Imagens das páginas

Literature New Publications.

[March 7. 1818. Observations on the Circumstances which In. A Narrative will speedily be published of a last canto of Childe Harolde, have been already fuence the Condition of the Labouring Classes Voyage to Barbary, and of a residence at Al- bespoken. of Society ; by J. Barton.

giers ; comprising sketches of the Dey and his Dr Hibbert, who lately visited the Shetland Letters from the Hon. Horace Walpole to ministers, anecdotes of the late war, with ob- islands, with the view of determining their geogGeorge Montagu, Esq. from 1736 to 1770, now servations respeeting the relations of the Barbary nostical structure and relations, found in the first published from originals in possession of the states with the Christian powers, and on the ne island of Uist considerable masses of that valuzeditor. Royal 4to.

cessity of their complete subjugation ; by Signor ble substance, the chromate of iron. Original Letters, from Richard Baxter, Mat- | Pananti; with notes by Edward Blaquiere. Esq. Shortly will be published, Scientific Tables, thew Prior, Lord Bolingbroke, Alex. Pope, Dr The author of this interesting publication had or the Juvenile Student's Classical Guide to the Cheyne, Dr Hartley, Dr Sam. Johnson, Mrs resided many years in England, and was return- Sciences. Montague, Rev. Win Gilpin, Rev. John New-ing to Naples when the ship which conveyed We have to announce Vol. 2 of the Annual ton, Lord Geo. Lyttleton, Rev. Dr C. Bucha- him was taken by a corsair and carried to Al- Biography for 1818, in the course of the ensuing Dan, &c. &c.; with Biographical Illustrations. giers. Though he was immediately restored to month. The biographies of the late Messrs Edited by Rebecca Warner, of Beech Cottage, liberty, through the interference of the British Ponsonby, Horner, Curran, Glenie, Eyles, Irwin, Dear Bath. 8vo. 10s. 6d.

consul, yet he lost all that he had with him, in- Admiral Duckworth, Sir Herbert Croit, Doctors Poetical Remains and Memoirs of John Leyden. cluding the literary collections of his whole life. Disney and Thomson, the Dukes of Marlborough

The Sixth Volume of the collected Works of Mr Jasper Ricard, surgeon, of Bath, will and Northumberland, &c. are detailed at full the Right Hon. Lord Byron ; containing Prisoner shortly publish, Commentaries on the Principle length, from original sources of information. A of Chillon, The Dream, Darkness, Manfred, and of those Affections which produce speedy Death, Poem, written by the Hon. Henry Erskine, in The Lament of Tassc. Foolscap 8vo. 7s. during or immediately after child birth; illus- 1770, is to be now published for the first time :

The fourth and last Canto of Childe Harold's trated by a variety of cases and dissections. together with many other original documents. Pilgrimage; by Lord Byron.

Dr J. P. Smith has in the press, the Scripture Mr Thos. Taylor is now preparing for the The Dragon Knight: a poem, in twelve can- Testimony of the Messiah, in two octavo volumes. press, a Translation by him, from the Greek of tos; by Sir J. B. Burgess, Bart. 8vo.

Mr Wm. Cole is printing, Conversations on Jamblichus' Life of Pythagoras, or Pythagoric Foliage, or Poems original and translated, by Algebra; being an introduction to the first prin- Life; accompanied with a translation of the Leigh Hunt. ciples of that science.

Pythagoric Ethical fragments in the Doric diaSermon on the late Princess Charlotte of Zelix Albarez, or Manners in Spain; inter- lect, preserved by Stobæns; and also of many Wales; by T. Chalmers, D.D. 8vo. Is. 6d. spersed with poetry, by Alex. R. C. Dallas, Esq. Pythagoric sentences, which have escaped the A Narrative of the Rev. C. J. Latrobe's late is printing in three volumcs.

nolice of all modern editors. This work will be Tour in South Africa : together with some ac- Mr Woodley, editor of the Cornwall Gazette, published by subscription, and will form one vocount of the state of the missions of the United is preparing an Account of his Literary Life, lume, 8vo. Brethren in that interesting country. 4to. with with anecdotes of many distinguished literary Dr Busby has far advanced in the preparaengravings. characters.

tion of a New Grammar of Music, divided into Observations on the impolicy of permitting Dr D. Dewar of Aberdeen, has an octavo vo- two principal sections; the first elucidative of the exportation of British wool, and of prevent- lume of Sermons in the press.

the musical arcana, as regarding Melody; the ing the free importation of Foreign wool. By Mr C. U. Rordansz is about to publish the second explanatory of those of Harmony. The John Maitland, Esq M. P.

Mercantile Guide ; being an account of the trade work comprises the whole compass of the science,

of the principal commercial places on the Conti- and is meant to be no less accommodated to the WORKS IN THE PRESS. nent of Europe ; of their moneys, exchanges, convenience of masters, than to the improve

weights and measures, charges, duties, &c.; in ment of pupils. Mr Prince Hoare is engaged on a Life of the one volume, octavo.

A New Biographical Magazine is about to be late Granville Sharpe.

In March will appear, a volume entitled, commenced in monthly numbers, containing Mr Robert Bloomfield is engaged in a descrip- Epistolary Curiosities, or Unpublished Letters Portraits, with Lives and Characters of Emitive poem of the splendid mansion, and that en- from Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia ; Prince Ru- nent and Ingenious Persons of every age and chanting spot, Southill , near Bedford, the seat pert

, General Lord Astley, General Fairfax, nation. Each number will contain eight highly of the late Mr Whitbread.

John Selden, Oliver Cromwell, General Monk, finished Portraits from the most esteemed like Letters written during a Tour through Ireland, Sir Robert Sutton, &c. edited by Rebecca War- nesses, engraved by Holl, with the Lives and by J. C. Curwen, Esq. M.P. are annonnced, in ner, of Beech Cottage, Bath.

Characters written by Mr Harrison. two volumes, octavo.

A Collection of the Poems of Arthur Brooke, The learned and Rev. Stephen Weston has in Dr Adam Neale has in the Press, Travels Esq. of Canterbury, is in the press.

the press an 8vo volume entitled: La Scava, ar through Germany, Poland, Moldavia, and Tur- A periodical publication has been commenced some Account of an Excavation of a Roman key, in a quarto volume, illustrated by eleven en in London, under the superintendence of a learned Town on the Hill of Chatele, in Champagne, gravings.

Spaniard, entitled El Teatro Espanol Escogido. discovered in 1772; with the addition of a Mr Nichols will soon publish a third volume of it will contain the most esteemed Plays of Lope Journey to the Simplon, by Lausanne, and to the Illustrations of Literary History, including de Vega, Calderon de la Barca, Moreto, Tirso Mont Blane through Geneva memoirs of George Hardinge, Esq.

de Molina, Roxas, Solis, followed by Cruz y Cano, Mr Peter Coxe's long expected poem, entitled Mr James Hakewell announces a Picturesque Moratin, and other recent writers, selected with The Social Day, will appear in the spring. It Tour of Italy; in illustration of, and reference care, and illustrated by explanatory notes. will be embellished with 28 engravings, by to, the celebrated works of Addison, Eustace, In February will be pub]ished, Narrative of a Messrs Bond, Bragg, Burnet, Byrne, Engeland Forsyth. The first number will appear early Voyage to Newfoundland and the Coast of La- heart, Finden, Landseer, Middiman, Moses, in the spring

bralor ; illustrated with a map and engravings ; Scott, Scriven, and C. Warren, from designs An Account of the Life, Ministry, and Writ- by Lieut. E. Chappell, R.N.

presented to the author as tributes of respect

by ings of the late Rev. John Fawcett, D.D. fifty A Synoptical Catalogue of British Birds has some of the most eminent artists of the metropolis. years minister of the gospel in Halifax, will be been published, by Messrs Nicholls and Co in- M. Semonin, teacher of the French language shortly publisbed by his son.

tended to identify the species spoken of by differ- at Worcester, will shortly commence a quarterly Part the first, with plates, of Surgical Essays, ent provincial names, in various counties of Great French publication, to be entitled: Le Porteby Mr Astley Cooper and Mr Benjamin Travers, Britain. It contains also the valuable additions feuille Francois, ou Melange anecdotique, dram will shortly appear.

and generic arrangements of Dr Leach, from a matique et literaire. The number printed will Mr Robert M William, architect, has in the Catalogue he recently printed.

be limited to that subscribed for. press an Essay on the Origin and Operation of Mr Percy intends to publish by subscription, A periodical paper is about to be commenced the Dry-Rot in which the source of the Disease Cawood Castle, and other poems, with engrav- with the title of "The Anti-Methodist.” It is is investigated, with a view to establish the modes ings, in the first style of the art, by Finden, from professed to be “ designed to afford a rallying of prevention and cure on rational principles. sketches by the author.

point to the adversaries of a sect, wbose errors, It will make a quarto volume, illustrated with The extraordinary admiration of Lord Byron's whose ambition, whose activity and machinaplates, and to it will be annexed suggestions on poetry cannot be more strongly exemplified than tions threaten to involve us in the loss at once the cultivation of forest trees, with abstracts of by stating, that it is reported that not less than of all that is our safeguard in our civil and relithe Forest Laws, from the earliest times. four thousand copies of his unpublished fourth and gious institutions, and of all that is manly and

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March 7, 1818.]
Literature-Foreign Publications.

273 valuable in our nationaj and individual charac. Whatever can be done towards alleviating a the modes of instructing the bliud; and is divided ter."

calamity so heavy as the loss of sight, deserves into two sections. The first includes the various

an honourable place in our esteem; and this work parts of intellectual instruction ; such as characFOREIGN PUBLICATIONS. recommends itself, no less by the performances it ters in relief, and reading, printing for the use of

shews on the part of the blind, than by the sub- the blind, of the books also which are proper for M. Hase, professor to the special and royal ject it treats, and the abilities of its author. The them, and of their manner of writing; then folschool of the oriental languages at Paris, and history given by Dr Gaillie, of this benevolent lows a description of the means employed to teach who also holds a situation in the king's library, establishment, is to this effect.

them the elements of geography, to initiate them bas nearly ready for publication, the History of “ The first who undertook to create a school in the study of languages, of mathematics, and of Leo the Deacon. This work, which forms an for the instruction of the blind was M. Valentine music ; and what are the methods devised to obimportant supplement to the Byzantine collec- Hauy; and of the accident that led him to the tain means of communication between the blind tion, is printed at the expence of Count Roman- conception of such a thing, he has himself given and the deaf and dumb. zoff, high-chancellor of Russia. It will be ac- the following account in his Precis Historique, The second division of this part relates to the companied with a Latin version and notes;, phi- or introductory narrative. “ Some years ago, a no- hand labours common to both sexes, in which the lological and explanatory. The volume, printed velty of a singular kind drew a numerous assemblage blind are engaged; such as knitting, spinning, at the royal press, will form a folio of 300 pages, of people at the entrance of one of those places making purses, tapes, girths, socks for the feet, and comprehend also the following unpublish- of refreshment which are found on the public list-shoes, and list carpets, making whips, birch ed pieces :- 1. A Treatise on Tactics, composed walks. Eight or ten poor blind objects, each brooms, &c. Other employments are followed by by command of tbe Emperor Nicephorus Phocas; wearing a pair of spectacles on his nose, as a kind the boys only, such as weaving, stuffing chair2. A Fragment of the History of Joho Epipha- of diminution of the peculiarity of his appear-bottoms, rope-spinning, basket-making, works nius, on the Wars between the Romans and ance, were placed in a long gallery where the made of straw, of rushes, and of cane. This secthe Persians ; 3. A Letter of Theodosius, the mu was stationed ; there they executed a sym- tion closes with an account of their amusements grammarian, on the taking of Syracuse by the phony not of the most harmonious description, but and recreations. Saracens.

which seemed highly to delight those who at- M. Grosier, to whom Europe is greatly indebtSome months since the minister of the interi- tended to it. A sentiment of a very different de- ed for its knowledge of the Chinese empire, has or being informed that the royal library at Paris scription struck me to the heart, and I meditated undertaken a new edition of his General Decontains a great number of Chinese books, re- from that moment, by what practical methods to scription of China, which originally appeared in specting the contents of which there existed no convert to the advantage of these unfortunate 1785 in a 4to volume. This new edition, which information printed or written, appointed M. persons, those powers and means of which they will be the third, will extend to seven 8vo. vo. Abel Remusat to draw up a list of them. The had at present but an apparent, not to say a ri- lumes and comprehend all the information obresult is, that exclusively of 329 works compris. diculous enjoyment. The blind, said I to myself

, tained during the last thirty years respecting the ed in Fourmont's catalogue made in 1742, the may know objects by the difference of their forms; country and its inhabitants. library possesses 175 works, forming about 2000 the blind do not mistake the value of a piece of volumes. Among these are 280 volumes, being money. Why might they not distinguish an ut The most respectable presses of Italy appear a portion of a great colleotion published by one from a sol, an a from an f, if those characters to be engaged on works of considerable extent ; of the last Mantchou emperors; and consisting were rendered the subjects of the sense of feel rather, perhaps, honourable to the writers of that of a History of the Chinese characters and Writing."

country in time past, llan in the present ; yet ing, or rather of the Literature and Rhetoric of The first asylum opened by benevolence for such as could not be undertaken without consithat people, in 80 volumes ; a History of Music, the youthful blind was in the year 1784, at the derable reliance on the disposition of the public in 70 volumes; a Description of all the Foreign expense of the Philanthropic Society, who enga- to patronize works of merit, though expensive. Countries known to the Chinese, also in* 70 vo-ged M. Hauy in undertaking their instruction. Sig. Pietro Custodi has published, at Milan, lumes; and 60 volumes on the Sects which be- This was in the rue Notre Dame des Victoires. the last two volumes, being the 49th and 50th, lieve in Spirits and Prodigies. Here, too, is a In 1785, the number of scholars who were ad of the Italian Economists

. Description of China in 260 enormous volumes, mitted gratis, rose to twenty-five. They had At the same city, Sig. Melchiore Gioja has with maps and 'plans, infinitely more complete made sach progress in the following year, that published the sixth and last volume of his Systethan any that we possess respecting the most they were admitted to the honour of performing ma Raggionata, f.c.;

A General and Argumenknown countries of Europe. Among the historical before the king, at Versailles. The author en- tative System of the Economic Science. This works are some of considerable importance, such ters into very instructive details on the progress system contains the theory and practice of all as the Li-tai ki sse, an excellent chronological of this establishment, on the reverses which it the branches of administration, public and priaccount in the style of Henault's Abridgement had to sustain, and on the courage shewn by vate. But the first part only of this work is what or Lesage's Atlas, but much more erudite and re- those who had interested themselves in its wel is announced as complete; the practical parts gular, in 100 volumes; a manuscript History of fare, in surmounting those obstacles which op- will also be treated in several essays, which will Japan in 60 volumes; a Chinese and a Japanese posed it. All is now arranged, says he, the class-appear in succession; the subject of the first of Encyclopædia, containing figures of all such ob- es are filled with promising students, distinguish them is the nature of merit, and the rewards to jects as can be represented. Of these works, M. ed by their aptitude at learning, and some are which it is entitled. Renusat has undertaken the task of drawing up a distinguished among our public performers, by the At Venice, Alvisopoli prepares a collection of general Catalogue raisonne, which is to include admiration and wonder of visitors. The treatise Select Poetry, under the title of Raccolta di those comprehended in Fourmont's performance. which follows this short history is divided into Poesie scelte in dualetto Venetiano. It will inHe will state the titles, translate them, fre- three paits:

clude twelve volumes, and will form a companion quently comment upon them, and add such infor- The first comprises several considerations on to the works already published at Milan, and at mation as can be gleaned concerning their au- the intellect and disposition of the blind. The Naples, which comprise pieces written in the dithors or editors, and all other particulars stated question is discussed, whether the loss of one alect of those cities respectively. in the prefaces. He will carefully mark the di- sense is compensated by improvements in the Bettoni, at Brescia, announces a new edition visions and subdivisions, especially of the great col- others ? and this is answered in the affirmative of the work of Count Giambattista Cornioni, lections; and give a succinct but accurate analysis To this succeed observations on the memory of called " the Ages of Italian Literature,” in ten of the contents of each part. A catalogue of this blind persons, on the faculties they develope, and volumos, 12mo. Cornioni's work terminated at kind is rendered the more desirable as Fourmont's

, on the superiority which some of these enjoy over the year 1750; the present edition will be brought which, as we have seen, embraces only a{part of the the same talents among persons who retain the down to the year 1800. collection, has many inaccuracies and omissions. sense of sight. The moral state of the blind af- At Pisa, Nicolo Caparro proposes a new edi

Essai sur l'instruction des Aveugles, fc.- fords a series of remarks, including the nature of tion of the Life of Lorenzo of Medicis, translatEssay on the Instruction of the Blind, or Analy-their ideas; and this first part closes with a cu-ed from the English of Mr Roscoe, by Sig. Matical Sketch of the methods taken to instruct rious parallel between the condition of those who eherini. Corrections are announced for this edi. them, by Dr Guillie, Director-General and prin- are blind, and that of those who are deaf and tion; but whether of the original or of the transcipal Physician to the Royal Institution for the dumb. The second part is devoted to the bio-lation, we do not know: but we are glad that cure of blind females in Paris. 8vo, with figures, graphy of blind persons who have become cele- thc publishers have acquired courage enough to printed by the blind patients ; sold for their be brated in the arts and sciences.

insert into this edition an article omitted from nefit at the Institution, rue St Victor, No. 68. The third and most important part, contains the former, “ On the Reformation effected by





Literature New Publications Voyages and Travels.

[March 7. 1818. Luther;" a subject, probably, thought unfit to


tion by the wheels themselves; to the iron bar appear in a catholic country,

M. SAABYE, formerly a missionary in Greenwooden rollers are fixed, provided with brushes, The learned world will be pleased to find, that land, has lately published fragments of the Dia- which, turning with the bar, keep the holes open Sig. Angelo Maio continues to search after an- ry he kept, when resident in that country in and hinder them from being stopped up. cient works hitherto impertect, little known, or 1770–1778. Bishop Plum has accompanied We saw a very large and convenient rake for supposed to be lost.

This diligence lays the this highly interesting work with a Preface. gathering up the oats and barley when mowed whole body under obligation, as is evident from The author is of opinion, that the search after down : it consists of a piece of wood two toises the reprinting of several of his recovered pieces, what has been called the Paradise of Green-(twelve feet) long, furnished with iron teeth in different places : as, for instance, Dionysii land, otherwise the district of Osterboigden, and a handle: a horse is yoked to it, and it is Halicarnassei Romanorum Antiquitatem, pars ought not to be relinquished ; and that, in the drawn over the corn; in this manner the rake hactenus desiderata, nunc denique ope codd. description of the last tour in 1789, wherein this gathers up the harvest with great rapidity. Ambrosianorum ab Angelo Majo quantum li- spot is alluded to, as well as in the older works, The machine invented for turning the hay. cuit restituta, Græce. Ad. edit. princ. Medio- there are hints enough as to the possibility of at appeared to us very ingenious; it seemed perlanensem, gr. in 8vo. Frankfort, 1817. Price length attaining the object of pursuit. The in- fectly to answer its purpose, and at the same I florin 30 kr.

telligence which he communicates with this time to save much manual labour. It is fixed

view is uncommonly interesting, and seems to be upon two wheels joined by an axle, twenty-two The library of the University of Leipsic has founded on experience and local knowledge. feet long; two pieces of wood, in which the axle received a considerable accession in consequence

Dr Munter, bishop of Seeland, has recently turns, join in an angle towards the pole ; the of the purchase, by command of the king, of the published a Dissertation on the Religion of the latter has in its fore part a little wheel: a mephilological library of Professor Schafer, consist North before the arrival of Odin. The learned chanical power it fitted to the axle: two rings ing of between 6 and 7000 volumes, for 10,000 author, of course, entertains no doubt, that Odin are fixed to the smallest wheel of this mechani. dollars; and its late proprietor has been appoint

came with the people called Ases from Asia to the cal power : and, lastly, to the rings four laths, ed librarian to the university, with an increased north of Europe, and that he introduced Shaman- under which there are springs, which give way salary. Offers had been received for this rare

ism, or the government of the Schamans, or Magi, when they strike against stones. The laths are collection, many of the works in which are not

among a nation addicted to the grossest Feti- furnished with teeth, six inches distant from each inferior in value to manuscripts, not only from chism. Anterior to the arrival of Odin, the other. This machine is drawn by two horses, North America, whither many valuable books Scandinavians had neither temples nor idols; and driven over the swath to turn it. That the and whole libraries now find their way, but also and it would appear that there was not among hay may not hang to the axle, and impede the from the Prussian government, on behalf of the them a cast devoted to the priesthood, as among motion of the machine, a piece of flannel is hung new university about to be founded on the Rhine. the Gauls. Their sanctuaries were situated, over the axle to brush off the hay.

Prince Maximilian of Neuwied, of whose tra- like those of the Germans, in the dark recesses Sir John Sebright possesses a flock of a thouvels in Brazil we have given a sketch in our pre- of the forests, to which the profane durst not sand sheep. They are partly Merinos, and partceding numbers, returned to Neuwied-in August penetrate. It is in Scandinavia that Dr M. !y of the English breed. As his principal object last, where the whole of the collections in natu- conceives he has discovered that forest, that sa- is directed to fattening, he prefers the latter, ral history made by him had previously arrived. cred lake, that island, where, according to Ta- which possess, in this respect, advantages over He is now engaged in preparing an account of citus, the goddess Hertha was worshipped and the Merinos. his travels for the press. The work will be em- propitiated with human sacrifices. At Leyre, in We passed the evening in agreeable converbellished with upwards of 200 engravings, repre- the island of Seeland, there actually exists a sation. The worthy Baronet's eldest daughter, senting subjects in natural history, local scene

lake called the White Lake, bordered by a fo- who is very fond of chemistry, shewed us an exry, and the inhabitants.

rest; and near it is a valley which still bears periment of Wollaston, which has since been Baron Von Sack, whose voyage to Surinam the name of Herthedal, Valley of Hertha. It published, but was then new to us; namely, that was printed in London some years since is about is possible, however, that the worship of Hertha of a little galvanic battery, contained in a thimto make a scientific tour in Egypt, accompanied may have extended to the other islands; for in ble, which is able to make a wire of platina red. by Mr William Muller, whom the academy of Funen we find a Herthabierg, Hill of Hertha, hot. Berlin has charged with various commissions for with a lake. In the islands of Rugen and Feh- We saw so many things at Beechwood, that that country.

mern also are spots to which the accounts of Ta- it was impossible for us to take notes of every citus would equally apply. The circumstance thing; but Sir John politely promised to visit us

which induced the learned prelate to consider after our return to London, when the very imAn Austrian work, called the Patriotic Sheets, Leyre as the principal sanctuary of the goddess, portant notices, which we had collected at his gives the following account of the present state is, that this place was at the same time the re- seat, should receive a complete supplement. We of the literature in the different languages which sidence of the kings of the country, and that we made, besides, the best use of the time that we now comprise the dominions of Austria :

know for certain that solemn sacrifices were long were able to pass in his company, so that we “ German Literature, it is said, maintains it continued there.

learned far more from him than it would Lave self in the highest rank; and has even made

been possible to collect elsewhere in the same sensible progress within the last ten years.

time. He is the true model of an English genItalian Literature approaches closely to that

tleman; his mind is highly cultivated by travelof Germany, and the presses of Venice and Mi- VOYAGES AND TRAVELS.

ling; he understands both French and German, lan have produced very important works on the

and converses on various subjects in an agreesciences.

Tour of Their Imperial Highnesses the Arch- able and instructive manner. Slavian Literature supports itself vigorously, dukes John and Lewis of Austria.

The seat of the Duke of Bedford at Woburn, especially in Bohemia; and several journals,

(Continued.)ým. 243. where we arrived on the 5th of November, is, notwithstanding the confined condition of the Beechwood, Woburn, Leicester, Beaudesert.- with its park and gardens, one of the most beaulanguage, are published in the Slavian language. We saw a great many various machines. A sow- tiful residences in England. Whatever makes

Hungarian Literature is by no means listless, ing machine, which is like those at Hofwyl, with the British country-seats agreeable and delightand has produced several excellent performances this difference, that in the front a little plough-ful, is found here in the greatest perfection. We in verse, with some spirited translations of classic share is applied, with two projections (oreillons) saw an extensive and well-chosen library; we authors, ancient and modern.

between which the seed falls : the cylinder, examined with much pleasure a valuable collec“ Modern Greek Literature, a branch of sin which passes over the furrow, presses down the tion of fine paintings; among which we partigular importance, cultivated with zeal by the earth over the seed, and at the same time makes cularly remarked many by Vandyke, and the Greeks settled at Vienna ; but the works it a new furrow. The sowing-machine is fixed to portrait of Anna Bullen, by Holbein. In the produces are sent to Macedonia, Turkey, Alba- the cylinder, and both are drawn by the same anti-room is a bust of Napoleon of Carrara nia, the Morea, and other places, which in an- horse. Another machine, for sowing turnips, ap- marble.

cient times little expected to receive literature peared to us remarkably ingenious, on account of In walking through the Duke of Bedford's from the shores of the Danube.

its simplicity. It consists of a wooden chest, garden, we were struck with the remarkable .Servian Literature, since the time of Obred lined with tin, which has holes pierced in it, and beauty of a large orangery. In the middle of it witch, has deserved success by the merit of seve is fixed npon wheels, two or three feet high. An are eight columns of white marble; they surral of his publications."

iron bar, passing through the chest, is put in mo- round a large vase, adorned with bas-reliefs, and




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March 7. 1818.]

Voyages and Travels. several smaller marble vases. Iù a niche stands room. In the morning the gentlemen may ap- In Derby there are many warehouses of the a cast of the Apollo Belvidere. At the end of pear in boots; but in the evening they must be beautiful vases, candlesticks, lamps, &c. which the orangery is a temple, supported by four co- dressed as in town. The ladies, too, appear full are made of spar; a white calcareous stone, lumns of the Ionic order, which is sacred to the dressed.

which is found about three miles from Derby, is memory of the late Duke of Bedford, brother to The dinner consists of every thing that a good used for similar purposes. Brown's warehouse the present duke. Within is a cabinet, with a kitchen can afford. The table-service is very for these articles appeared to us the most comgilded cieling, in which are placed the busts of handsome ; often you are served in silver gilt

. plete. The utensils and ornaments of dark blue Fox, and of his friends, General Fitzpatrick, After the soup cold punch is presented ; after spar were particularly beautiful. Some were Lords Lauderdale, Robert Spencer, Grey, Hol. this, custom requires that you take a glass of shewn to us, consisting of a single piece, and land, and Hervey. A Chinese pavillion is adorn- wine, according to the choice of the lady of the which are fifteen inches in height, and nine or ed with furniture and vessels from China and house, and drink her health. Afterwards, when ten inches in diameter. The most beautiful Japan; and a menagerie contains many rare you wish to drink, it is the custom to invite ac- pieces, of a dark blue, inclining to violet, are not animals. We have not seen any where å park quaintance, or those who sit next you, to join quite of their natural colour, but are changed by so well stocked with deer as that of Woburn. you. Every body helps to the dish that stands the operation of heat. These pretty creatures are so 'tame that they before him. At the dessert, the ladies withdraw, After spar is sawed, the vessels are turned coine up to the very windows of the chateau. the servants are dismissed, and the claret bottle upon the lathe, with steel tools, A steam en.

The farm is at the distance of half a mile begins to circulate from the left hand. After gine sets in motion four large sawing machines, from the house, and, including all its dependen- that the gentlemen go to the ladies in the draw. as well as the various turning lathes. cies, looks like a little village. · Many remark- | ing-room, or into the library, enter into conversa- The iron foundry produces founder's work of able things are to be seen here ; among which is tion, and every one leaves the company when he every kind. Steam engines are also manufac. a steam-engine, which puts in motion a machine, thinks proper.

tured here, the action of which is calculated to for thresbing corn, and two mills. The manner Riding and hunting are the principal diver- produce the effect of the labour of the number of in which the motion is produced by the steam- sions. In the first the ladies take a great share. horses whose place it is to supply. The prices engine, is extremely ingenious ; but a clear idea The fox-chace, with dogs, is rather a dangerous of these engines are as follows : of it cannot be given without a drawing. pleasure, because you are obliged to leap your The present duke is brother to him who is so horse over hedges and ditches. They also hunt

Of one-horse power.......L.100 sterling, two ditto...............

170 well known as an agriculturist, and who also hares. The dogs are extremely well broke, and

three ditto............... 220 erected all the buildings on this fine estate. the fowling-pieces excellent.


four ditto ....... During bis life, agricultural pursuits were car- As every rich land-owner passes a part of the ried on here with great activity. The time of winter in the country, relations and neighbours From this foundry we went to a manufactory sheep-shearing, about the middle of June, was meet together, and the company is numerous of porcelain. The paste (or clay) is good, but observed as a rural festival, at which three or enough to supply the place of the circles in the painting is very indifferent. The colours, four hundred persons were present.

town. The prevailing ton is pleasing, free, bnt with the exception of the blue, are not at ali The country through which you travel after strictly decorous; and the hospitality and polite- beautiful. The lathe is set in motion by a large leaving Woburn, is rather monotonous, though ness that you meet with here, must afford plea- wheel, moved by a child. This is advantageous well cultivated; but as soon as you get into the sure to every one who is capable of appreciating to the workman who gives the form, because not county of Leicester, the country and the culti. their value.

being obliged to tread with his foot, he can hold vation change. In the higher position, on ac- The arrangement and furniture of the rooms faster, and work with greater certainty and account of the abundance of meadow-land, the are extremely convenient. In these country curacy. breeding of cattle is the chief object of atten- seats you find every thing combined that can Two canals unite at Derby and pour their tion. ·

tend to the material, or the intellectual enjoy waters into the Derwent. We left town on the On the 6th we arrived at Leicester. The ments of life. The intercourse with the ladies, 10th. The country becomes more and more irhouses are built of bright red bricks, and covered who, in general, possess much and various know- regular. The eminences are entirely cultivated. with slates, which has a very neat appearance. ledge, and often more than the men, affords all At a pretty village, the road divides into two Wilson's foundery was the first manufactory that that you can wish. If to this be added the per- branches, one of which leads to Belper, the other we saw in this town. It produces en machines, fectly unconstrained mode of living, it is easy to to Wirksworth. We took the latter. It conend other curious things. The horizontal wind- conceive the charms of a country life; and it tinually ascends, and the country becomes gramills, for which Wilson has a patent, are un- seems very natural that the English nobility and dually more barren. Here, as well as in other commonly beautiful.

gentry should reside in the metropolis only dur- parts of England, we meet men on horseback, The manufactory of Mr Kelly for knitting-ing the sittings of parliament.

with women sitting behind them, on a saddle work, is very considerable. A steam engine puts The cathedral of Litchfield, where we arrived contrived for the purpose. In the neighbourhood of in motion fourteen large looms. By this means on the 9th of November 1815, is built in the Wirksworth, the openings of the mines are to be this manufactory is able to furnish for fourteen most ancient style. In this cathedral there is a seen on all the surrounding hills. shillings the same goods which formerly cost for monument of the celebrated Garrick. From The lead-mines in the county of Derby proty: The produce of the establishment is very Litchfield the road lies along the side of the duce annually five or six thousand tons. In maconsiderable. They sell every week seven or great canal, through a beautiful valley. This 'ny of them the lead is mixed with calamine,

eight hundred dozen of braces (bretelles). A canal crosses the river Trent, over which it is which is separated in reverberatory furnaces, quantity of these goods go to America.

conducted by means of a brick bridge (or aque- then calcined, pounded, and washed. Near Ashley we saw the first iron rail-road. duct) supported by twelve arches.

In a valley near Cromford, we were shewn a The waggons used on these roads have four small At Derby we halted. The town lies upon great cotton mill, which was erected by Sir Ri. low light wheels of cast-iron. On these four the river Derwent, at the foot of the mountains chard Arkwright in 1792. It was he who first wheels stands a square kind of chest. The wag- which form the north side of the county of Der- introduced into England the great cotton mills, gon is drawn by one horse.

by, and all containing mines. Of the five churches and led to the flourishing state of this branch of On the 7th we arrived at Beaudesert, a fine in this town, that of All-Saints is admired on industry. seat belonging to the Marquis of Anglesea. Dur- account of its steeple, which was built in the In the neighbourhood of Matlock we saw a ing our stay there, we were enabled to form an reign of Henry Vni. and, as we are informed, spring, which possesses the property of covering idea of the mode of living of the rich English is 178 feet in height. We examined a silk mill, things that are dipped in it, in the space of six land owners. Before nine o'clock in the mom which is remarkable as being the first that was minutes, with a calcareous crust. The water is ing nobody is to be seen. At ten, the company erected in England. John Lombe, the person lukewarm, being of the temperature of 68 de assemble in the drawiog-room, where an ample who erected it, had travelled to Italy for the grees of Fahrenheit. The proprietor of the breakfast is provided, which consists of tea, bread purpose of procuring drawings and models of the spring, which is in a cavern that is closed up, and butter, toast, eggs, cutlets, &c. This break- very ingenious and complicated machines which has built a shed, or but, near it, in which the infast lasts an hour; then the company separate, are employed in that country. In the year 1716 crusted things are sold; they consist of eggs, and every one employs or amuses himself as he he obtained a patent for fourteen years. This little baskets, skulls of animals, birds' nests, &c. thinks fit till dinner, which is served up at six mill furnishes three or four hundred weight of the sale of them is considerable, especially to or seven o'clock. Half an hour before dinner, spun silk per week, and employs betweea two the company who come to take the waters at the company meet in the library or drawing and three hundred workmen.

Matlock The crust which thus covers the ar



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Voyages and Travels.

[March 7. 1818. ticles put into the water is of a brown colour, of Bey of the Maina, and in that character them with great celerity, and small masts, with The warm springs at Matlock were discovered discharged all the public duties of a sovereign : Latine şails, are also used when the winds are in the seventeenth century. There are three though, in the country itself, his power rested favourable. Every chief had one or more of these, bathing houses, and suficient rooin for four hun- merely on the voluntary obedience of the other and all exercised piracy as freely, and with the dred persons.

chiefs, and his jurisdiction in fact extended on- same sentiments as appear to have prevailed an We went down into the celebrated cavern, ly over his own immediate dependents. As the mong the heroes of the Odyssey, and early inhaknown by the name of Cumberland's cavern. It population of this district exceeded its means of bitants of Greece. did not appear to us very interesting, except for supply, the Mainiots imported from the Turks Habits like these, it may well be supposed, mineralogists, who visit it with a hammer in wheat, maize, and other articles of provision, had a correspondent effect on the national cha. their hands, and make a rich collection of crys- and further contributed to their support by pira- racter. Their freedom, though turbulent and ill tallizations of spar, &c. We were told that cy and plunder, whenever they could conveni regulated, produced the effects of freedom; they finer specimens were to be found in Rutland's ently accomplish their predatory designs. Ac- were active, industrious, and intelligent. Among cavern, on the other side of Matlock. They knowledging the titulary supremacy of the Porte, their chiefs I found men tolerably well versed in have lately discovered in it, copper combined they paid the charach jor capitation tax only the modern Romaic literature, and some who had with vitriol. In Matlock, as well as Derby, when it suited them; and threw off their sub- sufficient knowledge of their ancient language to there are magazines of Spar vases. That of mission, when it was rendered unnecessary by a read Herodotus and Xenophon, and who were Messrs Brown and Mawe contains an uncom- favourable year or any extraordinary sources of well acquainted with the revolutions of their monly beautiful collection of these atticles. We supply. By such rebellion they had frequently country. Their independence and their victories saw here specimens of the newly discovered va- drawn upon them the vengeance of their power- had given them confidence, and they possessed rieties of the red spar. We were informed that ful neighbours; but, supported by the peculiar the lofty mind and attachment to their country Mr Mawe is one of the first mineralogists in position of their country, the Mainiots had as which has every where distinguished the inhabiEngland: he has written a work on the mine- often repelled invaders; and their very women, tants of mountainous and free districts, whether rals of Derbyshire.

who are described as being well acquainted with in Britain, Switzerland, or Greece. The robbery (To be continued.)

the use of arms, have more than once poured and piracy they exercised indiscriminately in

ruin upon them from the walls of some strong their roving expeditions they dignified by the Memoirs relating to European and Asiatic built tower or well situated village.

name of war; but though their hostility was treaTurkey; Edited from Manuscript Journals. “ The passes of the interior part of the coun. cherous and cruel, their friendship was inviolable By ROBERT WALPOLE, M. A.

try are known only to the natives; and to pene. The stranger that was within their gates was The memoirs comprised in these volumes, are trate along the coast, while the Mainiots are in sacred title, and not even the Arabs were more forty in number; and when we add, that they possession of the mountains, would require cour attentive to the claims of hospitality. When we were written by Drs Sibthorp and Hunt, Pro- rage and discipline very superior to such as are delivered our letters of recommendation to a fessor Carlyle, Messrs Wilkins, Morrit, Haw- generally displayed by the Turkish soldiery. In chief, he received us with every mark of friend, kins, Haygarth, Raikes, and Davison, the late the war conducted by Lambro, with Russian mo- ship, escorted us every where while we staid, and Colonel Squire, Captain Light, and other ac- ney, the Mainiots were found so troublesome to conducted us safely to the house of his nearest complished scholars, our readers will be enabled the Turks, that a combined attack was made up- neighbour, where he left us under the protection to judge of the rich and diversified instruction on their country, by the fleet under the Capou- of his friend; there we again staid a short time, and entertainment whieh Mr Walpole has here dan Pasha, which landed troops upon their coast, and were forwarded in the same manner to a presented to their notice.

and the forces of the Morea, which marched at third. To pass by such a chief's dwelling with The first article is an account of a journey the same time from Misitra. The number of out stopping to visit it, would have been deemed through the district of Maina, (part of the an- these two armies, probably exaggerated, was rat- an insult, as the reception of strangers was a cient Laconia,) in the Morea, performed by Mred by the Mainiots at 20,000 men. The result privilege highly valued. While a stranger was Morrit in the year 1795. The Mainiots, having of the attack by sea was pointed out to me near under their protection, his safety was their first long maintained their independence against the Cardamyle; a heap of whitening bones in a dell object; an insult to such a person would have pashas of the Morea, and the agents of the near the town, the remains of the Turks, who, aroused in their breasts the strongest incitements Porte, guarded their frontiers with such jealousy, after suffering the severest privations, were not to revenge; his danger would have induced them that travellers journeying under Turkish protec- so fortunate ss the rest in finding a refuge in to sacrifice even their lives to his preservation, tion, found it difficult to penetrate their country. their fleet. The attack by land was equally dis- as his suffering any injury would have been an -Undeterred, however, by the reports which he astrous After a fruitless attempt to advance indelible disgrace to the family where it happenhad received of their piratical and predatory and burning a few inconsiderable villages, their ed.” character, Mr Morritt entered this region by army was obliged to retire, harassed by the fury The Majpiots profess the faith of the Greek Calamata, a small but populous town, principally of the people, while another party of the Maini. church, and, like most of the members of that inhabited by Greeks, who were subject to the ots burst into the plain of the Eurotas, drove off church, were exceedingly superstitious. The softpasha of the Morea, and situated at a short dis- whatever they could plunder, and in the flames er sex were treated with respect, and partook tance from the sea, on the eastern side of the of Misitra, a considerable Turkish town, expiat- with their husbands in the duties of domestic life, beautiful and extensive plain of Messenia. This ed the trifling mischief they had sustained at while they also shared with them the dangers of town was formery subject to the Venetians, ma- home.

the field. At Kitrees, Mr Morritt was entertain. ny vestiges of whose architecture still remain; “ Such are the stories at least which I heard ed with great hospitality by Zanetachi Kutupha. and in consequence of its contiguity to the Mai- repeated by their chiefs, and which the common ri, formerly bey of the Maina. The account of na, whether its Greek inhabitants, and those of people noless delighted to tell. Though easily unit- this chieftain, and of his niece Helena to whom its surrounding districts could sily remove both ed, when threatened by the Turk, yet frcquent feuds the place belonged, is so curious and interesting, their persons and their effects, these people en and petty warfare too often arose between their that we cannot resist the temptation of presentjoyed a larger measure of liberty and security of chiefs at home; these feuds, however, preserved ing it to our readers. property, than falls to the lot of those Greeks, alive the martial spirit of the people, and they * The house consisted of two towers of stone, who unhappily are subject to all the caprice were, perhaps, on this account, more successful exactly resembling our own old towers upon the and rapacity of their Turkish governors. in their resistance than they would have been if borders of England and Scotland ; a row of offi

The government of the Maina, at the time it their government was more settled, and they had 'ces and lodgings for servants, stables, and open was visited by Mr Morritt, resembled in many enjoyed'a more uninterrupted peace. By sea their sheds, inclosing a court, the entrance to which respects the ancient establishment of the high- warfare was still more inextinguishable. They was through an arched and embattled gateway. land clans in Scotland ; being divided into pet- infested with their row-boats every corner of the On our approach, an armed retainer of the fa. ty districts, under the command of a capitano or Cyclades and Morea, and made a lawful prize of mily came out to meet 1!s, spoke to our guard ehicf, whose usual residence was a fortified tow any vessel that was too weak for resistance; or who attended us from Myla. He returned with

the resort of his family and clan in times of entered by night into the villages and dwellings him to the castle, and informed the chief, who peace, and their refuge during war. These near the shore, carrying off whatever they could hastened to the gate to welcome us, surrounded chieftains were independent of each other, the find. Boats of this sort, called here Trattas, a- by a crowd of gazing attendants, all surprised at judges of their people at home, and their leaders bounded in every creed, they are long and nar- the novelty of seeing English guests. We were when they took the field. The most powerful row like canoes, ten, twenty, and even thirty received, however, with the most cordial welcapitano of the district usually assumed the titlemen, each armed with a rifle and pistols, row come, and shewn to a comfortable room on the



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