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not weigh national honour against your dol- the great measure in our colonies, is so bad lars, or balance infamy against the wealth citous, as al once to vindicate and renal of your exchequer !

their labours. The intelligence contincalypse Finally, Gentlemen, we implore you in received from the West Indies is of the a Christian and fraternal spirit, to view the most interesting and delightful character

. question in that solemn light which gave it Within three days of the time in which we its real importance in the eyes of Great are writing, Mr. Secretary Stanley has a Britain—not as an issue between man and dressed to the country, through the Hose man, but between yourselves and God. of Commons, some statements which, s Do not imagine that we are speaking with coming from the highest authority, pos fanatical enthusiasm, or giving utterance to have already excited the most heartbeat the effusions of bigoted and misguided zeal. gratitude and joy. We declare it to be the sober, and deliberate “ With regard to Demerara," said Mr. conviction of our countrymen. Such was Stanley," he could only say he had a still their calm and well-considered judgment more gratifying announcement to make to on the guilt and criminality of the system, the house. He had received, on the 13 that on no point of foreign or domestic of the present month, two despatches date policy did greater unanimity prevail. It the 26th and 27th of January ; and was condemned from our pulpits, it was although two papers, to which the gore. reprobated from our hustings. It called nor referred, had by some mistake me forth the indignation of our popular assem- accompanied the documents, yet the lasca blies. It superseded the interest of our guage made use of sufficiently shewed what elections. Our senate was inundated the scope and tendency of those enclosures with petitions against slavery, and our were. He stated, in the first place! representatives pledged by their consti- cannot shew you, in a more gratifying tuents to its extinction! Without distinc- manner, the tranquil stale of this colony tion of rank or sex, without reference to than by submitting to you the returns for religious creed or political faith, without the last month from the three fiscals and regard to personal convenience or party the protectors of slaves, the one containing alliance, all classes came forward, as one all cases of punishment imposed on the man, to declare that slavery was a crime slaves by the judicial authorities, the other before God, and must be abolished. all cases of complaint throughout the

In the same words and for the same rea- colony,' comprising 80,000 of a slave po son, we declare to you, our brethren and pulation, against their masters. Fu natural allies, with the affection springing Demerara itself, by some accident, the from our consanguinity, and with the report of the fiscal has not been fx. respect due to the dignity of the alliance, warded, but the total punishments awarded but at the same time with the frankness of in the other two districts in the month of that Christian love which we would extend December,' (an holiday mouth, be it recolto every nation upon earth, that to uphold lected, when some little excitement wa SLAVERY IS A CRIME BEFORE GOD; and if naturally to be expected,) "amount to you wish to retain His favour, to propitiate more than 13,- no one of them being His mercy, and to be blessed with His coun. of a corporal nature, and varying from one tenance and protection, either in your to three weeks' imprisonment. The total national or individual enterprise, you also, number of complaints from 80,000 slaves must forthwith abolish it, and for ever. against their masters, amounted also to 13; We have the honour to be,

while all of them were of the most trivial GENTLEMEN,

and insignificant nature.' He had also to Your Affectionate Brothers & Faithful Allies. state, although the returns alluded 10 could

not yet be submitted to the house, that the These proceedings, together with that governor used these expressions, as to the prospect of ultimate success which all the amount of produce, and the diligence signs of the time conspire to offer, must be the slaves– I beg also to lay before you, most gratifying to every benevolent mind. and draw your attention to returns shewing The public-spirited and humane actors in the quantity of colonial produce gathered this sacred cause, have every thing to en. this season, as compared with preceding courage and cheer their labours. Their years,'—he (Mr. Stanley) regretted much efforts for the emancipation of the slaves in not having the identical documents, our own colonies have been crowned with a considerably increased quantity has signal success. Nor is it only their influ- been made last year, although the seastern ence on the minds of our legislature, in bas not been by any means which that success consists; the working of favourable. This increased quantity

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solely attributable to the increased good- of his works is eminently calculated 10 will and diligence of the slaves; and this impart. good-will and diligence of the slaves are Now, it is evident that the study of phythe consequences of the milder treatment sical science, that is, of the objects and they now experience, and the cheering processes of the natural world, together prospect they have before them.' He had with the laws by which they are regulated only one other and not the least gratifying ought to be conducted with a constant statement to make, that the Court of Policy reference to this two-fold design of the of Demerara, composed in a great measure, Creator. Our temporal advantage and as to one moiety at least, of colonial planters convenience ought assuredly to be attended utterly unconnected by any tie with govern- to in our literary pursuits; and all our ment, and not very sparing in the course of attainments should, if possible, be made the last few years in venting their feelings subservient to these ends. Nevertheless, if of disgust at some of their measures, had it be true, that the display of the perfections unanimously passed an ordinance, without of Deity was the principal object contemone dissentient voice, abolishing, from the plated in creation, then, to observe these 1st of March, 1834, the power of the perfections thus displayed, should be the masters to inflict corporal punishment to primary object in the study of creation. any extent and for any cause whatever; If an acquaintance with Deiiy be essential thus by five months anticipating one of the to that "fear of God which is the beginprincipal enactments of ihe British legis- ning of wisdom,” and that divine love lature."

which is the soul of holiness; to obtain this The length to which we have extended knowledge is the highest duły of man, and this article forbids us to make any com

the noblest reward of mental application. ments upon these statements, or to commu- By observing the wisdom, power, and nicate to our readers any further informa- goodness, as well as the truth and justice, tion at present. We shall probably resume of the great Creator and Governor of the the subject.

universe, as illustrated by the history of nature and nations, our feelings of admi.

ration and gratitude cannot fail to be stiINFLUENCE OF PIETY ÓN EDUCATION. mulated and improved.

Now, we think that this view of the Having in a former article endeavoured matter cannot be reasonably rejected, to demonstrate that education, or the pur- except on the ground of downright athesuit and the possession of useful knowledge, ism, or of principles equally worthless : is highly favourable in its influence on nevertheless, its practical rejection is a piety and morals; we now reverse the sub- phenomenon everywhere to be met with. ject

, and shall undertake to shew, that În numberless cases, education is systedevotional feelings, in their turn, strongly matical disunited from piety, as from some. tend to facilitate the acquisition of know- thing that would contaminate and degrade ledge, and to render that knowledge a it. Vast numbers of books have been writsource of greater happiness to ourselves, ten on subjects connected with physical and a more efficient instrument of useful- science, with morals, and even with eduness to others.

cation explicitly, in which scarcely any As every object of science reminds us of reference is made to the authority and the glorious Being who is the Author of agency of the Divine Being. In some Nature and the God of Truth, it is clear cases, when religion is permitted to make that all scientific inquiries ought to be pro- her appearance, the writer seems as if he secuted in a religious spirit, and with a were half ashamed of what he was doing, constant reference to that Being. In the and betrays evident suspicion that he is creation of the universe, iwo grand objects offending the taste of his readers. Now, were contemplated by the Almighty, the propensity thus manifested, of disunitnamely, the manifestation of his own glory, ing religion from philosophy, of seeking and the physical accommodation of_his scientific knowledge merely for its own creatures, both animal and rational. That sake, or with a view to secular importance, the former was his principal design is most and of regarding it in all its bearings except reasonable to believe; for even in that, he that which has on it the character and had an ultimate reference to the moral requirements of God, and the spiritual congood, and consequently to the bighest bap- dition of man, can only 'be explained on piness, of his intelligent creatures. For the principle of that carnality of mind piety is founded on that knowledge of the which is enmity against God. No fact divine character, which the contemplation in man's moral history bears stronger testimony to the deep degeneracy of his which puts all doubts to flight!' By what nature.

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unaccountable fatuity, they may again a Philosophy without religion is a perfect do those beings terminate all their inquire anomaly. The disciple of such a pbilo- in second causes, and never permit the sophy is a monster. If a person of ordi- thoughts to ascend to the great First Cana nary taste and judgment were shewn a of all things, the Source of all beings, Ho. picture or a statue of exquisite workman. self the perfection of beings, and the knowship, his very first remark would be, Wholedge of whom is the noblest and the most is the author of it? and his expressions of necessary of all sciences !

In this matte admiration would, at least, be equally may we imagine the spotless intelligenes divided betwixt the beauty of the perform- above, expressing their astonishment at the ance and the genius of the artist. The greatest of mysteries, and the greatest of profane philosopher, however, exhibits a absurdities, connected with human charastrange and singular destitution of this very ter; namely, the possession, and the ardent natural feeling of interest and admiration pursuit of learning, in the complete absence relative to the author of any grand execu- of pious feeling! tion. His feelings are indeed like those of That piety must, in every respect, be other men, so far as second causes and favourable in its bearing on learning, mięta subordinate agents are concerned; but be- be inferred from the natural connexion subyond these, he disdains to pursue his inves- sisting between them. This point we stel tigation. Though with every rational and now attempt more particularly to illustrate. natural motive to trace and admire the And, Almighty in his works, yet the intolerable First. Piety often contributes solely, enmity of his heart towards God renders materially, to the production of a taste for all knowledge of him hateful and grievous. learning. A concern for salvation always “The wicked, through the pride of his awakens reflection and inquiry; it bring countenance, will not seek after God : God into action the reasoning and imaginative is not in all his thoughts; his ways are powers of the mind, and by this means always grievous.” With what astonish. introduces the individual into the intellecment and indignation, we may well sup- tual world. And from the habit of thinkpose, must angels behold a race of beings ing thus acquired, and the glimmering of like this! Placed, as they are, in a world truth thus let into the mind, many are sabounding with displays of Almighty duced to contemn the exercise of a power, power and wisdom ; surrounded with the and the pursuit of a pleasure, equally new, wonderful works of God, and endued both Besides, when a person becomes religios, with the capacity and the desire to inves- he is cut off from rain and corruptis, tigate these works. To see them ardently amusements, and the vacuum thus octaengaged in exploring the great system of sioned, he naturally seeks to fill up by lite nature, acute in tracing effects to their rary pursuits : and to his sobered habits, causes, and enthusiastic in their admira- such pursuits answer even the purposes of tion of the beauty, the grandeur, the utility, amusement quite as effectually as the most and the variety of its parts, and the perfect popular sports ever accomplished those proportion and harmony which subsists purposes before. Moreover

, the improve among them, and unites them into one ment of his mind by the acquisition of use. stupendous whole; and yet never, or rarely ful knowledge, he now discovers to be a lifting their minds to the contemplation of duty which God requires of him, not only the glorious Intelligence, by whom these for the sake of his own spiritual advantage

, vast and complicated operations are per- but as a qualification for public usefulness formed, and utterly unmindful of those dis- Second. Piety directs in the pursuit of plays of infinite power, wisdom, and good. learning; or, in other words, it is the safest ness, so eminently conspicuous in the world guide in the selection of studies. This way around them! How, they would ask, can not be so important a matter, where a judithat astronomer survey the planetary system, cious adviser is accessible ; but in na and not be struck with the omnipotence berless instances there is a complete default which wields, and the skill that guides, those of this advantage. And where religioes mighty orbs! How can the naturalist ex- principle is absent also, there is little prosa amine the structure, the instincts, and the pect of a judicious course of study being habits of animals, and observe the strik- adopted : the individual will then be left to ing adaptation of the same to their seve- the mercy of chance, or humour, of idle curiral circumstances and uses, and not be osity, licentious passion, or infidel profaneoverpowered with that meridian evidence' ness; or, at best, he will be guided by motives of the existence and providence of God, wholly secular and grovelling. It is under

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e influence of such incentives as these, noble, powerful, and permanent; that is, at so many consume their time, corrupt a regard to the will of God, and to the eir hearts, and abuse their literary taste eternal consequences, as it may respect

devoting themselves to news and ro- both himself and others, which may result ance, to idle speculation or petulant con- from the faithful improvement and exercise versy. Or if they seriously set about the of the intellectual talent committed to his udy of some important science, perhaps it keeping: one, the study of which is unsuitable to Fourth. Piety enhances the value of eir genius or opportunities, and the appli- learning, by making it a source of nobler ition of which belongs to a condition very personal enjoyment. There is a pleasure ifferent from their own. Now, we affirm, in the acquisition of knowledge, which may iat religious principle, although it may not be called natural, or purely intellectual, in ipersede the counsel of friends, or suggest which the unbelievers and profane partie ll the minutiæ of what is proper in the cipate, as well as the Christian : yet there irection of study, yet it will generally pre- are delightful associations connected with erve a person from the errors here enume- scientific researches, known only to the Ited. True piety is invariably accompa. latter. The Christian tastes all that is truly ied by a considerable share of prudence valuable, in what may be called the natural r practical wisdom in ordinary affairs; for pleasure of knowledge ; he is fully alive to

raises a man above the influence of pas- all that is grand, beautiful, and useful in ion and caprice, and it puts the govern- the physical world, and admires with the nent of the conduct in common matters utmost warmth, the exquisite arrangement nto the hand of common sense; and rarely and the interminable variety of its objects ; loes this faculty lead us astray, when its still his highest pleasure arises from his lecisions are unwarped by prejudice, and recognition of the finger of God in natural mplicitly obeyed. Common sense would phenomena, and in contemplating the chaforbid a man to spend his time in pur. racter of Deity, as impressed on the face of juing the toys and butterflies of litera- creation. However his mind may be imture, much less to swallow its poison for pressed with admiring wonder at the glothe sake of its agreeable appearance : it rious array of beings which form the uniwould teach him to direct his attention to verse, and with what is vast or exquisite in those sciences, the attainment of which is the several individuals composing it, with adapted to his opportunities and turn of still greater astonishment and awe does he mind, and which promise to be practically contemplate that mighty Intellect from useful, in preference to those which, with whom they originated. In short, to him, out these recommendations, are more invit. natural objects are chiefly interesting as ing in their appearance.

they illustrate the character of their great Third. Piety facilitates the acquisition original, and are a sort of representation of of knowledge. Ühe cultivation of the mind that glorious Being, in whose favour he is under any circumstances involves consider- interested ; and he views them with someable difficulty ; but the business of self. thing like the feelings of a lover surveying cultivation is peculiarly arduous. To pro- the productions of his absent friend, which secute it successfully requires no inconsi- are at once specimens of uncommon genius, derable measure of self-denial, diligence, and, to him, of special favour. and resolute perseverance. But these are An irreligious student of nature termilessons which can nowhere be so effectu. nates all his inquires on second causes and ally learned as in the school of the gospel; inferior agents : or if conviction force him and none fail to learn them who enter that to acknowledge the agency of a Supreme school. Here the mind acquires that acti- Power, it is the unwilling and heartless vity, that contempt of ease and grovelling recognition of one who has no interest in pleasure, that patience of hardship and dif- the favour of the Creator, and who would ficulty, that honesty and singleness of pur- feel happier if he could exclude God from pose, and that happy freedom from the em- creation. While the Christian surveys and barrassing influence of wayward passion, all examines the universe with feelings like of which are of the greatest value in the pur- those with which a favoured son would sur. suit of knowledge. The natural love of vey the domains to which he was heir, the science, aided by ambition, is often seen to unbeliever roams over the territories of sciproduce vehement ardour in the attainment ence with the chagrined and imbittered of learning ; but the Christian, while he emotion, with which a disgraced and guilty may possess all that is innocent, and of malefactor would explore the country of course, truly valuable, in these incentives, which he was an outlaw, and from which is influenced by motives infinitely more he was about to be expelled. The man of re

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ligious character pursues his studies under the indicate, yet it is believed that the greater delightful impression that he is by this part of mankind are more indebled to the means, not only rising in the scale of being, restraining and restoring grace of God, 12. but, by qualifying himself for more exten- either themselves are willing to allon, a sive usefulness in the present world, even others are aware of; and hence, fex, en aggrandizing his immortality. But to all of those who are accounted irreligious

, 2 such feelings and anticipations the wicked completely so : they have some degree is an entire stranger. His studies derive no the fear of God; and conscience has a importance from the idea of futurity : from cient influence, if not to make them dezt immortality he has nothing to hope, and edly pious, and uniformly good, se every thing to sear; and all the influence restrain them from doing mischief

, which his scientific acquirements have on excite them to perform many good action tternity, is to expose him to heavier con- It is this struggle between conscience and demnation, in proportion to his augmented passion, so generally felt, that gives a responsibility

many characters so much inconsistere, Fifth, and lastly. As a means of doing and so doubtful an aspect. good, or a talent for public usefulness, edu- Even those acquirements that are pure cation is essentially dependent on virtue secular, and that are exercised for secuks and piety. Knowledge is power, and, as purposes, must be so much more valuate such, it is valuable in its practical applica- in their application, when united with file tion, only in proportion to the quantum of lity, prudence, and industry-virtues virtue with which it is associated and rectly springing from pious feeling. Bu wielded. Genius possessed by one who is when talent is directed to moral and red a stranger to the principles and spirit of gious matters, to that truth which affect Christianity, and of course to true benevo- our highest interests, nothing, we affirm, ca lence, is as dangerous as poison in the guide it aright, but conscientious and hea hands of a child, or a sword in that of a felt piety. All the motires that mere expe madman. But it will be urged, that many diency can muster, will often be foun who are destitute of real religion, are known insufficient to restrain the ebullitions de to exercise great talents in a very beneficial sceptical and unsanctified genius. Bet manner. To this it is replied, that the pros- when such a genius is invited by the prepect of worldly gain or favour induces many pect of popularity and gain—a too frequent persons to act in a manner very different case-to embark in the cause of vice and from that to which their natural inclination profaneness, vone can estimate the amount would prompt them; but it is very obvious, of mischief which learning, so employed that worldly motives, and principles of mere and so stimulated, will be the means expediency, constitute a very toitering and effecting. If any doubt whether genius be insecure basis of practical virtue. In proof a dangerous thing when united with of this, we may remark, that some men, in depraved heart, let them peruse the writing the exercise of their mental powers, have of Voltaire, of Chesterfield, of Lord Byrol, no particular worldly interests to uphold, in and of many a celebrated novelist. which case, they are left to follow the unob- And, again, if they would be satisded structed bent of their minds; and if this is that learning and talent are chiefly indebted depraved, if they are uninfluenced by con- to religious principle for the utility of their science, if they are the creatures of passion, practical application, they need only think what can be expected but that they will of the writings and personal exertions of “move to confusion, and operate to mis- such men as Luther, Baxter, Wesley, and chief ?"

a multitude of others, whose talents have Again: it is the interest of others to benefited the world in the best and most employ their talents in a vicious and im- extensive manner, but who, but for their proper manner; and when this concurs piety, would bave been curses instead of with the bias of the mind, they have a dou- blessings. ble incentive to the mischievous application Ruinton, Dec. 19. W. ROBINSON of their powers.

It is also to be observed, that in many of those instances of the proper application

RECOLLECTIONS OF A MISSIONARY. of learning and talents by vicious charac

ON THE NEGRO, HOTTENTOT, HINDOO, INDIA, ters, the praise, after all, is in a great mea- AND OTHERS, AS OBJECTS OF MISSIONARIL sure due to the existence of religious prin. ciple. For though most men have suffered When the apostles commenced their mir more from the original apostacy, than sion in the world, they had the polished even their outward conduct would seem to Greeks and the warlike Romans for the

NO. XIV.

BOURS, IN OUR VARIOUS COLONIES.

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