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it. The Century'vaguely guesses the word of the parishes liable, but from the pockets of to be “ African." Yet there are plenty of stray onlookers. The ceremony lasts about a quarter

of an hour, and then, by invitation of his grace, dictionaries which would have decided its

everybody goes to breakfast at the nearest inn, origin. I turn to the 'Dictionary of the where the duke's health is drunk in hot rum and Amharic Language,' by the Rev. C. W. Isen- milk." berg (London, 1841, p. 157), and I find that

GEORGE MARSHALL. zebra is Ethiopian, Amharic being, I need Sefton Park, Liverpool. hardly say, the court and official language of See 1st S. x. 448 ; 6th S. ii. 386 ; 7th S. xii. 442, Abyssinia. Isenberg prints it in Ethiopic 493 ; gth S. i. 197, 238. See also under *Wroth characters, which cannot be reproduced here. Money.'] The transliteration is zčběra. The short e's, I

| EDGAR A. Poe's 'Hop-Frog.”—The original corresponding to the Hebrew sheva,, are of this gruesome story may be found in practically silent in pronunciation, and the Barckley's 'Felicitie of Man,' 1631, pp. 63-4, stress should be upon the last syllable.

and may, no doubt, be traced further back : JAMES PLATT, Jun.

"The French King Charles the Sixth, his mind A PASTILLE - BURNER. - We have a china | being distempered, committed the governement ornament, that has been in existence upwards

of his Realnie to others, and gave himselfe to

pastimes: there chanced a marriage to bee solemof sixty years, in the form of a cottage, four

nized in his Court, where the King was disposed to by five by three inches, and that, in spite make himselfe and others merrie, he put off all his of its preposterous floral embellishment, in- apparell, and disguised his face like a Lion, annointdicates a purpose in its construction. The ing his body with pitch, and fastned 'Haxe so base is recessed, and pierced, as it were

| artificially to it, that he represented a monster,

rough, and covered with haire. When he was through the floor, in four places. At the

|thus attired, and five others as wise as himselfe, sides and back of this base there are three they came into the chamber among the Lords and inlets, measuring three-quarters of an inch Ladies, dauncing and singing in a strange tune, all each, apparently for air. The doorway at the Court beholding them. The Duke of Orleance,

dann | whether that hee might better see, or for some the back is ample and unobstructed by a door.

other toy, snatched a torch out of a mans hand, There are six window-spaces at the front,

and held it so neare the King, that a spark falling also open ; and the flues of the two chimneys

upon him set them all on a flaming fire ; two of the connect with the interior. This is doubtless five companions were miserably burnt in the place, one of the old pastille-burners, the pastilles crying and howling most pitifully without any being placed in the chimneys, and obtaining

remedie; other two dyed in great torment two by means of these various contrivances suffi

daies after; the fifth running speedily into a place

where was water and wine, to wash himselfe, was cient air for their free combustion.

saved; the King having more helpe than the rest, ARTHUR MAYALL. before the flame had compassed his body round

about, was saved by a Lady that cast her traine HENRY CAVENDISH. --- The notice in the land

and gowne about him, and quenched the fire." Encycl. Brit.' of this celebrated chemist

RICHARD H. THORNTON. states that he was educated at Newcombe's

Portland, Oregon. school at Hackney. This seems to have been a notable seminary in the middle of last cen “Wound” for “WINDED." — It is rather to tury. It would be interesting to glean some be regretted that in the 'H.E.D.' under facts about its exact site, &c., and respecting | Horn, Scott's line ('Lady of the Lake,' any scholars who were contemporaries of I. xvii.) Cavendish, and made their mark in science, But scarce again his horn he wound letters, or arms.

M. L. BRESLAR. I should be quoted without comment. It would “Wroth SILVER.”—The following, from the

have been more in place under “wind," as an Liverpool Echo for 13 November, 1899, may

instance of a false past tense. C. C. B. be of interest :

THE PRINCE OF WALES AS DUKE OF "At sunrise on Saturday morning the ancient CORNWALL. (See 7th S. xii. 362.)-I would custom of collecting 'wroth silver' on the Duke supplement this note-which illustrated the of Buccleuch's Warwickshire estate was observed | fact that for nearly the first month of his at Knightlow Hill, a short distance from Rugby. 11 The duke has rights over the common lands in a

Y; life the present heir-apparent bore only the number of parishes, and he therefore claims to take title of Duke of Cornwall, to which he had dues from those parishes. One group is called upon the right by birth, and that it was not until to pay ld. each, another lot 11d., and so on to 28. 3d. 4 December, 1841, he was created Prince of A large number of people go out at sunrise and | Wales and Earl of Chester-by a reference follow the Buccleuch agent into a field where stands the cross at which tribute is paid. As a rule the

S to the phrase used by Henry VI. in 1455 in money is forthcoming, not from the official coffers / reference to his unfortunate son Edward,

and to be found in the Rolls of Parliament jacket, and so an appropriate Kinnui (vernacular (vol. v. p. 293), “His best belovyd first form) of Jacob.” begotten sonne, tyme of his birth is Duke of Readers of Jewish history are f

Readers of Jewish history are familiar with Cornewayle." It is separately entered that such curious forms as Rambam, Rashbam, the King, “by his Letters Patentes under his and Rashi, which respectively stand for grete Seall, hath creat Edward his moost Rabbi Maimun ben Maimun (Maimonides), entierly belovyd firstbegottyn sonne and Rabbi Samuel ben Meir, and Rabbi Solomon heir apparaunt, Prince of Wales, and Erleben Isaac. Borrow, in his celebrated eulogy of the Counte Palatyne of Chestre” (ibid., on prizefighting ('Lavengro,' ch. xxvi.), says, p. 290). The birth had taken place on “The Jews may have Rambams in plenty, 13 October, 1453 ; the creation here noted | but never a Fielding nor a Shakespeare.” on 15 March, 1454. ALFRED F. ROBBINS. The ordinary Hebrew names Berachyah,

Isaiah, Eleazar, are converted into Benedict, A PASQUIL. — From a rare and curious

Deulesalt, and Deusaie (or Deus adjuvet), and pamphlet in Latin and Italian of the fifteenth

so forth ; and the common form Hyams is century which I have before me, it appears

vulgarized Hebrew for Chaim (life), also that pasquils or pasquinades were not always |

ays found in the forms Vives, Vivard, Vivelot, synonymous with sampoons or libels, but

bu &c. The same may be said of other common might be applied to any written or printed Jew

ted Jewish names, as Myers, Bear, Ursel, and so news and report of exciting interest. They | forth. Some Jews cast off their Hebrew Fere probably at first stuck upon pillars (cp.

patronymics altogether, and, if I remember the column of Horace's 'Ars Poetica') at

rightly, the well-known clothier Moses, who Rome, and afterwards in other large cities of

had extensive premises in Aldgate, when he Italy, where the public could read them, retired from business and occupied a WestNow the pasquinade, which is not mentioned

End mansion, called himself 'Beddington, in Brunet's Manuel' (where nine earlier

" and under that name left a large fortune. pieces of a similar character, printed 1512

I suppose “Barney Barnato" was pure 1526 in Rome, are described), and may Kinnui. But it seems that the Jews not deserve a brief record, bears the title “Car

only confuse their names while alert in mina apposita ad Pasquillum in personam

business, but as a last resource, to cheat Victorie [sic] MDXXXIII.' It is a pamphlet of

Azrael, change them when dying, for Mr. 12mo. size, without place and date, but most

Jacobs tells us that "it is a Jewish custom probably printed at Rome in 1533, the year

to change a man's name when in articulo after the eventful victory to which its title

mortis, in the hope that the Angel of Death refers, comprising twenty-four pages. The

will not recognize him under the altered title-page is adorned with the large woodcut

name.” Surely a very strange superstition. figure of a woman, and the text with four

JAMES HOOPER. woodcut medals representing the goddess

Norwich. Victoria. The Latin text is followed by four pages of Italian 'Pasquini,' and the whole

“WAITS” AND “GAITAS.”—Talking a few work concludes with a curious Latin song of days ago in Berlin to Don Pedro de Muxica. six lines in hexameters, each word of which pro

nch Professor of Castilian in the Oriental Seminbegins with the letter p. Considering its ;

sary there, about the false etymologies and subject, this pasquil is evidently not satirical, absence

absence of etymologies which he criticizes so but really an historical poem or hymn, hich justly in the Dictionary of the Royal purposed to glorify the famous victory gained Academy at Madrid. I suggested that gaita. by the Emperor Charles Vi's captain Sebas

the name of a kind of bagpipes used in some tian Schertlin over the Turks near Vienna

parts of Spain, might be of Keltic origin, on 19 September, A.D. 1532, when the Papal see was held by the Roman Pontiff Clemens VII.,

froin a word meaning wind, as it is eminently

hog a wind instrument. Gustav Korting, in his who reigned 1523-34.

H. KREBS.

'Lateinisch-Romanisches Wörterbuch'(PaderOxford.

| born, 1891), explains the word as little as the KINNUI: JEWISH EKE-NAMES. --- In Mr. / Castilian Academy. The choice of an etymon Joseph Jacobs's Jews of Angevin England' seems to confine itself to the tribe to which (1893, p. 370), in a dissertation on old Ånglo- English gay, Basque jai, Manx gaih (A DicJewish names, it is stated that

tionary of the Manks Language,'by A. “ English is indeed conspicuous by its absence in Cregeen, Douglas, 1835), belong, or to the the list, except for Alfild, among the ladies, and wind-words represented by Manx geay, gheay. Jurnet (Jornet), among the men, if the latter be, as Prof. Muxica, however, is inclined to connect has been suggested, derived from jornet, a jerkin or it with English waits. In discụssing this

.

Tho' they are great Men in the way of Predictions, lemollabonemf Britain'a ola.

word Prof. W. W. Skeat makes no allusion favourite haunt - a potter's workshop, under the to the Iberian instrument. But Spanish form of some earthen vessel. Thus the epitaph gaiteros wear gaiters, and are waiters upon

above mentioned advises the weeping friends of

Catharine Gray to abate their griet, since after a those who like gay music upon festive occa

'run of years, sions, no less than those ale-knights who

In some tall pitcher, or broad pan, wind up their notes before English homes

She in her shop may be again.' at Yuletide.

PALAMEDES. In a note Sir William refers to the “158

| Rebáayát,” mentioning particularly No. 111, PARTRIDGE, THE ALMANAC-MAKER.--In the

but also referring to 9, 66, 68, 79, 89, 103, 138, accounts of John Partridge, the almanac

and 146. These precise references will serve maker, and George Parker, the astrologer,

astrologer, to show that Sir William Ouseley had an given in the Dictionary of National Bio-Tin

intimate acquaintance with the verses of graphy' (vol. xliii. pp. 428 and 234), their lo

WILLIAM E. A. Axon. pamphlet warfare of 1697-9 is noted ; but Moss Side, Manchester. there is no reference to a legal action of 1700 which ensued upon it. Record of the com- “BYRE."--To enable them to appreciate the mencement of this is to be found in the Posthumour of the subjoined cutting from the Boy of 7 May, 1700, in the following paragraph: Aberdeen Evening Erpress some readers may

" This Week commences a Tryal at Guild-Hall. I need to be informed, as the Poet Laureate between Partridge, the Almanack - maker, and evidently does, that in Scotland the “byre” Parker, the Astrologer; the first is Plaintiff: He is the cow-house :brings an Action of a 10001. against the other, for “Alfred Austin, the Poet Laureate, has made Printing in his Ephemeris this Year, That He's a

several contributions to the literature of the war, Rebel in his Principles ; An Enemy to Monarchy ;

To Arms !' being his latest effort to represent the Ungrateful to his Friend ; A Scoundrel in his Con.

position of the nation. In Scotland, however, Mr. versation ; A Malignant in his Writings ; A Lyer L Austin's verses will provoke smiles rather than in his Almanack; And a Fool of an Astrologer. Ladnuiration, for he has credited Scotland with a

small share of Britain's glory. He tells us that they can't tell how the Cause will go. We hear the polite Gipsies, alias Judicial Fortune-tellers, lay

From English hamlet, Irish hill, great Wagers on both sides.”

Welsh hearths, and Scottish byres,

They throng to show that they are still But there is no mention of the result of the Sons worthy of their sires. trial in such immediately succeeding issues The poetic licence is great, but it does not cover as I have been able to search.

slander. Sons of sires that pass from Scottish byres ALFRED F. ROBBINS. are, Mr. Austin may be informed, found oftener in

English cattle show yards than on foreign battle. OMAR KHAYYAM. A place must be found fields, although in both cases the sons usually return for Sir William Ouseley in the list of the covered with honours." students of Omar Khayyam who preceded

R. M. SPENCE. Edward FitzGerald. In some ‘Observations ST. MICHAEL'S CHURCH, BASSISHAW,-As on some Extraordinary Anecdotes concern- some one is certain sooner or later to ining Alexander; and on the Eastern Origin of quire for the date of the demolition of this Several Fictions popular in Different Lan-ancient church, the following cutting from a guages of Europe,' which was read before the local paper of Saturday, 9 Dec., 1899, might Royal Society of Literature, 15 Nov., 1826, usefully be transferred to the pages of and is printed in the Transactions (vol. i. N. & O.':part ii. pp. 5-23), Ouseley very judiciously “St. Michael's Church, Bassishaw, near the says:

Guildhall, was put up for auction on Tuesday, the “ It is not, however, my opinion that every coin sale being conducted in the building itself. It is cidence of this kind must be pronounced an 'imita- about to be demolished under the Union of Benetion of some Eastern prototype; the resemblancefces Act, after a history that dates back to 1140. between parallel passages (of which different lan. Four churches have stood upon the site, the present guages furnish a multiplicity) must be, in several one, designed by Sir Christopher Wren, being the instances, regarded as merely accidental, notwith successor of the one destroyed by the Great Fire. standing a conformity both in sentiments and

The building has no claim to architectural beauty. expressions."

There were few persons present at the unique He enforces this caution by the following

auction on Tuesday, and the highest price

gained was 1801. for all the lead covering to the example:

steeple, flats, and gutters. The weather rane was “I cannot for a moment suspect that the well. bought for 21. 158., and eight ornamental coloured known epitaph on a celebrated vendor of earthen- glass lead lights brought 21. 58. Other articles were ware at Chester was borrowed from a Persian sold at a ridiculously low figure. Two lots, comtetrastich, composed in the twelfth century by prising the whole of the brick and stone work of the Omar Khayám, who calls for wine that he may church and tower, failed to find a purchaser. The banish care, expecting to be once more in his whole amount of bids accepted just exceeded 2001.”

Of this church there are some interesting prisoner in the winter of 1683. The context seems particulars in Stow's 'Survey.' Geo. H. Birch's / to imply that it was in the Island of St. Nicholas,

in Plymouth Sound. From ‘N. & * London Churches of the Seventeenth and

Q.,' lst S. iv.

339-40, it is evident that he died there after being Eighteenth Centuries' contains a ground

imprisoned there from fifteen to sixteen years. plan, with some architectural details, and an what is said at this reference merits your close illustration of part of the tower. Also W. attention. Other interesting references to Lambert Viven's ‘London City Churches' contains an

are traceable in the Indexes to ‘N. & Q.') excellent etching of the exterior.

"THE DUKES." --Stablemen, &c., refer to RICHARD LAWSON. Urmston.

the itch in horses as “the dukes.” “A dukey horse” means a horse suffering from itch.

What is the origin of this word? The itch Queries.

affects the hands, or “the dukes,” hence the We must request correspondents desiring infor-name. This is the only explanation I can mation on family matters of only private interest invent, but it is far-fetched and probably to affix their names and addresses to their queries, in order that the answers may be addressed to

erroneous. Perhaps some of your readers them direct.

can help me. Dictionaries do not give it,

and I know of no word in French, Gerinan, PORTRAIT OF MADAME LAFFITTE AND HER &c., which would afford a clue. DAUGHTER. - I have two life-sized pastels

GEORGE PERNET. of Madame Laffitte, wife of M. Laffitte, a "METHODIST PLEA TO A CHURCHMAN ; or, celebrated banker in Paris during the reign the servant's reply to his master on deriding of Louis Philippe, and her daughter, who | him for being' becoine a Methodisti - The became the wife of an English gentleman, I above is the title of a poem sixty-five lines Mr. Lockwood; and afterwards the wife of a long, of which I possess a written version. gentleman in the English army named Jen

The opening lines are :kins or Jenkyns. Can any one give me the

Master I beg you pardon while I speak artist's name or any other information? The

That I with you such liberty should take first named is a three-quarter figure, and the But thinks the subject your about to hear last a little girl, whole figure, with large hat. Will please if you will please to lend an ear.

A. W. HANCOCK. | The concluding lines are :The Limes, Magdala Road, Nottingham.

He strives to sooth himself but strives in vain

Till God to him the mistry explain CORRESPONDENCE OF ENGLISH AMBASSADORS

He sees and feels the deadly strokes of sin TO FRANCE.- What correspondence has been Nor can ougt ease the grief that he is in pablished by English Ambassadors to the Until he hears the cheering still small voice Court of France from 1620 to 1648, and what That quits his fears and bids his soul rejoice. were the names of such ?

I have not altered the spelling of the original

G. J. LE TEXIER. or placed stops, as in the copy there are none. 18Shis, Boulevard Pereire, Paris.

The time the poem was written is about 'ON A PINCUSHION.-I wish to know the

1822. I should be glad of any information

| referring to the above. GEO. D. HARBRON. publisher of a child's book called 'On a Pin-| cushion,' consisting of five or six separate MARRIAGE GIFT.- What does a wooden stories, one entitled ‘Jacky through the Fire.I spoon, given as a wedding present, signify I bought it twenty years ago; it was supposed in popular custom ? I have been asked to have been written by Miss De Morgan, but whether it does not carry with it some published anonymously. Dora LLOYD.

implication of a jocose or gibing nature. The Coppice, Hindhead, Haslemere.

G. W. GENERAL LAMBERT IN GUERNSEY.-I have AUTHOR WANTED.-Who wrote “The Home often endeavoured to learn something of the Life of English Ladies in the Seventeenth later life of this great Parliamentary leader Century. By the author of 'Magdalen in the Civil War, who was exiled to Guernsey, Stafford.' London, Bell & Daldy, 1860," and it is said died there, broken in mind and 12mo.? The same author wrote also “The spirit, in 1683. But I have seen it stated Romance and its Hero.

C. W. S. that he died at Plymouth. Is the place of his interment known ; or is it known where | MOSELEY HALL.-- Will any one kindly tell in Guernsey he lived ?

H. S. me who now owns or lives at Moseley Hall, Mr. C. H. Firth, an admirably competent the property of the Whitbreads? I am very authority, in his life of Lambert in the 'Dict. anxious to know.

E. A. STRONG. Nat. Biog.,' says that General Lambert died a Windermere Bank, Bowness-on-Windermere.

"REMOTE.”—Among the records of Quaker-assist me to a definite certainty in the ism in Wiltshire which I am contributing to matter ? Dr. Brewer and Halkett and the Wilts Notes and Queries appears the Laing give Wm. Conbe. J. P. MORICE. birth of Remote Edwards, 1678/9, at Brinkworth. Is Remote a male or female name? STOP-PRESS EDITIONS.-. What are the earliest Are other instances of its use known?

"stop-press” editions of our newspapers ? NORMAN PENNEY. | And are there any allusions to them in our Tottenham.

literature ?

ALFRED F. ROBBINS. “THOMAS TOMKINSON, GENT.”—There was MARYLEBONE CHURCHYARD PUBLIC VAULT. printed in London in the year 1729 a volume -Can anybody tell me whether the record entitled “A System of Religion, Treating of of the interments here has been preserved ; the following Heads......Faithfully collected and, if so, where?

J. M. BULLOCH. from a curious Manuscript, found among the 118, Pall Mall, S.W. Papers of Tho. Tomkinson, Gent." Can any fellow - reader give me information about

TOAD Mugs.--Will any reader kindly tell Thomas Tomkinson? CHARLES HIGHAM me the origin and places of manufacture of 169, Grove Lane, London, S.E.

the curious beer mugs with small figures of a (All the information obtainable or desirable

toad or toads affixed within, and appearing as concerning this Muggletonian writer is to be found

cand if climbing up the sides of the mug? The under his name in the Dict. Nat. Biog.' It is toads are usually hollow, and are of the trick difficult to understand the ignorance concerning order, placed so as to spurt out the liquid in this monumental work, or the reluctance to consult the bottom of the cup on the unwary drinker. it, which generally prevails.]

Do these mugs mark any particular local LIEUT. JAMES.-Information wanted of the event

events? or were they made for any special family of this officer, who served on board | occasions, or were merely freaks of cup and the Vanguard at the battle of the Nile. He | pot makers ?

W. H. was uncle to one Frances Boniface, born 1791, | SIDNEY, YOUNG, AND BROWNLOW.--In 1764 in or near Yapton, Sussex, and member of a th'

there was a sale of some of the pictures from very old family of that name in the county. I

Penshurst. Horace Walpole writes to George F.S.A.

Montagu on 10 May, 1764 (Cunningham's ed., BROTHERS MAYOR AND Town CLERK AT vol. iv. p. 233), respecting some purchases SAME TIME.- Mr. Edward Windeatt is Town made at the sale on Montagu's account, and Clerk of Totnes ; and now his brother and adds: “The picture of Lord Romney, which partner, Mr. Thomas White Windeatt, has you are so fond of, was not in this sale, but been chosen Mayor. They are both members I suppose remains with Lady Sidney......In of the Devon Association, which meets at general the pictures did not go high, which I Totnes in 1900. Is there any other instance was glad of; that the vulture who sells them of this?

T. CANN HUGHES, M.A. may not be more enriched than could be Lancaster.

helped.” Who is the Lady Sidney mentioned

above? As regards the “vulture,” CunningSt. EANSWYTH. (See 9th S. iv. 461.)– Will Mr. |

II JR. | ham, in a note, states that this was Lady HEMS be so kind as to give a short account | Yonge, “who inherited half of Penshurst by of the discovery by him, in 1885, of the relics the will of Lady Brownlow." How were of this saint? The bare statement of fact these ladies connected with the Sidney at the above reference whets one's appetite family?

H. T. B. considerably for more particulars.

John T. PAGE. | HOGARTH'S SIGISMUNDA.'-I shall be glad West Haddon, Northamptonshire.

to know the whereabouts of this painting.

A. COLLINGWOOD LEE. WAGNER'S 'MEISTERSINGER.' – Can any musician inform me what was the cast of

| VISCOUNT CHOLMONDELEY'S SCOTCH MSS.Wagner's Meistersinger' as played at Bay- The Chronicles of Scotland,' by Robert reuth in the year 1888 ? Did Wiegand sing. Lindesay, of Pitscottie, has been recently and in what character ? Jas. PLATT, Jun." edited and published from a newly discovered

MS. belonging to Mr. John Scott, C.B., 'Dr. SYNTAX.'-Is there any doubt that of Halkstail, Largs, by Æ. J. J. Mackay, Wm. Combe wrote Dr. Syntax’? In a Sheriff of Fife, 7, Álbyn Place, Edinburgh. magazine article (which I unfortunately This MS. contains much new matter, and in cannot find again) I lately saw the author particular the history of Scotland from 1565 given as “Sheriff” or “Shireff.” Can you to 1 January, 1576. It was bought by Mr.

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