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come in contact with the armies of Napo

tion of the convent of Busaco. These were at first leon, and to liberate the Spanish nation,

audible but at intervals; they soon after became were motives sufficiently popular in Eng- incessant, accompanied by heavy discharges land, to sanction a vast expenditure of musketry. The line of the mountain, irregular in

its course, intersected by ravines, varying in height, blood and treasure ; and who would ever

forming the convex of a circle, from where we were think of imputing any but disinterested

stationed, prevented the slightest prospect of the views to a soldier engaged in seeking a part of the position attacked. glorious opportunity of constant employ- " It soon, however, became evident, from the ment and promotion ?

sound of the firing, that General Picton was als! The work of the gallant author is, gene

engaged; but although nearest in the line, bis rally speaking, pleasing; and, the small troops, and those by whom the 3d division was

assailed, were alike hidden from our view, portion of the second volume, where, from

“In the immediate front of General Leith's corps, the time of his diffusing among the Spa- no hostile movements were perceptible ; be, there niards the intelligence of the complete fore, with the concurrence of General Hill, put hår failure of Napoleon's expedition against division in motion, marching by his left along the Moscow, to the victory at Vittoria, he is, as summit of the ridge intervening between the ground it were, personally in the hands of the on which he had encamped the preceding night, and

the San Antonio de Cantaro road. reader, possesses a degree of interest which is certainly not to be expected in a narra

On approaching the right of General Pictan's tive which does not profess to give a regular position, the whole sierra presented a crowd of light

troops, masses of British and French infantry, and history of the war. In point of style, the

a very warm contest in full progress. At this man Lieut.-Col. is not always happy, although ment, the enemy had penetrated to the very sur he is apparently at his ease, and claims a mit of the mountain; the outnumbered light issort of military right, not allowed to mere infantry of General Picton were severely pressed literary men, in the use of words; a right When the smoke dispelled, that at intervals envedoubtlessly conceded at the mess-table by loped the whole extent of the face and crest of the the chaplain himself; who, there, might ridge, the highest rocks appeared in possession of the

French voltigeurs: one officer was particularly conperhaps smile at such a verb as “diffi

spicuous, on the very highest point; cheering, and culted,' but would scarcely stop the course waving his schakòs, he urged on his comrades, then of the bottle by any grammatical order climbing the ascent. against it. Military men, we have ob- “A column of the enemy now appeared gaining served, permit themselves to indulge in an the plateau on the mountain-top, with its bead dieasy negligence with the parts of speech, rected so as to ascend diagonally to the line of the which is harmless enough in common dis

allied army, by which its left flank was exposed to course, but they should recollect that when

the troops arriving from the right of the British

position. they write and publish, it is a field-day

* Colonel Barnes's brigade of General Leith's with them, and every word ought then to

corps, composed of the Royal, 9th, and 38th regikeep its rank and station. The prints ments, had been advanced to the head of the co(small views in aquatint, twenty-two in lumn, and consequently first came in contact with number,) are from sketches by the author, the enemy; the 9th regiment, commanded bý and are extremely well adapted as illustra

Colonel Cameron, being the leading battalion tions to the contents of the book. As a

when about a hundred yards distant, wheeled into specimen of our author's powers of narra

line, firing a volley, the effect of which was terrific;

the ground was covered with dead and dying, not tive, we select, as one of the best, the fol

new levies or mercenaries, but the elite of the lowing passage from his account of the

French army. This destructive fire being followed battle of Busaco.

up by an immediate charge, the enemy gave was,

rushing down the steep face of the sierra The scene presented during this short recon- utmost confusion; nor did his troops attempt to noissance was of the most interesting description. rally until on the same ground from whence they Passing through a very picturesque and beautiful

had advanced to this most unsuccessful and mur. country, we occasionally descended to the banks of

derous attack. the Mondego, or ascended the eminences, from “On the same space of ground has seldom been whence was discernible the enemy's line of march

seen such destruction as overtook the division of the on the right, at intervals 'enveloped in dust and 2d corps on this occasion. smoke. To the rear was the imposing line of “ Previous to this signal repulse, the other divimountain occupied by the allied army, luxuriant sion of General Reynier's corps had in a similar way woods, fertile valleys: great excitement, and a bril- been driven from the sierra by the 3d division, after liant atmosphere, added to the effect of the whole. an attack equally gallant and hopeless.

The Duc d'Elchingen, on arriving at the base "The battle to the left of the convent, and susof the Sierra de Busaco, was impressed with an tained exclusively by the light division and General opinion as to the unattackable nature of the Pack's brigade, closed with brilliant success on the ground; but Marshal Massena, after reconnoitring, part of the allies."-p. 232 to 235. determined to try its strength. At day-break, on the 27th, reports of cannon were heard in the direc.

the never can.


is not {EVIEW.— The Infidel's Own Book ; very

modest. And if it be designed a Statement of some of the Absurdities,

as a title, to take, like, “Every Man His resulting from the Rejection of Chris

Own Lawyer,” “The Child's Own Book," tianity. By Richard Treffry, Junior.

&c. then we think it, as a title, inapproHamilton, Adams, & Co. and J. Mason. priate, and far below the majesty of its London. Printed and Sold by Coultas,

theme. There is a sense, however, in & Co. York. 1834.

which we should be glad to see this title

reduced to propriety; we should be glad to sue infidel controversy should never be see this little volume purchased and perused uffered to rest ; not, however, while an by every infidel in the land, and thus bendividual remains in the toils, or is in come "the infidel's own book." langer from the seductions of unbelief. He must, indeed, be a writer of no comAs our own times, among other intellectual

mon powers, who shall be able, after all enormities, have been distinguished by a that has been done, to bring into the infidel revival of the spirit of infidelity, by a reck- controversy something absolutely new. less and insane industry among the sons of Perhaps the only new argument which has unbelief to spread their dreams and drivel. been produced for ages, on this question, is lings among the mass of our population; it the one so successfully elaborated in the becomes the christian scholar and philo. Horæ Paulinæ; and the novelty even of sopher to be at his post, and to extend that may be disputed, though its truth the shield of truth over our defenceless pea

The general reader, therefore, santry and unwary youth.

must not take up “The Infidel's Own book," For ourselves, we think it no dishonour with the expectation of being astonished by to be little read in the loathsome literature, some unbeard-of disclosure of intellectual which is poured forth—a wide and nau- wealth. He will, however, find what will seous stream-by the atheistical press of abundantly repay his perusal : he will find the present day. But if we may venture some of the unanswerable reasonings of byan opinion from the little we have read, we gone days, in the attire of 1834. He will should say, that the days and the talents of find the production of a vigorous underSpinoza, of Herbert, and of Hume have standing, that has freely ranged in general gone by; and that our modern unbelievers, literature. He will perceive with pleasure in their orations and publications, have only an ardent, honest, and generous feeling fallen upon a novel and monstrous expe. transfused through a clear and convincing dient to raise the wind! But, though gain argumentation. He will see with satisfacis the object, fatal mischief may be the con- tion the watchful eye and dauntless bearing sequence; and we, therefore, rejoice to see of a youthful centinel, guarding the outposts the friends of revelation on the alert. of our sacred camp. In a word, he will

That the cool, close, steady, and invin- find in this little volume an amiable and cible book of Paley is superseded by this spirited exposure of the absurdities which “Infidel's Own Book,” is what we can a rejection of the christian religion neces. not affirm. The real question between the sarily involves. Infidel and the Christian must, after all, be As a specimen of the style, we take the value of historical, documentary, and co- rather than select the following paragraph : incidental evidence for certain facts which

“The most summary and convenient way to terform the ground-work of our holy and

minate the controversy is, boldly to denounce the benign religion; and if men of sceptical history of the Bible as altogether fabulous. principles could be induced to investigate who does this, needs no argument, no research, no such evidence with becoming seriousness evasion : he requires nothing but an unblushing and perseverance, this unnatural and por- front, and a remorseless conscience ; - and if to tentous warfare would soon be at an end.

these he can add some choice lampoon on the book As, however, such close and sedate research

the truth of which he denies, or some pungent is rarely to be found, and especially among

expression of contempt for the intellects of those

who believe in it, and for the futility of its alleged the patrons of unbelief, a volume like the

evidences; or, best of all, if by a parade of learning present, more easy, more excursive, and

he can establish some sort of resemblance between more popular, may not be without its use. any mythological fooleries and the history of the

We confess that the title of this work scriptures, and persuade his followers of their equadoes not please us, “The Infidel's Own lity,—he has done as much as, in the estimation of Book." If this is to be understood as

many, the case requires, and he retires from the denoting a volume which may supersede

arena with a supercilious smile, leaving his neothe thousand others on the same subject

, phytes agape with admiration, or chuckling with

. from the pens of so many great and learned

"The miracles of the Bible, however, are matters men, then, to say the least of it, as a title, it of plain history, and by the ordinary rules for


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authenticating historical testimony they are to be both were passed in their own families, and judged. To prove them or any other parts of scrip

(with but little interruption) in sickness. ture history false, by instituting a parallel between

The relics of such interesting young persona, them and some of the fables of heathen poets, is

sanctified by religion, and cherished by just as ingenious and forcible as if a man should demonstrate the worthlessness of the writings of family affection, are to be respected; an Arrian, by discovering some coincidence between though the closet devoted to prayer in the his history of the expedition of Alexander, and that mansion of their own friends and relatives, of the wanderings of Don Quixote ; and who can would have appeared to us to be the for a moment doubt but that something very plau- appropriate sanctuary for urns sible and clever might be said on such a subject ?

and so delicate, we are not displeased at As to reducing the Bible to an entire allegorical fable,-for what will not men attempt ?-you may

their being presented, in the name of the as rationally allegorize the annals of Tacitus. In religion they loved, -of the religion which examining the miracles of the Bible, we repeat, we

enabled them to bear patiently the lingerhave to do with plain historical testimony. A man ing death of relentless disease, by its prosmay deny that there ever existed such a person as pect of life eternal,- to the contemplation Julius Cæsar, or such a city as Babylon,-that society. It is, indeed, almost impossible there are such things as volcanoes, or that the sun for any human being, of sensibility, to read is larger than a coach-wheel--but it would be mon

the following sentence, written by a young strous to suppose that such denials cast any sort of

woman in the last stage of a decline, with doubt on the historical or scientific facts to which

out a tear: in her state, such an apostrophe they referred. If the infidel imagines that the miracles, or any other historical parts of the Bible, to all that is pure in nature, may be coinare rendered at all questionable by his mere denial pared to one of those transitory flashes of them, then we have ample right to accuse him which it is the nature of her disorder to of the most gross absurdity: if he does not, and yet throw for a moment over the cheek, to makes the denial, with the wish to impose on

make, as it were, the constant

pallor others by naked effrontery, he is liable to a far

of the countenance more indicative than more serious accusation. Between the two, we

before, of the approach of death. The pasleave him to make his choice, while we proceed to detail more particularly the consequences of his

sages in the diary, in the midst of which position, for which, of course, he is responsible,

this and one or two others of a sainter bue however silly, monstrous, or incredible."-p. 72 are found, have, indeed, the calm quitt to 74.

loveliness of a celestial existence upoo Mr. Treffry is the son of the Rev. Rich.

them. They are not of this world ! Treffry, president of the Methodist Con. "'I love, in the midst of fallen beings, to hara ference. We congratulate the son on that

something unfallen to look upon and contemplate.

- And such is nature-beautiful nature--fairt distinction, to which the suffrages of the

image of the Eternal. What is falsely named decay Wesleyan ministers have elevated his

in thee, is but varied forms of beauty, preserving 13 father; and with equal satisfaction we

from every feeling of satiety or weariness. Beautif) congratulate the father on the ability, learn- always in every time and season; only putting ca ing, and piety of his son.

and off the spring, summer, and autumn dress, to shew that thou art beautiful in them all, and beati

tiful without them, Feb. 1823.' "-p. 134. REVIEW. Memorials of Two Sisters. We shall add a portion of a letter from one

Edited by the Author of Aids to Deves of these young ladies, by which it will be lopment, 8c. Seeley and Sons, Fleet St. seen that their religion was truly the religion London, 1833.

of the mind, without the slightest taint of The editor informs us that '“ the papers

weakness or bigotry :contained in this volume are presented to

“ In accordance with the sacred Scriptures, and the church of Christ, because it seems to

with the character of God therein revealed, I must be for its advantage, and for the Master's

believe that the moral law, as declared throughout honour, that His triumphs in the soul of

the Bible, is the rule and directory of conduct for a

believer. As I write, the importance of the subject man should not be hidden, especially when

rises before me, and, with a sense of its importance, the individuals selected for the display of

my inability to do it justice. Indeed, these obserhis grace, being unknown, there is nothing

vations appear to me to be but like the notes of a to turn away the eyes from his operations." sermon, (though I should be sorry to tax you with The bulk of this publication is made up of reading my enlargement,) so comprehensive is the the diaries, letters, meditations, &c. of two point in question, and so much more might be said young ladies, under the signatures of Anne concerning it. I wish it were in better hands ; far C. M, and Emma L. M. who were mani

I cannot but believe, that much error is produced festly amiable,

by the rejection of the moral law. I have not writpious, and intelligent;

ten, I trust, without sincere prayer, to be led to one of them died at the age of twenty-six,

believe and write according to the lively oracles of the other of twenty-three. The lives of God.' For any sentiments advanced in the state


nents, I alone am responsible; for I do not know “How careful should parents be, to afford their hat I have read any thing on the subject, at least children no precedents for sin, nor temptations to carcely any thing, except the Bible. In writing commit it, when they reflect on the amount of guilt n any subject, I have only the Bible before me; which one wicked habit will probably occasion ! or it would perplex and confound my ideas, to con. How earnest should be their endeavour, to allow ult the works of human authors on the question, nothing to escape their lips, or appear in their whatever it may be; though I refuse not the appli- deportment, which might be interpreted, in the ation of any recollected passage from their writ. remotest sense, as a permission of iniquity! ngs. But to surround myself with books, would “There is reason to believe in this view, that a ve like David going forth in Saul's armour, which want of self-command alone, on the part of adults, he had not proved. Some would call this pride, has often been a cause of incalculable mischief to arrogance, and presumption; but I trust to your the rising generation. Parents have been angry kindness, to make allowance for a mind of some- with their children, and, unmindful of the scripwhat an independent cast, which has always been tural admonition, have provoked them unto wrath, in circumstances to strengthen, rather than coun- and the natural effect has been, that, by a bitterteract its natural tendencies.

ness of temper, and harshness of expression, they " "I think not with any set of persons, neither do have sown the seeds, in the minds of their offI think a prescribed set of thoughts. It has often spring, of a multitude of crimes. There is an indebeen said to me, How, believing such a doctrine, pendence in man, which displays itself even in can you hold such opinions of another? With this childhood, and often degenerates, through bad sort of reasoning I have nothing to do. I must be, management, into sullenness and obstinacy. Any convinced, and receive each truth separately; and attempts that may be persevered in, to eradicate if they do not harmonize at once, I must wait for a this principle, which is inseparable from our nature, clearer understanding of one or both, to cause them and common to mankind at large, will not only be to unite. It would be as effectual to bring forward always defeated in the end, but may raise it to defithe Articles or Liturgy of the Established Church ance. A determination to break a high spirit, when to a dissenter, as the rules of his faith, as to make it was advisable to bend it, and to hold a youth in one truth necessarily dependent on another, with terror, when he might bave been wrought upon by regard to its reception by me. I desire to keep my kindness, has often been a cause of those distressmind as perfectly open to conviction as the frailty ing occurrences, which have destroyed the peace of of my nature will permit, and to be from all, yet families, in which children despising the authority of serving all.'" - p. 175, 176.

their parents, have left them by stealth, plunged into vice and crime, and torn their hearts with anguish.

“The exhibition of a selfish kind of character to Review.An Essay on Moral Tuition,

the notice of the young, may be also specified, as and the Influence of a Good Example.

calculated to entail upon them the most disastrous By William Brand, Junior. Wightman, selfish disposition, that the heart of man is so often

consequences. It is owing to the indulgence of a Paternoster Row. London. 1834.

steeled against the distresses of man; that the Tuis is a very excellent, though short tract,

miser unites inhospitality with avarice, that the comprised in less than seventy pages, in

man of pleasure is upfeeling as well as profligate, large type, on a most important subject ; sensuality and blood.

and that the tyrant immerses himself at once in a subject which cannot be loo frequently or “It may have been observed of children, that too urgently enforced; we mean, that of they not only feel a portion of respect for virtuous education by example. “There are many character, in common with mankind at large, and things,” says Juvenal, from whom our which, to venture a remark, may vary with their author takes the motto in the title-page of knowledge, but that they are fond of imitation, his small volume,“ deserving of serious

whatever its object, in a remarkable degree. condemnation,

which impress indelible They seem to be prompted to the imitation of stains on the purity of youth, and of which, tude, as by a sort of instinct. They have such a

example, independent of its excellence or turpi nevertheless, parents themselves set their preparation of the heart, such a conformation of children examples.” The author, in his the mental structure, that they are led to seize preface, ventures to express a hope that upon almost every thing within the range of their the sentiments, which his production con- observation, with little regard to its qualities or tains, will meet with approbation. He need

uses, and to make it the model or the motive of not doubt that, as his inculcations are

their actions. Taking this view of the power of founded on the undeniable propensity of imitation, as it is possessed in childhood, it is the young to imitate the conduct of those undoubtedly a part of wisdom, not to say a duty,

to avail ourselves of it in the work of education." for whom they have, by birth, affinity, or

-P. 34 to 36. early habits, imbibed feelings of affection or respect, the merited attention of the This extract affords a fair specimen of moral and religious classes of society, to a the practical character and tendency of this tract so persuasively written, cannot be little work. It seizes important subjects, wanting. "We extract the following pas- treats them in a judicious manner, and well sage as a specimen of the style and deserves the attention of parents, to whom

il is chiefly addressed. 2D. SERIES, NO. 39.-VOL. IV.

183,-- VOL. XVI.

manner :



"I shall live near to death, and I shall watch Review.-Guidone ; A Dramatic Poem. The calm reflection from kis marble keuze Saunders $Olley. 8vo. London. 1834.

Steal on my quiet cheek, and settle there;

And smiling, note how, day by day, I TOT In one of the dreamy passages of Ossian,

To the complexion of that statne pale,

That soon will lie upon my monumesto-p. he tells us that certain gifted spirits hovered

“I over the scene of battle, cognizant of, with

Could stand, with folded, calm expectancy, out sharing, the agitating passions of the Before that curlain of obdurate woof, combatants : and mystically dramatized, in Which limits mortal vision, those dis feld the air, what was transacting on earth.

Perpetually do stir, but never Tise."-P. H. This strange notion is forcibly recalled to our

-“ What! though you have kep! mind by a perusal of the little work before A father's foodness treasured in your heart, us. It is a dramatic poem, founded on a

Which neither absence por vicissitude,

Nor gust of passion could disturb, passage occurring at Vol. i. p. 165 of

But oft-times when the ship was tempest-drive, Robertson's History of Charles the Vth : And all beside was racking with the fidd, and the author states that :

This one well-fended lamp burnt on, and bell

Within its crystal 'closure, andismayed, “Although the above passage has been used as a

Its small domain of brightness and of calm,"basis for a plot, it may be well to advertise the

P-51,2 reader, that neither in incideut, character, or attri- Exquisite as are these morceaus,-ad buted sentiments, does the drama make pretension to historical truth; its purpose being to illustrate cer

we should quote three - fourths of the tain general truths relative to human life and the con- poem to do it justice—the palate of the science of man.

public, we fear, has grown so gross wid

is feeding on garbage,' that their nok Our limits forbid as extensive and ela. borate an examination as we could wish

flavour may be quite disregarded! Had

the writer of this Dramatic Poem ' lived to bestow upon this performance : and we must content ourselves with but a few years ago, he would instantly have been

elevated to one of the highest pedestals in general observations.

the halls of poesy;' but now—we question We took up the work by accident, and

whether the author's name will even be rejoice that it happened to come under inquired after ; whether an edition wil our notice. It is really a luxury, amid

sell? the wide wilderness of our present lite

"Oh, that a voice so passing soft and sFeet, rature, to light upon such an oasis as is to

Should waste its music 'mid the hurricase." be found in this exquisite performance. The language, the thoughts

, are equally formal analysis of the work; we maj,

It will be observed that we offer to pure and lovely; gushing

perhaps, hereafter do so, - but now co“With soft force, from the deep well

tent ourselves with stringing together a fer of a most chaste and delicate heart."

pearls out of the casket Guidone,'—to We shall shew the reader a drop or two, tempt the reader !-one noble passage -and let him judge for himself :

more,--which we doubt whether any living

poet can exceed, if one or two could “Oh God!

Guidone a What manner o' world is this, where love performs equal :-and we conclude. The offices of hate! Fondly it clasps,

exiled nobleman) is viewing, through a And-like the simple flower that wraps its leaves castle window, a tempest raging without :Teoderly round the sleeping ily, but hath No power thereafter to release its guest,

“Let the storm on-it broke no calm in me, Its soft embrace brings agony and death."-p. 15. • Nor to my mind brings added turbulence ;

Rather, it stills tumultuous thought within, "Oh, farewell, peace ! farewell, ye tranquil honra To watch this uproar of the elements ; Passed is calm muge upon a world far off,

The rushing wind, and the loud hissing rain, Or on a heart at rest! Pleasant it was,

And lightoing pale, that scrawls zitk kurid hend With hopes and fears barred out, to sit and watch Huge hieroglyphics on the screen of night, My lonely taper burning sileptly."-p. 17.

Balking the dazzled vision of the seer, -“ Do then your will.

Who fain would read that writing on the wall. Hereafter, when our story shall be known,

Peal on, ye thunders ? and urge all your fires, As it must one day-for misdeeds like ours,

Ye quick-repeated lightnings! till ye threat Pile on them what we will, are not extinct.

The nations with a moltep firmament ; But though the mountain obstacle do work,

For while your dreadful pageant is displayed, And from the summit glare upon the world."-p.2%

The vulture-conscience something shall relaz

The fixture of his talons, and surcease -"Exquisite mockery! The bow of promise

The secret and unulterable wound. Gilds the long-stranded wreck."--p. 21.

Oh that ye Powers, 80 strong to ruinate

Whirlwind and torrent, and the forky blazeOh, he was ever gentle, wise, and good!

Might enter in the past, and ruin there, His saddest temper sweet as others' mirth,

And strike the life that has been! O, that is, His blameless ruirth like joy that rings its peal

That ever will exist in the Most High, From calm and sacred lowers."-p. 31.

Unchangeable reality of thought!"-p. 18, 19.

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