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author's name, I found a date in F. Boase's invaluable 'Modern English Biography.' He says, "' Box and Cox,' the most popular play ever written, was produced at Lyceum Theatre, 1 November, 1847." Under Sir A. Sullivan's name, p. 1432, Dr. Brewer again makes the mistake of saying he wrote the music for 'Box and Cox,' without a date. It was for 'Cox and Box,' which was a musical version of 'Box and Cox.' The authors of 'Cox and Box,' as in the British Museum Catalogue, were J. M. Morton and F. C. Burnand, with music by A. Sullivan.

A list of English plays is much wanted. Dr. Brewer says his list is entirely original. Although there are probably upwards of 3,000 plays enumerated, I notice in a cursory glance numerous omissions of plays that must have been popular, because I have prints of "scenes and characters" in them, and also theatrical portraits of the more celebrated actors who performed the chief parts. For example, I do not find the ' Battle of the Alma.' the 'Battle of Waterloo,' 'The Blind Boy (three or four printsellers published their own series of prints for this

glay), 'The Bottle Imp' (8th S. Iv. 46), 'Casco ay' (4th S. xii. 463), 'The Cataract of the Ganges' (a gorgeous spectacle), 'Elephant of Siam' (ibid.), 'Captain Ross,' 'Dumb Savoyard,' 'Echo of Westminster Bridge,' 'Hyder Ali,' 'Mary, the Maid of the Inn,' 'Philip Quarll,' 'Sadak and Kalasarade' (explained by Dr. Brewer at p. 945), and numbers of others.

Most of our plays used to be taken from the French; now, I fancy, it is they who borrow from us. Long lists appeared in the Figaro about 1873. Ralph Thomas.

[The scene and date of ' Box and Cox,' with other information, may be found under 'John Maddison Morton' in 'Diet. Nat. Biog.' A complete catalogue of plays ia indeed wanted.]

"Pavilion." — Under 'Marquee' (ante, p. 76), one of your correspondents mentions that pavilion began to be used in its present meaning about 1774. The French jxiinllon was so used quite forty-five years earlier, e.g., in Baron de Pollnitz's letter of 10 Oct., 1729, from Carlsbad to Mr. L. C. D. S. :

"Les Ecuries [a Pommersfelden] repondent parfaitement au Chateau, auquel elles font face. Elles sont eonstruites en Demi-lune, avec un Pavilion au milieu, qui est un Sallon ovale," &c.

„ „ H. E. M.

Sst. Petersburg.

Vanishing London.—By degrees the noteworthy landmarks in this little village of ours are being effaced. A sigh of regret

should certainly follow the final disappearance of the old Queen's Concert, or (as they were better known) the Hanover Sqnare, Rooms now in process of demolition. In particular for the musical world pleasant memories must always linger round a spo: where concerts, Antient, Select and Philharmonic, have rejoiced our forefathers and, as late as the year 1875. our own generation. Save in this respect, the place may be said to have been "many things by turn, but nothing long." For have not assemblies, lectures, readings, meetings, all courted somewhat fitful patronage within its walls from time to time t Nor can a permanent success be chronicled for later ventures of the gigantk club kind. Now, alas! we must be prepare.! for the inevitable erection of flats. But it is to be hoped some reverent hand will spare the many fine ornamentations of the chiel historic "room." These are doubtless familiar to some of us either in their past or renovated glories. Cecil Clarke.

Authors' Club, S.W.

Dickens And Yorkshire Schools.—To the Athenaeum of 17 March Sir David O. HuuterBlair communicates the following interesting piece of information :—

"Having occasion to consult the Times o! 29 June, 1838, I lighted in its educational column on an advertisement which will, I venture to think, be real with interest side by side with Mr. Squeen'; scholastic announcement in ' Nicholas Nickleby':The Times. NickUhy.

At Mr. Simpson's Aca- At Mr. Wackfori domv near Richmond, Squeers's Academv, Yorkshire, youth are Dotheboys Hall, near boarded and instructed Greta Bridge in Yorkby Mr. S., in whatever shire, youth are boarded, their future may require, clothed, booked, farat 20 or 23 guineas a year, nishod with pocket according to age. No money, instructed in all extras, and no vacations, languages living or dead.

Cards with references to Terms twenty

be had from Mr. S., who guineas per annum. No attends daily from 12 to extras, no vocations, and 2 o'clock at the Saracen's diet unparalleled. Mr. S Head, Snow Hill. Con- is in town, and attends veyance by steam vessel daily from one till four weekly. at the Saracen's HeaA

Snow Hill.

"There are other similar advertisements in toe same column, but none so evidently the prototype of the immortal Wackford's. There is certainly something audacious about the parallel: the locality (for Greta Bridge is, of course, quite near Richmond), the terms, the initial' Mr. S.,' and, above all, the rendezvous at the Saracen's Head. It is worth noticing that the serial publication of 'Nicklebv' began in April, 1838, and was therefore actually in progress when the above advertisement was appearing daily in the leading London newspaper.

"Mr. Simpson, it will be observed, recommends his ' load of infant misery' to travel, not by coach, but by 'steam vessel,' a method of conveyance hardly more expeditious or less uncomfortable, it is to be feared, in those days and under those circumstances, than that by which the young noblemen and gentlemen journeyed down to Yorkshire under the personal convoy of their 'guide, philosopher, and friend,' Mr. Squeers."

F. A. Kussell.

Qtutit*.

We must request correspondents desiring information on family matters of only private interest to affix their names and addresses to their queries, in order that the answers may be addressed to them direct.

Elizabeth Alkin. — Can any reader of 1N. & Q.' give me information, or tell me where to find any, regarding Elizabeth Alkin, otherwise called "Parliament Joan"? We are told that she nursed the wounded during the war between Charles I. and the Parliament, and, when afterwards our naval struggle took place with the Dutch, devoted herself to the wounded sailors of both nationalities. As to the Dutch prisoners, she is reported to have said, "Seeing their wants and miseries so great, I could not but have pity on them, though our enemies." It is to be feared that she herself died in want. All I at present know concerning her occurs in a note to Mr. Oppenheim'spaperon 'The Navy of the Commonwealth,' in the English Historical Review, January, 1896, p. 39. She seems to have been a woman who anticipated the noble charities of Miss Nightingale and the nurses now working in South Africa. Astarte.

Rylands Family.—It is worthy of note that, until recently, a father and two sons in one family held the Fellowship of the Society of Antiquaries at the same time. I refer to Mr. Thomas Glazebrook Rylands, of Highfields. Thelwall, Warrington, who was chosen a Fellow on 7 June, 1877, and to his two sons, Mr. William Harry Rylands and Mr. John Paul Rylands, who were respectively so elected on 8 January, 1880, and 27 March, 1873. Are there any other instances like this 1 I think Mr. John Brent (the historian of Canterbury) and his two sons, Francis Brent and Cecil Brent, are a parallel instance. Then Thomas Crofton Croker and his son, Thomas Francis Dillon Croker, were both Fellows, as were Sir John Evans and his son Arthur, the curator of the Ashmolean Museum. Again, the talented author of' Annales Cantabrigienses,' and town clerk of Cambridge, was followed in the Fellowship by his son, Thompson Cooper. T. Cann Hughes, M.A.

Lancaster.

Clifford: Braose.—Walter de Clifford was owner of Wickham (afterwards Wickhambreux) Manor, in Kent, and married Agnes de Cundy (or Condies), and their daughter, Margaret de Clifford, married John de Braose (of the Gower and Bramber family).

1. Is he the Walter de Clifford who died about 1190, son of Richard Fitz Ponce? Agnes died about 1218, and in the ' Obit Book' of Christ Church Monastery, Canterbury, under 18 January (no year is given), is commemorated "Agnes de Clifford, who gave to the Church of Christ at Canterbury a mill in her Manor of Wickham."

2. Who is the Walter de Clifford mentioned as late as the year 1234 in ' Royal Letters of Henry III.'(Rolls Series, 27)?

3. What is the descent to Matilda, daughter of William de Clifford, who married William Longespee (died 1257)?

4. Ancestors and descendants of John de Braose (who married Margaret Clifford), from which family the parish has been known as Wickhambreux, whose descendant, William de Braose, in 1323 sold the manor to Hugh le Despencer (son of the Justiciar).

As early as 1167-8 a William de Broose (or Braose) paid an aid from his land in Kent.

Any information about the above families will be most acceptable. Arthur Hussey.

Wingham, near Dover.

Empty Titles.—Whp are the two persons alluded to in the following sentence from a letter written by Horace Walpole in 1776:

"They may retain their titles like Sir

M N and Lord Rivers, but they find

they have no subjects"? H. T. B.

Sergeant - At - Arms: Yeoman Of The Guard.—Could William Pole, of Pole (alias Poole), Cheshire, Sergeant-at-arms 1509-1513, be at the same time a Yeoman of the Guard, or will the latter be another William Poole? M. Ellen Poole.

Alsager, Cheshire.

Armorial.—Were the Brakes, Leightons, and Leighs of one common ancestry? Adam Broke, alias Adam de Leigh-ton, was Lord of Leighton, in Cheshire, in the twelfth century (viae Broke of Nacton, co. Suffolk). In 1580 Sir Thomas Leighton was Governor of Guernsey; he was interred in the church of St. Peter Port, Thursday, 1 February, 1609; he had married Elizabeth Knollys, being the daughter of Katharine Carey by Sir Francis Knollys, and granddaughter of Mary Boleyn. There is Leigh in Lancashire, and the name is characteristic of many other counties. . T. W. C.

"bernardus Non Vidit Omnia": "blind Bayard."—I shall be glad if any one can tell me who is the Bernard meant, and what is the story implied in the above words. They are to be found in 'Nashe's Lenten Stuff,' first published in London, 1599, and reprinted in the second volume of the 'Harleian Miscellany,' London, 1809. From his vivacious narrative I make the following extract (p. 230) :—

"My readers, peradventure, may see more into it than I can; for, in comparison of thorn, in whatsoever I set forth, I am {BemardH* rum vidit omnia) as blind as blind Bayard, and have the eyes of a beetle; nothing from them is obscure, they being quicker sighted than the sun, to espy in his beams the motes that are not, and able to transform the lightest murmuring gnat to an elephant."

John T. Curry.

"pop Goes The Weasel."—This song was originally sung at the Theatre Royal, Sadler's Wells, and Cremorne Gardens, about forty or fifty years ago, by "Mr. L. Edmonds, and also at the London Concerts by Mr. Austin." "Pop goes the weasel" was evidently a saying upon which the song was founded. The original first verse and chorus are :—

In ev'ry street, on ev'ry wall,
In erry lane with hoarding,
In shop and stall, both great and small,

In windows, on door boarding,
Placarded high and posted low,

In let tors large I see still.
Where'er I turn, where'er I go,
This, Pop goes the weasel.

Tol de rol de riddle ol,

Pop goes the weasel.

Tol de rol de riddle ol,

Pop goes the weasel.

Now the words best known of this song run:—

Up and down the City Road,

In and out the Eagle;
That's the way the money goes,
Pop goes the weasel.

This version, or verse, "was sung in a burlesque at the Haymarket by a comedian named Clark, I feel pretty sure," Mr. Charles Coote tells me. Can any one throw light on the saying; and can any one tell me the name of the burlesque referred to and the comedian? S. J. A. F.

[We remember the Haymarket version, but cannot recall the name of the burlesque.]

Lights Of Baglake, Dorset.—Has any pedigree of this branch of the Light family been published, and if so, where is it to be found? Percy Clark.

Lady Sandwich And Lord Rochester.— In a letter to Lady Ossory, written in 1777, Horace Walpole mentions a portrait at War

wick Castle of a Lady Sandwich "who wag no great hero of mine, no more than Lord Rochester and his monkey." What does this mean? It may be mentioned that the wife of the third Earl of Sandwich was a daughter of the notorious Earl of Rochester.

H. T. B.

"cerebos."—What is the originand meaning of this -word, as applied to a kind of salt 1

W. T. L.

"bed Waggons."—Defined as "household objects." What were they? A. H.

Crabs' Eyes As Medicine.—Two hundred and fifty years ago crabs' eyes were much in vogue for "stoppage of the bowels," and sold in London at 5*. id. per pound. Has any reader further details of this old-time remedy? Chas. F. Forshaw, LL.D.

Hanover Square, Bradford.

Elverton Manor.—Where in Kent is this manor, and where can a history of its descent be found? Sigma Tau.

"swound"=a Fainting-fit. — Is the old word swovmd another form of swoon; if so, how did it acquire the final d?

T. R. E. N. T.

Ladies And Leap Year.—I have a notion that there is a convention that if a lady offers marriage to a gentleman in leap year, the gentleman must either accept the offer or make the lady a present of a silk dress. h this so; and have the ladies this privilege throughout leap year, or only on the daj (29 February) that differentiates the year from others? Any information on the subject will be esteemed. Lewis Thompson.

Bridgwater.

"heit"=Father n> Modern Fhiesian Can an explanation be afforded of the abov? as shown in the translation of St. Matthew into Land-Friesch published by the British and Foreign Bible Society? It occurs passim, as applied to the Deity and mankind. There was feder in old Fries., and it seems remarkable that this old word should have been disestablished. One looks of course to Goth. atta; and cf. Ger.-Swiss atti and Span.Basque aita. In O.H.G. heit is found uncompounded, but only in the sense of our head, hood, e.g., persona, sexvs.

H. P. Lee, Lieut.-Col.

"Choys."—Sir John Hay ward's ' Annals of the First Four Years of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth,' the Camden Society's edition (by Mr. John Bruce), has the following at p. 8: "Shee [Elizabeth] was rather liberall than magnificent, making good choys of the receivoures." What are "choys"? There is an index, but no glossary. Halliwell gives *' choys, shoes." S. Arnott.

Ealing.

[Is it not old spelling of choice T\

French Stanza.—Through your medium I was so fortunate as to get an answer for the authorship of a verse I much wanted, and now if you will again kindly help me I shall be grateful. My query refers to a well-known French stanza beginning with these lines :—

Le temps emporte sur son aile

Le printemps et l'hirondelle.

The remaining five lines I do not remember, but I have my translation of the stanza, which I append :—

Time bears off upon his wing
Both the swallow and the spring;
Life and many a wasted day,
All things fade like smoke away;
Not a joy, not a hope can stay,
Nor I who like thee so, nor yet
Thou who dost my love forget.

It is strange that I forget the author's name, but so it is. Will you or some of your gifted correspondents help me 1

Henry Caekington. Deanery, Booking, Braintree.

[We can add one line more, but know not the author :—

Et la vie et les jours perdus.]

Hamilton Family.—Can any reader inform me as to the branch of the above family to which belonged Robert Hamilton, of Birkenshaw, West Lothian, N.B. 1 He died in 1798, leaving Birkenshaw to his nephew, Dr. John Marshall, father of the Col John Marshall who fought in the Peninsula and died in (I think) 1838. In all probability Robert Hamilton was of the Bathgate branch, but no records of this branch seem to be at hand.

J. C. W.

"scoinson Arch."—An antiquarian friend uses this name for the inner arch of a window. I can find it in no dictionary to which 1 have access; but he assures rae he has seen it in print, though he cannot say where. Is it a correct name? Ygrec.

Thomas Bbyce's Riming 'Register.'—In Dr. Raven's 'History of Suffolk ' (1895, p. 163) reference is made to the " Norwich Nobody" of Thomas Bryce's riming 'Register.' The "Norwich Nobody " was Bishop Hopton; but who was Thomas Bryce 1 He is not in the 'D.N.B.' James Hooper

Norwich.

THE COWPER CENTENARY. (9th S. v. 301.) I Anticipate that the thanks of every reader of ' N. & Q.' will be readily accorded to our old friend Mr. John C. Francis for the most interesting article upon the above subject with which he has favoured us, for there is little doubt that the gentle Cowper holds a very real and foremost place in the affections of all who speak the English language. It was an excellent idea to give extracts from previous volumes relating to the poet, and it is to one of these that I wish to direct a little attention, saying a few words about it. The extract to which I refer is that dated 1 July, 1882, wherein "it is denied that the stone to John Gilpin in St. Margaret's Churchyard, Westminster, marks the grave of the hero of Cowper's poem." The writer of this denial, who signed himself An Old Inhabitant, was really very well qualified to speak upon the subject, being none other than Mr. Henry Poole, the head of an old-established statuary and marble mason's business in Great Smith Street, Westminster, and the master mason to the Dean and Chapter of the Abbey, who went so far as to say that he was the "person who under the order of one of the family of a modern John Gilpin had the original faded inscription re-engraved." What brought this denial about was undoubtedly an article— and a very clever one too—that appeared in the Saturday Review of 9 October, 1875, upon the subject of the restoration of St. Margaret's Church. The writer, among other memories of the church and its surroundings, speaks about the impression wrought upon the mind of the future poet through a gravedigger throwing up a skull from a grave, which fell at Cowper's feet. That this is a fact is well known and well attested. The writer then goes on to say :—

"A less gloomy cause of speculation may still be found in the same graveyard. A stone not far from the south aisle is marked with rapidly fading characters with a name which Cowper has for ever commemorated. The burial-place of John Gilpin was then probably fresh and new, the name now so famous in every nursery had then but lately been cut upon the stone, and the fact has never been noticed by the poet s numerous biographers. We may well believo that it was in this place he received the first impression of an idea which he afterwards so pleasantly worked for generations of happy children."

A very excellent bit of copy, truly, but nothing more. Cowper, born in 1731, left Westminster School at about eighteen years of age, years before any serious poetic work was thought of. The John Gilpin to whose memory the stone was placed in St. Margaret's Churchyard was a Devonshire man, a native of Teignmouth, who- carried on a licensed victualler's business at the "Mitre and Dove " Tavern at the junction of King Street and Great George Street, Westminster, a house demolished only within the last six or eight months to make way for the Parliament Street improvement. He was well known as a highly respected resident in the parish, and died on 27 lebruary, 1838, nearly thirty-eight years after Cowper had passed to his rest, and fifty-six years after the ' Diverting History of John Gilpin' had appeared. Of course Cowper might have seen the name displayed at the_ hostelry referred to, although one can but think that his appearances at Westminster were very few during the time of Mr. Gilpin's occupancy thereof, and, besides, it would seem that all these speculations are wide of the mark, as, according to the poet's autobiographical notes, the matter is positively set at rest beyond any possibility of dispute. Mr. Poole embodied these facts, which he addressed to the editor of the Morning Advertiser in November, 1875, thinking that, as Mr. Gilpin had been one of the "trade," it would be of interest, his letter being signed "An Old Fellow-Parishioner of John Gilpin." When the churchyard was laid out and made presentable in 1881, this and all the other stones were turned over face downward so that the inscriptions should be preserved, and it is still there, covered up as the Chancellor of the Diocese of London decreed when he authorized the faculty to issue.

W. E. Harland-oxley. 14, Artillery Buildings, Victoria Street, S.W.

J. O. on p. 308 represents the initials of Jonathan Oldbuck, one of the names which Alexander Gardyne, of Hackney, used in 'N. & Q.'; he also wrote under his own initials. Ralph Thomas.

The following appears in the Athenceum of 21 April :—

"Cowper had not much to say about music, and yet from certain remarks in his letters and lines in his poems we learn his fondness for it. In 1786, writing to his cousin, ho refers to his late malady. He says: '1 find writing, and especially poetry, my best remedy. Perhaps, had I understood music, I had never written verse, but had lived on fiddle strings instead. It is better, however, as it is.' In 'The Task' there is further and stronger evidence of his love for the art. The poem was published a year after the great Handel commemoration at Westminster Abbey in 1784. Cowper was undoubtedly sincere in his religious opinions, though

some of them certainly appear narrow-minded, as, for instance, his denunciation of oratorios. In 'The Task' he speaks of the ten thousand who sit Patiently present at a sacred song. Commemoration-mad ; content to hear (O wonderful effect of music's power !) Messiah's eulogy for Handel's sake. But though the glorification of Handel by such means met with nis strong disapproval, he thru speaks of the great composer:—

Remember Handel! Who that was not born Deaf as the dead to harmony forgets. Or can, the more than Homer of nis age! The comparison of Handel with Homer, the blind musician with the blind poet, has in it an appropriate touch of pathos."

N. S. S. [Further communications are in reserve.]

Welsh Manuscript Pedigrees (9th S. It. 412, 483; v 109).—After an unsuccessful endeavour to discover the name of Peter Ellis in the Hanmer register, my attention was directed to the following entry in Mr. A. N. Palmer's 'History of Wrexham Parish Church ':—

"Churchwarden, 1686-7. Peter Ellice, Esq., of Croes Newydd, son of Robert Ellice of the same, who, after serving under Gustavus Adolphus, wsa, during the Civil wars of England, a colonel in the Royal Army. He rebuilt Croes Newydd (near Wrexham). He was still living in 1710, when be again filled the office of Churchwarden."

In reply to inquiry Mr. Palmer kindly examined his valuable collection of pedigrees. He says :—

"I have a pedigree of the Ellices or Ellises of Alltrey, Wern, Pickhill, and elsewhere, but I do not find a Peter Ellis among them; but Mr. Peter Ellis of Wrexham, buried there 13 Dec, 1637, 'learned in the lawes,' was at once thought of. Most fortunately I have a copy of his pedigree drawn up by him in 1636. Herein he mentions no wife, so I suppose he was unmarried. He was the son of Ellis ap Richard ap Ellis of Hope. I Mi now inclined to believe that the Col. Robert who raised a troop of horse for Charles I. was, as another pedigree asserts, his nephew, son of Griffith ap Ellice ap Richard. This Col. Robert of Croes Newydd, who died before 1661, was succeeded bj Peter Ellice, J.P. (presumably his son), who was in 1693 steward of Sir John Wynn's manor of Valle Crucis, and he it was who rebuilt Croes Newydd and was buried at Marchwiel, 26 May, 1719."

I was at first somewhat sceptical as to the identity of the elder Peter Ellice with the object of our search from the fact that the term Maelorensis is applied to him. Mr. Palmer, however, justly says :—

"Maelorensis seeni9 to me a quite natural anpelhtion to be given outside Maxtor to a famous lawyer practising within it. Now Welsh Maelor, in which Peter Elfice lived, is universally called 'Bromficld, and the name Maelor is restricted to Engliyi Maelor or Maelor Saesneg."

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