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▸ Willd. The neuter sex. - Willd.) Monæcious; or the male and female on one
Home Tratt. S plant. 8:& Willd. Diccious; or the male and female on different
Tratt.) plants. 8 14 Wild. Hermaphrodite and female in one compound
flower. § 1 Willd. Hermaphrodite and neuter in one compound
flower. - Willd. Hermaphrodite and male on one stem. 8-9 Willd. Hermaphrodite and female on one stem.
These are only known in the botanical works which are written in Latin: they are of little importance, and, as will be seen by the mark + prefixed, are scarcely ever used. The following list is chiefly taken from Trattinnick. (Synodus, i. 16.): – + Æst. Æstate.
Alb. Albumen. + Alp. Alpes, Alpinus.
Anth. Anthera, Anthodium, Anthesis.
Apr. Aprilis, Apricus. + Ar. Arena, Arenosus. + Art. Artificialis.
Ary. Arva, Arvensis.
Aut. Autumnus, Autumnalis.
who is recently deceased, and is equivalent to our
English word “ late."
Bractea. Cal. Calyx.
Cor. + Cot.
Cult. Dec. Desc. + Des.
Diff. + Diss. + Dum.
talis ; Index.
Fructif. + Fun.
Germ. + Glar.
Herb. + Hexap.
Hort. + Hortul. + Hosp. + Hum.
Inf. + Inund.
Lat. Latus, Latitudo, Lateralis. + Lin. Linea, Linearis.
Lit. Litera. + Litt. Littus, Littoralis.
Loco citato. + Loc. Loculamentum, Locusta.
barb. barbarum, leg, legale, syn. synonymum. Obs. Observatio, Observandum.
Ord. Ordo, Ordinarium.
P. Pagina, Pars.
Pistillum. Plac. Placenta.
Poll. Pollen, Pollicaris. + Pom. Pomeridianum, Pomum. + Pr. v. Primo vere. Rad. Radix, Radius, Radiatus.
Ram. Ramus, Rameus, Ramosus. + Rec. Receptaculum, Recapitulatio.
S. Seu, Sive. + Salt. Saltus, Saltuarium.
Sect. Sectio vel Divisio. + Segm. Segmentum.
Sem. Semen, Semis.
Sept. September, Septum.
Stam. Stamen, Stamineum.
Synonymum, Synopsis, Synodus. T. Tabula, Tomus. t Temp. Tempestas, Temperatura. + Tep. Tepidarium.
Trib. Tribus, Divisio.
V. Volumen, Vide, Vel, Vulgo.
Vidi vivam cultam.
Veg. Vegetabile, Vegetatio.
The following excellent Table of Abbreviations was contrived by the late Mr. Ferdinand Bauer, to express all the subjects for which illustrations are required in botanical drawings. It has been adopted in Endlicher's Iconographia Generum Plantarum, and it is to be wished that these abbreviations, which are in every way unexceptionable, should be universally adopted for references to plates: they would not only form a common means of comparison between the figures of different authors, but would also keep continually within the view of artists the nature of the subjects they are employed to analyse. It may be added that the Table, if considered without reference to the abbreviations, is in itself an excellent sketch of the principal modes, degrees, and analogies of the regular developement of fructification. When the letters used are capitals, they indicate that the object is magnified; when small, that is of the natural size; when with a score (-) drawn beneath them, that it is less than the natural size.
A flower before expansion.
fluence of the calyx and corolla.
ledones. (Corolla of Linnæus ; calyx of Jussieu.) External leaflets of the perianthium ; having generally
the nature of a calyx. (Calyx of Linnæus.) Internal leaflets of the perianthium, except c 3. and
c 4.; having usually the texture of petals. (Corolla
parapetala of Ehrhart.)