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estate of salvation by the second covenanj the covenant of grace r. J ~
Q. 3 i. With whom was the covenant of Mace made?
A. The covenant of grace was made \v\th Christ as the second Adam, and in him with all the elect* as his feeds.
Q. 32. How is the grace of God manifested in the second covenant f
J. The grace of God is manifested in the second covenant, in that he' freely provideth and offereth to sinners a Mediator/, and life and salvation by him 7;; and requiring faith, as the condition to interest them in him 10,
promiseth promiseth and dyeth his holy Spirit x to all his elect, to work in them that faithy, with all other saving "graces z, and to enable them unto all holy obedience a, as the evidence of the truth of their faith b, and thankfulness to God c, and as the way which he hath appointed them to salvation d.
r Tit. iii. 4. But .after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, v. j. Not by works of righteousness, which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost: v. 6. Which he Ihed on us abundantly, through Jesus Christ our Saviour; v+g. That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life. Gal. iii. 21. Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness sliould have been by the law. Rom. iii. 20. Therefore by the deeds of the law, there (hall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of fin. v. 21. But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets; v. 22. Even die righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all, and upon ^11 them that believe; for there is no difference.
31./Gal. iii. 16. Now to Abraham and his feed were the promises made. He faith not, And to feeds, ss of many; but as of .one, And to thy feed, which is Christ. (Rom.
v. 1 j. to the end.) If. liii. 10. Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him.he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his foul an offering for sin, he shall see his feed, he (hall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. v. 1I. He shall see of the travel of his foul, and shall*be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many: for he shall bear their iniquities.
32. / Gen. iii. 1 j. And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy feed and her feed: it shall bruise thy head, and thoit shalt bruise his heel. If. xlii.^ T the Lord have called thee in righteousness, and will hold thine hand, and will keep thee, and will give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles. John vi. 27. Labour not for the meet which perisheth, but for that meet which endureth unto everlasting Jife, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed.
v 1 John v. 11. And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life; and this life is in his Son. v. 12. He that hath the Son, hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God, hath not life.
<U) John iii. 16. For God so loved the world, that he gave his only A a ■,' begotten
Q. 3 3 • Was the covenant of grace always administered after one and the fame manners
A. The covenant of grace was not always administered after the same manner, but the administrations of it under the Old Testament were, different from those under the New?.
Q. 34. How was the covenant of grace administered under the Old Testament f
begotten Son, that whosoever be- e 2 Cor. v. 14. For the love of lieveth in him, should not perish, Christ constraineth us, because we but have everlasting life. John i. 12. thus judge, that if one died for all, But as many as received him, to then were all dead. v. \$. And them gave he power to become the that he died for all, that they which sons of God, even to them that be- live, should not henceforth live unlieve on his name. to themselves, but unto him which
x Prov. i. 23. Behold,I will pour died for them, and rose again, out my Spirit unto you, I will make d Eph. ii. 10. For we are his known my words unto you. workmanship, created in Christ Je
y 2 Cor. iv. 13. We having the sus unto good works, which God fame spirit of faith, according as it hath before ordained that we should is written, I believed, and therefore walk in them, have I spoken: we also believe, and 33. e 2 Cor. iii. 6. Who also therefore speak. hath made us able ministers of the
2 Gal. v. 22. But the fruit of the New Testament, not of the latter, Spirit is love, joy, peace, long- but of the spirit: for the latter killsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, eth, but the spirit giveth life. v. 7. v. 23. Meekness, temperance: a- But if the ministration of death gainst such there is no law. written and engraven in stones, was
a Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will put glorious, so that the children of my Spirit within yoi^ and cause you Israel could not stedfastly behold to walk in my statutes, and ye shall the face os Moses, for the glory of keep my judgments, and do them. his countenance, which glory was
b Jame? ii. 18. Yea, a man may to be done away; v. 8. How shall say, Thou hast faith, and I have not the ministration of the Spirit be works: shew me thy faith without rather glorious? v. 9. For if the thy works, and 1 will shew thee my ministration of condemnation be faith by my works, v. 22. Seest thou glory, much more doth the minihow faith wrought with his works, stration of righteousness exceed ia and by works was faith made perfect? glory. • •
\ 34. Rom.
J4. The covenant of grace was administered under the Old Testament, by promises /, prophecies g, sacrifices h, circumcision i, the passover k, and other types and ordinances, which did all fore-signify Christ then to come, and were for that time sufficient to build up the elect in faith in the promised Messiah /, by whom they then had full remission of sin, and eternal salvation m.
C*^ $5. How is the covenant of grace administered under the New Testament t
A. Under the New Testament, when Christ the substance was exhibited, the fame covenant of grace was and still is to be administered in the preaching of the word n, and the administration of the sacraments of baptism 0,
34. /"Rom. xv. 8. Now I say, that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made unto the fathers.
g Acts iii. 20. And he shall fend Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you. v. 24. Yea, and all the prophets from Samuel, and those that follow after, as many as have spoken, have likewise foretold of these days.
h Heb. x. 1. For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually, make the comers thereunto perfect.
/' Rom. iv. 11. And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be she father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also.
k 1 Cor. v. 7. Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us.
/ (Heb. viii. ix. and x. chapters.) Heb. xi. 13. These all died in faith,
not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and cmbraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth.
m Gal. iii. 7. Know ye therefore, that they which are of faith, the fame are the children of Abraham, v. 8. And the scripture foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee mail all nations be blessed, v. 9. So then they which be of faith, are blessed with faithful Abraham, v. 14. That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. "3j. n Markxvi. Ij. And he said unto them, Go ye into al! the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.
0 Matth. xxviii. 19. Go ye theresore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: v. 20. Teaching them to oblerve all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and lo, I am with you alway even unto the end of the world.
and the Lord's suppers; in which grace and salvation are held forth in more fulness, evidence, and efficacy, to all nations q.
(^36. Who is the Mediator of the covenant of grace? A. The only Mediator of the covenant of grace is the Lord Jesus Christ r, who being the eternal Son of God,' of one substance and equal with the Father /, in the fulness of time became man /, and so was and continues to be God and man, in two entire distinct natures, and one person for
and write them in their hearts: an
36. r 1 Tim. ii, 5. For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and man, the man Christ Jesus^ / John i. 1. In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God,andthe Word was God. v. 14.' And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten cf the Father) full of grace and truth. John x. 30. I and my Father are one. Phil. ii. 6. WI16 being in the form of God, thought it no robbery to be equal with God.
/ Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulneft of the time was come, God Tent forth his Son made of a woman, made under the law.
v Luke i. 35. And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost (hall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee, shall be called the Son of God. Rom. ix. 5. Whose are the fathers, and
/ 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the fame night in which he was betrayed, took bread: v- 24And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat; this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. ■v. 25. After the fame manner also he took the cnp, when he had sopped, saying, This cup is the New Testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.
q 2 Cor. iii. 6, to the end. Who also hath made us able ministers of the New Testament, not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life. v. 7. But if the ministration of death written and engraven in stones, was glorious,— v. 8. How shall not the ministration of the Spirit be rather glorious? v. 9. For if the ministration of condemnation be glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory, &c. * Heb. viii. 6. But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the Mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promise?, v. 10. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, faith the Lord; I will put my laws into slieir mind,
Q. 37. Hoiv did Christ, being the Son of God become man?
A, Christ the Son of God became man, by taking to himself a true body, and a reasonable soul u>, being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the virgin Mary, of her substance, and born of her x, yet without
Q. 3 8. Why was it requifite that the MediatorJhould be God?
A. It was requisite that the Mediator should be God, that he might sustain and keep the human nature from sinking under the infinite wrath of God, and the power of death z \ gave worth and efficacy to his sufferings,
of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen. Cel. ii. 9. For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. Heb. vii. 24. But this man, because he coptinueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood, v. 25- Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost, that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make interceflion for them.
37. w John i. 14. And the Word Was made flesh, and dwelt among us (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father) full of grace and truth. Matth. Jtxvi. 38. Then faith he unto them, My foul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here and Watch with me.
x Luke i. 27. To a virgin espoused to a man, whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary. v. 31. And behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and (halt calj his name Jesus, v. 35.
And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which (hall be born of thee, shall be called the Son of God. v. 42. AndEliu . .' «, • .
sabeth spake out with a Joud voice, and said, Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thj womb. Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son made of a woman, made under the lay.
j Heb. iv. ij, For we ljave not ap high priest which cannot betouched with the feeling of our infirmities ; but was in all [joints tempted like as we are, yet without sin. Heb. vii. 26. For such an high priest became us, who is ho|y, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens.
38. z Acts ii. 24. Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: becaule it was not possible that he should be holden of it. v.' 25. For David speaking concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my righi hand, that 1 should not be moved. Rom. i. 4. And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead. Compared with Rom. iv, 2;. Wha was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification. Heb. ix. 14. How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit, offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience