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II. Saints, by profession, are bound to maintain an hoiy fellowship and communion in the worship of God, and in performing such other spiritual services as tend to their mutual edification d; as also in relieving each other in outward things, according to their several abilities and necessities. Which communion, as God offereth opportunity, is to be extended unto all those who in every place call upon the name of the Lord Jesus e.
III. This communion which the saints have with Christ, doth hot make them in any wife partakers of the substance
one another, even as also ye do. v. 14. Now we exhort you,brethren warn them that are unruly, comfort the feeble-minded, support the weak, be patient toward all men. Rom. i. 11. For I long to see you, that I
and so much the more, as ye fee the day approaching. Acts ii. 42. And they continued stedfastly in the apostles doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayer, v. 46. And they continuing daily
may impart unto you some spiritual with one accord in the temple, gift, to the end you may be establish- and breaking of bread from house to td; v. 12. That is, that I may be house, did eat their meat with glad-:
ness and singleness of heart. If. ii. 3. And many people shall go and fay, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the Gcd of Jacob, and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths; for out of Zion shall go so.rth the law, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. 1 Cor. xi. 20. When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not, to eat the Lord's supper.
e Acts ii. 44. And all that believed were together, and had all things common, v. 4J. And fold
comforted together with you, by the mutual faith both of you and me. v. 14. I am debtor both to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians, both tj the wife, and to the unwise. 1 John iii. 16. Hereby pe-ceive we the love cf God, because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down our lives for the bre ■ thren. v. 17. But whoso hath this worlds good, and sceth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels of compaslion from him, how dwelled) the love of God in him? T. 18. My little children, let us rot love in word, neither in tongue, but indeed, and in truth. Gal. vi. Ib. As we have therefore opportunity, let us do good unto all men, especially unto them who are of the household of faith. . II. d Heb. x. 24. And let us conlider one another, to provoke unto love, and to good works, v. 2 5. Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as ,the ,'maBncr of some is; but exhorting one another:
their possessions and goods, and part-
stance of his God head,or to be equal with Christ in any respect: either of which to affirm, is impious and blasphemous /. Nor doth their communion one with another, as saints, take away or infringe the title or property which each man hath in his goods and possessions g.
CHAP. XXVII. Of the Sacraments.
SAcraments are holy signs and seals of the covenant of grace a, immediately instituted by God b, to repre
»• ' ■' sent
the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
g Exod. xx. Ij. Thou shalt not steal. Eph. iv. 28. Let him that stole, steal no more: but rather let him labour, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth. Acts v. 4. Whiles it remained, was it not thine own? and after it was fold, was it not in thine own power? why hast thou conceived this thing in thine heart ? tlwu hast not lied uoto men, but unto God.
I a Rom. iv. n. And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also. Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish my covenant between me and thee, and thy seed after thee, in their generations, for an everlasting covenant; to be a God unto thee, and to thy feed after thee, v. 10 (See below in letter f.)
b Matth. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the fame night in
III./Col. i. 18. And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the first born from the dead; that in all things he might have the pre-eminence, v. 19. For it pleased the Father, that in him should all fulness dwell. 1 Cor. viii, 6. But to us there is But one God, the Father, of whom are all things, • and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things; and we by him. If. xlii. 8. I am the Lord, that is my name, and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images. 1 Tim. vi. Ij. Which in his times he shall show, who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords, v. 16. Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto, whom no man hath seen, nor can see; to whom be honour and power everlasting. Amen. Psal. xlv. 7. Thou lovest righteousness, andhatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. With Heb. i. 8. But unto the Son he faith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom: v. 9. Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity: therefore God,even thy God, hath anointed thee with
sent Christ and his benefits; and to confirm our interest in him c; as also to put a visible difference between those that belong unto the church, and the rest of the world d% and solemnly to engage them to the service of God in Christ, according to his word e.
H. There is in every sacrament a spiritual relation, or sacramental union, between the sign and the thing signified; whence it comes to pass, that the names and effects of the one are attributed to the other/.
Ill, The grace which is exhibited in or by the sacraments,
vhich he was betrayed, took bread.
c 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? the bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? 1 Cor. xi. 25. After the fame manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the New Testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. v. 26. For as often as ye eat this breid, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death till he come. * Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ, have put on Christ. Gal. iii, 17. And this I fay, That the covenant that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.
Rom. xv. 8. Now I fay, that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made unto the fathers. Exod. xii. 48. And when a stranger (hall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no Sncircumcised person (hall eat there
of. Gen. xxxiv. 14. And they said unto them, We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one that is uncircumcised: for that were a reproach unto us.
e Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ, were baptized into his death? v. 4. Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death; that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life, i Cor. x. 16. (See in letter c) v. 21. Ye cannnt drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils.
II./"Gen. xvii. 10. This is my covenant, which ye (hall keep between me, and you, and thy feed after thee: Every man-child among you shall be circumcised. Matth. xxvi. 2 7. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it: v. 28. For this is my blood of the New Testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. Tit. iii. j. Not by works of righteousness, which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.
Rom. merits-, rightly used, is not conferred by any power in them; neither doth the efficacy of a sacrament depend upon the piety or intention of him that doth administer it g, but upon the work of the Spirits, and the word of institution; which contains, together with a precept authorising the use thereof, a promise of benefit to worthy receivers i.
IV. There be only two sacraments ordained by Christ our Lord in the gospel, thai is to fay, Baptism and the Supper of the Lord: neither of which may be dispensed by any, but by a minister of the word, lawfully ordained k..
V. The sacraments of the Old Testament, in regard of the spiritual things thereby signified and exhibited, were, for substance, the same with those of the New /.
III. g Rom. ii. 28. For lie is not to observe all things whatsoever I a Jew, which is one outwardly; nei- have commanded you: and lo, I am ther is that circumcision, which is with you alway even unto the end outward in the flesh: v. 29. But of the world. Amen, he is a few, which is one inwardly; IV. ^ .Matth. xxviii. 19. Go ye and circumcision is that of the heart, therefore and teach all nations, bapjn the spirit, and not in the letter, tizing them in the name os the Fawhose praise is not of men, but of ther, and of the Son, and of the God. 1 Pet. iii. 21. The like si Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. 20. When gure whereunto, even baptism, doth ye come together therefore into one also now save us, (not the putting place, this is not to eat the Lord's away of the filth of the flesh, but supper, v. 23. For I have received the answer of a good conscience to- of the Lord, that which also I dewards God) by the rssurrection of, livered unto you, That the Lord Jesus Christ. Jesus, the ,same night in which he
h Matth. iii. 11. I indeed baptize was betrayed, took bread. 1 Cor. you with water unto repentance; iv. 1. Let a man so account of us, but he that cometh after me, is as of the ministers of Christ, and mightier that I, whose shoes I stewards of the mysteries of God. am not worthy to bear: he (hall Heb. v. 4 And no man taketh this baptize you with the Holy Ghost, honour unto himself, but he that is and with sire. 1 Cor. xii. 13. For called of God, as was Aaron, by one Spirit are we all baptized V. / 1 Cor. x. 1. Moreover, breinto one body, whether we be Jews thren,I would not that ye should or Gentiles, whether we be bond be ignorant, how that all our faor free; and have been all made to thers were under the cloud, and drink into one Spirit. all passed through the sea; v. 2.
i Matth. xxvi. 27,28. (See in And were all baptized into Moses in lette"" /•) Matth. xx.viii. 9. (See the cloud and in the sea; v. 3. And in letter b.) v. 20)• Teaching them did all eat the same spiritual rae.it;
CHAP. XXVIII. Of. Baptism.
BAptism is a sacrament of the New Testament, ordained by Jesus Christ a, not.only for the solemn admission of the party baptized into the visible chi\rcli i>, but also to be unto him a sign and seal o! the covenant of grace c, of hii, ingrasting into. Christ d, of regeneration e, of remi'lion of sins/, and of his giving up unto God through Jesus Christ, to waik in newness of life^: Which sacrament is, by Christ's own appointment, to be continued in his church until the end of the world h.
II. The outward element'to be used in this sacrament is water, wherewith the party is to be baptized in, the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy
v. 4. And did all drink the fame spiritual drink: (for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.)
I. «,Matth. xxviii. 19. (See letter i of the foregoing chapter.)
b 1 Cor. xii. 1; For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been ail made to drink into one Spirit. •
c R.om. iv. 11. And he received the sign of circumcision, a fcai of the righteousness of the faith which •he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them alfa. With Col. ii. 11. In whom also ye sre circumcised with, the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the rlelh, by the circumcision of Christ, v. 12. Buried with him in baptism,wherein also ye are risen with him, through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead.
d Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ, have put on Christ. Rom. vi. j. For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death: we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection.
e Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righteousness, which we have done, ■ but according to his mercy he saved us by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.
s Mark i. 4. John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the baptism of repentance, for the remission of sins.
g Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ, were baptized into his death? v. 4. Therefore we are buried with him by bapiism into death: that like as Christ-was raised up from the dead by the giory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness cf life. .
h Matth. xxviii. 19. (See in letter k foregoing chapter.) v. 20Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever 1 have commanded you: