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that your abdication has become necessary. We DR. JOHNSON AND VESTRIS.- A propos of bring you the document to sign.'

the note concerning Dr. Johnson and Vestris, “The emperor drew back a little behind his very oth

gth S. iv. 452, the following may be interest large table. It was a heavy piece of furniture; on the emperor's left hand a chandelier of five branches ing. The late Sir Henry Russell, in some lighted the letter he had begun to write; in front | MS. notes of his father's life, says :was a malachite paper-press formed of a great ball | “My father asked Dr. Johnson one day where he fixed on a very massive rectangle.

had passed the preceding evening. 'Sir,' he said, “During Count Pahlen's speech, pronounced in a

| 'I went to the Opera'; and seeing my father looked very firm voice, the five men had progressively

surprised, he said, “Yes, Sir, I went to the Opera advanced towards the edge of the table; the second

to see Vestris dance. taper was set down beside the inkstand, while the

I like to see any man do emperor, who was placed on the other side, recoiled

anything that he does better than all the world

beside.') involuntarily to increase the distance which separated him from these men.

CONSTANCE RUSSELL. “Yes,' he said; 'you are deficient in respect for

Swallowfield, Reading. me; you think I am too severe with you, and you want to take my place in order to give it to my “INTERNATIONAL LIBRARY OF FAMOUS more yielding successor. I shall resist that......I LITERATURE.”—I would warn intending subshall resist that......'and, as he uttered these words, In :

scribers to this work that it contains Amethe emperor pushed back his chair towards the partition against which he had been almost leaning,

rican spelling in its most irritating form, and which was close to the wide fireplace in which I wish some one had warned me. Also it has some embers were dying out.

what I suppose are American emendations, "Sire, we wish for your abdication at any cost; unless they are gross misprints ; for instance, we require it for the public good.', At the moment “Far from the maddning crowd” in the place he pronounced these words Count Pahlen, a tall and powerful man, passed his arm over the table of the well-known line that has been classic with sufficient rapidity to seize the emperor's hand. for some hundred and fifty years ; “ That The latter recoiled hastily, and endeavoured with | Timour" instead of Thou Timour” in his other disengaged hand to open a door pierced in Byron's 'Ode to Napoleon.' For a work so the wall behind him, a secret door by which he much vaunted as this has been, the niisprints probably expected to escape.

“These very violent struggles tilted the table; are singularly numerous. The following are the two tapers placed upon it fell off and were ex- a few instances : Humphry Clinker, when tinguished, and Count Pahlen, seizing the paper- he gets into prison, is made to pay "gareish" press with his right hand, struck the emperor on instead of garnish; Diderot is stated to be the temple with it while he dragged him towards

the son of a master “cutter" instead of himself with all his strength. The emperor, whose skull was fractured, sank backwards. The table cu

cutler; Nelson's famous signal is stated to was rearranged, and Count Pahlen, aided by his have been “competed " instead of completed. accomplices, took the hand of the dying emperor, A Latin quotation from 'Cranford' figures put a pen into his fingers, and thus signed the as follows: “Dum spiritus regit aruts." It abdication of the Emperor Paul I.

... | took me some little time to find out what “During all this horrible scene I stood there with eyes wide open, motionless and stupefied, and I held

“aruts” meant; it is a misprint for artus. in my hand the taper which alone had lighted that this 18 reany a very careless misprint. chamber of crime. It was by the light of that taper Surely Cowper never put into Johnny that I saw the posthumous signature affixed.” Gilpin's mouth the following line (when he

The day following this sinister adventure my got to Ware): “I came because your horse aunt left the palace and fell ill of the shock. After

could come.” It must have been would, but wards when, restored to health, she recalled those dramatic episodes, it was always impossible for her

ible for her I have not a copy of the poem handy to to analyze the efficient causes of her movements. / refer to. An extract from Saintine's • PicShe has assured me that she felt herself trans- ciola' is introduced in this language : formed into an automaton all whose movements “Charney, a political prisoner, has fixed his were obligatory. It would have been impossible for

affections on a flower that grew between the her to have acted of herself. No conscious liberty was left her.

stone of his prison" instead of “between the I point out this fact because of the rarity of the stones” (I believe really it ought to be case, for my aunt was a woman of great powers and “between the flags of his prison”). Omisof much acuteness of intellect, like most of the sions are conspicuous Gif I may be allowed. women of the eighteenth century, and knew | bull). "Hohenlinden' is left out. but some how to observe and to analyze with judgment and sagacity. I have also thought it right to fix this gozen pages of the

dozen pages of the ‘Pleasures of Hope' are page of tenebrous history, which gives the true verin. Brilliant diamond the one ; somewhat sion of the so-much-debated end of the Emperor ponderous, and nowadays not much apprePaul I. Indeed, my aunt was the only witness of ciated metal, the other. Not a word is said the scene, and I have written her narrative as she about “ Junius," though his letter to the dictated it. J. LORAINE HEELIS.

king is inserted; nor of Wolfe, or how his 9, Morrab Terrace, Penzance,

famous 'Burial' came to be written and

given to the world. As regards the prints, street vernacular. It is rather a picturesque phrase, there is one illustrative of 'Robinson Crusoe' and might be more generally used.” called “the footprint on the sand,” which is “Playing, the wag," "hopping it," and ludicrous. Crusoe, who ought, according to “playing the hop” are synonymous terms the story, to be wild with terror, instead of very common in this district. looking at the immense footprint within a

H. ANDREWS. yard of him, is shading his eyes with his | Gainsborough. hands, and, quite calm and placid, not a bit agitated, is gazing at Africa or some other

CHIAUS."--The note on the origin of this place far away in the distance. Johnson, at word in the ‘Historical English Dictionary' a literary party, all the merpbers of “the is very interesting. The usual explanation Club” being present, is haranguing away (as is that of Gifford, given in a note on the usual), but looking at none of them. There l Alchemist,' l. i.:is a print of Goldsmith's house, stated to have

What do you think of me? been in the “Strand," whereas it was near

That I am a chiaus? the little Old Bailey, spelt in one place in the Gifford wrote :book " Brecknock" Stair (in the singular), “In 1609, Sir Robert Shirley sent a messenger or in another “Breckneck,” which is interesting, chiaus (as our old writers call him) to this country, if one only knew what the authority is for it;

as his agent, from the Grand Signior, and the Sophy, but in no other account of Goldsmith's life

to transact some preparatory business. Sir Robert

followed him, at his leisure, as ambassador from both have I ever seen this print before. If it is

those princes; but before he reached England, his from any authentic source in the British agent had chiaused the Turkish and Persian Museum or elsewhere it ought to have been merchants here of 4,0001. and taken his flight, stated the same applies to a print-rather unconscious, perhaps, that he had enriched the lansay a caricature-of Johnson in his Hebridean 84

guage with a word of which the etymology would

| mislead Upton and puzzle Dr. Johnson.” dress. Did Johnson really ever wear such a dress as this? Who saw it? Who drew it?

| The ‘Historical English Dictionary' comWho printed it? The best print to my mind

ments upon this :is Catiline in the senate house (the authority | “But no trace of this incident has yet been for which is given) listening to Cicero's famous found outside of Gifford's note; it was unknown to oration, "quousque tandem," and looking very

| Peter Whalley, a previous editor of Ben Jonson,

1756, also to Skinner, Henshaw, Dr. Johnson, Todd, uneasy under it. In addition to the above and oth

In addition to the above and others who discussed the history of the word. defects, the volumes have this disadvantage, Yet most of these recognized the likeness of chouse they are too heavy to hold in one's hand in an to the Turkish word, which Henshaw even proposed armchair over the fire, the pleasantest way of as the etymon, on the ground that the Turkish reading, and yet scarcely heavy enough to

to chiaus ‘is little better than a fool. Gifford's note require a table. But the principal drawback

must therefore be taken with reserve." is, what I mentioned at the commencement,

I cannot offer any further explanation of the irritating American spelling; a secondary the word, but I have traced Gifford's authority, one that though there are probably some and this may yield a clue. Gifford copied four hundred prints in the work, there is not, without acknowledgment a note on p. 15 of so far as I can find, any index to them. Tó/W. R. Chetwood's 'Memoirs of the Life and refer to Goldsmith's house just now, I had to Writings of Ben. Jonson, Esq.,' Dublin, 1756 : look through the contents of some fifteen Chiaus, a Turkish Messenger that was in Engvolumes before I came to it, and then found | land in the year 1610, sent by Sir Robert Shirley it placed with his Traveller' (this, I need as his Agent from the Grand Seignor and the Persian hardly say, spelt Traveler'). To those

ca King. Shirley followed in two Years after as Am

| bassador from both those Princes ; but his Agent, "about to purchase” I would give, not one in the mean Time, had choused the Turkish and word of advice, but two-“Caveat einptor.” Persian Merchants out of 4,0001. and had gone off.

W. O. WOODALL. Thence, we conjecture, is derived the Word chouse, Scarborough.

to cheat; for the Turkish Word Chiaus is pro

nounced as we pronounce chouse, to bite or cheat.” "HOPPING THE WAG.”—The following ap This carries the explanation back to 1756 ; peared in the Daily Telegraph of 15 Dec., but it is admittedly a conjecture, and no 1899:

authority is cited for the story of the agent. “Another slang phrase was registered in the

PERCY SIMPSON. Penge Police Court, when a small boy was brought up for neglecting to attend school. He confessed

PORTRAIT BY THE MARCHIONESS OF GRANBY. that he had been 'hopping the wag,' which, being -In 'L'image de la Femme,' noticed by your translated, means playing truant. The School Board reviewer gth S. iv. 549, the portrait by the representative acted as interpreter, and said it was Marchioness of Granby alleged to be Mrs. Langtry is in fact, as a moment's observa- called St. Pancras's Church. I inspected it, tion will show, Mrs. Patrick Campbell. at the invitation of the secretary of that in

H. T. stitution; it is a small building, but appears “FLANNELIZED.”—In a recently published

to be a genuine remnant of antiquity. novel ('Jasper Tristram,' by A. W. Clarke) a

G. A. BROWNE.

Camberwell. youth is referred to as having “flannelized," meaning that he had dressed himself in ENIGMA BY W. M. PRAED. — The short cricketing or boating flannels. As this is the prayer attributed to Bishop Atterbury (see first time I have noticed this expression in gth S. iv, 68, 137) reminds me of the poetical any work of literary pretensions it may be charade by the above-named author in its worth while recording it in the pages of brevity and appropriateness. The answer is 'N. & Q. FREDERICK T. HIBGAME. said to be unknown, though many guesses

have been hazarded. W. M. Praed died in “BOYTRY."-In Robert Ashley's translation 1839 :from the French of Louis le Roy, entitled

Sir Hilary charged at Agincourt, ‘Of the Interchangeable Course or Variety

Sooth ! 'twas an awful day ! of Things' (1594), there occurs, in fol. 865, And though in that old age of sport “ puerilitie or boytrie." Only a single quota

The rufflers of the camp and court tion (1542) for what seems to be the same

Had little time to pray,

'Tis said Şir Hilary muttered there word, boytryebut undefined, and apparently

Two syllables by way of prayer. in a different sense-is given in the Oxford

My first to all the brave and proud Dictionary. As regards the epenthetic t in

Who see to-morrow's sun; its -try, boytry is like deviltry, current in East

My next, with her cold and quiet cloud, Anglia and the United States. F. H.

To those who find their dewy shroud Marlesford.

Before to-day's be done!

And both together to all blue eyes "BATHETIC."-Coleridge is generally cre That weep when a warrior nobly dies. dited, but on insufficient grounds, with this

John PICKFORD, M.A. unhappy invention. Edward Du Bois, in his Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. 'Piece of Family Biography' (1799), vol. iii.

“HANKY PANKY.”—The following announcep. 16, writes of “a phalanx of authors or authorlings, pathetic and bathetic," adding,

ment, which appeared in the Monthly Mirror, in a foot-note: “Why not bathetic, from

July, 1796, p. 192, is worth quoting as a footbathos, as well as pathetic, from pathos ?

note to the expression “hanky Panky": For one reason, because, as Dr. Murray re.

“Married.-Capt. Hankey, of the first regi

ment of Foot Guards, to Miss Pankey, of marks, pathetic is not from pathos. F. H. Marlesford.

Bedford Square.”

W. ROBERTS. THE DISCOVERER OF PHOTOGRAPHY.-I note in your highly interesting historical sketch

Queries. of N. & Q.'s' jubilee (9th S. iv. 365) you quote MR. JOHN MACRAY in

We must request correspondents desiring infor. N. & Qi for 8 Dec., I mation on family matters of only private interest 1860, who there gives Lord Brougham as the to affix their names and addresses to their queries, discoverer of photography. In Miss Mete-l in order that the answers may be addressed to yard's book on china I remember reading that them direct. Tom Brierly, Wedgwood's partner at the latter end of the last century, was credited

| “SEEK” OR “SEEKE.” - “Blow the seek” with the discovery, which happened during

occurs twice in the 'Oxford Dictionary,'under his attempts to give to earthenware a silver

the verb blow, as if seek were a wind-instruustre. In her book is given a representa

ment. As in the quotations referred to, so tion of a photograph taken of a tea service in two others, all of them being from Bishop made in this silver lustre by Brierly. It Richard Mountagu, the context throws no would be interesting to know for certain who light on the meaning of seek. What does it was the first discoverer.

signify?

F. H. Harold Malet, Colonel.

| Marlesford. CHURCH OLDER THAN ST. MARTIN's. — In SUTTY, BOOKSELLER, 1700-1730.-In vol. iii. the grounds of the Kent and Canterbury of Dibdin's Bibliographical Decameron' Hospital at Canterbury (which was formerly some account of this man is given, apparently a cemetery) there is an interesting ancient on the authority of Schelhorn, which I chapel, evidently of Roman origin. It is have never yet succeeded in tracing to its

real origin. He is said to have been an “DAN" CHAUCER.—By what authority is English bookseller who travelled through Chaucer called "Dan" by Spenser and TennyGermany and Switzerland, visiting various son? Tennyson's epithet “Morning Star" is monastic and other libraries, wherever he not original, but taken from Sir John Denthought it likely that he might pick up MSS. ham, in his lines on Cowley, in 1709. and early printed books, for which-being

RAYMONDE. supplied with ample means-he was enabled ["Dan"=Lat. dominus, master.] to offer liberal prices. All this, and some- WALTER HOLMES was elected from Westwhat more to the like effect, Dibdin gives as

| minster School to Trinity College, Cambridge, a quotation from Schelhorn's 'Amenitates lin

S in 1612. Any further particulars concerning Literariæ,' a work not often met with inni. this country, I believe. It was published in

him would be of service. G. F. R. B. 14 vols. (1730-2). Whence Dibdin derived PETER TRAVERS was elected to Trinity the information which he pretended to copy College, Cambridge, from Westminster School from this work I cannot imagine ; but one in 1617. Can any correspondent of 'N & Q.' thing is very certain, namely, that from the give me any information concerning him ? first to the last page of these fourteen

G. F. R. B. volumes there is not one word about it; nor! EMERY FAMILY. - A copy of Baret's does the name of Sutty ever once occur. Alvearie,' 1580. in my possession, formerly Can any one enlighten me on the subject? I belonged to Richard Enièry. At the end of

F. N.

the preface is written : "Richard Emery in DRESS OF CHARTERHOUSE SCHOLARS. – In the Countey of Bedd. and dwelling in the the regulations drawn up in 1618 for "apparell Towne of Arlesey doth owe this booke. for the schollers " appear these entries :- Witnesses Richard Emery and Jesper

"For a Somer suite, vize vii yardes di. of Fustian Emery.” A few pages further on is written : for the outside and to lyne the skirt att iis. iid, a “ In the name of God let none stele this yard, xvis. iiid."

| booke froin Richard Emery the sone of “For & Winter suite, vize ii yardes di. and di. q'ter | Richard Emery sittuating in arlesey.” In of Fustian for the outside of the dublett and to lype the skirtes att xixd. the yard, iiiis. id. ob.”

another place : “ Richard Emery truly I should be glad of an explanation of these

possesseth this booke given by his Gran

father.” In another place :two points : 1. Why did the summer suit

Si Dominum istius Cupias cognoscere libri require 7} yards, while the winter suit re

Infra subscriptum Inspice nomen habes. quired 2? 2. Why should the former be of

Richard Emery. more expensive material than the latter? Is anything known of this family ? A. H. Tod.

S. O. ADDY. Charterhouse, Godalming.

UNITED EMPIRE LOYALISTS.-A note on [The same question is put by the Rev. H. B. LE Bas.]

this subject in gth S. iv. 456 refers to "the

passing of Lord Dorchester's 'order in NURSERY RIMES.- Any information (or re- Council' at Quebec in 1789.” Who was Lord ference to sources that may be relied upon) Dorchester in that year, and what office did respecting the origin, author, or history of he hold?

POLITICIAN. the following rimes is urgently wanted : (General Sir Guy Carleton (1724-1808) for services The North Wind doth blow, &c.

during the American War was created in 1786 first Little Robin Redbreast sat upon a Tree.

Baron Dorchester. In 1789 he was Governor of Handy, Spandy, Jack-a-Dandy.

Quebec. See Burke's 'Peerage' and 'Dict. Nat.
Baa, Baa, Black Sheep.

Biog.,' ix. 93.]
Old Mother Hubbard.
Little Miss Muffet.

WHARTON.-Did Philip, Duke of Wharton,
Hiccory, Dickory, Dock.

who died in 1731, leave any family? If so, Pat a Cake, Baker's Man.

particulars of same are wanted.
Little Polly Flinders.
Wee Willie Winkee.

(See the ‘D.N.B.' as usual, vol. 1x. p. 412.]
Little Betty Blue.
Tom Tucker.

HOLBEIN GATEWAY IN WHITEHALL. -Pussy-cat, where have you been ?

Would you kindly inform me whether in old Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall.

A. G.

| Westminster the gallery in the Holbein

Gateway, Whitehall, communicated with (We gladly insert your query, but fear that in- Westminster Palace or St. James's Palace, formation beyond the meagre supply to be found in Halliwell is scarcely to be hoped. See also Mrs.

Mr and in what book of reference an account of Gomme on 'Children's Singing Games.')

it may be found ?

J. M. STONE.

Was Governd

woj. T. THORP.

“Hail, QUEEN OF HEAVEN, THE OCEAN and Lyrics' in the other, that while the STAR.”—Who is the author of this most former contains scarcely anything that is popular Catholic hymn? In 'Hymns for the good, the latter contains scarcely anything Ecclesiastical Year' (Art and Book Co., 1895) that is not good ? It was recently attributed it is ascribed to Dr. Lingard.

by a London daily paper to Mr. Gladstone, S. GREGORY OULD, O.S.B. but I have always heard it attributed to Dr. “FARNTOSH.”—This appears to be the name

Martineau.

C. C. B. of some Scottish dish or delicacy. It is

| FATHER GORDON.-Of what family was coupled by J. W. Boswell, writing in 1828,

Father Gordon, who was at the head of the with “crowdy” and “haggis” in a poetical skit upon Burns. The word is unknown to

Scotch College in Paris in the middle of the the Oxford and Dialect dictionaries and to

last century ?

H. T. B. Jamieson. Can any one explain it ?

SLANG, WAEN FIRST USED.-When did this

C. DEEDES. Brighton.

word become one of the expressions in

constant use? I find it in Woty's 'Fugitive FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE.-Gibbon. and Original Poems' (1786), p. 28. The Decline and Fall,' chap. xxx., says :

passage runs as follows :“The Chinese annals, as they have been in

Did ever Cicero's correct harangue terpreted by the learned industry of the age, may

Rival this flowing eloquence of slang? be usefully applied to reveal the secret and remote | And a note adds, “A cant word for vulgar causes of the fall of the Roman Empire.”

language”

W. P. COURTNEY. Has any author, either in a separate treatise Reform Club. or as part of another work, dealt exhaustively with this subject ?

A. F. H.

TALTARUM, A SURNAME.—One of the most Perth.

famous cases in the history of the common

law is that of Taltarum, in the twelfth WILLIAM DUFF. – Among manuscripts, year of Edward IV., wherein it was depapers, &c., belonging to the late Thomas cided that a common recovery might be Baines, F.R.G.S., the African traveller, I came applied to the barring of an estate - tail. across a book of blacklead drawings and Whence did the odd name of Taltarum water-colour sketches (Graham's Town, Algoa originate ; and is it extinct ? Du Cange Bay, &c.) signed “G. Duff," and dated 1843-5. gives Talterium as equivalent to Silva coedua; Who was the artist, and was he in any way and this may possibly furnish the reply to related to William Duff ? H. J. HILEEN. my first query. RICHARD H. THORNTON. “ TANKAGE.”—The following sentences are

Portland, Oregon. taken from the United States ‘Year-Book of “ANCHYLOSTOMEASIS." - This word, I am the Departmentof Agriculture, 1898,' pp. 283-4: told, represents a disease from which the

"If the surface soil does not already contain Belgian miners suffer, and inquiry is being sufficient available plant food, this should be made from the Horne Office as to whether supplied in the form of barn-yard manure or com

the disease is known among Welsh miners. mercial fertilizers; those containing large percentages of nitrogen, phosphoric acid, and potash

Can any reader give me the meaning of the in readily available forms are most valuable. / word ? It is not given in the ‘H.E.D.' Among such are muriate of potash, ground bone,

; D. M. R. cotton seed meal, and tankage.”

WILLIAM CECIL, LORD BURLEIGH,– What “Tankage," I surmise, means urine or liquid authorities can I consult, other than Froude's manure ; if so, has the word been often used and Lingard's histories, 'Dict. Nat. Biog., and in this sense in English technical works? Macaulay's essay upon Nares's and Hume's

R. HEDGER WALLACE. Lives." for biographical details relating to Dr. HAYDEN, OF DUBLIN.-George Thomas this statesman?

W. B. GERISH. Hayden, a medical graduate of T.C.D., living Hoddesdon, Herts. 1854, was author of several medical works as [Surely Nares’s ‘Life of Burleigh.') well as of "The Present State of Ireland : a Brief Dialogue between an Irishman and an|

EGYPTIAN CHESSMEN. — While visiting a Englishman.' Any particulars regarding him private museuni in Camberwell I became will be appreciated.

SIGMA Tau. much interested in some remarkable objects,

such as I have not noticed elsewhere. I was The Book OF PRAISE,' &c.-Who was it informed that they were very rare and of that said, holding The Book of Praise' in ancient Egyptian origin. They are made of one hand and “The Golden Treasury of Songs | alabaster, and consist of about a dozen

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