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pledge o; and forbidding to eat 6f the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon pain of death p.

Q. 2 i. Did man continue in that e/late wherein God at first created him.

A. Our first parents being left to the freedom of their own will, through the temptation of Satan, transgressed the commandment of God, in eating the forbidden fruit; and thereby fell from the estate of innocency wherein they were created q. >

Q. 22. Did all mankind fall in that first transgression?

A. The covenant being made with Adam as a public person, not for himself only,'but fof his postefity; all mankind descending from him by ordinary generation r, sinned in him, and fell with him in that first transgressions.

Q^. 23. Into

man which doth those things, shall live by them.

0 Gen. ii. 9. .And out of the ground made the Lord God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the si oht, and good for food: the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.

/ Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil,thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof, thou, {halt surely die.

21. q Gen. iii. 6. And when the •woman, saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wife; (he took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat. v. 7. And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they mewed fig-leaves together, and made themselves aprons, v. 8. And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day; and Adam and •his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God, amongst

the trees of the garden, v. 15. And the Lord God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat. Eccl. vii, 20. Lo, this only have I found, t!»it God made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions. 2 Cor. xi. 3. But I fear lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.

22. r Acts xvii. 26. And hath made of one blood, all nations of men, for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation.

y*Gen. ii. 16. And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayst freely eat: v. 17. But os the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou (halt not eat os it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof, thou (halt surely die. (Compared with

Rom. v. 12. 20.) Wherefore as

by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for thatQi 23. Into what estate did the fall bring mankinds , A. The fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and misery t.

Q. 2 4. What is Jin?

A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of any law of God, given as a rule to the reasonable creature v.

G\ 2 5. Wherein conjisteth the sinfulness of that estate where' into man fell?

A. The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell, consisteth in the guilt of Adam's first sin w, the want of that righteousness wherein he was created, and the corruption ot his nature, whereby he is utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite unto all that is spiritually grod, and wholly inclined |o' all evil, and that continually ,v; which is commonly called original sin,

and

are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. v. 12- And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doth them, mall live in them.

25. w Rom.v. 12. Wherefore,as by one man sin entered into the world, and, death by sin; and so death pasted upon all men, for that all have sinned, v. 19. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners: so hy the obedience of one /hall many be made righteous.

x Rom. iii. 10. As it is'written, There is none righteous, no not one: v. n. There is none that understandeth, there is, none that seeketh after God. v. 12. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable, there is none that doth good, no not one. v. 13. Their throat is an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps is under their lips: v. 14. Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness, v. 1 j. Their feet are swift to

seed

allliave sinned, v.15. For if through the offence of one, many be dead;

much more v. 16. For the

judgment was by one to condemnation;—;v. 17. For if by one man's offence, death reigned by one;

much more v. 18. Therefore

as by the offence of one, judgmeut came upon all men to condemnation;

even so, v. 19. For as by one

man's disobedience many were made

sinners, so by the obcd;ence

And with 1 Cor. xv. 21. For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the' dead, v. 22. for as in Adam all die, even so in Chris t shall all be made alive.

23. / Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the jfcrld, and death by sin; and so crath passed upon all men, for that aii have sinned. Rom. iii. 23. For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God.

2/]. v i ohn iii. 4. Whosoever committeth sin, transgressed! aTso theJaw: for sin is- the transgression of the law. Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are of the works of the law,

and from which do proceed all actual transgressions y.

Q. 26. How is original fin conveyed from our first parents unto their posterity f

Original sin is conveyed from our first parents unto their^posterity by natural generation, so as all that proceed from them in that way are conceived and born in sin z. Q. 27. What misery did the fall bring upon mankind? A. The fall brought upon mankind the loss of communion with God a> his displeasure and curse; so as we are by nature children of wrath b, bond-flaves to Satan c, and justly liable to all punishments in this world, and that which is to come'd.

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shed blood. v T. 16. Destruction and misery are in their ways: v. 17. And the way of peace have they not known, v. 18. There is no fear of God before their eyes. v. 19. Now we know that what things soever the law faith, it faith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he quickened who were dead in trespasses and fins, v. 2. Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course os this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience, v. 3. Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past, in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesti, and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. Rom. v. 6. For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. Rom. viii. 7. .Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God,neither indeed can be. v. 8. So then they that are in the flesh, cannot please God. Gen. vi. j. And God saw that the .wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

y James i. 14. But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed, v. 15. Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin; and sin when it is finished, bringeth forth death. Matt h. xv. 19. For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies.

26. z Psal. li. j. Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me. Job xiv. 4. Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? not one. Job xv. 14. What is man, that he should be clean? and he which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous? John iii. 6. That which is born of the flesh, is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit, is spirit.

27. a Gen. iii. 8. And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God, amongst the trees of the garden, r. 10. And he said, 1 heard thy voice in the garden: and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself, v. 24. So he drove out the man: and he placed at die east of the garden of Eden, cherubims, and a flaming sword, which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.

Epjj.

O. 28. What are the punishments offin in this world?

A. THE punishments of sin in this world are either inward, as.' blindness of mind e, a reprobate fense f strong delusions g, hardness of heart h, horror of conscience r, and vile affections k j or outward, as the curse of God

upon

b Eph. ii. 2. Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience, v. 3. A-' mong whom also we all had our conversation in times pad, in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh, and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. *Zc 1 Tim. ii. 26. And that they may recover themselves out of the snare os the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will.

d Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou (halt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely die. Lam. iii. 39. Wherefore doth a living man complain, a roan for the punishment of his sins? Rom. vi. 23. For the wages of fin is death: but the gift of God is eternal life, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Matth. xxv. 41. Then shall he say also unto them on Depart from, me, ye ^everlasting fire, prepadevil and his angels. .' these shall go away into punishment: but the righteous into life eternal. Jude 7. Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange

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flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.

28. e Eph. iv. 18. Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God, through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart.

/" Rom. i. 28. Even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient.

g 2 Theff. ii. 11. And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie.

h Rom. ii. j. But aster thy hardness and impenitent heart, treasures!: up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath, and revelation of the righteous judgment of God.

/ If. xxxiii. 14. The sinners in Zion are afraid, fearfulnefs hath surprised the hypocrites: who among us shall dwell with the devouring fire? who amongst us shall dwell with everlasting burnings r Gen. iv. 13. And Cain said unto the Lord, My punishment is greater than I can bear. Matth. xxvii. 4. Saying, I have sinned, in that I have betrayed innocent blood. And they said, What is that to us? fee thou to that.

k Rom.i. 26. For this cause God gave them up unto viie affections: for even, their wonj£n did change * the

upon the treasure* for our iak.es /, and all other evils that befal us in our bodies, names, estates, relations, and employments m; together with death itself h.

(£.20. What are the punishments of fin in the world to come?

A. The punishments of sin in the world to come^are everlasting separation from the comfortable presence of God,arid most grievous torments in foul and body, without intermission, in hell-fire for ever 0.

Q; go. Doth God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of fin and misery?

A. God doth not leave all men to perish in the estate of sin and misery into which they fell by the breach of the first covenant, commonly called the covenant of works q, but of his mere love and mercy, delivcreth his elect out of it, arid bringeth them into an e

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the natural use into that which is against nature.

/ Gen. iii. 17. And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, r.nd hast eaten os the tree of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for rhy fake; in sorrow (halt thou eat of it all the days of thy Jise.

m Deut. xxviii. Ij. to the end. But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the Lord thy God, to observe to do all his commandments, and his statutes which I command thee this day; that all these curses (hall come upon thee, and overtake the*. v. 16. Cursed (halt thou be in the city,and cursed shalt thou be in .the field, v. 17. Cursed shall be thy basket and thy store, v. 18. Cursed (hall be the fruit of thy body, and the fruit os thy land, <bc.

n Rom. vi. 21. What fruit had ye then in those things, whereof ye are now ashamed ? ^for the end of those things h death. V. 23 . for the

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Wages of sin is death j but the gift of God is eternal life, through Jesus Christ our Lord.

29. 0 2 ThefT. i. 9. Who slia punished, with everlasting 1 from the presence of tiiq Lord,; from the glory of his power; ft ix. 44, 46, 48.—To go into hell,— where their worm dieth not, aud the fire is not quenched. Luke xv. 24. Ano" 'ie cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on |pe, and

. fend Lazarus that he may dip the tip of his linger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame.

30. /> 1 ThefT. v. 9. For God hath not appointed us to wrath; to obtain salvation by our sus Christ.

q Gal. iii. IO. Fc: .'S arc

of the works of the I; are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. v. 12. And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doth them stialllive in them.

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