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Willd. The neuter sex. - Willd.) Monæcious; or the male and female on one

Home Tratt. S plant. 8:& Willd. Diccious; or the male and female on different

Tratt.) plants. 8 14 Wild. Hermaphrodite and female in one compound

flower. § 1 Willd. Hermaphrodite and neuter in one compound

flower. - Willd. Hermaphrodite and male on one stem. 8-9 Willd. Hermaphrodite and female on one stem.

I

ABBREVIATIONS.

These are only known in the botanical works which are written in Latin: they are of little importance, and, as will be seen by the mark + prefixed, are scarcely ever used. The following list is chiefly taken from Trattinnick. (Synodus, i. 16.): – + Æst. Æstate.

Alb. Albumen. + Alp. Alpes, Alpinus.

Anth. Anthera, Anthodium, Anthesis.

Apr. Aprilis, Apricus. + Ar. Arena, Arenosus. + Art. Artificialis.

Ary. Arva, Arvensis.
† Aug. Augustus.
† Augm. Augmentum.

Aut. Autumnus, Autumnalis.
B. Beatus or Defunctus ; used in speaking of a person

who is recently deceased, and is equivalent to our

English word “ late."

Bractea. Cal. Calyx.

Cald. Caldarium.
+ Camp. Campus, Campestris..
+ Carpell. Carpellum.
+ Carpid. Carpidium.
+ Carpol. Carpologia.

Cel. Celeberrimus.
Char. Character, Characteristicus. .

Br.

Cl.

+ Coll.

Cor. + Cot.

Cult. Dec. Desc. + Des.

Diff. + Diss. + Dum.

Ed.

Embr.

Ess.

+ Excl.

Fam.
Feb.
Fil.
Fl.
Fol.

Uarius.

Fr.

Clarissimus, Classis.
Collis, Collinus, Collectanea.
Corolla, Corollarium.
Cotyledon.
Cultus, Cultura.
December, Decas, Decandria.
Descriptio.
Desideratur.
Differentia.
Dissepimontum, Dissertatio.
Dumetum.
Editio, Editor, Edulis.
Embryo.
Essentialis.
Exclusio.
Familia.
Februarius.
Filamentum.
Flos, Flumen, Floret, Floralis.
Folium.
Fructus.
Fructificatio.
Funiculus umbilicalis.
Genus, Genericus.
Germen.
Glareosus.
Herbarium, Habitat.
Habitat, Habeo.
Herbarium, Herba.
Hexapodium.
Hortus.
Hortulanus, Hortulanorum, Hortulus.
Hospes, Hospitator.
Humidus, Humus.
Icon, b. bona, m. mala, p. picta, l. lignea, n. nigra.
Illustratio, Ilustris.
Ineditus, Inedulis.
Indicus; India, a. australis, or. orientalis, occ. occiden-

talis ; Index.
Inferus.
Inflorescentia.
Inundatus.

Fructif. + Fun.

Gen.

Germ. + Glar.

H. Hab.

Herb. + Hexap.

Hort. + Hortul. + Hosp. + Hum.

Ic.

Ill.

+ Ined.

Ind.

Inf.

Inf. + Inund.

L.C.

Long.

Jan. Januarius.
Jul. Julius.
Jun.

Junius, Junior.
+ Juv. Juvenis, Juventus. .

Lat. Latus, Latitudo, Lateralis. + Lin. Linea, Linearis.

Lit. Litera. + Litt. Littus, Littoralis.

Loco citato. + Loc. Loculamentum, Locusta.

Longus, Longitudo.
† Maj. Majus.
+ Mar. Mare, Marinus.
+ Mat, Matutinus, Maturus.

Mart. Martius.
Mont.

Montes, Montanus.
Mss. Manuscripta.
+ Mus. Museum.
+ N.

Numerus. Nat.

Naturalis.
+ Nem. Nemus, Nemorosus.

No. Numero.
Nom. · Nomen, gen. genericum, triv. triviale, s. specificum,

barb. barbarum, leg, legale, syn. synonymum. Obs. Observatio, Observandum.

Oct. Octobris.
+ Or. Origo, Originarium, Oriens, Orientale.

Ord. Ordo, Ordinarium.
Ov. Ovarium.

P. Pagina, Pars.
+ Pal. Paludes, Paludosus.

Ped. Pedunculus.
Peric. Pericarpium.
Perig. Perigonium.
Pet.

Petalum, Petiolus.
+ Phyll. Phyllum, Phyllodium.
Pist.

Pistillum. Plac. Placenta.

Poll. Pollen, Pollicaris. + Pom. Pomeridianum, Pomum. + Pr. v. Primo vere. Rad. Radix, Radius, Radiatus.

Ram. Ramus, Rameus, Ramosus. + Rec. Receptaculum, Recapitulatio.

S. Seu, Sive. + Salt. Saltus, Saltuarium.

Sect. Sectio vel Divisio. + Segm. Segmentum.

Sem. Semen, Semis.
Sep. Sepalum, Sepes.

Sept. September, Septum.
+ Ser. Series.
Sicc.

Siccum
Sp. Species, Specificus.

Spont. Spontaneus.
+ Spor. Sporula.
+ Sporang. Sporangium.

Stam. Stamen, Stamineum.
Stigm. Stigma.
Stip. Stipes, Stipula, Stipularis.
Styl. Stylus.
Subd.

Subdivisio.
Subv. Subvarietas.

Sup. Superus.
+ Sylv. Sylvestris, Sylva.
Syn.

Synonymum, Synopsis, Synodus. T. Tabula, Tomus. t Temp. Tempestas, Temperatura. + Tep. Tepidarium.

Trib. Tribus, Divisio.
ť Triv. Trivialis.
+ Turf. Turfosus.

V. Volumen, Vide, Vel, Vulgo.
Var. Varietas.
V. s.c. Vidi siccam cultam.
V. 8.8. Vidi siccam spontaneam.
V. v. c. Vidi vivam C

Vidi vivam cultam.
V. v. s. Vidi vivam spontaneam.

Veg. Vegetabile, Vegetatio.
+ Vern. Vernalis, Vernaculum.
+ Vert. Vertex, Verticalis.
+ Vesc. Vesca, Vescarium.
+ Vir. Viridarium, Vires, Viridis.
+ Visc. Viscosus, Viscositas.
+ Volv. Volva, Volvaceus.

The following excellent Table of Abbreviations was contrived by the late Mr. Ferdinand Bauer, to express all the subjects for which illustrations are required in botanical drawings. It has been adopted in Endlicher's Iconographia Generum Plantarum, and it is to be wished that these abbreviations, which are in every way unexceptionable, should be universally adopted for references to plates: they would not only form a common means of comparison between the figures of different authors, but would also keep continually within the view of artists the nature of the subjects they are employed to analyse. It may be added that the Table, if considered without reference to the abbreviations, is in itself an excellent sketch of the principal modes, degrees, and analogies of the regular developement of fructification. When the letters used are capitals, they indicate that the object is magnified; when small, that is of the natural size; when with a score (-) drawn beneath them, that it is less than the natural size.

a.

al. b.

C.

cl.

c 2.

A flower before expansion.
A lower expanded.
The operculum of a flower; generally formed by the con-

fluence of the calyx and corolla.
The perianthium ; the floral integument of monocotyle-
donous plants, and the generally simple one of dicoty-

ledones. (Corolla of Linnæus ; calyx of Jussieu.) External leaflets of the perianthium ; having generally

the nature of a calyx. (Calyx of Linnæus.) Internal leaflets of the perianthium, except c 3. and

c 4.; having usually the texture of petals. (Corolla

of Linnæus.)
The labellum, or its appendages. In Orchidaceæ.
The hypogynous scales of Grasses. (Nectarium of

Linnæus.)
Appendages of the perianthium.
The calyx.
A monopetalous corolla.
Petals.
Appendages of the corolla. (Nectarium of Linnæus ;

parapetala of Ehrhart.)
The discus, whether hypogynous or epigynous.

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