« AnteriorContinuar »
the holy Scriptures} afterwards many more were added by Dr. Sattergood j last of all, some References of that admirable ternary, Dr. Lloyds the late learned Bishop of Worcester^ were added. So that sometimes to one single Verse there are tight or ten, and sometimes many more References. Now the turning to all these, not to mention the Difficulty of leeping open the Bible in several Places at once, requires much Time, and is a great Stop in reading. For which Reason, except on some particular Occasions, I am ready to think, they are but seldom consulted. I have therefore often thought, That the placing these References under the text in Words at length, so that they might be seen at one Tm, would mightily conduce to the understanding the Scriptures, and to fix the important Truths delivered in them in the Mind of the Reader, who will be naturally led to think those Truths of the bights! Consequence, which are frequently inculcated in the sacred Pages. Thus when we read the References under Matt. 16. 27. and observe how frequently it is declared, both in the Old and New Testaments that God will render to every one according to his Works, one would think it could not fail to make us circumjpccl in our Ways, and diligent that our Works and Æions may be such, as will give us a reasonable Hope, that we shall not only escape Punishment, but, through the Mercy of God, and the Merits of Christ, be entitled to" a Reward from him. If such a Consideration will not inspire us with Zeal, and make us fruitful', and abound in all gcod Works to the Glory and Praise of God; if it will not convince us of the Fallacy of that common Delusion, namely, that a sew cold and intffi&nd Wishes, and a little Sorrow on a sick or a Death-bed, though we have omitted to do those good Works we might and ought to have done, and done many evil and wicked Workt which we might and ought to have left undone; I fay, if this express declaration of Almighty God, so often repeated, will not rouse and awaken us out of our Delusion, it is hard to fay what will. Nor is it necessary to confine this Declaration wholly to Rewards and Fnnijhments in a future State; for tho' it chiefly refers to that, yet it may be extended, and I doubt not but it is in part often made good to many even in the present Life.
Before I proceed to give the Reader an Account of what he is to expect in this Work, 1 would beg leave to precis? one caution, namely, That upoj) reading the References he would not in any Matter of Moment be too quick In form* ing his Judgment, left he be led into Mistakes and Errors, by the meer Sound of Words. For unless he has so read the Scriptures, as to be able in some Measure to recollect the Context, (which it were to be wished many had done) he will often find it necessary to turn to the. Places themselves.
The Things I would advertise the Reader of, are these following:
First, That the Chronology here used is that of Bishop Vfrer, which is put in some ot the latter Editions of the English Bible. I have placed it at the Top of the Page, and in the Margin where the Year alters.
Secondly, The Marginal Readings are put between Brackets F_ ] vvith the Text, the Clause or Word to which the Reading belongs, having an Asterisk * before it. Those which were too long to be placed thus, I have cast at the Bottom of the Page among the Notes, which I have marked with a double dagger, thus t.
Thirdly, The References are placed in two Columns, immediately under the Text, and referr'd to by the Letters *, b, (Jr-c. And the Notes are put under them, and referr'd to by Figures. In transcribing the References, tho' only a Tart or Clause of the Verse is referr'd to, I have sometimes set down the whole Verse, especially when it contains some weighty Doctrine or Duty. And when I have taken only a Part of the Verse, I have often intimated it to the Reader, by putting a short Line thus —.. Where the References under any Head are many, they do for the most Part stand in the Order they lie in the Bible. And if the Convenience of placing them so had been sooner observed, they should all have been put in that Order. But a great Part of the Work was printed before this was considered.
Fourthly, The References here set down are not all of them strictly parallel. Some are verbal, and give some Light to the Words, others are real, and treat of the Matter it self, which is proposed in the Words. Thus some are Instances and Examples of the Practice of the Duty enjoined, &c. others are, it may be, Motives to engage to the Practice thereof, or to disswade from the Commission of the Sin, and the like. For Example; under Matt. 4. 17. are several Texts respecting Repentance; some of which express the Vutyt as Matt. 3. 2, 8. Mar., 1. 15. Mar. 6, 12. huh 24. 47.
2. 38. 17. 30. Some describe the Nature of
hfatmt; as 1 £w. 8. 47, 48,49. Jai 42. 6. Ez.ek. 18. 30. Lfct. 3.8. Æ.26.20. Others contain Motives to Practice j uMat.g. 13. ZaA. 13. 3. 15-7- Act. ^. 19.
2.4- iGr.7.10- 2-Pff. 3. 9- The Reader, by casting his Eye over the References under any Text, will soon fee to vk Heads they are to be reduced. Sometimes one Text expresses both the t)uty, and the Motive to practise it j and therefore for this and other Reasons, it was not practicable to set them in distinct Paragraphs. I might have mental other Heads, as the Parts of Repentance, &c. but these are enow to illustrate what I am saying, and likewise to Æew what Use may be made of this Book, by Christians in their private Retirements. Sometimes some Scriptures are fit down by Way of Opposition. For Instance, under Matt. $• 3> are some Texts respecting the Sin of Pride, and under ^•2. 17. are placed the1 Passages which speak of the Wirjliifftrs of the Beast, who had his Mark on their Foreheads and in their Hands, as well as those which mention the m> Name given to, and the Seal set upon the Servants' of God. ...
. Fifthly, I have for the molt Part set down all the References. m the last and fullest Edition of the Btble, having corrected kveral Mistakes in the Print. Some few I have omitted; but whether they were Mistakes in the Print, or in me not king able to discern their Relation to the Text they refold to, I cannot determine.
Sxthly, The References which have an Asterisk * before them, are supposed to be put by the Translators of the those which have a Dagger -f-, by Dr.. Scattered \ those which have three Points v before them, by Dr. Lloyd the late learned Bifliop of Worcester; those which have no **J before them were added now, being partly collected from my ovm Observation, partly from the Octavo Edition? wtile Greek Testament, printed at Amsterdam in the Year jJlJj which is said to contain more than even Dr. Mills'* «toion of the Greek Testament; aud partly from the Folio Edition of Mr. Sam. Clark's Annotations: But tho' I tam'd t0most of the Texts referr'd to by these.Authors, .yet I yxie Choice' but of some of them.. For I could not Q'scem the Relation of some to the Texti others did not
ffn of any great Moment, others seemed to be" purely triH is& riot t'd1 answer the End I proposed/ \vMclf w'asf
as rr&t not the Benefit of the Learned, but of such corrirtioi Christians as diligently and frequently read the holy Scriptures, and are desirous to understand them •, of which Number there are, God be praised, not a few. It is sometimes surprizing to observe, what a Progress in divine Knowledge some make, who are not learned, but who (i^ diligently and constantly read the Scriptures with an upright and honest Mind, and with a fervent Desire not only to know, but to do the Will of God, which sometimes extends tc obscure and difficult Points in Divinity.
Seventhly, I have often put the Scriptures reducible to ont Head under one Text of Scripture, and as often as that Matter recurs, I have referr'd to that Place. For Example, the Texts relating to the Love of each other, which the Gojpcl lays such a mighty Stress upon, and without which neither the most Orthodox Faith, nor any other Pretensions to Religion, are of any Value in the Sight of God} these Texts I have put under Joh. 13. 34. In all those Places therefore where this comprehensive duty is mentioned, I refer to this Place, setting down first the Texts in the Margin of the Bible. For Instance, in the Bible with Reference's against Matt. 22. 39. are these following Texts, * Lev. 19.18. -f- Mar.
12. 31. '\ Rom. 13. 9. '\Gal. 5.14. -[Jam. 2. 8. after which is added, See on Joh. 13. 34. that it, you will find these Texts in Words at length under Joh. 13.34. and Ib in many other Instances. In such References the Reader will observe, that the Text referrd to, as well as those set under it, generally relates to the fame Subject. As in the Instance above, Joh.
13. 34.«relates to the Duty of loving each other, as well as Lev. 19. 18, &c. I have since thought, that if this Method had been more generally followed, it would have been better 5 but the Consideration of the Objection I stiall presently
(1) The Church of K«j»?,sensible how Tittle the Writings of the Apostles make for the Doctrines peculiar to their Church; as Purgatory, ■worshipping Saints and Angels, the Communion in one kind, &e: hath forbid the Laity to read the Scriptures. But the Ancient Ecclesiastical Writers required All Men to read the Scriptures, commending those who did so, and condemning those who neglected it. They advised them to get Bibles for the Cure of their Souls, that they not only might have enough for themselves, but be able to help others, and instruct Wife, and Children, and Neighbours. They ascribe all Evils to this Cause, that Men do not know the Scriptures. See Dt.Lloyisi Sermon, p. 3 y. which is referr'd to above.
speak to, prevailed with me to omit it in many Instances. When there are no Texts set down before that referr'd to, the Reason is, either there are none, or it may be not more than one, in the Margin of the Bible at that Place. I the rather mention this, because sometimes 1 have referr'd in this Manner, when it may be, there is but one Text besides the Place referr'd to; which was necessary to bring the Work within compass.
Such kind of References being in some Places frequent, especially in the Gojpels, in the Beginning and Conclusion of lbme of the Epistles, and towards the latter end of the New Testament, the Trouble of turning to them may be an Objection. To this therefore I answer, I have in this Matter taken no other Liberty, than all Expositors of the holy Scriptures make Use of, That had there been no new References, it would have been easier for me to have set them down in Words at length, as they lie in the Margin of the Bible; but considering the great Number of new References, the Work would have been too large; or if those had been omitted^ it would not have been so useful. Besides^ the Reader will sometimes find so many more Texts relating to the* fame Subject, as will make him amends for the Trouble! in turning to them •, to lessen which, I have set not only the Name of the Book, but the Chapter, at the top of every Page. These References, if considered with Respect to those in the Margin of the Bible, are not so frequent as they may appear to be -, for they are sometimes set down, when there' is not any Reference in the Margin of the Bible.
Eighthly, When a Reference is either in the Chapter, before or fikwing, I have, to shorten the Work, sometimes omitted the" Words, it being easie to turn to it. And if any Reference is set down without the Words, the Place being neither in the' Chapter before nor after, it denotes that the Words are the" farm, or very neat the fame, with the Text under which it is set. Fpf lnstance? under job. i i. i 0. is set fyh. x 1t 47.but the Words being in the former Chapter, they are omitted; Again, under *foh. 12. 38. are set isa. 53.1. and Rom. id. \6. but theWords are omitted, because they are very nedr the" sime xilth'Joh. 12. 38.
Ninthly, The Notes are for the most Part on difficult aril mifitktn Places of Scripture, and designed for the Use d: soch as cannot consult larger Volumes; For which Reafoa I have, as much as I could, industriously avoided the
a 2 Us*