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3. The electors shall meet in their respective states, ana * lot for two persons, of whom one at least shall not be an the same state with themselves. And they shall make a l sons voted for, and of the number of votes for each ; w shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the of the United States, directed to the president of the senate dent of the senate shall, in the presence of the senate, representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes counted. The person having the greatest number of vote president, if such number be a majority of the whole nu tors appointed ; and if there be more than one who have sı and have an equal number of votes, then the house of re shall immediately choose, by ballot, one of them for pres no person have a majority, then from the five highest on said house shall, in like manner choose the president. Bu the president, the votes shall be taken by states, the represe each state having onc vote; a quorum for this purpose sha member or members from two thirds of the states, and a n the states shall be necessary to a choice. In every case, aft of president, the person having the greatest number of electors, shall be the vice president. But if there should or more who have equal votes, the senate shall choose f ballot the vice president.

4. The congress may determine the time of choosing the the day on which they shall give their votes; which day same throughout the United States.

4. No person, except a natural born citizen, or a citizen States at the adoption of this constitution, shall be eligable President; neither shall any person be eligable to that ofi 'not have attained to the age of thirty-five years, and been a resident within the United States.

6. In case of the removal of the president from office, o resignation, or inability to discharge the powers and duti office, the same shall devolve on the vice president, and may, by law, provide for the case of removal, death, resig bility, both of the president and vice president, declarin shall then act as president, and such officer shall act aca the disability be removed, or a president shall be elected.

7. The president shall, at stated times, receive for his se pensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminish period for which he shall have been elected, and he sha within that period any other emolument from the United of them.

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efore he enter on the execution of his office, he shall take the
ig oath or affirmation :
I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the
president of the United States, and will, to the best of my

:erve, protect, and defend the constitution of the United States."
2. 1 The president shall be commander in chief of the army
y of the United States; and of the militia of the several states,
ůled into the actual service of the United States; he may require,
ion, in writing, of the principal officers in each of the executive
cents, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective
and he sliall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offen-
nst the United States except in cases of impeachment.
e shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the
to make treaties, provided two thirds of the senators present

and he shall nominate, and, by and with the advice and consent enate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers, and judges of the supreme court; and all other officers of the Uni. s, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, ch shall be established by law. But the congress may, by law,

appointment of such inferior officers as they think proper, in dent alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of departments.

president shall have power to fill any vacancies that may hap. ng the recess of the senate, by granting commissions, which ire at the end of their next session. 5. 1. He shall, from time to time, give to the congress informale state of the Union, and recommend to their consideration sures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on mary occasions, convene both houses, or either of them, and in sagrcement between them, with respect to the time of adjourn. may adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper ; he eive ambassadors and other public ministers; he shall take the laws be faithfully executed; and shall commission all the the United States. 1. The president, vice president, and all civil officers of the ates, shall be removed from office on impeachment for, and of treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.

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ARTCILE THIRD. The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in ne court, and in such inferior courts as the congress may to time ordain and establish. The judges, bot!of the supreme or courts shall hold their offices during good behaviour, and

ithfully execute de the best of myzil the United States i chief of the un { the several site 28; he may reja ach of the erro of their reapet? nd pardasfor da eachment

and consent of the he senators present

advice and career ublic ministers a

officers of the li rwise provided to igress may

, bir ley think proses ads of departures ncies that may is

shall, at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation wh shall not be diminished during their continuance in office.

SEC. 2. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law": equity, arising under this constitution, the laws of the United Sta and treaties made, or which shall be made under their authority ;all cases affecting ambassadors; other public ministers and consuls to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversie which the United States shall be a party;— to controversies between or more states ;---between a state and citizens of another state ;-betw citizens of different states ;-between citizens of the same state cla ing lands under grants of different states, and between a state or citizens thereof, and foreign states, citizens, or subjects, and those which a state shall be a party, the supreme court shall have original risdiction. In all the other cases before mentioned, the supreme co shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such ceptions, and under such regulations as the congress shall make. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and cons

The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall by jury; and such trial shall be held in the state where the cri shall have been committed ; but when not committed within any state, trial shall be at such place or places as the congress may by law ha directed.

SEO. 3. Treason against the United States, shall consist only levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving th aid and comfort.

No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court.

The congress shall have power to declare the punishment of treas but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, or forfeit except during the life of the person attainted.

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ARTICLE FOURTH. Sec. 1. Full faith and credit shall be given in each state to the p lic acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state. the congress may by general laws prescribe the manner in which si acts, records and proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof.

SEC. 2. The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all the privile and immunities of citizens in the several states.

A person charged in any state with treason, felony, or other cri who shall flee from justice, and be found in anothor state, shall on mand of the executive authority of the state from which he fled, be livered up, to be removed to the state having jurisdiction of the crim

1 of the suprez:

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rson held to service or labor in one state, under the laws escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regu. erein, be discharged from such service or labor, but shall

be I up on claim of the party to whom such service or labor may 3. New states may be admitted by the congress into this ut no new state shall be formed or erected within the jurisdic. ny other state; nor any other state be formed by the junction of Lore states, or parts of states, without the consent of the legislache states concerned as well as of the congress. ongress shall have power to dispose of and make all needful 1 regulations respecting the territory or other property belong. e United States; and nothing in this constitntion shall be so I as to prejudice any claims of the United States, or of any par.

The United Statess shall guarantee to every state in the republican form of government, and shall protect each of them vasion; and on application of the legislature, or of the execun the legislature cannot be convened) against domestic vio.

T fort the




ARTICLE FIFTH. ngress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall deem it nehall propose amendments to this constitution, or, on the applihe legislatures of two-thirds of the several states, shall call a 2 for proposing amendments, which, in either case, shall be intents and purposes, as part of this constitution, when rati. ne legislatures of three fourths of the several states, or tions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other mode ition may be proposed by congress : provided that no it which may be made prior to the year one thousand eight nd eight shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clau. ninth section of the first article ; and that no state, without , shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the senatę,

M Natle John Jers atha: Robe Jam ning Mar roll. Wil Car Pin

ARTICLE SIXTH. 5 contracted, and engagements entered into, before the ador

constitution, shall be as valid against the United States un. istitution, as under the confederation. istitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be irsuance thereof: and all treaties made, or which shall be :r the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby

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any thing in the coustitution or laws of any state to the contrary withstanding.

The senators and representatives before mentioned, and the n bers of the several state legislatures, and all executive and judicia cers, both of the United States and of the several states, shall be b by oath or affirmation, to support this constitution : but no relig test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public under the United States.

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ARTICLE SEVENTH. The ratification of the conventions of nine states, shall be suffi for the establishment of this constitution between the states so rati the game. Done in convention by the unanimous consent of the states pre

the seventeenth day of September, in the year of our Lord thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of the inde ence of the United States of America the twelfth.

In wit whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names.


and deputy from Virginia Attest, William Jackson, Secretary.



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New Hampshire-John Landon, Nicholas Gilman. Massachuse Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King. Connecticut - William Sa Johnson, Roger Sherman. New York-Alexander Hamilton. Jersey-William Livingston, David Brearly, William Patterson, athan Dayton. Pennsylvunia-Benjamin Franklin, Thomas M Robert Morris, George Clymer, Thomas Fitzsimons, Jared Inge James Wilson, Gouverneur Morris. Delaware-George Read, ning Bedford jr., John Dickinson, Richard Bassett, Jacob Bri Maryland—James M'Henry, Daniel of St Thomas Jenifer, Charles roll. Virginia—.John Blair, James Madison jr. North Caroli William Blount, Richard Dobbs Spaight, Hugh Williamson. Carolina_John Rutledge, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, C Pinckney, Pierce Butler. Georgia-William Few, Abraham Bal

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