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THE

LARGER CATECHISM,

WITH THE ASSISTANCE OF

I: ASSEMBLY Of DIVINES

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WITH THE ASSISTANCE OF

COMMISSIONERS

FROM THE

CHURQH Of SCOTLAND,

ASA

Part of the Covenanted Uniformity in Religion betwixt the Churches of Christ in the Kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland.

AND

Approved Anno 1648, by the General Assembly of the C H U R C H of SCOTLAND, to be a Directory for Catechising such as have made some Proficiency in the Knowledge of the Grounds of Religion.

WITH The PROOFS From The SCRIPTURE.

Assembly at Edinburgh, July 2. 1648, SefT. 10.

Act approving the Larger Catechism.

THE General Assembly, having exactly examined and seriously considered the Larger Catechism, agreed upon by the assembly of divines sitting at Westminster, with assistance of commissioners from this kirk, copies thereof being printed, and sent to presbyteries, for the more exact trial thereof, and public intimation being frequently made in this assembly, That every one that had any doubts or objections upon it might put them in; do find, upon due examination thereof, that the said Catechism is agreeable to the word of God, and in nothing contrary to the received doctrine, worssiip, discipline, and government of this lurk; a necessary part of the intended uniformity in religion, and a rich treasure for increasing knowledge among the people of God: and therefore the assembly, as they bless the Lord, that so excellent a Catechism is prepared; so they approve the fame, as a part of uniformity; agreeing, for their part, that it be a common Catechism for the three kingdoms, and a directory for catechising such as have niade some proficiency in the knowledge of the grounds of religion.

THE

LARGER CATECHISM.

Question I. Jj/'HATis the chief and highest end of Man?

Answer. Man's chief and highest end is to glorify God a, and fully to enjoy him for ever b. 2. How doth it appear that there is a Gods A. The very light of nature in man, and the works of God, declare plainly that there is a God c; but his word and Spirit only do sufficiendy and effectually reveal him vuito men for their salvation d.

C\ 3. What Q. 3. What is the -word uj G.d?

I. a Rom. xi. 36. For of him, and through him; and to him are all things: to whom be glory for ever. Amen. 1 Cor.x. 31. Whether therefore ye eat or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.

b Psal. Ixxiii. 24. Thou shalt guide me with thy counsel, and afterwards receive me to glory, v. 2J. "Whom have T in heaven but thee? and there is none upon earth that I desire besides thee. v. 26. My fleih and my heart faileth: but God is the strength of my heart, and my portion for ever. v. 27. For lo, they that are far from thee, (hall perish: thou hast destroyed all them that go a-whoring from thee. v. 28. But it is good for me to draw near to God: I have put my trust in the Lord God, that I may declare all thy ■works. John xvii. 21. That they all may be one, as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee; that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent roe. v. 22. And the glory which thou gavest me, I have given them:

that they may be one, even as we are one. v. 23. I in them, and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one, and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved them,- as thou hast loved me.

2. c Rom. i. 19. Because that which may be known of God, is manifest in them; for God hath mewed it unto them. v. so For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse. Psal.xix. 1. The heavens declare the glory of God: and the firmament sheweth his handy-work, v. 2. Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge, v. 3. There is no speech, nor language, where there voice is not heard. Acts xvii. 28. For in him we live, and move, and have our being.

d 1 Cor. ii. 9. But as it is written. Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard,

neither neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him v. 10. But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God. 2 Tim. iii. 15. And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wife unto salvation, through faith which is in Christ Jesus, v. i6i All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: v.- 17, That tire man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works. If lix.21. As for me, this is my covenant •with them, faith the Lord. My Spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, mall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy feed, nor out of the mouth of thy feeds feed, faith the Lord, from henceforth and for ever.

A. The holy scriptures of the Old and New Testament are the word of God e, the only rule of faith and obedience /.

4. How doth it appear that the scriptures are the ivord ofGod?

A. The scriptures manifest themselves to be the word

. . . of of God, by their majesty £, and purity h; by the consent of all the parts i, and the scope of the whole, which is to give all glory to God k; by their light and power to convince and convert sinners, to comfort and build up believers unto salvation/: but the Spirit of God bearing witness by and with the scriptures in the heart of man,

3. f 2 Tim. iii. 16. All scripture is given by inspiration of God. 2 Pet. i. 19. We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day-star arise in your hearts': v. 20. Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation, v. 21. For the prophecy came uot in old time by the will

of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.

y"Eph. ii. 20. And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner-stone. Rev. xxii. 18. For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of ihe prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God {hall add unto hint the plagues that are written in this book: v. 19 And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God (hall take a way his part out of the book of iife, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book. If. vhi. 20. To the law and to the teilimoriy: if they speak not according to this werd, it is because there is no light in them. Luke xvi. 2c . They have Moses and the prophets; Jet them hear them, v ji. If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they bf persuaded, tho' one rose from the dt.id. Gal. 1. 8. But though we, or an iogel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you, than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed, v. o. As we said before, so say .1 now again, If any man preach any other gospel unto yfU| than that ye have received, let him be accurled. 2 Tim. iii. 15, 16. (See in letter d.)

4. Hos. t,.g Hos. viii. 12. I have written to him the great things, of my law, but they were counted as a strange thing. 1 Cor. ii. 6. Howbeit, we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom of this World, nor of the princes of this World, that come to nought, v. 7. But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom which God ordained before the world unto our glory, v. 13. Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual. Psal. cxix. 18. Open thou mine eyes, that I may behold wondrous things out of thy law. v. 129. Thy testimonies are wonderful: therefore doth my foul keep them.

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h Psal. xii. 6. The words of the Lord are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times. Psal. cxix. 140. Thy word is very pure: therefore thy servant loveth it.

/ Acts x. 43. To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name, whosoever believeth in him, stiall receive remission of sins. Acts xxvi. 22. Having therefore obtained help of God, I continue unto this day, witnessing both to small and great, saying none other things than those which the prophets and Moses did fay should come.

k Rom. iii. 19. Now we know that what things soever the law faith, it faith to them who are under the

law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. v. 27. Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of Works? Nay; but by the law of faith.

/ Acts xviii. 28. For he mightily convinced the Jews, and that publicly, (hewing by the scriptures, that Jesus was Christ. Heb. iv. 12. For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. James i. 18. Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of first-fruits of his creatures. Psal. xix. 7. Th,e law of the Lord is perfect,converting the souli the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple, v. 8. The statutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes. v. 9. The fear of the Lord is clean,enduring for ever: the judgments of the Lord are true, and righteous altogether. Rom. xv. 4. For whatsoever things were written aforetime, were written for our learning; that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope. Acts xx. 32. And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which, is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance among all them whkh are sanctified.

Joha

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