Tolstoi in
agh it will not replace, for the student, all "Fécondité” versus “The Kreutzer Sonata.” In previous or contemporary works, it will at least | Zola's book, which we ourselves began and were enable him to dispense with a library of reference, unable to continue, she finds the unexpected reveand leave no trustworthy or important information | lation" of a freshness and an animal simplicity, concerning Shakespeare ungarnered.
| a sunshine and gaiety," which are welcomed as
something new in his works. Severe reprobation is The Students' Standard Dictionary. By James C. bestowed upon both authors, though Tolstoi is
Fernald and others. (Funk & Wagnalls Co.) credited with supreme genius. Of the wealthy WE recently reviewed an 'Intermediate - School | bourgeois of M, Zola it is said that if the obscene Dictionary' founded on the well-known Funk & apes were endowed with the gift of speech they Wagnalls dictionary. This volume is similar in could scarcely make a more obscene use of it than origin and appearance, only larger, running to some do these people. There is, alas ! much truth in nine hundred pages, and, it must be added, uncom- | this arraignment. Mr. J. C. Bailey writes very fortably heavy to hold. It is meant for “the eulogistically concerning 'Stevensoli's Letters, English-speaking peoples," and therefore it seems and quotes some delightful passages, including a pity that it is distinctly American in tone and the charming letter in which Stevenson makes phraseology. The vocabulary is, however, moreover his birthday to Miss Annie H. Ide, who, being extensive than that of the ordinary English dic- born on Christmas Day, was practically without å tionary of the same size. It is strong in words like birthday. Few more entertaining and graceful breakman, which are hardly English; on the other pieces of humour are in existence. Mr. Frazer's hand, a word like camisole is omitted-perhaps Suggestion as to the Origin of Gender in Language' because not American. It is very unsafe to meddle is ingenious, if not wholly convincing, which, indeed. with English university matters without securing it does not pretend to be. Dr. St. George Mivart's expert knowledge. The term Senior Wrangler is | . Some Recent Catholic Apologists' will scarcely current-not obsolete, as these pages represent; commend itself, we fancy, to the authorities who and if this special title is included, why is have placed some of bis works in the "Index. not tripos inserted, which has a much wider Prof. Sully contributes an essay on Philosophy application? The “ Standard Script” handwriting, and Modern Culture,' which was first delivered as of which specimens are given on p. 823, is a a lecture at University College, London. •Paths of really sensible thing, and the appendices are Glory,' by Mr. Joseph Jacobs, deals with the kind useful, though the list of distinguished persons of work that gets people into Who's Who,"Men occasionally donne furieusement à penser. We of the Time,' and the 'Dictionary of National Bionotice that the big Standard Dictionary’includes graphy.' It is readable and entertaining.-The first English editors, and suggest that in condensations tive papers in the Nineteenth Century are on the or revisions their services should be not merely to war, and two or even three others are on subjects ornament the title-page. Let them make the Eng- more or less closely connected with it. In the lish usage as prominent as the American, or, at any | matter with which we can deal is 'Shakespeare and
NOTES AND QUERIES.
NOTES AND QUERIES.
(geb 8. V. JAN. 6, 1900.
the Modern Stage,' by Sidney Lee. The chief aim when read by the light of to-day. Urbanus Sylvan of the contribution is to protest against the deals whimsically, but flippantly with Dr. Dowden, idea that Shakespeare in representation is to Dr. Gosse, and other modern critics or writers. be sacrificed to pageantry. Lovers of Shake. One is surprised to find him speaking of the speare should urge simplicity in the production 1671 edition of Paradise Regained' and 'Sanson of his plays. The instance is advanced of the Agonistes' as a "large and well-printed octavo." splendid series of revivals undertaken by Phelps Mr. Stephen Gwynn gives a study of Sir Charles and Greenwood at Sadler's Wells. If modern Napier. There are some amusing Humours of managers would be content with scenic accessories Irish Life,' and an unappetizing account of 'A that are adequate and illuminatory instead of Boer Interior.'-'The Poetry of Windmills,' which burdensome, they might give three or four plays appears in Temple Bar, expresses sentiments we have where now they give one. No one is better entitled often felt. Next to a ship a windmill is to us one to be heard than Mr. Lee, and it is to be hoped of the most fascinating of human inventions. The that the seed he sows will not fall on desert ground. author holds that "it is sacrilege to approach them Under the title, which we scarcely like, of The too nearly.” She holds that Cervantes saw aright Prince of Journalists,' Mr. Herbert Paul has an when Don Quixote entered into conflict with them excellent article on Swift, with most of the conclu as giants. On the Banks of the Dove' is a fantasy sions of which we agree. In common, however, concerning. Walton and Cotton. A Calculating with most modern writers, Mr. Paul overpraises
“Philosopher”' deals with Babbage, the sanguine the style of Swift, which, admirable as it is in inventor of the calculating machine, and next to lucidity--perhaps the best of gifts--and in sim-John Leech the most distinguished victim of street plicity, has “the defects of its qualities," and is noises. 'Sir Anthony Van Dyck' may be read with open to attack. This, we know, is an unpopular pleasure. Much of the fiction is excel view. With the remaining praise and the general much of a dilemma to a collector is that in which estimate of' Swift we concur, and we recall in the Gentleman's the hero of A Bookman's no modern apophthegm so exquisite as Swift's Dilemma' finds himself. It is, however, amusing “The reason why so few marriages are happy is to hear of a Kilmarnock Burns and a first because young ladies spend their time in making Walton's 'Angler' being sold all but uncatalogued nets, not in making cages." Supposing the curious in a country sale. Mr. Walters describes · French ghost-story of Nathaniel Hawthorne to be, as it London in 1793,' the London of priestly and arisprofesses to be, true, that admirable writer was tocratic refugees. Miss Lily Wolffsohn depicts the most unutterable donkey that ever drew 'Low Life in Naples as Pictured by Neabreath. Mr. J. Cuthbert Hadden has a valuable politans,' and Mr. Percy Fitzgerald describes paper on 'The Tinkering of Hymns. We agree residence of two days in Walcheren Island. In with every word that he says in condemnation of Longman's Mr. Lang, 'At the Sign of the Ship, such processes, but think that in most cases he is expresses a not too favourable estimate of the far too indulgent. In this review, also, Dr. St. / “Man in the Street,” and gives an amusing account George Mivart is issuing a challenge to the Roman of his sufferings from notoriety . hunters. Mr. Catholic Church, the result of which we want to H. G. Hutchinson, in ' A First Essay in Dreams, see. The Jews in France,'' The Common Mule,' speaks of flying as a common experience in dream.
Climate and Atmosphere,' and 'Can Sen ing. Our own observation is that it is not flying of tences be Standardized ?' are all worth reading.- which we dream, but a sort of levitation, with some. The frontispiece to the Pall Mall is a tine repro- | times a consciousness of danger. Kauri Gum' duction of Holbein's · Anne of Cleves,' the illustra- and 'Summer in the Forest'are both readable, tions generally being of high merit. Mr. William Archer concludes his account of The American Stage,' which is regarded in a favourable light.
Rotices to Correspondents. description is furnished of the younger | We must call special attention to the following American dramatists, with whom we are beginning
ang notices : to form an acquaintance. In the second part of
On all communications must be written the name ‘Lotteries, Luck, Chance, and Gambling Systems' Mr. J. Holt Schooling establishes to his own satis
and address of the sender, not necessarily for pub. faction that there is such a thing as luck. On the
lication, but as a guarantee of good faith. whole, though we pretend to no special knowledge,
We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. his statistics impress us less favourably than do his To secure insertion of communications correreproductions of the quaint designs of our ancestors spondents must observe the following rule. Let intended to beguile people into the purchase of each note, query, or reply be written on a separate lottery tickets. 'Morocco, the Imperial City,' slip of paper, with the signature of the writer and by Mr. F. G. Aflalo, tells us little that is new, such address as he wishes to appear. Correspond. but has some capital sketches of spots of inents who repeat queries are requested to head the terest. “Military Heroes at Westminster,' by Mr. second communication “ Duplicate," Murray Smith, of which the first part appears, Thomson SHARP ("The mill can never grind appeals strongly to us at the present moment. - | with the water that is past”).-See grh S. iii. 116. . Elizabethan London,' by the Bishop of London, with which the new volume of the Cornhill begins,
Editorial Communications should be addressed to is a lecture delivered a couple of months ago at the Queen's Hall before the London Reform Union. "The Editor of 'Notes and Queries ' "-Advertise. It gives many particulars with which the averagements and Business Letters to “The Publisher? student of past London is likely to be unfamiliar, at the Office, Bream's Buildings, Chancery Lane, E.C. and draws together many proofs of the mistrust We beg leave to state that we decline to return with which Londoners regarded foreigners. Lady | communications which, for any reason, we do not Broome's 'Natal Memories' have painful interest print; and to this rule we can make no exception.
LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 13, 1900. forward on behalf of other men. Quite un
consciously he ceases to be a critic and CONTENTS.- No. 107.
becomes an advocate. The late Mr. Hayward, NOTES:- Mr. Dilke on Junius, 21 - Was Shakespeare Musical? 22-Murder of the Emperor Paul of Russia, 23 Dr. Johnson and Vestris-" International Library of
had no Junius to offer for acceptance or Famous Literature," 24-"Hopping the wag"-"Chiaus" - Portrait by the Marchioness of Granby, 25 — "Flan- | scorn. In the Athenaeum for 9 April 1998 nelized "-"Boytry"-" Bathetic "-Discoverer of Photo
I ventured to write that I did not care who graphy-Church older than St. Martin's - Enigma by Praed "Hanky-pauky," 26.
wrote the letters signed “Junius," my selfQUERIES :-"Seek" or " Seeke"-Sutty, Bookseller, 26— imposed task of demonstrating that Mr. Dress of Charterhouse Scholars - Nursery Rimes-"Dan"
Dilke and Mr. Hayward were justified in Chaucer-Walter Holmes-Peter Traverg-Emery Family -United Empire Loyalists - Wharton-Holbein Gateway their conclusions as to Francis having then in Whitehall, 27-" Hail, Queen of Heaven"-"Farntosh
been accomplished. -Fall of the Roman Empire --William Duff-"Tankage"Dr. Hayden, of Dublin - The Book of Praise,' &c.--Father It may help some readers of Mr. Dilke's Gordon - The Word “Slang" - Taltarum - "Anchylo | letter to explain his reference to Mason. stomeasis"-Cecil, Lord Burleigh-Egyptian Chessmen,
In a review of the correspondence of Horace 28-De Benstede or Bensted Family, 29. REPLIES :-Origin of the Euglish Coinage, 29- "Up, Walpole and Mason which appeared in the Guards, and at them!"-"Papaw" -Artists' Mistakes, 32
| Athenæum for 17 May, 1851, Mr. Dilke amused - Worcester Dialect - Black Jews-Poet Parnell - St.
| himself, as he phrased it, by speculating Mildred's, Poultry, 33 - Aldgate and Whitechapel-Unclaimed Poem by Ben Jonson - "Newspaper,” 34 - | whether the author of The Heroic Epistle, Rubens's Portrait of the Marchesa Grimaldi - Instru
either alone, or in concert with Walpole, mental Choir-Newman and N. & Qi'-"Mary had a
ure of Books and Book- might not have written the letters signed little lamb"-"Hoodock"-Future of Books and Bookmen-Thames Tunnel, 35-Child's Book - "Nefs," 36Garrard, Master of the Charterhouse-Venn: Mountford,
| Walpole had satisfied himself that Junius 37__"By the haft"-Double-name Signatures for Peers
shire Sayings – Elixir Vitæ" in Fiction - was Wolfran Cornwall, who died in 1789 "None," 38.
while Speaker of the House of Commons. NOTES ON BOOKS :- Dictionary of National Biography Vol. LXI.-Ward's The Bride's Mirror'-Leland's U Horace Walpole's 'Hints for discovering published Legends of Virgil'-Blew's Racing.
Junius' appeared in facsimile in the AtheNotices to Correspondents.
næum for 24 January, 1891. Neither can
Mr. Dilke have known that Mason's handNotes.
writing does not resemble the Junian hand
in any particular. Mr. Dilke hints in the MR. DILKE ON JUNIUS.
following letter that he “could perhaps WHEN Notes and Queries recently celebrated throw out other and even better speculative its Jubilee. Mr. Merton Thoms most cour- possibilities." I have been told on excellent teously offered for publication some of authority that Mr. Dilke considered George the letters which Mr. Dilke had written Steevens as a possible Junius. to his father. One of them will be of
76, Sloane Street, Friday, much interest to the readers of N. & Q.' MY DEAR SIR,-They sent up last night from While Mr. Dilke edited the Athenceum, he Wellington Street the Critical Memoirs,' for which wrote many reviews of books concerning I am greatly obliged.
It is not, I fear, in the remotest degree probable Junius, which were collected and pub
that the twelvemonth will enable me to solve the lished in 1875 by his grandson, Sir Charles
Junius mystery-for many reasons, one being all. W Dilke with the title 'Papers of a sufficient, I never was a hunter after Junius. You Critic.' I read these papers not only with will be surprised at my saying so, but it is the fact. interest. but profit, and with pardonable. I have always, in my idle way, been a curious gratification that the view which I had inquirer into two or three periods of our history_
the last and worst the early part of the reign of formed of Francis and Junius, and made
George II., and thus, incidentally, I was led to test public in 1874 in my Wilkes, Sheridan, lt
the accuracy and truthfulness of the edit. of 1812, 14, Fox,' had been formed without knowing what of Ji's Letters.
of J.'s Letters. Some papers which Sir Harris MrDilke had written long before. Since Nicolas wrote for the Athenæum, and in which he then I have never ceased regretting that Mr. assumed all true, led to a discussion, and he thought
it better to stow them away until he had leisure to Dilke did not live to read the facts which
examine critically. This was only “labouring in have been made public and which confirm
my vocation.” his inferences.
Subsequently circumstances* made me seek the The chief point in Mr. Dilke's letter is the numbing influences of a pursuit that occupied phrase "I never was a hunter after Junius." | the mind without exciting it, and I renewed my For that reason he was the better critic. The writer who has his own Junius makes light The death in 1850 of Mrs. Dilke.-CHARLES W. of the evidence in support of claims put DILKE.
examination of edit. 1812, 14, and other people's solid ground; but to deduce the inference speculation on that edition.
from the statement that the dramatist was The utmost I have ever heard hazarded was in the paper on Mason, and it amounted only to this.
therefore possessed of a “considerable knowHere is a man, never named or hinted at, who
| ledge" of music is clearly to make the conmight have written the Letters — not a word to clusion wider than the premises. An author show that he did write them. I could, perhaps, may put such words into his puppets' throw out other and even better speculative mouths as (" Richard II.,' V. v.) possibilities. I have, indeed, some vague general characteristics which I think might help the
Music do I hear? inquirer, and a thorough conviction that all specu
Ha, ha! keep time: how sour sweet music is, lators, led and misled by edit. 1812, 14, are hunting
When time is broke and no proportion kept ! in a wrong direction ; but for myself I have never
or as (“Merchant of Venice,' V. i.) even put on top-boots and leathers, never even entered the field as a sportsman, and doubt if I ever
How sweet the moonlight sleeps upon this bank ! shall. Yours very truly,
Here we will sit, and let the sounds of music
Become the touches of sweet harmony,
effect that he had a and yet be utterly devoid of music. If a “ thorough conviction that all speculators, small personality be permissible to emphaled and misled by edit. 1812. 14. are hunt-size my point, music, vocal or instrumental, ing in a wrong direction.” In that edition, is to me "a thing of beauty" and "a joy for which George Woodfall gave to the world,
ever"; vet I know no more of the scales than there are upwards of a hundred letters which a cow does of the zodiac ; and I too have are supposed to have proceeded from Junius's sung in humble verse the glories of Calliope. pen. No proof of authorship has been though powerless to twang a string coradduced. Yet it is the letters thus fathered rectly on her divine lyre. upon Junius which have been cited as evi
Again, that music is a powerful and necesdence that Francis was the man. An edition
sary adjunct to the complete enjoyment and of Junius's authentic letters seems to me to
set-off of a dramatic piece is outside discusbe a desideratum. I have tried to convince
sion. Shakespeare was practical enough to more than one publisher of this. The pre
recognize this, and accordingly made provailing opinion among publishers appears to
vision for its introduction. When Mr. be that the editions (George Woodfall and
Verity, then, further says that “on the stage, Bohn) containing the spurious letters are
especially in pathetic scenes, a musical acgood enough for the public.
companiment almost always adds charm,” W. FRASER RAE.
I am thoroughly at one with him. But a sensible recognition of this factor in dra
matic success no more argues a musical eduWAS SHAKESPEARE MUSICAL? cation or talent than the possession of a THE editor of the “ Pitt Press Shakespeare Stradivarius or a Sternberg does. Once for Schools" (Mr. A. W. Verity, M.A.) thinks more, that “music is a great feature in so in his notes to King Richard II.' (1899). modern representations of Shakespeare” no He says :
one can reasonably question ; without it, “No one can doubt that Shakespeare himself had in fact, even the elaborate staging of the a great love of music, and considerable knowledge plays by Irving and Benson would lack too; though not, I suppose, the scientific know-three - fourths of its attractiveness. But ledge of it that Milton had."
surely this is a poor plea for the poet's “conHis “great love of music” I do not im-siderable knowledge of music." Never was peach; but I very much question his “consider- a weaker defence of a lost cause. In venturable knowledge" of it. Mere allusions--and ing thus to arraign Mr. Verity at the bar of they are copious, as every one knows--to it, historical accuracy, I am not conscious of the as appreciation of it, hardly constitute a proof remotest wish to undervalue his excellent of a practical acquaintance with any musical | labour's as editor of the “Pitt Press Series,” instrument, nor even of a knowledge of the still less of a desire to belittle “the poet of technique of the art. It is mere supposition all nations and the idol of his own"-to shift (and a somewhat strained one) to argue other- an allusion froin Moore's shoulders to those wise. That the poet used music in the per- of Shakespeare. Good work, like virtue, is formance of his plays is a more reasonable its own reward, so is sound scholarship; all conjecture, and quite another question. the more reason why, whilst those receive When, therefore, Mr. Verity states that their due appreciation, unsupported state“Shakespeare's use of music is a suggestivements should be sternly pilloried. As subject of study,” he is, in my judgment, on for Shakespeare, the denying to him one accomplishment in no wise dims the tran- This witness was one of my aunts, who died at the scendent brilliancy of his many others. I advanced age of ninety-three years in 1869, having am simply and solely holding a brief in the preserved the fulness of all her intellectual faculties interests of "whatsoever things are true":Livonian mobility. having been born Countess
1. until that extreme old age. As a young lady of the and until Mr. Verity can adduce better proof Sievers, she had been admitted into the palace in than mere assertion of Shakespeare's musical the capacity of one of the en press's maids of knowledge, I shall continue to believe that honour. he was so far as direct evidence is con- ! The last few months of the Emperor Paul's cerned, entirely ignorant in that line. The
reign were signalized by eccentricities verging on
madness. This monarch, whose brain was turned efforts made of late years to make him a
by his absolute power, ordered carriages and sledges master of everything to which he has to be stopped in the streets, and obliged all his serfs, referred have something of the reductio lords, nobles, and villains to alight on the carriagead absurdum in them. Because he fre- road and kneel before him as he passed! In short, quently refers to archery, Mr. Rushton
those about him determined to obtain his abdication
by fair means or foul. Some days before the exeShakespeare an Archer') forth with turns
cution of the palace plot my aunt noticed some hirn into an archer ; because he often uses
uneasiness at the drawing-rooms and during the legal terms the same author ('Shakespeare a receptions. Various sentences exchanged in a low Lawyer ') incontinently makes him a lawyer; tone, suspicious behaviour and secret conferences because he writes of “sweet music " "Mr: in corners of the rooms, did not escape her observa
tion. The emperor, too, guessed that something Verity would have us believe he was al
was brewing against him, and appeared to be more musician; because his pages bristle with
| reserved, as if on his guard. passages about bees and glowworms he is The very evening of the crime there was & an entomologist, though his numerous and grand court at the palace; all the official world and glaring blunders anent those insects give
the diplomatic body were invited. The foreboding him less claim to that than to the other titles.
signs had become so evident that, about midnight,
my aunt, who had retired to her rooms, which Clearly Shakespeare, or any man of wide
opened on to the long corridor of the Winter Palace, reading and observation, could be generally instead of going to bed, wrote a long letter to her con versant with all four without actually father, who was at that time marshal of the Livonian being any one of them. Macaulay can
nobility. She had half-undressed herself and sat scarcely be considered a soldier, though he
writing at her table, with uncovered shoulders and
wearing a short petticoat (les épaules nues et en simple is the author of the Battle of Ivry, nor jupon). About half-past one an unusual noise was Kipling a sailor because he wrote ‘A Fleet heard in the corridor. This corridor, which was very in Being.' But enough. Shakespeare's know- long, traversed the palace from end to end, and termiledge, like Gladstone's, was encyclopædic ; nated at the emperor's private apartments. Seized but it is surely the Ultima Thule of bathos tó with emotion and fear, my aunt hurriedly took up
the taper which was on her table and opened her hoist him into the professorial chair of every chamber door. At the same moment Count Pahlen,
h of it, or at least to credit him with a the grand chamberlain, went by very agitated, and proficiency which he himself would be the accompanied by four other nobles of the Court. first to repudiate. J. B. McGOVERN. What passed through my aunt's mind then St. Stephen's Rectory, C.-on-M., Manchester.
no one can say; but this is her true story of what happened. I heard it more than twenty times at least during the two years I lived near to her at
Paris in 1868-9, when I was studying at the Ecole THE MURDER OF THE EMPEROR PAUL Polytechnique and at the Sorbonne. My aunt OF RUSSIA.
| loved to tell me this tragic adventure, which still
moved her so much after sixty-four years that she The accompanying account of the murder never dared to write it down. of Paul I. of Russia is taken from 'Étude “So I seized my taper, and, impelled by a force Critique du Matérialisme et du Spiritualisme for which I cannot even now account, followed par la Physique Expérimentale,' by the well
Count Pahlen and his four acolytes. Not one of
them was astonished to see me following them thus known writer and chemist Prof. Raoul Pictet,
in so unusual a costume. We walked a distance of of the University of Geneva, published two about sixty yards to the emperor's chamber. The years ago. The interest of the historical five men only exchanged gestures, not a word was event in question, and the fact of the work uttered. Count Pahlen entered first without knockin which the narrative appeared being pro
ing; he held in his hand a roll of white paper.
Behind him walked his colleague carrying a taper bably unknown to many readers of `N. & Q., Tin his hand : then all the others and myself entered. may justify its insertion in that valued The Emperor Paul was seated at his table writing. periodical whose jubilee has just been cele Evidently he expected something and his suspicions brated so worthily :
were aroused. Count Pahlen first addressed him :
"We come, your Majesty, to ask of you, for the I am about to relate an historical event which good of the country and your own, your abdication! was told me by an eye-witness of the assassination Pour
ation Your health condemns you to retirement; all the of the Emperor Paul I. of Russia on 15 Jan., 1804. physici
Jan., 1804. | physicians and we have arrived at the conclusion