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It would be easy afterwards to leave out (Cart. Cambusk.”), i.e., anno Dom. 1367 ; but the all mention of Robin Hood and his methods, time of the year, both of his consecration and of the and give a “good pennyworth.” AYEAHR.
beginning of the king's reign, may adjust this matter.
He was Bishop of Glasgow 4 July, anno David II. HOGARTH'S 'SIGISMUNDA ’ (9th S. v.8).- This
39, and 19 April, anno Robert II primo (Mar.). picture is in the National Gallery. It was Scone 27 March, 1371 (Ruddiman against Logan,
He was bishop here (Glasgow) in the Parlianient at bequeathed to the nation by the late Mr. p. 398). He was promoted to be a cardinal by Pope James Hughes Anderdon. See Mr. Austin Clement VII. anno 1381 (Fordun). We find him n's Hogarth’ (Kegan Paul. Trench. Bishop of Glasgow in the sixth year of the said Pope,
i.e., anno Domini 1384 (C. Paslet). In the cartulary Trübner & Co.), pp. 137 and 299.
of Dunfermline, fol. 66, the following paper is to be ARTHUR MAYALL.
seen, viz., Valterus miseratione divina sanctæ Hogarth's 'Sigismunda' was bequeathed to Rom. ecclesiæ cardinalis, omnimodo potestate legati the National Gallery by the late Mr
à latere in Scotiæ et Hiberniæ regnis sufficienter Anderdon in 1879, and is numbered in the
fulcitus, sub sigillo quo dudum utebamur ut
episcopus Glasguen. 15to die mensis Decembris, catalogue 1046. G. F. R. B. Pontificatus Clementis Papæ septimi a
He was bishop and cardinal anno 10 Rob. II. (“Royal Sr. EANSWYTH (9th S. iv. 461 ; v. 8).—MR. Charters'), and 2 January anno Rob. II. 16 (Mar.). JOHN T.PAGE says that recent mention made of Fordun says he died anno 1387 ; yet we find him the discovery of the relics of this virgin saint (Walter) still alive on_10 April in the nineteenth at Folkestone“ whets his appetite," a remark
ole year of King Robert II., i.e., apno 1389 (' Dipl. et that suggests a queer sort of taste. Parti-l of Dunkeld were plenipotentiaries for negotiating
Num.,' c. 27). Bishop Wardlaw with the Bishop
, culars of the whole circumstances may be a truce with England at Boulogne-sur-mer, in found recorded in the Building News, 3 June September, 1384 ('Fædera,' vol. vii. pp. 438-41; and and 24 July, 1885; British Architect, 26 June, / 'Rot. Scot.,' 10 Oct., 8 Ric. 11.)." 1885 ; Builder, 27 June, 1885 ; K’ent County Henry Wardlaw, a nephew of the aboveStandard, 17 July, 1885 ; Folkestone Chronicle, mentioned Walter Wardlaw, was Bishop of 18 July, 1885, and 2 Oct., 1897; Maidstone and St. Andrews in 1419 and the founder of the Kentish Journal, 20 July, 1885; and Illustrated University in the city of St. Andrews. Carpenter and Builder, 24 July, 1885. The
RICHARD LAWSON. story of my “find” was retold in the Urmston. Times, 5 Oct., 1897, and that paper devoted a long leader to it four days later (9 Oct.).
Walter Wardlaw, Bishop of Glasgow, 1368; There were also articles and letters thereupon created a cardinal by Urban VI., 1381 ; died in the Liverpool Mercury, Guardian, and 1389. At the beginning of the reign of King Folkestone Express, all for 6 Oct., 1897 : Weekly Robert II. a solemn embassy was sent to Register, 9 Oct., 1897; and the 'Morning Post, Paris, to renew and strengthen the league 13 Nov., 1897. Probably many other publica
between Scotland and France. The amtions contained accounts of what was con
| bassadors were Sir Archibald Douglas and sidered to have been one of the most Walter Wardlaw-the latter soon afterwards remarkable antiquarian finds ever made in raised to the dignity of a cardinal. We are Kent, but the above list comprises all that my
told that he had "taught philosophy with press-cutting agents (Romeike & Curtice) seem applause in the University of Paris" (Michel., to have sent me.
| i. 71). I doubt if any complete biography Fair Park, Exeter.
exists. He was, historically, overshadowed by
his more illustrious nephew, Henry Wardlaw, A description of this reliquary and its dis- | Bishop of St. Andrews 1404 ; founder of the covery is in Arch. Cantiana, vol. xvi. pp. 322-6.
University 1411; died 1440 ; distinguished for This account is also reprinted in the History of the Parish Church of Folkestone'(Skeffing
SHistory severe morality, and, even more, for bitter
| animosity towards heretics. During his tenure tons), by the late vicar, the Rev. Matthew 1 of office two persons were, with his knowledge, Woodward.
ARTHUR HUSSEY. Wingham, Kent.
burnt at the stake for heresy-John Resby,
an Englishman, 1422; and Paul Crew, a CARDINAL WARDLAW (9th S. iv. 498).- The
Bohemian, 1432. HERBERT B. CLAYTON. following is taken from the Right Rev. Robert Keith's ‘Historical Catalogue of the lof Fife married a niece of Walter, High
Sir Henry Wardlaw, of Torrie, in the west Scottish Bishops':
Steward of Scotland, and was father of Car"Walter Wardlaw, of the family of Torrie, in dinal Walter Wardlaw, who was consecrated Fife, Archdeacon of Lothian, and secretary to King David II., was consecrated' Bishop of the See of
in Bishop of Glasgow in 1368. Walter Wardlaw Glasgow in the year 1368 (Rymer), yet he is bishop first appears as Archdeacon of Lothian and here in the thirty-eighth year of King David II. secretary to David II., who reigned 1329 to
1370. He was present at the coronation at Ralph Dodd imputed to me is even more Scone of the first Stewart king, Robert II. surprising-in the form quoted. That Dodd (1370-90), and was made cardinal in 1381. was a man of ideas, and only of ideas, I venture His name is attached to documents in 1389, to think there can be very little doubt. Mr. though Fordoun, the historian, says he died COBHAM certainly does not even attempt to 1387. He was uncle of Henry Wardlaw, make him anything else. If he had any other Bishop of St. Andrews, who founded the Uni- stock-in-trade than ideas, how did it happen versity there in 1410. Besides the copy of that the tunnel from Gravesend proved such a the family history mentioned as being at one failure? It is ridiculous to think that the time in France, it is said there was another Board of Management was entirely to blame. at Torrie, brought down to the close of the Dodd's original estimates were absurdly infifteenth century. See Millar's 'Fife, Pictorial adequate. When he appeared in the direct and Historical,' 1895. J. L. ANDERSON. conduct of the work he was absolutely inEdinburgh.
effective. It took some years of pottering HEADING TO A CHAPTER OF THOMAS À KEMPIS
and wasting money to show that he was in(9th S. iv. 538).-"Ama nesciri” is not. I think. I competent, even in the essentials of the workto be found as a heading to any chapter of ing scheme. Brunel was a man of different the 'Imitation, but it occurs in l. 34 of
calibre. It is rather surprising to find him chap. ii. bk. i.: "Si vis utiliter aliquid scire
mentioned with Dodd. The canal scheme et discere, ama nesciri et pro nihilo reputari.”
came to nothing; the London dock scheme The phrase is a quotation from St. Bernard's
was futile. What are the achievements of third sermon on the Nativity (St. Bernard,
Dodd (not of other people) on which MR. 'Opp.,' tom. i. p. 782, ed. Mabill., Paris, 1690):
| COBHAM would lay stress? It is to no " Tu ergo, qui Christum sequeris, absconde
purpose to argue about the value of Thesaurum. Ama nesciri, laudet te os
| ideas. Some of Dodd's (one notably, about alienum, sileat tuum." The phrase became
the London water supply) were sound enough.
But his performances were scarcely great a proverb among the brothers of common life. Further information as to the use of the
enough to warrant the erection of a statue phrase will be found in the notes to ch. ii.
to his memory anywhere outside the kingdom bk. i. in the edition of the 'Imitation' by C.
of Barataria, where ideas reigned supreme. Hirsche (Berlin, C. Habel, 1891).
GEORGE MARSHALL. J. A. J. HOUSDEN.
Sefton Park, Liverpool. (Similar replies acknowledged.]
ENIGMA BY W. M. PRAED (9th S. v. 26).—A 'THE BOOK OF PRAISE,' &c. (9th S. v. 28). short article on “Sir Hilary's Prayer,' by Mr. I cannot give any better reference than my S. T. Whiteford, will be found in Longman's memory, but I believe that Matthew Arnold Magazine, December, 1882. The solution sugmade the disparaging remark which was gested was “Adieu,"and as used alternatively, quoted, the occasion being a lecture at |“A Dieu ” and “Aide Dieu.” Several other Oxford delivered in his capacity of Professor solutions were also offered by correspondents of Poetry
WÁ. H. PEET. in the following February issue of the same
magazine, viz., “Restrain,” “Heart Ease,” ANKER-HOLES OR ANCHORITES' CELLS (9th S. “ Pension,” “Good - night," "Farewell,” &c. iv. 519).-Sir Walter Besant, in his West- The editor, however, adds an expression of minster,' said that an anchorite had been his opinion that it is doubtful if any of the appointed at Westminster. The statement solutions suggested will be accepted as final. was made from an unpublished document of
WM. H. PEET. apparently the reign of Henry IV. (13991413).
“QUAGGA” AND “ZEBRA” (9th S. v. 3).-I The late Rev. W. SPARROW SIMPSON have no knowledge of the Bantu languages, directed attention to this statement, and with the exception of a very superficial asked through N. & Q.’gth S. viii. 408, where acquaintance with Kiswahîli, which I picked the “unpublished document” was to be seen.
up at Zanzibar, and I cannot therefore No reply was given, and I now repeat the
say how far Mr. Platt's derivation of quagga question, possibly with better success.
may be correct. But with regard to zebra, EVERARD HOME COLEMAN.
| MR. PLATT has been deceived by Isenberg. 71, Brecknock Road.
There is no such word in the Amharic lan
guage, though Isenberg has it in his ‘DictionTHAMES TUNNEL (9th S. iv. 419, 467 ; v. 35). I ary. It is, in fact, a ghost-word, and the only -The tone of Mr. CHARLES COBHAM's note is reason for its spectral existence is that Isencertainly rather surprising. The opinion of berg in his missionary schools was called on
missionary schoolse was maled.com
to translate elementary treatises in history note that a full-page engraving depicting and geography, and transliterated the Eng- Midnight Mass at St. Mary's, Moorfields, on lish zebra into Amharic characters. So far as Christmas Eve,' appeared in the Ilustrated I know, there is no Ethiopic word which has | London Nevs of 11 Jan., 1862. The picture any relation whatever to zebra. I can speak shows more than two-thirds of the interior of with some authority, for many years ago my the edifice, looking towards the high altar regretted friend the late Bernard Quaritch whereat the mass is being celebrated. A supplied me with an interleaved copy of Isen- couple of inches of letterpress accompany berg's Dictionary,' on which I entered every | the engraving, from which extract the Amharic word contained in the vocabularies / following: consulted by Dillmann when compiling his “St. Mary's, Moorfields, which is situated at the
Ethiopic Lexicon. This involved careful corner of East Street, Finsbury Circus, was opened research through every page and column of in 1820. It has an embellished entrance façade, in the 'Lexicon. Nor do I think the Abyssinians
ns the pediment of which are sculptured two figures
kneeling at the cross. The interior is handsomeknow anything about the zebra. During three
indeed, it may be called superb. The semi-circular years' residence in the country I never heard altar-wall, behind a screen of marble columns, has of its existence, nor is it mentioned by Mr. a large painting of the Crucifixion, by Aglio, an W. T. Blanford in his 'Observations on the Italian artist, executed in what is called mezzoGeology and Zoology of Abyssinia,' 1870. Sir
vand Zooloauf Abwooinio "1870 Sir fresco. This great scenic picture is well shown by a W. Cornwallis Harris, who was a great
subdued light from the roof, and its effect is very orn walls Harris, who was a great tine. On the ceiling are painted the Virgin Mary, hunter and a distinguished naturalist, is also the infant Jesus, the four Evangelists, and a series silent on the subject of the zebra in the 'Re- of paintings of events in the life of the Saviour.” marks on the Geology, Botany, and Zoology) St. Mary's is further characterized as “an of the Highlands of Southern Abyssinia,'
las edifice which stands next to the Cathedral appended to the second volume of his «Highlands of Æthiopia,' 1844. In conclusion, I
of St. George amongst the [Roman Catholic]
places of worship." may add that Amharic is not only the Court | An engraving which shows the front of and official language of Abyssinia, but that it
St. Mary's is contained in ‘London and its is the language of every Abyssinian in the southern and western provinces of the
Series), 1827. It is drawn by Thos. H. Shepcountry. In Tigré, in the north-east, a herd. 'engraved by Thos. Barber, and dedi. distinct language is spoken, called Tigriña,
z | cated to the Duke of Norfolk. which is much more nearly akin to the old
John T. PAGE. Ethiopic than Amharic is.
West Haddon, Northamptonshire.
W. F. PRIDEAUX. “DAN" CHAUCER (9th S. v. 27).--In the
“MARQUÉE” (9th S. iv. 499).— The word was song “Now. Robin. lend to me thy 'cow” (vide apparently unknown to the upholsterer of Chappell's Old English Ditties ') occurs the
the seventeenth and the first half of the line
eighteenth century, although he was often Dan Cupid is her master's name.
called upon to “uphold” the portable canvas John T. PAGE.
tent, the equivalent of our modern "marquee," West Haddon, Northamptonshire.
| when the ménage of outdoor life was an
important factor in the society of those and When referring to Chaucer as “the morning preceding times. But the portable pavilion star of song,” Tennyson may have had in was superseded by the more permanent strucmind the lines of Plato beginning,
| ture, which, though retaining the name, 'Αστήρ πριν μεν έλαμπες ένα ζώοισιν εφος, possessed nothing of the outward appearance and of Shelley,
of the original gaily stained pavilion or field Thou wert the morning star among the living, &c.
tent; so that the use of the "marquee," so
far as this country is concerned, may be Besides Sir John Denham we have, nearly a assumed to have begun when that of the hundred years later, the tribute of Thomas canvas pavilion had been abandoned for the Campbell,
more solid fabric of wood, &c., instances of Chaucer, our Helicon's first fountain-stream, whose use occur about the time to which MR.
Our morning star of song, that led the way, W. P. COURTNEY's extract alludes, namely using the identical words appearing in a 1774. The Pavilion in Hans Place (“Old and Dream of Fair Women.'
R.B. New London'), for instance, was originally
| built as a model for the Pavilion at BrighSt. Mary's, MOORFIELDS (9th S. iv. 511).- ton. The Brighton Pavilion, purchased by Under this heading it may be interesting to George IV., then Prince of Wales, in 1800, was commenced in 1784, and completed in I and Jonson as imitators of Shakspeare, 1787; and the Queen's Pavilions in the gardens says :of Buckingham Palace, at the Royal Naval One imitates him most, the other best. Exhibition, and on similar occasions are late If they have since out-writ all other men, instances of the superseded royal tent. The 'Tis with the drops which fell from Shakspeare's arms of the Company of Upholsterers are, On pen. a chevron three roses, between three tents | This is not quite fair to Jonson, for Shakroyal, two and one, the Company dating from speare has taken something from him. I 1627 ; and a tent royal, or pavilion-Randle think that Jonson shows most genius in Holme thus uses the alternative — appears Every Man in his Humour.' This play is to have been an appurtenance exclusively of conspicuous for humour and the drawing of royalty, whereas a "marquée" appertained character ; but its plot is so faint and feeble to a French marquis, a title employed for the as to be hardly perceptible. The style of the first time in the reign of Louis le Débonnaire, prose in which the play is chiefly written is in the ninth century, so that it would be simple and good, and in this respect often à propos of the question to learn when the contrasts favourably with the turgidity of marquée was first known in France. Randle Shakspeare. 'Every Man in his Humour' Holme, in his 'Armory'(1688), certainly does was produced before The Merry Wives of not mention the term in his list of "several Windsor' and 'Twelfth Night'; and anynames given to these Moveing Houses” body who reads the three plays must see the (bk. iii. ch. xii. p. 449). A marquise, Angli- likeness between Master Stephen Slender and cized "marquee," was originally, according to Sir Andrew Aguecheek. There are other Littré, a marchioness's tent, and a marquis, resemblances.
E. YARDLEY. an officer or prefect of the marches, would, doubtless, not expect the marquiso to share SALADIN AND THE CRUSADER'S WIFE (9th S. the hardships of a “field-bed ” life. A public-iv. 538).-The tomb of the Crusader and his house sign of the “Royal Pavilion” occurs at devoted wife, referred to by Mr. Lawson, is No. 217, Vauxhall Bridge Road, and there is in the chantry of a church at Cowarne, a a "Royal Tent” in the Old Court suburb, market town and parish of Herefordshire, while the "Royal Tent" again was the trade and near Pauncefort Court, a "fair house” sign of an upholsterer in Red Cross Street, built (says Carnden) temp. Henry III., at Southwark, in 1780 (Banks Coll. Shop-Bills). Hasfield," in Gloucestershire, by Richard The last, at all events, of these three had its Pauncefort, who in 1248 had a grant of the birth probably in the frantic popular joy manor, where his ancestors were possessed of which attended the Restoration of Charles II. fair lands in the Conqueror's time. Burke in 1660. On May 29 in that year a very opens the Pauncefort pedigree with Geoffrey magnificent tent was erected on St. George's or Galfrid de Pauncefort, steward of the Fields, when the Lord Mayor and Aldermen household to King John, who married met the king, and the former, having delivered Sybilla, daughter of William de Cantelupe, the City sword to his Majesty, had the same Lord of Aston Cantelo, Barwick, and Chilton returned with the honour of knighthood. A Cantelo, and sister of William Cantelupe, sumptuous collation had been provided, in Lord Cantelupe, Seneschal Regis. which the king participated (J. G. Gough, I have somewhere seen that it was a
London Pageants,' 1831, 8vo.). But on such | Sybilla who sent her couped hand to the occasions as this, within the period alluded infidels to ransom her husband, who was to, we do not encounter the use, I think, of called Grimbald ; but even if he were really the word "marquee."
a Geoffrey or Galfrid-if, as Mr. LAWSON J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL.
seems to show, tradition indicates Saladin Under the date 1783 I find the form as the infidel who held De Pauncefort marquise, “under a marquise or tent, taken prisoner-, the date of a
prisoner-the date of Saladin's death, 1193, from the British ” (Conway's Life of 'Paine' and the date of marriage with Sybilla de 1892, vol. i. p. 197). What does this same | Cantelupe, 1209, do away with the possibility word mean in the following ?>“ La voiture of this being the Sybilla. And supposing a s'arrêtant sous la marquise du perron” (“Père
former wife of Geoffrey or Galfrid to have Goriot,' p. 78, my edition).
been the heroine of the story, why was the JAMES HOOPER.
later wife left entirely unmemorialized,
| whilst the effigy of the former wife lay beside AN UNCLAIMED POEM OF BEN JONSON his own? (9th S. iv. 491; v. 34).-Dryden, in his pro- Had it not been for that mention of logue to 'The Tempest,' speaking of Fletcher Saladin, too, and in the absence of other
data, one might have supposed it to have With hair that gilds the water as it glidesbeen a later crusade, and have attributed the where the play on gilds and ylides is possibly intenact of sacrifice to Sybilla, daughter and heir tional. Globe, for a spherical body, is not found of the lord of the manor of Crickhowell, co.:
| before the middle of the sixteenth century. An
interesting comparison is suggested between the Brecon, who was wife of that Sir Grimbald, I word gloaming, familiar in Scottish verse, and the first so named in the pedigree, who inglooming, used, with a certain sort of anticipation of 1281 obtained a charter for market and fair | Milton, by Spenser in at Cowarne, and who may have followed A little glooming light, much like a shade. Edward I. to the Holy Land in 1270. In a rollSome interesting historical information is naturally of that reign he bears Gules, three lions found under glove. See the quotation from Gay rampant argent, he “having received the
concerning the claim for a pair of gloves by one
kissing a sleeper. We should have expected to lions from Sir Edward Bohun, who had
find an instance of mome=goblin, dwarf, earlier knighted him."
than Pope's ‘Rape of the Lock,' but can cite none. Duncumb's 'Hist. of Herefordshire' (Brit. Among innumerable meanings of go as a substantive Mus. press - mark 2064 d.) has a very we find a go of brandy only a hundred years old. interesting account of the ruined effigies at The word as applied to the measure containing the Cowarne, and, I think, mentions Eustachius
liquid is a few years older. Under goat we find
one definition to which we object as inadequate. Pauncefort, who held one-fourth part of a Goat is said to signify a licentious man. This is knight's fee at Cowarne as early as 1109. I wrong, and is a mere euphemism. The meaning is have an impression that Cowarne is some-a libidinous man, and even an excessively libidinous times called Much-Cowarne, unless that is
man, a lecher, and no weaker phrase should be the name of a mansion.
employed. Licentions is broader and more varied
in meaning. It is rarely we find the occasion (Mrs.) C. LEGA-WEEKES.
for a comment of this kind. The references, too, are sometimes too vague. Under goal, advanced as
of difficult etymology, we find, “ Fick İdg. Wb.2 ii.," Miscellaneous.
which is sufficiently enigmatical to puzzle us. Again,
under gown we find, "Fick's Idg. Wb. ii. 281." NOTES ON BOOKS, &c.
Votaries of golf may be interested to know that A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles. I decision as to the way in which it is to be pro
the name is of obscure origin, but will find no final Edited by Dr. James A. H. Murray.-Vol. IV. Inounced. The earlier forms of orthography seem Glass-coach-Graded By Henry Bradley, Hon. M.A. (Oxford, Clarendon Press.)
to favour the now fashionable pronunciation of goff.
The information concerning goliard, goliardic, &c., A DOUBLE section of Dr. Murray's monumental is worthy of study. Under good luck we would fain dictionary brings the fourth volume--the issue of have had Milton's which is superintended by Mr. Bradley-within measurable reach of completion. The part, which
Good luck befriend thee, Son, for at thy birth includes 3,675 words, illustrated by 15,816 quota
The fairy ladies danced upon the hearth. tions, is noteworthy as containing®“ three of the
The articles on gooseberry and gossip may be conmost important words of the Teutonic vocabulary,
sulted with great advantage. We hail with much go, God, and good,” which words, with their com.
contentment the progress that is being made with pounds and derivatives, occupy nearly a quarter of
this all-important work. the space of the section. A curious history is Nooks and Corners of Shropshire. By H. Thornhill narrated of the word glee=entertainment, play,
Timmins, F.R.G.S. (Stock.) sport, &c. This word is wanting from the other Teutonic languages. After presenting itself with
MR. TIMMINS is continuing his pleasant and congreat frequency in many different forms, it seems
scientiously discharged task of illustrating with after the fifteenth century to have been rarely
pen and pencil the beauties, natural and archiused, and by the beginning of the eighteenth was | Welsh borders, and has followed “The Nooks and
tectural, and the antiquities of Wales and the spoken of by Phillips as obsolete, while Johnson considered it a merely comic word. Pope, how
Corners' of Pembrokeshire and of Herefordshire ever, it should be noted, employed it twice in the
by the “Nooks and Corners of Shropshire. His 'Dunciad,' and Shakespeare, an instance from
| drawings are well executed, and the work will whose 'Timon' is advanced, once uses gleefu.
commend itself warmly to the inhabitants of this
A characteristic use of it is made in the version
delightful county. Our own knowledge of Shropfamiliar to us of “A frog he would a-wooing go,” in
shire is slight. About forty years ago we accomwhich occur the lines-
panied the late Thomas Wright, one of the first of
English antiquaries, to Ludlow, his birthplace, and As they were in glee and a-merry-making, Shrewsbury, and explored with him the Roman
A cat and her kittens came tumbling in. remains of Uriconium. Memories, pleasant though The date of this we do not know.
sadly remote, are summoned up as we turn over We find, to our surprise, gleek at cards used as Mr. Timmins's agreeable pages. Of the quaint equivalent to the French brelan: “A mournaval of architecture of Shrewsbury he gives many striking aces and a gleek of queens." Glengarry, as the pictures. Ludlow Castle, the scene of ‘Comus,' is name of a cap, is not found earlier than 1858. Some presented in more than one aspect, and there are interesting comments are made on the verb glide. I views of Wroxeter with its quaint church and the A happy instance of the use of this word is fur remains of Uriconium. Bridgnorth, one of the pished, we think, by Lodge
| most picturesque and ancient of Western towns, is