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that which endowed his heart with holy Edward I. In the Exchequer there is an sensibilities and appointed him to loftier account of the expense of this latter buildmusings than the things of time and sense ing, which commenced on the 28th of April, can supply.
1292, and occupied the workmen something Though continually thrust down by sedu
more than two years: the carpenters were ous preoccupation of the mind, there must paid 5d. each per day, while the other workDe laient belief that the fashion of the things
men received from 24d. to 3 d. each.
the 29th of March, 1298, St. Stephen's -shich absorb it passeth away, Chapel was burnt, together with the greater truggling upwards and asserting a right to
part of the palace. During the wars in Fix its regards, otherwise the poems of which Edward I. was engaged, and which Herbert would long since have been con- his son and successor, Edward II., continued, igned by tacit consent to the oblivion the chapel was not restored. But early in which awaits all reveries too idle and unreal the reign of Edward III. a roll of expenses o engage our sympathies ; nor could any still existing, shows that the works for the display of the early untutored vigour of new chapel of St. Stephen, within the palace a newly awakened language have redeemed of Westminster, began on the 27th of May, them from this fate. As it is, very many
1330. Eight years afterwards, by a royal are content he should remind them of what
charter, the chapel was appointed to be col
legiate, with a dean, twelve secular canons, hey would willingly forget, so that he
twelve vicars, and other ministers, to celeHelight them by the happiness of his fancy,
brate divine service for the king and his sucthe tenderness of his sentiments, and a cer
These spiritual persons were enEain forcible but odd propriety of phrase dowed, by royal grant, with the king's great peculiar to himself, unless we join a kin- house in Lombard-street, London, the padred spirit, Quarles, the author of the tronage and advowsons of Dewsbury and Emblems, in this latter ascription,
Wakefield, in Yorkshire, in perpetual alms But the principal design of these towards their support; and with money from poems is to describe how the author's mind the Treasury, to make up together £500 was from time to time affected by objects yearly, until the king should provide for to which the majority of mankind are worse
them other lands and revenues of that yearly than indifferent; in short, they are simply 1348, the same day as the foundation charter
value. This charter is dated August 6th, the spiritual records of one who had vowed
Master to keep his heart with all diligence, and
of St. George's College, Windsor. intended little more than to trace and bewail paid £3. 6s. 8d. for forming two images of
Richard, of Reading, had previously been its wanderings, and to show the goodness of
St. Edward and St John, for the front gable God in the array of means which solicit or
of the chapel. In 1350, Hugh of St. Alban's, compel its return.
master of the painters for the works within the chapel, was empowered by the king to
take and choose as many painters and other THE LATE HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT, ETC.
workmen as he should find in Kent, Mid
dlesex, Essex, Surrey, aud Sussex, for carryOld and New Palace-yard, with some of ing on the works, and other persons were the buildings adjacent to Westminster-hall, empowered by royal warrants to constrain are the site and remains of the Old Palace of the painters and workmen of other countries the kings of England, erected by Edward for the same purpose. On the 1st of Januthe Confessor. The greater part of the ary, 1353, Edward III. gave the collegiate Old Palace was consumed by a great fire in body certain ground from the great hall to the reign of King Henry Vill., which occa- the Thames, whereon to build a cloister and sioned the Court to remove to Whitehall, houses necessary for the chapel. By the and to the ancient hospital of St. James : same grant they obtained several other from that time the hospital becoming a royal houses thereabouts, with a right of way all residence, acquired the denomination of St. day through the great hall, and an exempJames's Palace.
tion from all taxes. Subsequently they had The House of Lords 'was one of the a grant of the advowson of the church of chambers of the Old Palace of Westminster, Birton, and a certain portion of tithes which and was used as the Court of Requests had been severed from that parish church. before it became assigned to the Peers in The king likewise settled on them his 'Tower
as a place of sitting at the time of Bucklersbury, in London, called Sewte's of the union with Ireland.
Tower, with his hospitium, or house called St. Stephen's Chapel, the late House of Le Reole, since called Tower Royal, in Commons, is supposed to have been origi- London, in part satisfaction of an annual nally erected by King Stephen in honour of issue the College had been wont to receive the
proto-martyr St. Stephen, as a chapel to from the Exchequer. The same king, by the Old Palace. This edifice seems to have his last will, vested certain manors, lands, &c., been destroyed and re-edified by King in John Duke of Lancaster, in trust, for the
further endowment of this college and other “ The Library and the adjoining na religious houses, which the trustees duly ap- which are now undergoing altenten propriated, until Sir Simon de Burley, con- well as the Parliament offices and the real stable of the Tower and chaplain to Richard II. of the Lord Great Chamberlain, saate persuaded that prince to dispossess them of with the Committee - rooms, basekara this property and grant it to Burley and his apartments, &c., in this part of the biti heirs. Burley was afterwards attainted, and are saved. his possessions becoming forfeited to the “ House of Commons. The house, Bore XT crown, the king resettled the lands as before. committee-rooms, housekeeper's aporten For the use of this college Edward III. caus- &c., are totally destroyed (except ed to be erected, westward from the Palace committee-rooms Nos. 11, 12, 14
, ut la Court, in the Little Sanctuary, a strong which are capable of being repaired. clock-house, or bell-tower, of stone and tim- official residence of Mr. Ley (Clent et to ber, covered with lead, containing three great House,)--this building is totally destropea bells, which were afterwards usually rung at The official residence of the Speate-1 coronations, triumphs, and funerals of princes, state dining-room under the House of la and which gave such a huge sound, that it mons is much damaged, but capable de was commonly said they soured all the drink ration.-All the rooms from the eriel vide in the town. At first the canons and other to the south side of the House of Comen officers inhabited the cloisters before-men- are destroyed.—The Levee rooms and are tioned, but afterwards buildings were erected parts of the building, together with the parts for them between the clock-house and the galleries, and part of the cloisters Vej se woolstaple, called the weigh-house. They damaged. had occasionally lodged in Canon-row; but, “ The Courts of Law.—These being on vacating that place, it became chiefly the will require some restoration. residence of noblemen and gentlemen, with “ Westminster Hall.-No damage has es good houses for their accommodation. The done to this building. last dean, Dr. John Chamber, built, adjoining “ Furniture.The furniture, fixtures, ut to the chapel, a cloister of curious workman- fittings to both Houses of Lords and le ship, at an expense of 11,000 marks. On mons, with the committee-rooms belangry. the suppression of religious houses, the thereto, is with few exceptions destroys college of St. Stephen was valued The public furniture at the Speaker's it £1,085. 10s. 5d., and in the first year of great part destroyed. Edward VI. it was surrendered to the crown. “ The Courts of Law.— The furniture r Soon afterwards, the House of Commons, nerally of these buildings has sustained er which until then had usually assembled in siderable damage. the Chapter-house of Westminster Abbey, “ The strictest inquiry is in progress removed their sittings to St. Stephen's Chapel, the cause of this calamity, but there is which had been fitted up for their reception. the slightest reason to suppose that ** From that time it became appropriated to arisen from any other than accident their meetings, and received successive alterations and improvements, until its final
“ Office of Woods," Oct. 17th." destruction with the House of Lords by fire on Thursday Oct. 16th.
We subjoin an Official Report of the damage occasioned by the fire :“ The following is the official report upon
BELGRAVE LITERARY AND SCIENTIS the damage done to the buildings, furni
INSTITUTION. ture, &c., of the two Houses of Parliament
; The first half-yearly meeting of this en the Speaker's official residence, the official residence of the clerk of the House of Com
tion was held on Monday evening izc, .' mons, and to the Courts of Law at West
Earl of Munster in the Chair. It appen minster-hall, occasioned by the fire on the from the report that the number of messe 16th day of October, 1834, as far as can at is 220; that the library
, which is to present be ascertained :
increasing, already contains upendo “ House of Peers. The House, Robing- 1,500 volumes a large portion of the and the rooms of the resident officers
, as far tution, and are of a select and valuable e rooms, Committee-rooms in the west front, had been presented by members of the sea as the Octagon Tower at the south end of the
racter. The report made particular est building-totally destroyed. “ The Painted Chamber totally de
of a recent present of the " Yverdua Exi stroyed.
clopædia,”' 58 vols. 4to, from the Ext 2 ". The north end of the Royal Gallery, Munster, and of a curious Oriental abutting on the Painted Chamber, destroyed script from Lord Byron
. The list de from the door leading into the Painted tures announced for the present sa Chamber, as far as the first compartment of included the names of many indirekte columns.
most eminent in science and literatur
among these may be mentioned Drs. Grant, and encouraging. A plan for erecting a Turner, Birkbeck, Hope, Ritchie, and more commodious building for the purothers. The evening meetings, held once a poses of the institution was alluded to in Fortnight, were mentioned as one of the the report; and it was stated that, as soon most pleasing and useful branches of the as it was more matured in its details, it institution; and
from various mem- would be submitted to a general meeting of bers and friends, on highly-interesting sub- the members. The adoption of the report ects, were announced. The financial state- was moved by the Rev. Percival Frye, and ment recorded various donations of money seconded by C. W. Dilke, Esq., and carfrom private members of the institution, also ried unanimously. The Earl of Munster, a life subscription of 25 guineas from P. after he had quitted the Chair, in reply to a Hesketh Fleetwood, Esq., M.P., and a vote of thanks most cordially given, expres. donation of 10 guineas from the Rev. sed his warm interest in the welfare of the Henry Blunt, A.M., Vice-Presidents of the institution, and his conviction that it would institution. In general the statement of the meet with more distinguished patronage accounts of the institution was satisfactory and more extended success.
METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL at Walsall, from Sept. 23, to Oct. 22, 1834, inclusive. ..The situation of Walsall is so near the Centre of England, that its Temperature may be taken as the
Average of the whole Kingdom.-Latitude 52o, 34', 30" N ; Longitude 1°, 57', 0" W-Thermometer in the shade NW aspect.
During 8 3 1 9 Barom
Night A M PM PM
Weather and Observations
26 3d qr.
1834. days. Spt23 19
42 1948 55 51 29.90 N. E. Fair. 24 20 45 51 59 54 29.84 S. E.
Fair. 25 21 52 55 61 54 29.80 S. E. Fair,-rain in night.
51 54 59 60 29.60 S.E. to S. Rain. 27 23 48 58 61 53 29.55 S. Fair. 28 24 47 55 63 55 29.79 E. Fair. 29 25
53 58 52 29.91 E. by N. Rather cloudy. 30 26
50 57 52 29.81 E. Fair. Oct. 1 27
41 47 57 50 29.81 E. Fair.
49 63 54 29.82 S. Fair.
56 29.86 S. W. Fair.
57 29.83 S. W.
Fair. 8 5 51 57 64 59
29.70 S. W.
Fair,--brisk wind. 9|1st qr. 55 56 60 52 29.52 s.W. Rather cloudy,-slight rain in evening. 10 7
40 43 58 41 29.70 N. Fair. 111 8
38 52 41 29.55 N. Fair. 12
36 52 50 29.77 NESby W A.M. fair.-P.M. rather cloudy. 13 10 46 52 57 54 | 29.63 S. by W. Fair,-brisk wind. 14 11 48 53 51 48 29.40 S. A.M. heavy rain,-P.M. cloudy. 151 12 35 43 49 44 29.38 S. A.M. fair,-P.M. showery. 16 13 39 46 57 52 29.06 S.W. Cloudy,-high wind in night. 17) Full 44 46 49 42 29.20 N.W. Heavy showers,-high wind. 18 15 38 40 47 43 29.37 W. Hard gales with heavy showers. 19 16 32 41 51 52 29.62 S. A.M. drizzling rain,-P. M. showery, 20 17 41 54 56 50 29.33 S.W. A.M. rain,-P.M. fair. 21 18 45 47 46 40 29.89 N. by E. Fair. 221 19 36 40 51 50 29.48
Dark cloudy weather, drizzling rain. Greatest height of Thermometer, Oct. 5, 3 P. M. Least height of Thermometer, Oct. 12, during night.
• 30. .. Range 36 Greatest height of Barometer, Sept. 29,
29.91 inches. Least height of Barometer, Oct. 16, .
29.06 . . . Range 0.85 Just Published. The Preacher's Mangalor, Lectares es Pers containing the Rules and Examples mer every species of Pulpit Address : Gewed 10, ** By S, T. Sturtevant, 2 rols. 1200.
his theoretical knorledge, made porn Minister of Jastice to be allowed 23 pre proving what he asserted by an ex minal condemner to death. The Woody with his request, and delivered to b.. Assassin. A man who had beea lor of UN parents. The physician told him the better who bad taken an interest in his family, leave of the minister that he sbe k safe 1 some other way than on the scafold. to y grace of a public execation: aod obe ekstra o he could die should be bs bloog. T: minal agreed to the prope, and cost happy in being freed from the pasizle wbich he would otherwise base ber rejoiced at being thus enabled to ware the his friends and family. At the tip? physician repaired to the prisoa. 200 der ing been extended on a table, bis eyes every tbing being ready, he was elixby the principal veios of the legs and a part of a pin. At the four corners of the table little fountains filled with water, fras victs small streams, falling into basios para received them. The patient, thiskix Pe blood that trickled into the basis, ani se and weaker by degrees, and the reset cal men in attendance, in reference be appearance of the blood (made with the c increased the delusion, and he spoke 3d until his voice was at leogth scarcels secs 2. profound silence which reigued in the and the constant dropping of the fet, extraordinary an effect on the brate af patient, that all vital energies were although before a very strong man, and be dete having lost a single drop of blood."-La Canon
Purification of Sea Water.-The experiment with the newly-invented apparatus of Mr. Wells, for puri. fying salt water on board of ships, and rendering it fit for the purpose of drinking. cooking, and washing, was repeated on board a vessel inoored for the occa. sion alongside Carey's floating-bath, off Westminster. bridge. The experiment was completely successful, and answered the expectations of the persons present to witness the process, amongst whom were several Captains in the wavy and persons connected with the shipping interest. The apparatus itself is in height about 4 feet 6, and in breadth and length about 4 feet. It is a steain kitchen, calculated to supply the place of a galley and cabouse, and capable of cooking for 70 or 80 persons. It weighs about 11 cwt, and cousumes in 12 hours about 2 cwt, of coals. It purities sea water at the rate of a quart a minute; the stem or distilled water is condensed with great rapidity by means of a pipe or tube though which it passes, being carried along the outside of the bows and side of the vessel, and brought into immediate contact with the ocean, by which means it is rendered immediately cool : the pipe re-enters the vessel and the fluid drops from it as from the worm of a common still. This simplification of the process of condensation appears to be the principal novelty. and it is not the less valuable for its simplicity of contrivance. The water is fit for cooking or washing immediately it decends from the end of the pipe, but it is impregnated with a slight aroma, which renders it dot quite fit (though it is very nearly tit) for drink. ing, until it has been passed though a tilteringmachine, or exposed for some hours to the operation of the atmosphere, by which means it collects the carbonic acid and oxygen, of which it has been deprived hy distillation. The advantages to be gained from this iurention are, the small quantity of fuel consuined in cooking, the certain supply of a palatable water, and the increased room for freight age, by the space occupied by carrying tanks or water-casks being no longer needed for that purpose. The water has no taste whatever of the victuals which are cooked during its purification, which was shown recently by the fact that a dinner was being dressed for upwards of 30 persons at the time the experiment was proceeding. The salt can be col. lected, and may be made serviceable, or it may be kept in solution by the heat, and drawn off by means of cocks.
A Storm in the Orkneys. If the tourist has the good fortune to be in the Orkney during a storm, he will cease to regret the absence of some of the softer and more common beauties of Landscape, in contemplation of the most sublime spectacle which he ever witnessed, By repairing, at such a time, to the weather shore, particnlarly if it be the west side, he will behold waves of the magnitude and force of which he could not have previously formed any adequate conception, tumbling across the Atlantic like monsters of the deep, their beads erect, their manes streaming in the wind, roaring and framing as with rage, till each discharges such a Niagara food against the opposite precipices as makes the rocks tremble to their fonnda. tions, while the sheets of water that immediately ascend, as if from artillery, hundreds of feet above their summits, deluge the surronding country and fall like showers on the opposite side of the Island. All the springs withio a mile of the weather coast are rendered brackish for some days after such a storm, Those living half a mile from the precipice declare that the earthero floors of their cots are shaken by the concussion of the waves. Rocks, that two or three men could not lift, are washed about, even on the tops of the cliffs, which are between 60 and 100 feet above the surface of the sea when smooth, and detached masses of rock of an enormous size are well known to have been carried a considerable distance between low and high water mark. Having visited the west crags some days after a recent storm, the writer found sea insects abundant on the hills near them, though about 100 feet high ; and a solitary limpet, which is proverbial for its strong attachment to its native rock, but which also seemed, on this occasion, to have been thrown up, was discovered adhering to the top of the cliff, 70 feet above its; usual position.Anderson's Guide to the Orkneys.
Force of imagination, - A few years ago, a celebrated physicias, author of an excellent work on the force of imagination, being desirous to add experimental to
Practical Holiness the Omament of Cher By the Rev. John Flavel. With a Recono by Mrs. Mason, author of " Spiritual 1res. 7.";
Tbe Three Sisters. By the Rer. A. B. SCOTT
The Young Man's Compagion in the World by Anecdote and Example, in jus vices ad *
Historia Technica Anglicana, arrangement of the leading events in Fort from the earliest notices of the cogairy to time ; with an entirely Original System of YRE. By Thomas Rose,
Alpbabet of Electricity, for the use of begin By W. M. Higgins, 1600.
A Grammar of Phredology ; er, an Anna Faculties of the Human Mind. By HD Esq.
Professor'of Phrenology and atarl I A Familiar Lecture, illustrative of thirr of the Human Body, exhibitiog the pere, & and goodness of Almighty God in the erste Man. By ll. W. Dewhurst, Eng. Ada in Risiog Generation. Sixth edit, 810.
In the Press. The Life of Thomas Linacre, N. D., Phun King Henry VIII. and founder of the 4 Physicians in London, with Memoirs of me raries, and of the Rise an Progress of L more particularly of the Schools, frog the the Sixteenth centuries inclosire. Br Jean Johnson, M. D., late Fellow of the College cians, London. Edited by R. Graves, or the Temple, Esq.
Six Lectures on the Atheistie Cootropers, vered at Sion Chapel, Bradford. By the Soup Godwin, author of "Lectures on British (abe Slavery.
The First Volume of Mr. Marray's Parare le tion of Boswell's Life of Johnson: printed with the Works of Byron and of Crabe, 180 lished with Engravings by the Findees, after I *** taken on the
spot hy Stanfield; will be pak.cz the 1st of January dext.
Hector Fieramosca ; or, The Challenged Seven An Historical Tale ; by the Marquis D'A.567
LONDON : PRINTED AT THE CAXTON PRESS, BY #. FISHER, SON, AND CO.