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III. The books commonly called Apocrypha, not -being of divine inspiration, are no part of the canon of the scripture; and therefore are of no authority in the Church of (God, nor to be any otherwise approved, or made use of, than other human writings h.
IV. The authority of the holy scripture, for which' it ought to be believed and obeyed, dependeth not upon the testimony of any man, or church; but wholly upon God (who is truth itself) the Author thereof; and therefore it is to be received, because it is the word of God i.
V. We may be moved and induced by the testimony of the church,to an high and reverend esteem of the holy scripture Æ,and the he.ayenliness of the matter, the efficacy of the doctrine
eth the words of the prophecy of IV./ 2 Pet. i. 19. We have also a this book, If any man shall add unto' more sure word of prophecy, wherethese things, God mall add unto him unto ye do well that ye take heed, as the plagues that are written in this unto a light that shineth in a dark book. v. 19. And if any man shall place, until the day dawn, and the take away from the words of the book day-star arise in your hearts: v. 21. of this prophecy, God shall take away For the prophecy came not in old his part out of the book of life, and time by the will of man, but holy men out of the holy city, and from the of God spake as they were moved by things which are written in this book, the Holy Ghost. 2 Tim. iii. 16. All 2 Tim.iii. 16. All scripture is given by. scripture is given by inspiration of inspiration of God, and is profitable God, aud is profitable for doctrine, for doctrine, for reproof, for correc- for reproof, for correction, for intion, for instruction in righteousness, struction in righteousness. 1 John v.
III. b Luke xxiv. 27. And begin- 9. if we receive the witness of men, ring at Moses, and all the prophets, the witness of God is greater: for he expounded unto them in all the this is the witness of God, which he scriptures the things concerning him- hath testified of his Son. 1 Thess. us self. v. 44. And he said unto them, 13, For this cause also thank we God These are the words which I soak? without ceasing, because when ye reunto you, while I was yet with you, ceived the word of God, which ye that all things must be fulfilled which heard of us, ye received it not as the. were written in the law of Moses, word of men, (but as it is in truth,) andintheProphets,andinthePsalms, the word of God, which effectually concerning me. Rom.-iii. 2. Much worketh also in you that believe, every way : chiefly because that un- V. k 1 Tim.iii. I J. But if I tarry to them were committed the oracles long, that thou mayest know how. of God. 2 Pet. i. 21. For the pro- thou oughtest to behave thyself UJ, pliecy came not in old time by the will the house of God, which is the of man: but holy men of God spake as church of the living God, the pil
taey were moved by the holy Ghost. lar and ground of the truth.
9 > < ■'■ / j John
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trine, the majesty of the stile, the consent of all the parts, the scope of the whole, (which is to give all glory to God) the full discovery it makes of the only way of man's salvation, the many other incomparable excellencies, and the entire perfection thereof, are arguments whereby it doth abundantly evidence itself to be the word of God; yet notwithstanding our full persuasion and assurance of the infallible truth, and divine authority thereof, is from the inward work of the holy Spirit, bearing witness by, and with the word in our hearts /.
VI. The whole counsel of God,concerning all things necessary for his own glory, man's salvation, faith and life, is either expressly set down in scripture, or by good and necessary consequence may be deduced from scripture: unto which nothing at any time is to be added, whether by new revelations of the Spirit, or traditions of men m. Nevertheless, we acknowledge
/ i John ii. 20. But ye have an une-tion from the holy One,and ye know aJJ things, v. 27. But the anointing which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: But as the fame anointing teacheth yon of all things, and is truth,and is no lie;andeven as it bath taught you, ye (hall abide in him. John xvi. 13. Howbeit, when he the Spirit of truth is come, he will guide youinto all truth: for hefhall not speak of himself, but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak : and he wiJJ shew you things to come. T. 14. He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and (hall shew it unto you. 1 Cor. ii. 10. But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit fearcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God. v. 11. For •what man knoweth the things of i man,save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God. v. 1 2. Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit ■which isosGod; that we might know the things that are freely given us of
Cod Isa.lix. 2T. As for me, this is my covenant with them, faith the Lord, My Spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart oat of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy feed, nor out of the mouth of thy feeds feed, faith the Lord from henceforth and for ever.
VI. m 2 Tim. iii. 15. And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wife unto salvation, thro* faith which is in Christ Jesus, v. 16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, v. 17. That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works. Gal. i. 8. But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto yon, than th^t which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed, v. 9. As we said befere, so say I now again; If any man preach any other gospel unto you, than that ye have.received, let him be accursed. aThess.ii. 2.That
ye the inward illumination of the Spirit of God to be necessary for the saving understanding of such things as are revealed in the word n; and that there are some circumstances concerning the worship of God, and government of the church, common to human actions and societies, which are to be ordered by the light of nature, and christian prudence, according to the general rules of die word, which are always to be observed o.
VII. All things in scripture are not alike plain in themselves, nor alike clear unto all f; yet those things which arc necessary to be known, believed, and observed for salvation, are so clearly propounded and opened in some place of scripture or other, that not only the learned, but the unlearned, in a due use of the ordinary means, may attain unto a sufficient understanding of them q.
VIII. The Old Testament in Hebrew (which was the nativ&Janguage of the people of God of old) and the New Testament in Greek (which at the time of the writing of it was most generally known to the nations) being immediately inspired
ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter, as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand.
n John vi. 45. It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me. 1 Cor. ii. 9. But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him. v. 10. But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit fearcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God.
v. 11. For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the Spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God. v. 12. Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit which is of God, that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God.
0 1 Cor.xi.13. Judge in yourselves is it comely that a Woman pray unto God uncovered? v. 14. Doth not even nature itself teach you, that if a man have long hair, it is a shame unto him? 1 Cor. xiv. 26. How is it then, brethren, when ye come together, every one of you hath a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath a tongue, hath a revelation, hath an interpretation? Let all things be done unto edifying, v. 40. Let all things be done decently and in order.
VII./>2Pet.iii. 16. As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things, in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures unto their own destruction.
q Psal. cxix. 105. Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path. v. 130. The entrance of thy words giveth light, it giveth understanding unto the simple.
VIII. spired by God, and by his singular care and providence kept pure in all ages, are therefore authentical r; so as in all controversies of religion, the church is finally to appeal unto them s. But because these original tongues are not known to all the people of God, who have right unto and interest in the scriptures, and are commanded, in the fear of God, to read and search them r, therefore they are to be translated into the vulgar language of every nation unto which they come v, that the word of God dwelling plentifully in all, they may worship him in an acceptable manner w, and, through patience and comfort of the scriptures, may have hope x.
IX. The infallible rule of interpretation of scripture, is the scripture itself; and therefore, when there is a question about the true and full sense of any scripture (which is not
VIII. r Mat. v. J 8. For verily I (ay unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot, or one title (hall in no wife pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.
s Isaiah viii. 20 To the law, and to the testimony: If they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them. Acts xv. 15. And to this agree the words of the prophets, as it is written. John v. 39. Search the scriptures, for in them ye think ye have eternal life, and they are they which testify of me. v. 46. For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me: for he wrote of me.
/ John v. 39. Search the Scriptures, for in them ye think ye have eternal life, and they are they which testify of me.
v 1 Cor. xiv. 6. Now, brethren, if I come unto you speaking with tongues, what (hall I profit you, except I shall speak to you either by revelation, or by knowledge, or by prophesying, or by doctrine? v. 9. So likewise you, except ye uttur by the tpDgue words easy to be under
stood, how mall it be known what is spoken? for ye shall speak into the air. v. 11. Therefore, If I know not the meaning of the voice, I shall be unto him that speaketh a Barbarian; and he that speaketh shall be a Barbarian unto me. v. 12. Even so ye, forasmuch as ye are zealous of spiritual gifts, seek that ye may excel to the edifying of the church, v. 24. But if all prophesy, and there come in one that believeth not, or one unlearned, he is convinced of all, he is judged of all. v. 27. If any man speak in an unknown tongue, let it be by two, or at the most by three, and that by course; and let one interpret, v. 28. But if there be no interpreter, let him keep silence in the church; and let him speak to himself, and to God.
•w Col. iii. 16. Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom, teaching and admonishing one another in psalms, and hymns, and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord.
x Rom. xv. 4. For whatsoever things were written aforetime, were written