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VI. Although the work of redemption was not actually wrought by Christ till after his incarnation, yet the virtue, efficacy, and benefits thereof, were communicated unto the elect in all ages successively from the beginning of the world, in and by those promises, types, and sacrifices, wherein he was revealed and signified to be the seed of the woman, which should bruise the serpents head, and the Lamb slain from the beginning of die world, being yesterday, and to-day the fame, and for ever m.

"VII. Christ, in the work of mediation, acteth according to both natures; by each nature doing that which is proper to itself n: yet, by reason of the unity of the person,

transgression, and to make an end many as thou hast given him. Heb. of fins, and to make reconciliation ix. 12. Neither by the blood of for iniquity, and to bring in ever- goats and calves, but by his own lasting righteousness, and to seal up blood he entered in once into the the vision and prophecy, and to a- holy place, having obtained eternal noint the most holy. v. 26. And as- redemption for us. v. if. And for ter threescore and two weeks shall this cause he is the Mediator of the Messiah be cut off, but not for him- New Testament, that by means of self: and the people of the prince death, for the redemption of the that shall come, shall destroy the transgression that were under the city, and the sanctuary, and the end first testament, they which are callthereof shall be with a flood, and ed might receive the promise of eur»to the end of the war desolations ternal inheritance, are determined. Col. i. 19. For it VI. m Gal. iv. 4. But when the pleased the Father, that in him fulness of the time was come, God should all fulness dwell; v. 20. And sent forth his Son made of a woman, (having made peace through the made under the law. v. 5. To reblood of his cross) by him to recon- deem them that were under the law, cile all things unto himself, by him, that we might receive the adoption, I say, whether they be things in of sons. Gen. iii. Ij. And I will earth, or things in heaven. Eph. i. put enmity between thee and the 11. In whom also we have obtained woman, and between thy feed and pn inheritance, being predestinated her feed: it shall bruise thy head, according to the purpose of him and thou shalt bruise his heel. Rev. who worketh all things after the xiii. 8. And all that dwell upon counsel of his own will. v. 14. the earth (hall worship him, whose "Which is the earnest of our inheri- names are not written in the book tance, until the redemption of the of life of the Lamb slain from the ■urchased possession, unto the praise foundation of the world. Heb. xiii. of his glory. John xvii. 2. As thou 8. Jesus Christ the fame yesterday, hast given him power over all flesh, and to-day, and for ever, that he should give->;ternal life to as VII. n Heb. ix. 14. (See letter

i, scripture son, that which is proper to one nature, is sometimes in scripture attributed to the person denominated by the other nature a.

VIII. To all those for whom Christ hath purchased redemption, he doth certainly and effectually apply and communicate the same p; making intercession for them q; and revealing unto them, in and by the word, the mysteries of salvation r; effectually persuading them by his Spirit to believe and obey; and governing their hearts by

his his word and Spirit s; overcoming all their enemies by hi3 almighty power and wisdom, in such manner and ways as are most consonant to his wonderful and unsearchable dispensation /.

k, scripture the second.) i Pet. iii. 18. For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, (that he might bring us to God,) being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit.

o Acts xx. 28. Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. John iii. 13. And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven. 1 John iii. 16. Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid down his life for us : and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren.

VIII. p John vi. 37. All that the Father giveth me, shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I '"will in no wise cast out. v. 39. And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me, I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day. John x. Ij. As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep, v. 16. And other sheep 1 have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and

there shallbe one sold, and one shepherd.

q 1 John ii. I. My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye fin not. And if any man sin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: v. 2. And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world. Rom. viii. 34. Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession, for us.

r John xv. 13. Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends, v. 15. Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord doth: but I have called you friends; for all things that I have heard of my Father, I have made known unto you. Eph. i. 7. In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace: v. 8. Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence, v. 9. Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure, which he hath purposed in himself. John xvii. 6. I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou ga


Chap. IX. Os Free-will.

GOD hath endued the will of man with that natural liberty, that is neither forced, nor by any absolute necessity of nature determined to do good or evil a.

II. Man, in his state of innocency, had freedom and power to will and to do that which is good and well-pleasing

vest me out of the world: thine they Sanctify them through thy truth: were, and thou gavest them me; and thy word is truth, they have kept thy word. t Psal. ex. i. The Lord said un

s John xiv. 16. And I will pray to my Lord, Sit thou at my right the Father, and he mall give you hand, until I make thine enemies another Comforter, that he may a- thy footstool, i Cor. xv. 25 For bide with you for ever. Heb. xii. 2. he must reign, till he hath put all Looking unto Jesus, the author and enemies under his feet. v. 26. The finisher of our faith; who for the last enemy that mail be destroyed, joy that was set before him, endu- is death. Mai. iv. 2. But unto you red the cross, despising the shame, that fear my name, shall the Son of and is set down at the right hand of righteousness arise with healing in the throne of God. 2 Cor. iv. 13. his wings; and ye shall go forth "VVe having the same spirit of faith, and grow up as calves of the stall, according as it is written, I believed, v. 3. And ye shall tread down the and therefore have I spoken: we wicked; for they shall be ashes unalso believe, and therefore speak, der the soles of your feet, in the Rom. viii. 9. But ye are not in the day that I shall do this, faith the slesli, but in die Spirit, if so be that Lordofhosts. Col. ii. Ij. Andhathe Spirit of God dwell in you. Now ving spoiled principalities and powif any man have not the Spirit of ers, he made a shew of them openChrist, he is none of his. v. 14. For ly, triumphing over them in it. as many as are led by the Spirit of I. a Matth. xvii. 12. ButlsayunGod, they are the sons of God. Rom. to you, that Elias is come already, xv. 18. For I will not dare to speak and they knew him not, but have of any of those things, which Christ done unto him whatsoever they hath not. wrought by me, to make listed: likewise shall also the Son the Gentiles obedient, by word and of man suffer of them. James i. 14. deed. v. 19. Through mighty signs But every man is tempted, when he p.nd wonders, by the power of the is drawn away of his own lust, and Spirit of God: so that from Jeru- enticed. Deut. xxx. 19. I call heafalem and round about unto Illy- ven and earth to record this day aricum, I have fully preached the gainst you, that I have set before gospel of Christ. John xvii. 17. you life and death, blessing and ■ . G curling:

sing to God b; but yet mutably, so that he might fall from it c.

III. Man, , by his fall into a state of sin, hath wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanyingsalvation d: so as a natural man, being altogether averse from that good e, and dead in sin /, is not able, by his own strength, to convert himself, or to prepare himself thereunto

IV. When

for without me ye can do nothing.

e Rom. iii. 10. As it is written, There is none righteous, no not one. v. 12. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable, there is none that doeth good, no not one.

f Eph. ii. i. And you hath he quickened who were dead in trespasses and sins. v. j. Even when we were dead in sins hath quickened us together with Christ (by grace ye are saved.) Col. ii. 13. And you being dead in your sins, and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses.

•• i Jonn V1- 44- No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me, draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day. v. 65. And he said, Therefore said I unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of my Father. Eph. ii. 2. Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience, v. 3. Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past, in the lulls of pur flesh, fulfilling the de-' sires of the flesh, and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others, v. 4. But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us,

v. s

cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live.

II. iEccl.vii. 29. Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions. Gen. i. 26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

c Gen. ii. 16. And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree in the garden thou mayest freely eat: v. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of .it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely die. Gen. iii. 6* And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wife; she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.

III. d Rom. v. 6. For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.' Rom. viii. 7. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed ,on be. John xv. j. I am the vingj". ye are the branches: lie (hat abideth in me, and 1 in him, the fame bringeth forth much fruit:

IV. When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of grace, he freeth him from his natural bondage under sin h, and by his grace alone enables him freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good t; yet so as that, by reason of his remaining corruption, he doth not perfectly nor only will that which is good, but doth also will that which is evil k.

V. The will of man is made perfectly and immutably free to do good alone, in the state of glory only /.


v. 5. Even when we were dead in fins hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved.) 1 Cor. ii. 14. But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God; for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. Tit. iii. 3. For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another, v. 4. But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, v. 5. Notby works of righteousness, which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us by the •washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.

IV. h Col. i, 13. Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of hi? dear Son. John viii. 34. Jesus answered them, Verily verily I say unto you, whosoever committeth sin, is the servant of (in. v. 36. If the Son therefore stall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.

/Phil.ii. 13. For it is God which ^worketh in you, both to will and to do of his good pleasure. Rom. vi. 18. Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness, v. 22. But now being nude

free from fin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life.

k Gal.v. 17. For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other; so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. Rom.vii. Ij. For that which I do,I allow not: for what I would that do I not; but what I hate, that do I. v. 18. For I know, that in me (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me, but how to perform that which is good, I find not. v. 19. For the good that I would, I do not: but the evil which I would not, that I do. v. 21. I find then a law, that when I would do good, evil is present with me. v. 23. But 1 see another law in my members warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin, which is in my members

V. / Eph. iv. 13. Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness oF Christ. Heb. xii. 23. To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the judge of all,' and to the spirits of just men made per


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