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Christ abideth forever: and how say st thou, The Son of man must be lift up? who is this this Son of man? 35Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while 1 is the light with you: b walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for c he that walketh in darknels, knoweth not whither hegoeth. 36. While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the 'children of light. These things spake Jesus and departed, and did 'hide himielf from them. 37. ^[ But though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not on him. 3S. (1) That the saying of Ksaias the Prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, f Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed? 39. Therfore they E could not believe, because that Esaias laid again, 40. b He hath (2) blinded their eyes, and Wined

Selah. * Fsal. 1 lo. 4. The Lord stumble upon the dark Mountains, hath sworn, and will not repent, and while ye look for Light, be Thou art a Vricttfor ever after the turn it into the Shadow of Death, Ord^r osMelchisedeck. -f- Isa. 9. and make it gross Darkness. + Eph. 7. Of the Increase of his Govern- 5 y. 8. Ye were sometimes Dirkmsi, ment and Feace there shall be ni but now are ye Light in the Lord; End, upon the Throne of David walk as Children of Light, and upon his Kingdom, to order ctJoh. 11. 10. it, and to establish it with judgment, d f Eph. j. 8. t 1 Thef. J. $• and with justice, from henceforth 10 See on Luk. 16. 8. even for ever.— t Ezek. 37. 25. e f Joh. 8. so. Jesus btdhmKS, —My Servant David shall be their and went out of the Temple. Prince fer ever. Sec on Luk. 1. t Joh. 11. 54 Jesus therefore Mji33. ed no more openly among the

1 See on Joh. 8 12. i^Jevt.

* t Jer- 13 16. Give Glory to f * Ifai yj. 1. * Rom. 10.16. the Lord your God before he cause f See the Note on Heb. d.4. Darkness, and before your Feet h See on Mat. 13. 14.

(1) The Word here rendred that, deesnot denote the Cause, but the Event. The Meaning then of this Place is, it so fell out, or, jo it came to pass, that the Saying of the Prophet was fulfilled God wills not Evil, nor does he by his Prophets foretcl it, that it may come to pass. Uut since the evil Dispositions of Men will bring it to pass, he foretels it by his Prophets, and knows how to bring good our of it The Prophecy therefore is not the Cause of the Event; but the agreeablcness of the Event with it, shews the Exactness and Truth of the Prophecy. This Word that denotes not the final Cause, but the Event, in Psal. 50. 4. rCor. 11. 10. and in many other Places.

(ij These Words may be rendred, their Eyes were blinded, and their Hearrs were hardned; for so the same Form of Speaking is translated 111 other Places. 1 hus, what is translated Luk. 12. 20. Tksi Night Jh*S tlj red their heart; that they Ihould not see with their eye?, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them. 41. i These things said Elaias, when he saw his glory, and spake of him. 42. % Nevertheless, among the chiefRulers also many believed on him , but k because os the Pharisees they did not confess him, lest they should, be put out of the synagogue. 43. For they loved the 1 praise of men more than the praise of God. 44, Jesus cried, and said, m Pie that believeth on me, believeth

Ee 3 not

'+ Isai. 6. 1. I saw the Lord fit- 1 * See po Job. 5. 41, 44

ting upon a Throne high and lifted 111 t M,ar- o. 37. Whosoever

up, and his Train filled the Tern- shall receive me, receiyeth not me,

fie. but him that sent me.

k f See on Joh. 7. 13. 5

Soul be required of thee, is in the Greek, This Night do they require thy Soul. It is certain, that it was not absolutely impossible for them to believe, because our Saviour exhorts them so to do, Ver. 36. And we cannoc suppose that he would exhort Men to do that which he infallibly knew was not possible to be done by them. Further, it is spoken of Ver. 37. as something extraordinary, that though he had done so many Mh ticks before them, yet they b'licved not on him.

A Man's Heart may be said to be hardned, when if has such a Stifncfs wAObstinacy as will yield to no Motives, nor Persuasions. Such a hardness God never infuses or puts into any Man's Heart: But God may be said in another Sense to harden Men, without any impeachment of his Justice, Wisdom, and Goodness; namely, when he does that, which in itsown Nature has no tendency to harden them, but they notwithstanding take Occasion from thence to harden themselves. Thus Pharaoh was hardened by the Punishments inflicted upon him, and by the removal ofthem too; thus some, as the Apostle speaks, Rom. 2.4,5;. were hardned by the Goodness, Forbearance, and Long-suffering of God, which should have led them to Repentance; thus many in our Days harden themselves in Sin, because they are not immediately punished for it: And we in. ourcommon Way of Speaking say, that such and such are ruined by the Tenderness and Indulgence of their Parents, &c. And even some will become more hardened by the wife Reproofs given them to reclaim them: But this is their Fault, not the Fault of God, or of those who endeavour to do them good. Accordingly St. Matthew, Chap. 13. Jj. and St. Paul, Acts 28. 26, 27. ascribe this Blindness and Hardness to themselves.

I will only add, that in the Eastern Phrase and manner of Expression, 'Person is said to do that which he only permits or suffers to be done. Thus God is said to give the Heathen up to allUicleanmfs, and to a refnbate Mind, Rom. 1. Here is no positive Act of God expressed; but the Meaning is, he left them to themselves, and to those evil Spirits they chose to worship, and the Vices they fell into were the necessary Effects of their Idolatry. Those who would fee this Matter more fully handH may read the late Dean of St. PauCi Dr. Sherlock's 'Discourse °» Divine Prtvidtust, Chap. 6.

not on me, 1 but on him that sent me. 45. And b he that seeth me, seeth him that sent me. 46. I am come ac 1'gb.t into the World, that whosoever believeth on me, should - not abide in darkness. 47. And if any man hear my words, and believe not, A I judge him not: for I came not to judge the world, but to e five the world. 48. He thatf rejesteth me, and receiveth not my. words, hath one that judgeth him: e the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day. 49. For I have not h spoken of ray self; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a 1 commandment what I should say, and what I mould speak. 50. And I know thnt his commandment is life everlasting: whatsoever I speak therefore, even as the Father said unto me, so I speak.


N" O W k before the feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that his 1 hour was come, that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end.

2. And supper being ended, (the m devil having now n put into the heart of Judas lscariot, Simons soy^ to betray him)

3. Jesus knowing that the Father 0 had given all things in


* t 1 Pet. 1. »i. Who by him sent me.

£0 believe in God that raised him 8 Deuc. 18. 19. It shall come up from the Dead, and gave him to pass that whosoever wiH not Glory, that your Faith and Hope hearken unto my Words, which he might Le in God. 5 shall speak in my Name I wi" «"

b f See on Joh. 14. 9. quire ir of him. T Mar. J 6 id He

*■ Ver. 36". See on Joh. 8. 12. that believeth not,{hal' be damned.

d See-on Jch. 3.17. also the 1 tjoh.8.38 t Joh. 14.10. See Note on Joh. 8. 1 y. on Joh. 7. 16.

e War. 16. 16. He that believ- IO 1 V Deut. 18. 18. See on Joh. eth and is baptized shall besaved— 7.40. 1 Tim. 1. 15. This is a faithful k See on Mar. 14. 1. Saying, and worthy of ail Accep- 1 f Joh. 17 1. —Father, the tation, that Christ Jesus came in- Hour is come; glorisie thy Sob, to the World to yaw Sinners, a,, that thy Son also may glorifie Pet. 3. 9. The Lord is not flack thee.

concerning his Promise (as some m + Luk. xi. 3. Then enfrtd

JvTcn count slackness.' but is Long- Satan into Judai, sirnamed iscfi*!

suffering to us-waid, vet -milling being of the Number of tA*

that any should perijh, bur that all 10 Twelve.

should come to Repentance. See "Ver. 17.

on Joh. 3.17. ° See ou Mat. II. »7- and Mit*

* V Luk. 10. ifj.— He that dr 18. j8. spisetb me, despiseth, him that

to his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God, 4. He riseth from supper, and laid aside his garments, and took a towel and 1 girded himself. 5. After that he poureth water into a bason, and began to walh the disciples feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded. 6. Then cometh he to Simon Peter: and * Peter s_Gr. /wTJ faith unto him, Lord, b dost thou wash my feet? 7« Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do, thou knoweft not now ^ but thou slialt know hereafter. 8. Peter faith unto him, Thou malt never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, c If I warn thee not, thou hast no part with me. 9. Simon Peter faith unto him, Lord, not my feet only,A but also my hands and my head. 10. Jesus faith to him, He that iswaihed, needeth not, save to waihhis feet, but is 'clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all. 11. For he 'knew who should E betray him ^ therefore said he, Ye are not all clean. 12 So after he had warned their feet, and had taken his garments, and was set down again, he said unto them, Know ye what I have done to you? 13. Ye ^call me Master, and Lord: and ye say well} for/ol am. H> 'If I then your Lord and Master, have wastied your

Ee 4 feet,

1 Luk. 17. 8. — Make ready h t Mat. 23. 8. Be not ye called

wherewith I may sup, and gird Rabbi: for one is your Master, e

thyself, and serve me. Luk. 22. ven ChriB, and all ye are Bre

*7 —I am among you as he that rhren Luk. 6 $6. Why cuff ye

sirvetd. 5 me Lord, Lird, and do not the

,b + See Mat 3. i+. John forbad things which I lay? Acts 2. 36.

him, saying, I have need to be —God- hath made that same Jesur

baptized of thee, and contest thou whom ye crucified, both Lord and

tome? Luk. 5 8. When Simon Christ. Rom. 14. 9. To this End Peter saw it, he fell down at Je- 10 Christ both died, and rose, and re

fiis knees, faying, Depart from me, vived, that he might be Lord both

for I am a sinful Man, O Lord. ofthe Dead and Living, t 1 Cor 8.

c t 1 Cor. '6. 11. t Eph. j. 16. 6 To us there is but one God the

+ Tit. 3.5. f Heb. 10.22. See on Father, of whom are all things, J0'1-3- 3, J. 1 j and we in him; and one Lordje

d Psal. 51. 2. Wash me through- sus Christ, by whom are all things,

h stom mine Iniquity, and cleanse and we by him. t 1 Cor. 12. 3,

me from my Sin. 5- —No Man can fay that Jesus is

c tjoh. 15.3. Now ye are the Lord, bur by the Holy Ghost, through the Word which I have i° There are differences of Admini

fpokerv unto you. strations, but the fame Lord. Eph.

ftJoh. 6 64. There are some of 4. J. One Lord.— f Phil. 2. 11.

You which believe nor: For Je- That eve y Tongue should confess,

fus knew from th- Beginning, that Jtfts Christ- is Lord, to the who they were that believed not, 25 Glory ot GoJ the Father. '"''

widwtvo should betray him. 't Luk.2i.27.—I am among you

2 Ver. 18, ai. as he that lerveth.

feet, * ye also ought to wash one another* feet. 15. For b 1 have given you an example, that ye should do as 1 have done to you. 16. Verily verily I fay unto you, The'servant is not greater than his Lord, neither he that is sent, greater than he that sent him. 17. If ye know these things, d happy are ye if ye do them. 18. I speak not of you all ^ I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture may be fulfilled, He that e eateth bread with me, hath list heel against me. 19. * Now s_Or, from hencesml>]l tell you * before it come, that when it is come to pals,8 ye may believe that I am he. 20. Verily verily I fay unto you, h ,He that receiveth whomsoever 1 send, receiveth me: and he that receiveth me, receiveth him that sent me. 21 • When Jesus had thus laid, he was 'troubled in spirit, and testified, and said, Verily verily, I fay unto you, that1 one of you shall betray me. 22. Then the disciples looked one pn another, doubting of whom he spake. 23. Now there was leaning on Jesus bosom, one of h:s disciples whom Jesus 1 loved. 24. Simon Peter therefore beckened to him that he

1 Rom, is. 10. In Honour prt- under Ver. 11.

faring one another, t Gal. 6. 1, 2. 1 f Joh. 14. 29.

Brethren, if a Man be overtaken * Mat. 11.4. Art thou he that

in a Fault, ye which are spiritual, should come, or do we look fort

restore such an one in the Spirit of 5 nother? f Joh. 16 4. These things

thou also be tempted. Bear ye Time shall come, ye may remem

the Law of Christ. 1 Pet. y. 5. h * Luk. ijr. 16. See on Mar. AU of you be subject one to ano- lo 10. 40. ther —' ■ Mar. 3. y. When he had look

b f 1 Pet. 2. 21. f 1 Joh. 2. 6. ed round about on them with AnSee on Mat. 11. 29. ger, being grieved for the Hardness

c * Mat. 1 o. 24. *Joh. 15.20. of their Hearts.— Luk. u. y?-f See on Luk. 6. 40. 15 have a Baptism to be baptized with,

? t Jam. 1. 2Ci Whoso Iookefh and how am I Hraitned till it be into the perfect Law of Liberty, accomplislied! Joh. 12. 27. Now and continueth therein, he being is my Soul troubled— not a forgetful Hearer, but a doer k f Acts I. 17. He was numbrea of the Wcrk, lhjs Man shall be 20 with us, and had obtained part of ilijsed in his deed. Jam. 4. 17. To this Ministry, t 1 Joh- *• him that knoweth to do good, and They went out {torn us, but rhey doth it net, to him it is Sin. were not of us.— See on Luk.

e VPsal. 41. 9. Yea, mine own fa- 22, 21. miliar Friend in whom I trusted, 2y 1 t Joh. 19. 16. — The Disciple

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