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he freely offereth Unto sinner* life and salvation by Jesus Christ, requiring of them faith in him, that they may be saved /; and promising to give unto all those that are ordained unto life, his Holy Spirit, to make them trilling and able to believe g.

IV. This covenant of grace is frequently set forth in the scripture by the name of a testament, ia reference to she death of Jesus Christ the testator, and to the everlasting inheritance, trith all things belonging to it, therein bequeathed h.

V. This

a law given which could have given righteousness which fs of faith fife, verily righteoaftefs (houid fpeaketh on this wife, Say not, in have been by the law. Rom. viii. thine heart, Who {hall ascend intd ^. For What the law could not do, heaven? (that is, to bring Christ ia that it was weak through the down from above.) V. 9. That if flelh, God sending his own Son, in thou (halt confess with thy mouth the likeness of sinful stem, and for the Lord Jesus, and (halt believe fin condemned sin in the stem. Rom. in thine heart, that God hath raised Hi. 20. Therefore by the deeds Him from the dead, thou shalt be of the law, there (Hall no flesh be saved. Gal. iii. it. But that no justified in his sight: for by the law man is justified by the law in the is the knowledge of sin. v. 11. But sight of God, it is evident: for, The slow the righteousness Of God with- just shall live by faith, oat the law is manifested, being g Ezek. xxxvi. 26. A new heart witnessed by the law and the pro- also Will I give you, and a new spiphets. Gen. iii. tj. And I will put rit will I put Within you, and I will eflmity between thee and the woman, take away the stony heart out of and between thy feed and her seed: your flesh, and I will give you an ft shall bruise thy head, and thou heart of flesh, v. 27. And I will shalt bruise his heel. Isa. xlii. 6. I put my spirit within you, and cause the Lord have called thee in righ- you to walk in my statutes, and ye 'teousness, and will hold thine hand, shall keep my judgments, and do and will keep thee, and give thee them. John vi. 44. No man can f6r a covenant of the people, for a come to me, except the Father light of the GeDtiles. which hath sent me, draw him: and

/"Mark xvi. ic. And he said tfn- I will raise him up at the last day. to them. Go ye into all the world, v. 45. It is written in the prophets, and preach the gospel to every crea- And they shall be all taught of God. tnre. v. 16. He that believeth and Every man therefore that hath heard, is baptized, shall be saved; but he and hath learned of the Father, comthat believeth not, shall be damned, eth unto me. 1 John iii. 16. For God so loved the IV. b Heb ix. iy. And for this |« world that he gave his only begot- cause he is the Mediator of the new ten Son, that whosoever believerh testament, that by means of death, in him, should not perish, but have for the redemption of the transgreserer.lailimj Jife. Rum. x. 6. But the sion/ that were under the first testament,

V, This covenant was differently administred in the time of the law, and in the time of the gospel i: under the law it was administered by promises, prophecies, sacrifices, circumcision, the paschal lamb, and other types and ordinances delivered to the people of the Jews, all fore-signifying Christ to come i, which were fpr that time sufficient, and efficacious, through the operation of the Spirit, to instruct and build up the elect in faith in the promised Messiah /, by whom they had full remission of

sins, fins, and eternal salvation; and is called the Old Testament m.

ment, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance, v. 16. For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death os the testator, v. 17. For a testament is of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all whilst the testator liveth. Heb. vii. 22. By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament. Luke xxii. 20. Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament- in my blood, which is shed for you. 1 Cor. xi. 25. After the fame manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my, blood: this do ye, as oft as ye elrink it, in remembrance of me.

V. /' 2 Cor. iii. 6. 'Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament, not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life. v. 7. But is the. ministration of death, written and engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not sttdfailly behold the face of Moses, for the glory of his countenance, which glory was to be done away; v. 8. How slv.ill not the ministration of the Spirit be rather glorious v. o. For if the ministration of con

demnation be glory, much more; doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory. . t

k (Heb. viii. ix. x, chapters.) Rom. iv. 11. And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith, which he had yet being uncircurncifed : that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also. Col. ii. n f In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh, by the circumcision of Christ: v. 12. Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation os God, who hath raised him from the dead. 1 Cor. v. 7. Purge out therefore the old leaven,, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us.

/ 1 Cor.x. i, Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that ail our 'fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea: v. 2. And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud, and in the sea; v. 3. And did all eat the fame spiritual meat; v. 4. And did all drink the same spiritual

drink; drink: (for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.) Heb. xi. 13. These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. John viii. 56. Your father Abraham rejoiced to fee my day: and he saw it, and was glad.

VI. Under the gospel, when Christ the substance n was exhibited, the ordinances in which this covenant is dispensed are the preaching of the word, and the administration of the sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's supper o, which, though fewer in number, and administred with more simplicity, and less outward glory; yet in them it is held forth in more fulness, evidence, and spiritual efficacy p, to all nations, both Jews and Gentiles tiles q; and is called the New Testament r. There arc not therefore two covenants of grace differing in substance, but one and the feme under various dispensations s.

m Gal. iii. 7. Know ye therefore, that they which are of faith, the fame are the children of Abraham, v. 8. And the scripture foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed, v. 9. So then they which be of faith, are blessed with faithful Abraham, v. 14. That the blessing o£ Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.

VI. n Col. ii. 17. Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.

0 Matth. xxyiii. 19. Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: v. 20. Teachipg them to observe all

things whatsoever I have commanded you: and 1/S, I am with you alway even unto the end of the world. Amen. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the fame night in which he was betrayed, took bread: v. 24. And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat; this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. v. 2;. After the fame manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.

p Heb. xii. 22. But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels, v. 23. To the general assembly and church of the first-born, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect, v. 24..And to Jesus the Mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel, v. 2 J. See that ye refuse not him that, speaketh: for if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if

we we turn away from him that speaketh from heaven: v. 1(3. Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I make net the earth only, but also heaven. v. 27. And this word, Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain. Jer. xxxi. 33. But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel, aster those days, faith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts, and will be their God, and they shall be my people, v. 34. And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, faith the Lord: for I will forgive-their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.

Chap. Chap. VIII. Of Christ the Mediator.

q Matth. xxviii. 19. (See letter 0 immediately foregoing.) Eph. ii. 1 $. Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the Jaw of commandments, contained in ordinances, for to make in himself, of twain, one new man, so making peace: v. 16. And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby: v. 17. And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that wert nigh. v. 18. For through him we both have an access by one Spirit unto the Father. ?. 19.

Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellow-citizens with the saints, and of the household of God.

r Luke xxii. 20. Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the New Testament in my blood, which is shed for you.

/ Gal. iii. 14. That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith, v. 16. Now to Abraham and his feed were the promises made. He faith not, And to feeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy feed, which is Christ. Acts xv. 11. But we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, we shall be saved even as they. Rom. iii. 21. But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets: v. 22. Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all, and upon all them that believe; for there is no difference: v. 23. For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God. v. 30. .Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncirciuncision through faith. Psal. xxxii. 1. Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered. With Rom.iv.3. For what faith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness, v. 6. Even as David also desi ribeth the blessedness of the man unto whom God imputeth righteousness ness without works, v. 16. Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be dire to all the seed, not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all. v. 17. (As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations) before him whom he believed, even God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were. v. 23. Now it was not written for his fake alone, that it was imputed to him; v. 24. But for us also, to whom it (hall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead. Heb. xiii. 8. Jesus Christ the fame yesterday, and today, and for ever.

rpleased God, in his eternal purpose, to choose and ordain the Lord Jesus, his only begotten Son, to be the Mediator between God and man a; the Prophet bt Priest c, and King d; the Head and Saviour of his Church e; the heir of all things f; and judge of the world ^:


unto whom he did from all eternity give a people to

1. a If. xlii. 1. Behold my servant ■whom I uphold, mine elect in whom my soul delighteth: I have put my Spirit upon him, he (hall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles. 1 Pet. i. 19. But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a Lamb without blemish and without spot: v. 20. Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you. John iii. 16. For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth ia him, should net perish, but have,

everlasting life. 1 Tim. ii. j. For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.

& Acts iii 22. For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet (hall the Lord your God raise up unto you, of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoeverhe (hall fay unto you.

c Heb. v. 5. So also, Christ glorified not himself, to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee. v. 6. As he faith also in another place, Thou art a priest; for ever after the order of Melchisedec.

d Psal. ii. 6. Yet have I set my King upon my holy hill of Zion. Luke i. 33. And he (hall reign over the house of Jacob for ever, and of his kingdom there (hall be no end.

e Eph. v. 23. For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church: and he is the Saviour of the body.

s Heb. i. 2. Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds.

g Acts xvii. 31. Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness, by that man whom he hath ordair.ed; 1 F whereof

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