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ciples, that a small ship should wait on him, because of the multitude, lest they should throng him. 10. For he had healed many, insomuch that they * pressed \jOx, rushed] upon him for to touch him, as many as had plagues. 11. And unclean spirits, when they saw him, fell down before him, and cried, saying, Thou art the Son of God. 12. And he 0 ftraitly charged them, that they should pot make him known. 13. And he p goeth up into a mountain, and calleth unto him whom he would: and they came unto him. 14. And he * ordained twelve, that they should be with him, and that he might send them forth to preach: 15. And to have power to heal sicknesses, and to cast out devils. 16. And Simon he 1 sirnamed Peter. 17. And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James, (and he sirnamed them Boanerges, which is, The sons of Thunder,,) 18. And Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew^ and Thomas, and James the son of Alpheus, and Thaddeus, and Simon the Canaanite, ,19.' And Judas Iscariot, which also betrayed him: and they went * into an house [[Or, home"}- 20. And the multitude cometh together again, so that they could not so much s as eat bread. 21. And when his * friends [Or, fansmerf] heard of it, they went out to lay hold on him: for they said, He is beside himself. 22.And the scribes which came down from Jerusalem, said, 5 He hath Beelzebub,

. and

° t Mar. t. sj; Jesus rebuked Church, and had prayed with fasthim, saying, Hold thy peace, and ing, they commended them to come out of him. the Lord on whom they believed.

. P * Mat. 10. 1. When he had Gal. i. i. Paul an Apostle, not ot called unto him his Twelve Disciples, y Men, neither by Man, bur byJeM he gave them Power against un~ Christ, and God the Father, who clean Spirits, to cast them out, and raised him from the Dead.' J0"ro heal all manner of Sickness, 15. 16. Ye have not chosen nie, and all manner of Disease, t Luk. but I have chosen you, and erJ«'"li 6. 1 s. It came to pass in those days, ioyou, that you should go »nd bring that he went out into a Mountain forth Fruit.—• to fray, and continued all Night r t Joh. 1. 42. —Thou art Siin Prayer to God. +Luk. o.'i. mon the Son of Jona: thou shalt Then he called his twelve Disciples be called Cephas, which is by Mr together, and gave them Power , * terpretation, a Stone, and Authority over all Devils, and { f Mar. 6.3r. Come ye yooj to cure Diseases. selves apart into a desert Place and

q Aft. 1. 24. They prayed and refl a while; for there were man? said, Thou Lord, which knowest . coming and going, and they n"* thel Hearts of .all Men, shew whe-10 no leisure so much as to eat. ther of these two thou hast chosen. '+ Luk. n. 1 j t Jch. 7- Ml Act. 14. 23. When they had or- fjoh. 8. 48, 52. tJ°h. 1<3, iQ' ■4*!&ed them Elders in every See on Mat. j- 34.

-\xsA by the prince of the. devils casteth he out devils. 23. ;|Afld he called them unto him, and said unto them a in pav inbles. How can Satan cast out Satan? 24. And if a KingHw be divided against it self, that Kingdom cannot stand. r,mk And if a house be divided against itself, that houle canMt stand. 25. And if Satan rise up against himself, and be divided, he cannot stand, but hath an end. 27. Ko man can enter into a b strong man's house, and spoil his goodsx except he will first bind the strong man, and then he will spoil his house. 28. Verily I say unto you,c AH sins shall be forgiven unto the sons of men, and blasphemies wherewith soever they sliall blaspheme: 29. But he that shall (1) blaspheme

1 tMat. 12. ac. —Every King- not stand, dom divided against it self is brought b See on Mat. it. 29. to Desolation: »nd every City or c See on Mat. 12. 31. House divided against it self, sliall

fiJ 1 am mclined to make some Observations concerning the Sin against the Holy Ghost, because good .Christians have been much perplexed and terrified with the Apprehensions that they have committed thii &'n, when indeed they have not, and because such as have lived wickedly may not be discouraged from setting about a true Repentance by any fears that they have been guilty of this Sin, and that therefore their Cafe is desperate.

K'J!, The Sin here spoken of seems to be, the Sin of the Jews, particularly of the Pharisees, who ascribed the miraculous Works our Lord did ^ the Poatr of the Holy Ghost, to prove himself to be the Son of God, and wiourof the World, ,fco a Power derived from the Devil. For the very W Verse runs thus, Because they said he hath an unclean Spirit. And St. W'fffccw, Chap. 12. 22, 23. records that our Lord having healed one possessed with a Devil, blind and dumb, the People were amazed, and said, 'mt this the Son of David? that is, the Mejjiah, or the Christ. But to Prevent their believing in him, the Pharisees, Ver. 24. said, This Fettosa P» Mt cajl out Devils, but by Beelzebub the Prince of the Devils. This Caromny our Lord refutes; and then follows what he delivered concerning we Sin against the Holy Ghost.

family, The Sins which come nearest to this against the Holy Ghost, **m tobe the- Renouncing of and apostatizing from the Christian Re!igion,3ftet Men have been baptized, and had clear Convictions of its Truth and CerPMY > _ and an obstinate Continuance in a Course of Sin to the End of their Liveswithout Repentance, notwithstanding all that God and Christ have "one to reclaim and reform them. I have often wondred to find People ""der great Fears lest they should have committed this Sin, when at the "fe time they have had no Fears abcut their living in a Course of Sin, *TM!W«g vithout Repentance; which, considering the mighty uncertainty nfLife,all who live in the Commistion of any knmp an,4 toilful Sin, have £'c»t Reason :o do. '"

'■' • 1 . Thirdly, pheme against the holy Ghost, hath never forgiveness, but in danger of eternal damnation: 30. Because they said, H hath an unclean Spirit. 31. There came then his d Bre thren and his Mother, and standing without, sent unto him calling him. 32. And the multitude fat about him, and the) said unto him, Behold,-thy Mother and thy Brethren without seek for thee. 33. And he answered them, faying, Who is my Mother, or my Brethren? 34. And he looked round about on them which fat about him, and said, Behold my Mother and my Brethren. 35. For whosoever shall do the Will of God, the fame is my Brother, and my Sifter, and Mother. . . ✓



A * See on Mat. 12. 46.

Thirdly, It deserves to be considered, whether there is not here, as well as in other Cafes, a tacit Condition to be supposed, unlesi they Repent. Is it not expresly and positively declared, that Adulterers, Fbrniutm, Drunkard;, &c. jhatt not inherit the Kingdom if God? Is it not as plainly said, that *// Liars shall have their Part in the Lake which burneth with Fire mnd Brimstone? Do not all Divines acknowledge notwithstanding, that J Repentance will save Men from these Evils? Since therefore Repent- ... ance is not expressed in these Places, (Gal. 5. i%&c. and Rev. 8.) J">« only supposed ,why may not the like Condition be here supposed? » « consult the rd arid U Chapters of the History of the ABs,wz shall find that many of thole who did blaspheme the Holy Ghost were not only called upon to repent, but actually did repent, and were pardoned; such I mean as denied the Holy One and the Just, and delivered him up to be • crucified. .' "«a

The chief Objection against this Supposition, is taken from the 18th 1 Verse, At Sins (ball be forgiven to the Sons of Men, Sec. That is, fay some, t| any manner of Sin shall be forgiven, but the Blasphemy again;! theHtlj fe Ghost jhall not be forgiven. But as Mr Hales observes in his Paraphrase on s Mar. 12. this is not the Meaning of these Words; for here is an Hebrt'h frequent in Holy Scripture. Thus, Mar. 13.31. Heaven and Earth m 'I pass away, but my Words jhall not pass away. That is, (as St. Luke expresses it, Chap. 16. 17.) It is casier, or Heaven and Earth shall sooner pass away; tt not that Heaven and Earth shall pass away, but that if it were possible.; they shall sooner pass away than his Word shall. So here, all man/iff ot k\ Calumnies and Slanders are heavy Sins, and shall hardly be forgiven to \\ those who commit them, but they will more easily be forgiven than thii Calumny against the Holy Ghost. r


N D he e began again to teach by the sea-side: and there was gathered unto him a great multitude, so it he entred into a ship, and fat in the lea, and the whole ititude was by the sea, on the land. 2. And he taught them many things by parables, and f said unto them in his" •do&rine, 3. Hearken, Behold, there went out a sower to sow. 4. And it came to pass as he sowed, some fell by the Way-side, and the fowls of the air came and devoured it up. 5. And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth, and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth. 6. But when the sun was up, it was scorched, and because it had no root, it withered away. 7. And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it,and it yielded no fruit. 8. And other fell on good ground, and did 8 yield fruit that sprang up and increased, and Drought forth some thirty, and some sixty, and some an hundred. 9. And he said unto them, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. 1 o. Andh when he was alone, they that were about him with the twelve, asked of him the Parable- 11. And he said unto them, 1 Unto you it is given to faiow the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto k them rat are without, all these things are done in Parables. 12.


'*Mat. 13. 1. The fame Day in Heaven, whereof you heard Jnus Went out of the House, and before in the Word of the Truth /" by the sea-side. t Luk. 8.4. of the Gospel. And when much People were ga- h + Mat. 13.10. And she DifcU "Jtied together, and were come to 5 j>/«came and said unto him, Why torn Out of every City, hefiake by speakefl thou unto them in Para1 Viable. bles?

tMar. ia. 38. And he said 'See the Note on Mat. 13. into them in his Doctrine, Be- 11.

*»« of the Scribes, &c. 10 k t 1 Cor. y. 12. What have 1

1 '■* Joh. 15. 5, 16. Iam the to do to judge them also that are TM,'> ye are the Branches: He that Without? Do not ye judge them 'TM«h in me, and I in him, the thatmre within? t Col. 4. y. Walk lame bringeth forth much Fruit; in Wisdom toward them thar are ^ Vithout me ye can do nothing. '5 without, fi Thes. 4. 12. That have chosen you, and ordained ye may walk honestly toward them y°i,that you should go and bring that are without. + 1 Tim. 3. 7. fmb Fmit, and that your Fruit Moreover, he [a Bisliop] must '"ould remain.—• '.'Col. 1. y. For have a good Report of them which TMHope which is laid up for you 20 are withmt.


(1) That 1 seeing they may lee, and not perceive, and he ing they may hear, and not understand j lest at any ti they should be converted, and their sins should be fbrgi them. 13. And he laid unto them,Know ye not this Parab aud how then will ye know all Parables? 14. '" 1


1 + Isa. <S..o. f Luk. 8. 10. dortt, and understandeth it n

t Joh. 12. 40. f Act. 28. 26". then cometh the wickerf one, a

•f Rom. 11. 8. See on Mac. 13. catcherh away that which v

14- sown in his Heart: this is

m t Mat. 13. 19. When any 5 which received Seed by the Wa one heareth the Word of the King- side.

fi) We should entertain unworthy Thoughts cf the blessedJtsus, th great Lover of Souls, should we put such an Interpretation on the! Words as implies, that the great or only Reason why he spake to th Jews in Parables was, that they might not perceive, or understand, or be cm verted; for this would be to suppose Our Lord to act contrary to thai which he declares to be one main Design of his Coming into the World; namely, to teach us the Knowledge of his Father s Will, and to f*r»usftom Darkness to Light, &c. Parables are Comparisons borrowed from ThingsaJready known by those to whom they are spoke, and intended to explain something which is more difficult. Therefore our Lord's speaking to them in Parables did not proceed from his unviillingness to instruct them, but it was because they were not so well fitted to receive Instrulfion in any other Way. Accordingly we read, Ver. 33. that with many such Pirf bles spake he the Word unto them as they were able to hear it.

St. Matthew relates this matter more fully than either St. MarkotSr. Luke, and he, Chap. 13.15. exprefly ascribestheirBlindness to themseto*-' This Peoples Heart is waxed gross, and their Ears are dull of Hearing, and thtir Eyes they have closed, left at any time they sivuld fee with their Eyes, and his 'with their Ears, and should understand with thtir Hearts, and should beconvvUi, and 1 [\iould heal than. And this no doubt was the Cafe.

We are mightily in the Wrong, when we go about to fastensuchCw sequences on the wife, holy, just and good God, as make him wanting® his Creatures, or to be the Cause of their Destruction; for he hath affirmed in the most solemn manner, that he desires not the Death of a Sinner,w that he would have all Men to be saved. If any difficult Places of Scripture seem to look another Way, it will better become us to' fay we do not understand them, than to fix such Consequences upon God, as we are al' sured, both by the Principles of natural Religion and Scripture, Wff consistent with his infinite Perfections, and contrary to his revealed &*1"' Is it not more reasonable to think, that our being unacquainted with the Eastern Language and Phrase makes them difficult to us, than to V,ma' stand them in a Sense which contradicts a great Part of the Bible?

It is a great Aggravation of our Sins, when we attempt to lay thernoP" on God, and to make him to be the Author or the Caule of them, "ff1/ s perisli everlastingly, it is because they flight or despise the Means of"1vation, r.nd will not be made wiser or better by them. Of the M**8" ing of the Word that, see the Note 0,1 7th, J J. 38.

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