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only which he has failed to make the islands of Sicily and Malta; these, ; and the punishment should follow indeed, are countries better known, and same proportion. When a father sus- yet, on comparing this account with others, 3 his son of an offence, what is his I cannot deem it so wholly devoid of nose, but to counsel the boy not to aggra- velty as not to give some little information, it by falsehood ? He entreats him to with a little entertainment. ess his fault, and it shall then be either “ These few pages, the wild offspring of iven, or its punishment mitigated. often a fatigued, often a distempered brain, de, on the other hand, he warns him of are not to be more severely scrutinized than a severity of the punishment which awaits social conversation, for, when I arrived at , if falsehood be added to the offence. my evening stage, I retired, to relate to my in English criminal procedure, who friend the state of the day; and the following ht be wished to act the part of a pages are simply copied from those genuine er to an accused person, so far from papers.” nselling him to acknowledge his guilt, The original manuscript was interspersed ises him, on the other hand, to 'with. with various sketches of interesting sports w his plea of guilly, if he has made it, and antiquities. But that journal was lost
to say nothing which may tend to his long before the author died; and the copy, judice in the minds of the jury. The from whence this abstract is taken, was ge, instead of taking the cause, as might burnt with other property, belonging to the expected, neither of the prosecutor nor last surviving sister of Sir William, in a fire he prisoner, but of truth and justice, to about two years ago. id his mind to sift the evidence, and It is rather remarkable, that a very valuit facts, for the purpose either of cleare able manuscript journal, with beautiful
or of convicting the prisoner, as such drawings of objects and scenes in the West ats may turn out to require, at once takes Indies, by the same hand, met a similar fate. t with the prisoner against the prose- The following particulars of the author or; presumes, contrary to every proba- are here given, as no biography of him has Ety, the innocence of the accused, and hitherto appeared.
falsehood of the accusation, where William, the eldest son of Sir William leaning on either side ought to be ad- Young of Délafonde, in the county of Eted. So contrary is legal wisdom and Bucks, by Elizabeth the only child of Dr. ercy to every procedure which plain Brook Taylor, the friend of Newton, was
unsophisticated minds, if left to them- born at Chalion House near Canterbury, xes, would follow.
Nov. 30, 1750. From Eton he went to Such are the leading views which reflec- Clare Hall, Cambridge; but soon left that
on our subject has suggested. There seat of learning for University College,
other parts of it which well deserve Oxford, where he had the present Lord osideration, but which our limits at pre- Stowell for his tutor. In 1772 he travelled t do not allow of pursuing.
with the late Marquis of Buckingham, then June, 1834.
J. S. E. Mr. Grenville, and accompanied by the
celebrated John Brown of Edinburgh,
the landscape painter. In 1786, Mr. TOURNAL OF A SUMMER'S EXCURSION
Young was chosen a Fellow of the Royal MONTECASINO TO
Society; and in 1788 he succeeded to the NAPLES, AND FROM THENCE OVER ALL
baronetcy by the death of his father, who THE SOUTHERN PARTS OF ITALY, SICILY,
was governor, and almost sole proprietor, of AND MALTA, IN THE YEAR MDCCLXXII.
the island of St. Vincent. During the AmeFy the late Sir WILLIAM YOUNG, Bart. F.R.S.
rican war, the author served in the Buckinga prefatory address, the writer says, shire militia ; and in the French revolutionCravelling through a part of Italy visited ary war, he commanded the yeomanry of E by few, and described by none, I that county. In 1784 he was returned to ught it incumbent on me to take such parliament for St. Mawes, but afterwards he es as might thereafter give an adequate sat for the town of Buckingham. In 1807 a of the state and face of the country to he was appointed governor and captain genecurious of my friends and acquaintance. ral of Tobago, where he died in January,
render the narrative less dry, I have 1815. He was twice married, and by his erspersed several classical remarks and first lady, the daughter of Charles Lawrence, Otations, and, for the sake of my female Esq., of Cowley near Uxbridge, he had six quaintance, I have regularly and literally children, four sons and two daughters ; but nslated them.
by his second wife, a relative of the marchio. * In the progress of the same tour, I visited ness of Buckingham, he left no issue. Sir
William Young was an accomplished scho- The modern town is still replete lar, a finished gentleman, and a sincere vestiges of its ancient grandeur. W Christian. The inhabitants of Tobago, in centre of the town are the remark gratitude for the benefits derived from bis ancient columns, the capitals of fuz government, erected a noble monument to them, of a fine Composite order
; s. his memory. He published several tracts little above is a piece of ancient "L" on political subjects, particularly the Poor two very rich Corinthian pilasters ; * Laws, and he revised the manuscript of the whole place are scattered as Bryan Edwards's History of the West ments and remains of antiquity; të " Indies. But the work by which he is best much the most remarkable are those el known is “The History of Athens,” pub- famous temple of Fortuna Prime: lished first with the title of “the Spirit of says Silius Italicus : Athens,” in 1777 and, lastly with the Præneste sanctified by the hallowed mustdia portrait of the author, in 1804. He also
Fortuna Prædeste jagis." printed a few copies of a memoir of his Trace the remains of this temple, and : grandfather, Dr. Brook Taylor, with the will be found very well to concier correspondence and some posthumous the expression “jugis ;" for, inden pieces of that great mathematician.
whole side of the mountain must have a hallowed ground.
Four terrace THE JOURNAL.
raised, one above the other, on tbe deciau Pilestrina, April 27, 1772. of the mountain, the lowest terrace be The sun had just gilded the highermost the longest, the next shorter, and to stone of the noble amphitheatre of Flavius pyramidically to the vertes, where se when we passed it; and immediately leaving the high fane of the goddess
. They the high road, by a less beaten track, struck
races were faced with walls of about it over the vast plain of Rome. Scarcely had feet altitude of diverse matter and te we reached the neighbouring mountains, ration; the lowermost is of brick
, era when the scene became broken and pictu- mented with niches; the second wat : resque beyond the wish of the most luxu- perforated with arches, adorned os rious eye.
lasters; the third is of the opts “ About four in the afternoon we arrived
or net-work, and bears the appeare" at Pilestrina, better known by its ancient having been incrusted; the fourth and name Præneste. It is placed on the ex. of which there are many remairs
, i treme point of a branch of the Apenvines hewn stone. It was in this temple, ae shooting forth into most extensive and learn from Pliny, that the mosaic p* highly cultivated plain. This peculiarity of ment was first made use of. " Liteta situation makes it a most beautiful point of pavimenta captivere jam sub Syla pre view for many miles ; and in return regales vulis certe. Crustis extat hodieque quis it with prospects as various as extensive; in Fortunæ delubro Præneste fecit." at the same time its altitude and want of Kingdom of Naples, Monte Caside, Azi! shelter lay it open to the Tramontane winds, The cock just hailed the dawn, txe # which, rushing from the snowy summits of
was grey, the divers objects of the ne the Apennines, cool even the glowing cheek plain below half glimmered to the return of summer.
when we descended from Præneste. At Seu mihi frigidum Præneste,
road lay through a country most beautii or the “cold Præneste," says Horace; and contrasted by a flowery chain of raky Juvenal,
twisted and winding amidst cloud-care Quis timet aut timuit gelida Præneste ruidam? mountains. The richness of sol asd (On "cold Præneste's" dreary rock.
tivation in these bottoms was beyond is This, as well as most other places, is fond and what seemed most surprising, sro of throwing its antiquitiy back as far as the a vast tract of these luxuriantly laboet Trojan war : some say it was founded by vales, not a house, scarcely a hut
, was ? Prænestus, son of Ulysses and Circe; Plu- be seen.
The country people
, fearid: tarch says, by another son called Telegonus, the bad air occasioned by the stagram who built and named the place Il pivisos, water, pent up vapours, and strong to which the barbarism of vulgar pronuncia- lations in these deep valleys
, flock to e tion gradually drew into Præneste. Virgil towns placed on the declivity of the best gives the honour of founder to one Cæculus. It was observable, with respect to the points “Nec Prænestinæ fundator definit nrbis
sants, that the women went barefoot
, azt Vulcano gentium pecora inter agrestia Regerp Inventumque focis, omnis quem credidit ætas,
the men were all well and cleanly six Cæculus." And great Præneste's founder, Cæculus
They seemed a happy, honest, bardment Who sprang from Vulcau, rul'a ibe rastic tribe,
ing people; nor could there be a beste
proof of it, than that we met not with a We dined in a private apartment,
with beggar during the whole journey; whereas, the father who shewed us the convent : on the high roads of Italy, a traveller is our dinner consisted of nine dishes, of greeted with the moan of half the village, most excellent cookery. Voluptuous anevery post you arrive at.
chorets! every kind of trade, recommended The second day, late in the evening, by necessity or pleasure, is carried on we arrived at Casino; near it are some within their walls. Last carnival, I am sex fragments of a temple, and small am- informed, they had music here to divert phitheatre. Twelve years ago a stone was
them with operas.
They go any where found there, and is now deposited in the within the limits of Italy, whenever they convent of Mount Casino, with this inscrip- choose; for they are in nothing restricted, tion :
as in other orders; they hunt, they shoot, "Ummidia C. T. Quadratilla Amphitheatrum et indeed, what do they not do? There were Templum Cassinatitus sua pecunia fecit.”
but thirty religious of the eighty at the From the little town of Casino, you convent, when
visited it. Going up to have three miles of very steep ascent to the convent, I was desired to observe an the convent of that name. We delivered impression in the rock, made by the knee our letter of recommendation, when one
of Saint Benedetto, when he said his of the order very politely offered us bis prayers there. I expected a most perfect services. The convent is of vast extent; intaglio of a knee, but must own was disits church is very large, and richly en- appointed. By-the-bye, these reverend lords crusted with the most precious stones and being obliged to entertain all who choose marbles; but both the architecture and
to honour them with their company, have incrustation are of the worst taste.
taken care to render the passage through possesses several good pictures, chiefly of their domain so difficult, as to obviate the Neapolitan school ; of which the finest any temptation their good cheer might is a large picture over the great door, repre- offer, More pains indeed are taken here senting the sanctification of Saint Bene.
to destroy the roads than in any other part detto, the founder, by Luca Giordano.
of Italy to mend them. In the refectory is a most noble and large picture of the miracle of loaves and fishes
Ariano, May 13th. by Bassan; and in the private apartments The seventh day we arrived at Naples : of the convent, among several other good a few days afterwards Mr. T- joining oid pictures, is a fine Holy Family by us, we engaged a muleteer, and immeRaffaele. In the library is a chair, quite diately set forward towards Apulia; a horse perfect, of Oriental red marble, of most falling sick the first day, we, only made excellent workmanship, said to be of the sixteen miles through a very rich flat time of Augustus. This is supposed to country. The cultivation might, in some be one of the richest and most powerful parts, be termed even triple; fruit - trees, convents in Italy.
supporting festoons of vines, afforded in A word with respect to its institution. this climate a by no means noxious shade The community consists of near eighty to various sorts of grain. To obviate any religious persons, all of noble birth, and a accident to their fruit-trees, they substitute father abbè, whose office endureth six the hoe to the ploughshare, and turn the years; at the end of which he returns to furrow by manual labour; the men and a private station in the order, and another women promiscuously working in the field : is then chosen in his room. The superior the severest toils of agriculture being in this is
, by his office, first baron of the kingdom country common to both sexes. of Naples; and if honour should attend The second day we passed Avellino, power and riches, pre-eminence of place anciently called Avellinum. It is no desis justly his, for the convent numbers from picable town, and the approach to it the lofty pinnacle where it stands, six and through a long avenue of exceedingly large thirty villages, which, with the adjacent poplars is most noble: it is situated in a lands, belong to them, and are subject to bottom, surrounded by very high moun. their feudal jurisdiction in its greatest ex- tains, covered with woods. We dined tent, besides various possessions in Cala- there, and the same evening reached Mirabria and other parts of Italy. They are bella, having passed a rich mountainous obliged by their institution to hospitality; country, and very populous, if one may every traveller, poor or rich, having a claim judge from the number of the villages, no to bed and board for three days, in a style single house being to be seen. At dayof magnificence and accommodation accord- break, leaving Mirabella, we still continued ing to his rank.
mounting and descending the ridges of the
Apennines, abounding much in corn, little It stands solitary and aloof from the otber in cattle : the prospect was every where on mountains which border this plain; oper, a vast and striking scale, highly contrasted alone, exposed : hence it is a striking and with hill and dale, of which not a spot well.chosen descriptive circumstance of a escapes the vigilance of the countryman, stormy season, that save now and then a towering snow.clad
Querceta Gargani laborant. rock, which, raising its huge head into the
Garganus labours now with all his oaks. seventh heaven, seemed to disdain all
Molfata, May 19. commerce with men. The rivers here are
What a vast, what a level plain! miles by no means either so profitable or orna- and miles have we travelled over, and the mented as in tamer plain countries ; they borizon seemed to fly before our horses' are either impassable torrents which lay heads ! At thirty miles' distance from waste the country, or mere beds of gravel, Foggia we found a single house, with no according to the accidents of weather and other accommodation than diriy straw.
The next morning we continued our In the evening we arrived at Arriano, journey over the plain, an immense down, the ancient Ara Jani, situated on the pin- spotted here and there with acres of various nacle of an exceeding high mountain. It
kinds of grain, and eight miles from our is an extensive town, of a most snigular last rest we arrived at and crossed the appearance, from the grottoes formed in
Ofanto, better known by the ancient name the side of the hill, and rising in rows one of Aufidus. Spite, however, of the peels, above another, which being fortified with
the river, when we passed it, was but a doors, make tolerable dwellings for the
lame and muddy stream : yet Horace says, poorer inhabitants. Nine miles to the
Sic tauriformis volvitur Aufidus, south of Arriano is the famous lake of
Qui Regna Dauni præfluit Appuli, Ansanto, of which Virgil speaks :-
Cum sævit, horrendemque culti
Diluviem meditatur agris. Est locus, Italia in medio sub montibus altis,
And thus the horned Aufidus doth roll, Nobilis, et fama multis memoratus in oris,
Where thro’ Appulian Daunus' realm he pours, Amsanati valles : densis hunc frondibus atrum Urget utrumque latus nemoris, medioque fragorus
When rushing from his boist'rous source he threats
A dreadful deluge to the laboured field.
Cum ripa semel arolsos ferat Aufidus acer. And fam'd through distant lands, Ampsanctus'vale: On either side impends a gloomy grove,
Snatch'd with the moulder'd bank away, In th' midst a torrent dashing froin above,
of rapid Aufidus the prey. Rolls with deep murmurs thro' the rocky vale. The truth is, that rivers in this country may
Foggia, May 16, 1772. come under any predicament according to Fifteen miles from Arriano commences the circumstances of season. Having passed large forest of Bovino, set apart for the this famous river, we entered on the mechace of his Sicilian majesty ; leaving morable field of Cannæ, the most level, and which we entered on a hilly down of rich forming part of the most extensive plain ! pasture, from whose brow, at thirty miles ever beheld. It was here that, in the second distance, we had a fine prospect of the Punic war, Hannibal routed and destroyed Adriatic, looking over an immense vale, almost the whole Roman army under the beautifully checkered with corn, pastur: command of Terentius Varro. age, and villages. Nearly in the centre of Four miles from the Aufidus we reached this plain stands Foggia, a pretty provincial Barletta, anciently called Barduli; a town, containing some few gentry. On our well - built sea - port town, formerly tolearrival, finding a fair there, said to be the rably fortified; but the walls are now in greatest in the kingdom for live-stock of all ruin, and nothing in decent repair but the kinds, we determined to stay a day or two. castle. There seems to be bui bad riding The cattle were not very numerous, small
, for vessels of burden, and even small boats and out of order : the horses have in gene. are much exposed. In the market there is ral the happy quality of vice without spirit. an antique colossal imperatorial statue, but From Foggia towards the sea you look on not of fine workmanship. the towering mount Gargano, not a little From Barletta we reached Trani, likenoted in Italy for its chapel and grotto of wise a maritime town. It carries its antiI forget what saint; stretching into the sea, quity as far back as the Trojan war, claimit forms the great gulf of Manfredonia, so ing Tyrannus the son of Diomede for its Virgil :
founder, who called it Tyrannum. Trajan Appulus Adriacus exit Garganus in undas.
rebuilt and augmented it: and from that Apulian Garganus shoots forth amidst the Adriatic
epoch it bore the name of Trajanapolis, but for brevity's sake it was afterwards called
ajani, and at present Trani. The same hospitable houses being negligently left to у we passed another maritime town, cobwebs and every kind of filth. There is iled Biscelio, and from Biscelio late in nothing remarkable in the town, save the e evening arrived at Molfata. The coun- cathedral of St. Nicholas, a Gothic build, we passed between Barletta and Mol- ing, in which are mixed some few attempts ta was exceedingly rich in various sorts of at the Grecian taste; several antique gramn, and vines, almond, pomegranate, and nite columns are made use of in the build
ive-trees, ing at random distances, and ing, but the odd capitals which are posted 2:ared in the same field with the barley and on them, one would think must have been
heat.--I never saw any thing which so designed by way of ridicule. Below the such resembled the antique accuracy in cathedral is a subterraneous church, well uilding as in these small maritime towns. worth looking into on account of the sinhey are built of a kind of hard stone, or gularity of the ceiling, which is all painted, ither bastard marble than stone, so well and by some masterly hand; we thought it ad truly fitted together, that there is almost savoured of the school of Calabrese. som to doubt whether they make use of In proportion as we were distant from ay cement. The houses, however, are Naples, we found the females of a less i nasty and inconvenient within as they hideous race; the sex in these parts is ppear handsome and well-built from with- really not disgusting even to an English ut. The road from Naples, as far as Bar- eye. atta, is very good, for which the public is
(To be continued.) bliged to the king's taking the chace of Bovino; as it is obliged, for the road from
DR. FRANKLIN'S ALLEGORY OF laples to Rome, to his majesty's being aarried.–Kings in these regions are not Dr. FRANKLIN, though unquestionably a ings of the people, but the people are the very ingenious writer, levied such large jeople of the kings.
contributions upon the works of other Bari, May 20.
authors, especially those who were comScarcely had the sun appeared from the paratively but little known, that if all the nountain's top when we renewed our jour- borrowed portions were restored to their ley. The country was in the same rich- rightful owners, not much would be left for ness of cultivation as that we passed on the honour of the American philosopher, he preceding day; but the road was most Among the letters of the Doctor is one to nsufferably bad : more than once a French lady, in which he says: crazy equipage failed, when, being obliged “ You may, perhaps recollect, Madam, o descend, we were well soused by the when we lately spent so happy a day in ain, which fell in torrents. I could not the delightful gardens of Moulin Joli, with help thinking of Horace, who, in the the amiable society who reside there, that account of his journey into these parts, I stopped in one of our walks, and percomplains much of the like impediments: mitted the company to pass on without Inde Rubos fessi pervenimus : utpote longum, Carpentes iter, et factum corruptius imbri.
“We had been shewn an infinite number Postera tempestas melior, via pejor, ad usque Bari mænia piscosi.
of dead flies of the ephemeron species; the Tir'd out, as travellers well might be, who'd past
successive generations of which, it is said, So many miles, and those most rugged made
are born and die on the same day. I hapBy rain still worse; to Rubum thence we came : pened to perceive on a leaf a living family The next day brighten'd, but the road grew worse, E'en till we touch'd on Bari's fishy coast.
engaged in conversation,
“You know, Madam, I understand the And, indeed, it is finely situated for fishing, languages spoken by all the species inferior enjoying a very flat sandy shore ; it hath a to our own. The very close application I very good little port for small vessels, but I give to the study of them, is perhaps the saw no place where those of burden might best excuse I can offer for the little profi. meet with the same shelter and security.-- ciency I have made in your charming This town is the provincial capital of the tongue. country for many miles round, which dis- “Curiosity led me to listen to the convertrict bears the title of Terra di Bari: and is, sation of these little creatures ; but from moreover, the seat of an archbishop. The the vivacity peculiar to their nation, three town is large for this part of the world, or four of them spoke at once, and I could bears a decent appearance from without, scarcely learn any thing from their disbut within doors still presents the same
I understood, however, from nauseous scene of dirt and vermin as the some broken sentences which I caught neighbouring places; the best and most now and then, that they were warmly dis