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BRIEF SURVEY OF BOOKS.

PENN AND MUGGLETON.

3. Solitary Hours, by Hartley Lloyd

(Baldwin and Cradock, London, 1834.) 1. The Saint's Encouragement to Dili

Mediocribus esse poetis ence in Christ's Service; with Motives Non homines, non Dii, non concessêre columnæ," nd Means to Christian Aclivity. To 4. Notes on the Gospels, by the Rev. shich is added, as an Erample to prove the Albert Barnes, (Religious Tract Society, oint handled, the Deuth-bed Experiences London,) is a brief and simple commentary, f Mrs. B. By James Janeway, (Tract which seems adapted for the purpose it society,) is a reprint from the edition of professes to serve, namely, to assist teachers 673, of the work of a favourite author in Sunday schools and Bible classes. vith all sincere Christians. It bears all the 5. The Bard of the Sea-Kings, and haracteristic marks of the writings of that other Poems, by E. L. Montagu, (Longveriod, in its numerous divisions and sub- man, London, 1833,) is a little volume of livisions, and copious scripture proofs; poems, which, to say the least, are very it, though amply supplied with the superior to the average poetry of the present uaint melaphors and phraseology of the day. The minor poems are some of them jurilan school, is free from that severe exceedingly sweet, though their effect is ituperation, approaching to scurrility, occasionally injured by fantastic metres. vhich tarnished their productions. The liscourse is founded on 2 Peter i. 11. 'For so an entrance shall be ministered into you abundantly, into the everlasting ingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus (A Dialogue between the founder of Pennsylvania,

and the head of the Muggletonian heresy.) Christ." Though the subject is so elaboately divided, as to consist of no less than The following curious dialogue is taken even general heads, each having numerous from a scarce Tract by William Penn, presubdivisions, the whole is treated with served in the British Museum, and bearing great clearness and ability; the Christian the following quaint title : “The New Witcharacter is drawn with a master.hand; and nesses proved Old Heretickes : or, Inforwe hail its appearance as calculated to pro- mation to the Ignorant; in which the Docmote the true spirit and aim of vital god. trines of John Reeve and Lodowick Muginess, in an age when there is confessedly gleton, which they style, Mysteries never more profession’ than 'possession.' before known, revealed, or heard of from

2. The Sacred Classics ; or, Cabinet the Foundation of the World ; are proved Library of Divinity, edited by the Rev. to be mostly ancient Whimsies, BlaspheR. Cattermole, B. D., and the Rev. H. mies and Heresies, from the evidence of Stebbing, M. A. Vol. I. containing, ' A Scripture, Reason, and several Historians. Discourse of the Liberty of Prophesying, Also, an Account of some discourse bec' by Jeremy Taylor, D. D. ; with twixt L. M. and myself, by which his un Introductory Essay, by the Rev. R. blasphemies, ignorant and unsavoury spirit, Cattermole, (Hatchard and Son, London.) is clearly and truly manifested, in love to Who has not heard of Jeremy Taylor ? the immortal souls of those few who are 2 star of the first magnitude amongst our

concerned in the belief of his Impostures. heological luminaries, whose celebrated By a Living true Witness to that one Eterulogy, (conjointly with that of the late nal Way of God, revealed in the light of Robert Ilall,) from the pen of that re- Righteousness, W, P.- Now, as Jannes nowned scholar, Dr. Parr, has ere now and Jambres withstood Moses, so do these become as familiar to us as

(Reeve and Muggleton) also resist the zames. The volume here announced is a Truth, men of corrupt minds, reprobate eprint of his very able work on the concerning the Faith. But they shall proLiberty of Prophesying;' a work which ceed no further, for their folly shall be $ as creditable to the piety and charities of manifest unto all men, as theirs also was, he writer's heart, as it is to his sound 2 Tim. iii. 8, 9. Printed in the year 1672." sense, logical acumen, and fervid eloquence. It will be seen by the title-page, I have been twice to visit Lodowick hat this volume is to be regarded as one of Muggleton, and at each time I staid too

series, which the enterprising publishers long to repeat all, or the very words which design to issue under the above name. It is passed betwixt us; yet shall I faithfully kery veatly and beautifully printed, and is write something of the matter and words, preceded by an Introductory Essay, highly as neer as I at present do remember them. creditable to the piety and talent of the

P. Art thou the last witness that ever avriter.

shall be ?

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may he be ?

more.

M. Yes, and there shall never be an- endless life, as saith the same Apostle. 1.2 other.

interrupted. P. Who sent thee?

M. Have a care, life and death's betar M. God spake to John Reeve, and he thee, therefore chuse life and live, &c. spoke to me.

P. But, Lodowick, thou pretendest to P. Is that all thou hast to produce, only know the dimensions of God, how he J. R's word for it? to this he avoided. Again,

M. Betwixt your height and his (wee P. Thou sayest, God did not create the ing a friend then present.) earth and the heavens, he only fathomed P. 0, abominable! Well, L. Muggle them; making them co-eternal with God; ton, God will blast thee for ever, thoa pe but Moses said he did: let me see a Bible! sumptuous and blasphemous wretch, if thou

M. Moses put the cart before the horse. turpest not from thy wickedness; with med (This I bore for the next question's sake.)

P. Paul the Apostle, who also wrote, by M. Thou shalt be damned, God be the Inspiration of the Holy Ghost, saith, decreed thou shalt be damned; thou arte God created all things, or made them; and the seed of the serpent. the world is a great part of all things: be- P. Why, then, didst thou set life and sides, if it was before he made it, in this death before me, just now, (saying, thou sense, must it not be God ? since nothing hadst more mind I should be saved, the which is uncreated can be a creature ? any of the Quakers,) if I am ordained to

M. If Paul were living, I would have be damned ? Is it not great deceit, w reproved him for that : come not here to exhort a man to choose what he cannot dispute, but believe; I say it, that's have, though he bid for it; and to res enough.

that which he is unable to avoid ? Bot, P. Canst thou reprove the Holy Ghost; Muggleton, I will not say, that I serre for he spake by it?

such a God; no, my God never ordaina M, Yes.

thee to be damned, whether thou wert wel! P. That's Blasphemy; besides, if thou or ill; this destroys all rewards and punis.say’st it, must I therefore believe it, because ments, and makes evil and good udarost. thou say'st it?

able. At this he grew enrag'd; and but for an M. I would not give a pinn for this Acquaintance by, and a Friend of his, I God which would save us both, now I lart had doubtless been cursed at that time. damn'd thee.

The next time I came (with a friend in P. Why dost thou talk of a God; la company,) I found him sitting by the chim- thou say'st, Thy God can dye; did the ney corner, quaffing with some of his fol- Immortal God ever cease to be! lowers and benefactors, as what we saw M. I would not give a rush for that God before us did evidence. My first salute which can't dye. was thus :

P. I say, thou and thy God shall to the P. How is it, Lodowick? methinks thou pit, from whence ye came, where is death look'st, with thy old thread-bare black suit, and darkness for ever : how can God ees like a sequestered begging priest.

to be, and yet be God : since, if he ceae, M. I am a priest.

every thing that remained in being the P. Art thou! Of what order ?

have been greater, since, below ceasing 13 M. The order of Aaron.

be, is nothing? But suppose this nonsense P. Aaron? where be thy bells, then? and blasphemies; how rose he again! M. I have them in the mystery.

M. God left Elias with power. P. Mystery ? for shame, don't talk of a P. Then Elias was greater than God; mystery; for there was some such thing for that which raiseth is greater than that that did belong to that order, things were which is raised; but if the power Dever altogether external, typical, and figurative : dyed, the power was God, and that which methinks this were enough to shew, that dyed, not God : 0 hellish impudence and thou art no wayes concerned in any chris- blasphemy! O Muggleton, thị end will be tian commission, who art not a Priest after destruction. the order of Melchisedeck, but Aaron, M. W. P. I say thou art a damped whose priesthood is at an end, as said the devil ; remember Thomas Loe, who was Apostle to the Hebrews, chap. vii. so that the wickedest devil that ever I knew, ko thou hast unchristianized thy whole com- never went out of his bed after I curs'd mission, and brings it under the law of a him. carnal commandment, and, therefore, has P. Thy curses are under my feet ; The no part nor portion in the power of an mas Loe was known to be an infirm mæ

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n his natural constitution, as well as by whom? He said, For the people of these
iis great labours,) for near these sixteen nations, to whom he was sent. I told him,
years, who is gone to rest. But thou art then, that rendered both himself, and those
not ashamed to say, he never went out of to whom he was sent, devils, by his own
his bed ; wbo was as well as he used to be, assertion. — He concludes this curious
ind often after abroad ? and when he fell pamphlet with a powerful caution to his
ick, was often up, and changed his lodg- readers, not to be deluded by this im-
ng before he dyed, having been ill three postor.
Feeks. Is this thy infallible spirit, that
thou suggests lyes to thyself and others ?
M. I heard so.

GLEANINGS.
P. Is that enough for one that pretends
to be the last witness of the High and

The IThale.-If among the perilous and adventuMighty God, to say, for a lye, I heard so ? rous occupations of a sea life, there is one! requiring

more energy, activity, skill, courage, and patient Cover thy face for shame.

endurance than another, it is when man, in a fragile M. He writ me a curse, and he writ a skiff, comparatively a nutshell, defies and attacks in

his own element the mighty monarch of the ocean, very good hand too; but for all that, he was one of the fiercest and most active of all the fiony

tribes, the sperm whale. This enormous creature, as a damned devil, and thou, W. P. are as

much a fish of prey as the shark, measures Dearly arrant a devil as he, and you shall be eighty feet in length, and from thirty to forty in cir

cumference; the bend, shaped like a huge box damn'd together.

rounded at the corners, and rising a little towards P. Lodowick, in this thou hast told

the neck, in some species forming Dearly, one-half

of the whole. The tail, moved with as much facility another lye; for it was an apprentice that as the whip of a wagoner, is horizontal, and from

eighteen to twenty-four feet in breadth; while a tre. writ it: where is thy unerring spirit now, mendous lower jaw, from twenty-five to thirty in

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length, thickly studded with conical, curved teeth, ten thou vile impostor? And for being devils

or twelve inches long, is moved as adroitly as the tail, and damned together, God rebuke thee; and both, when running on his side, with a power

that would crush a ship, and a noise like thunder. only this know, that I am willing to go To these irresistible faculties he possesses the agility

of the salmon, leaping from the water, and-as in the where he went; and whither we go, thou

instance of the unfortunate American South-seaman canst not come, without great and unfeigned in 1821---falling on the decks of ships with a weight

capable of shattering or sinking the largest. This repentance.

redoubtable animal wars not only with many other M. Just so, many of you Quakers have fish, but with some of the more peaceable of its own

species, pursuing, attacking, and with its long sharp dyed after my curse; among others, William teeth tearing the flesh from the carcases of many of

the whale-tribe.-- Naval Adventures by Lieut. Bowers. Smith.

Stars.-There is in general do difference in the P. This is another notorious lye; for the

telescopic appearance of fixed stars, except what man is yet living: Well, Muggleton, God arises from difference of magnitude, brilliancy, and

variety of colour. Aldebaran aud Antares are red will reckon with thee for all thy wick- stars, Lyra and Spica Virginis are beautifully white. edness.

Bellatrix and Betelgeux, in the shoulders of Orion,

present a remarkable contrast of colour: Bellatrix is M. Thou art a cheat and a deceiver, white, and Betelgeux of a fiery scintillating lustre.

Some are orange, others ruddy purple, yellow, and P. (My friend spoke.) G. W. Muggle- crimson. Insulated stars, of a red colour, almost ton, have a care what thou sayest! for

as deep as that of blood, occur in many parts of the

heavens: a most remarkable instance is one of an though it is our religion, to forgive injuries; intense ruhy red, varying to scarlet. Sirius is of a

bluish white, and the most splendid fixed star in the yet, perhaps, his friends would question heavens.-Time's Telescope for 1834. thee, and make thee prove it.

Skeletons discovered.-In July last, at Sizanne, in M. I care not a curse for him, nor his the department of the Maine, twelve skeletons were

discovered, in the slope of a small hill, and only four friends, nor greatest man in England. feet below the surface of the earth. They were sepa

rated from each other by a line of rude and unP. Thy black mouth is no slander; but

wrought stone. The head of each was covered by a know, Muggleton, that from my youth I flat stone. Each skeleton had a brass collar round

the neck; and by the side of the hip-bone, wbere the have sought God, and dared not willingly arms had lain, was a strong ring of brass, which to abuse a worm, and, as my friend has

opened like the antique bracelets. The first of the

row bad by his side a straight two-edged sword, but said, thou knowest there are laws other none of the others had arms. No coins, or any

article bearing any inscription, from which any light people make use of to vindicate their credit on the date of these human remains was discovered, by, but I forgive thee; thereby thou may’st

was seen near them.- French Paper. know the difference betwixt our Gods and

Past and Present Prices. - It has been said, and

will be said again, 'Why all this fuss about cheap our religions : thou revilest, and passest food, seeing that we have it cheaper now than we

had twenty years ago ? And we answer the question curses upon me,-I freely forgive thee.

thus:-Twenty years ago, the quartern loaf, it is true, M. I care not a curse for you, nor the was ten-pence halfpenny, and now it is only eight laws neither.

pence halfpenny; but as the currency of the country

(hy the account of the laod advocates) fluctuated This, with many more unsavoury foul

full thirty per cent since then, it follows that six

pence three-farthings dow, would be the correspond. expressions fell from his mouth, He also ing price with ten-pence halfpenny in 1813; whereas affirmed, That God never gave a law, but

we pay eight pence halfpenny. The difference shews

that we pay higher for our bread than we did then ; to devils; and that Moses and the Israel

which is not to be wondered at, considering that,

although children multiply, acres do not; and that
ites were so. I asked him, if he received the population of the present day are required to snb-
a law?
He said, Yes. I asked him, for

sist upon the same growth of food that was had by
the population of 1813.-Corn Law Magazine,

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Expense of Living on the Continent. - As to the also built a very large house, which he has visce met expense of living in different towns on the continent to king Otho, and with the money has boegista for a siogle person, at the first-rate inos, bed and seven islands-called the Petales, to the seas board, anqually, faring sumptuously every day, and of Euboea. A great number of Maltese have attend including every expense whatever, I take it to be Greece as artisans and agriculturists. This is a nearly as follows 10 pounds sterling :-Florence, 1001. advantage, as Greece was much in vant of such Carlsruhe, 1201. Weimar, Elberfeldt, Cassel, Dussel- - Suabian Mercury. dort, Gottingen, Geneva, 1951. Leghorn, Darmstadt, Mapheim, 1301. Utrecht, Heilbroun, 1401. Paris, Rome, Turin, Spa, Milan, Heidelberg, 1501. Rotterdam, Cologne, Aix-la-Chapelle, 1601. Naples, Cob.

Literary Notices. lentz, 1701. Amsterdam, Kebl, 1801. Frankfort, 2001. Calais, 3001. I have not the least doubt a person going to these places, and making an agreement hefore - baud to remain some months, would be

Just Published. boarded for one-half of the surns mentioned, and for still less if he went into private lodging8.- Reminis- Part 60 of the National Portrait Gallery, cences of an Old Traveller.

Memoirs of Sir Joho Soane; Sir Thomas Huss. Diffusion of Light. - The clouds obscure a great

and Samuel Crompton. part of the sun's light, but they are never so dense Part XXXVIII. of Baines's History of LCHÉS as to obstruct it altogether. The light of the sun,

Part XI. of a new edition of the National Presa when it strikes upon the particles of moisture form Gallery, containing Memoirs of Sir Thomas Picas: ing the clouds, is diffused through their whole mass ;

Warren Hastings, and Lord Melville. therefore the light we receive on cloudy days, in- Part III. of Fisher's Views in India, China, and the stead of coming in parallel rays directly from the Shores of the Red Sea, from Original Sketches in sun, is diffused among the vapours in the air, which Commander Robert Elliot, R.N. thus become a great reservoir of light, and transmit Parts I. and II. of the Architectural Directe it to the earth in various directions. Even on the 2nd edition, greatly enlarged. By Jobs Billinga. clearest day, a great portion of the light from the sun Architect is diffused by the vapours of the atmosphere. It is The Artificer's Complete Lexicon for Tessi this diffusion of the light that produces the bright

Prices. By J. Benneti, Engineer. appearance of the sky. It is also to the diffusion of The Importance of Revelation : a Lectare deliver light by the vapours of the atmosphere that we are in Eagle-street Chapel, Red Lion Square, sa 4 indebted for the twilight that ushers in the day, and nesday, Feb. 5, 1834. By Joha Hoppos, M.A., &t. cheers its departure. In a perfectly transparent at.

Ecclesiastical Establishments lodefensible; mosphere we should be left in darkness the instant ply to a Pamphlet by the Rev. W. Hall, entuk the sun was set ; but the clouds and vapours reflect Ecclesiastical Establishments Dot IDconsised v the sun's diffused light, long after he is below the

Christianity." By J. B. Iones. horizon, and during the summer months spread a Part XII. of Fisher's Picturesque Il?nstrates al genial twilight throughout the night.-Philosophical Great Britain and Ireland. Fourth Series, een Conversations.

ing the splendid Lake Scenery, Seats, &c. of e. The Crocodile's tooth-picker.-I have frequently seen

morland, Cumberland, Durham, and Northumber on the banks of the Nile a bird abont the size of a

land. dove, or perhaps rather larger, of handsome plumage,

Praise and Blame, By Rev. C. Williams and making a twittering when on the wing. It has a

Self-Education : or, a Treatise on the importines peculiar motion of the head, as if nodding to some

of Mental Culture and Usefal Knowledge tab one near it, at the same time turning to the right and

Working Classes : with the Practicability, baty, aut left, and making its congé twice or thrice before its

Means of its Acquirement. By a person of the above departure ; a mark of politeness I never before met

Description. with in any of the feathered tribe. I was told that it

In the Press. was called' Suksaque, or Suk-sack, and that tradition had assigned to it the habit of entering the mouth of Divine Providence ; or, the Three Cycles of Rete the crocodile, when basking in the sun on a sand. lation, establishing the Parallelism of the Patriareka bank, for the purpose of picking away what might be Jewish, and Christian Periods; forming 80 episy adhering to his teeth. This being done, it gives the new

Evidence of the Divine Origin of Christinedy crocodile a hint of its wish to depart. The reptile By Dr. Croly: immediately opens its jaws, and permits its animated The First Volume of a Series of Lives of Celin tooth-pick to fly away.- Vados's Travels.

brated Naturalists,' has been a considerable time Kangaroo Island. In the French voyage of dis

preparation for the Edinburgh Cabinet Library, em covery, by Messrs. Peron and Freycinet, we find the

taining Lives of Eminent Zoologists, from Aristote

to Linnæus inclusive, following account of these interesting animals, then little known or disturbed by Europeans. “No iraces

A Popular Introduction to the Modern Classi of the abode of man are to be observed here, and we

cation of Insecis; serving as a Sequel to the * Istri saw but three species of the mammalia ; one of these

duction to Entornology, of the Rev. W. Kirby, ani belongs to the handsome genus dasyrirus ; the other

W. Spence, Esq. By J. o. Westwood, F.L.S.. two are new species, and appear to be the largest of

An Address to the Nobility and Landed Propri the kangaroo tribe. Many of these animals are here

tors of Great Britain and Ireland, on the Distromel of the height of a man, and more when, sitting on

State of

the Agricultural Population, and the Bax their hind legs and tail, they hold their body erect.

fal Effects of Absenteeism. By a London Merebant

. From the favourable circumstance of the absence of

Analysis of the Defective State of Tarapike Razda every enemy, these large quadrupeds have multi

and Turnpike Securities : with Suggestions for the plied very considerably in this island; they associate

Improvement. By Francis Philips. Es there in large herds, In some spots which they are

Necessity of a Commutation of Tithes, sada in the habit of frequenting regularly, the earth is so

Means of rendering

the Soil of the British Lalande trodden, that not a blade of herbage remains. Large

capable of abundantly snpporting twice

the pathways opening into the heart of the woods, abut

of their present Population. Addresed to the Right upon the rea-shore from every part of the interior;

Hon. Visconut Althorp, Chapcellor of the Esck these paths, which cross in every direction, are throughout firmly beaten ; one might be led to sup

The Physiology, Pathology, and Treatment pose at first sight, that the vicinity must be inhabited

Asphyxia

: including Suspended Animation in Net by a numerous and active population. This abundance of kangaroos, rendering the chase as easy as

Wonnds of the Chest,--- Mechanical obairnetisen el productive, we were enabled to procure twenty

the Air Passages, - Respiration of Gases

, - Death from seven, which we carried on board our ship alive,

Cold, &c.&c. By James Phillips Kay, M. B. independent of those which were killed and eaten by

A Series of Lectures on Church Reform. De the crew. This valuable acquisition cost us neither

. ammunition por labour; one single dog was our

Sixteen Discourses on the Liturgical Services purveyor: trained by the English fishermen to this

the Church of England. By the Rev. T. Bonde,

M.A. 1 Vol. having overtaken them. he immediately killed them pilede from Authentic Documents. By the beaches

The Life of the Rev. Rowland Hill, M.A. by tearing the carotid arteries.-Voyage de Découvertes. Edwin Sidney, M. A. of St. John's College, Cap

Sertlements in Greece. - Many Englishmen have bridge, 8vo. with a fine Portrait made purchases of land in Greece, and among them Sir Pulteney Malcolm, who has bought a very fine Bishop of Limerick, with Alexander

Koor, Laq. from

The Correspondence of John Jebb, D D.F.R.S. estate in the environs of Athens. The admiral has 1799 to 1831.

LONDON : PRINTED AT THE CAXTON PRESS, BY H. FISHER, SON, AND CO.

THE IMPERIAL MAGAZINE.

MAY, 1834.

MEMOIR OF WILLIAM JACKSON HOOKER, LL.D. F.R.A. AND L.S. &c.

REGIUS PROFESSOR OF BOTANY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW.

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(With a Portrait.) Tue science of botany, to which Dr. Hooker has almost exclusively devoted himself, is a study, in the prosecution of which this country has been at all times so distinguished, as to stand, at least, upon a level with any other in Europe ; excepting only during the short period of the life of the immortal Linnæus, when such a stream of light was poured upon Sweden as may justly be said to have eclipsed all other nations. But Linnæus was one of those master-minds, which nature seldom produces ; which are not the fruit of a generation or a century; and which, strange to say, commonly stand alone, unpreceded and unfollowed, at least by those who may be supposed to have led the way, or who may be worthy to tread in their footsteps. Such was Homer, among poets; and, among painters, Raphael; and such, also, in natural history, was the great Swede. Before his time, the name of the English Ray might well be compared to that of the French Tournefort ; and, with these, no third could be found to compete. The death of Linnæus was truly a new era for botany in England : from that period, it may be confidently affirmed, that she has been without an equal. For this pre-eminence we are mainly indebted to the late Sir James Smith.

young man, equally unknown to fortune and to fame, he did not hesitate relinquishing his prospects in the medical profession, entirely to devote himself to his ruling passion for natural history, and to import into his native country, at an expense to him overwhelming, the herbarium and the library of Linnæus ; thus constituting himself his heir and representative. These characters, too, he well supported throughout the course of a laborious life ; and the respect, and the regard, and the honours he deserved, have been unanimously bestowed upon him by the learned, as well in his own as in other countries. To him we owe the existence of our Linnaan Society, by far the most distinguished body of that description in Europe ; to him we likewise owe the being able to boast incomparably the best Flora that ever was published ; and to him, in conjunction with the late Mr. Sowerby, we still further owe, what has, perhaps, been above all things, efficacious towards the extension of botanical science in Britain, the work entitled “ English Botany ;" a work which, during the twenty-four years occupied in its publication, afforded every young botanist an opportunity of bringing forward the fruit of his researches, certain that they would neither be lost to the world, nor fail to contribute to his own legitimate

20. SERIES, NO. 41.-Vol. IV.

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2D

185.- VOL. XVI.

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