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146

RELIGION IN IIEART AND LIFE.

It is very

(Neh. iv. 3;) while Jeremiah, in his habits of the different animals of the “ Lamentations,” giving a proof of the East, concludes that the latter were desolation which had come

over the

jackals, while the other creature was the mountain of Zion, says, “The foxes siyah-gush, a small lynx-like cat, with walk upon it.” (v. 18.) No one can

black ears.

That traveller has observed read the narratives of Eastern travellers, jackals and these animals associated from the time of old Maundrell to Dr. together, while gnawing at carcasses Robinson, or Lieutenant Van de Velde, which the lion is supposed to have without seeing, on almost every page, the fed

upon the night before. In the appositeness of these allusions. Our East, both these animals, from being Saviour, when addressing the Scribe who generally regarded as finders out of prey came to Him, as the most striking exam- for “the king of the beasts," are often ple and instance of His want of earthly called the “lion's providers ;” and by comforts, exclaimed, “ The foxes have this name the jackal is often exhibited in holes, and the birds of the air have travelling menageries. nests; but the Son of Man hath not unlikely, however, that there is any where to lay His head.” (Matt. viii. 20.) other foundation for such an intercourse And to the crafty and wicked Herod He between these two beasts than common sent the message, “Go ye, and tell that report, any more than there is ground for fox ;” (Luke xiii. 32 ;) while Ezekiel, believing that the vultures, associated denouncing woe on" the foolish prophets, with them sometimes on the same carcass, that follow their own spirit, and have are also purveyors of provision for the lion. seen nothing," exclaims, “O Israel, thy “ Wheresoever the carcass is, there will prophets are like the foxes in the the eagles be gathered together.” When deserts.” (Ezek. xiii. 3, 4.) It is during David was in the wilderness of Judra, the night that the jackal is particularly hiding from his persecutors, he prophesied active, and at such times it prowls about that his enemies would “fall by the in packs of from forty to one hundred sword," and that their bodies would " be a individuals or more. Kotzebue remarks, portion for foxes : " (Psal. lxiü. 10:) the that it is then much bolder than during word here translated “foxes," is skaalim. the day. When hungry it enters church- The jackal still resorts to the very mounyards, like the hyæna, and digs up re- tain-ranges where the persecuted King cently buried bodies : that traveller says, wandered so long, and so frequently that “ its howl shakes the very soul;" observed the animals and scenery which while Admiral Beechey, in his “ Travels on surrounded him. the Northern Coast of Africa,” compares The Hindus of the lowest caste believe its crying to a gigantic musical concert, themselves to be of the same species with The prophet Jeremiah, in the judgment this animal. They are taught that pronounced upon Babylon, alludes to the through eternal transmigrations they shall " wild beasts of the desert dwelling never rise higher than jackals. Lord there, (Jer. 1. 39,) along with the “wild Glenelg, thus alludes to this miserable beasts of the islands;" the former word belief :being tziim or ziim, and the latter ijim, or iim, in the original, both of this and other

“At Brahma's stern decree, as ages roll,

New shapes of clay await the immortal soul; passages so rendered by our translators.

Darkling condemn’d in forms obscene to prowl, Dr. Shaw, who was so familiar with the And swell the midnight, melancholy horl!"

Religion iw Heart and Life.

RICHARD BAXTER: CROMWELL: he had gained fresh spiritual power, and KIDDERMINSTER.

was better fitted for the hallowed toils, (Concluded from page 121.) and the abounding prosperity, which now A NEW chapter now opens up in awaited him at Kidderminster. A series Baxter's history. During his affliction of occurrences led to his acceptance of the

RELIGION IN HEART AND LIFE.

147

pastorate of that place, at a stipend of him the word of life; and everywhere £100 a year, and a house. The resident

order, peace, prayer, and praise, amid the Clergyman was said to be a drunken and

war of political elements, and the loud irreligious man,

as were many of those roar of cannon. in the neighbouring parishes. The people, There is sound philosophy in the too, were ungodly and profligate. Public account he gives of the causes which affairs were progressing with fearful . conspired to this success. It is wise in speed; and Charles, after the battle of dealing with large masses of men with a Oxford, escaped beyond the Tweed, and view to their moral or social elevation, to cast himself upon the loyalty of the consider the various circumstances likely Scots. With the events which succeeded, to favour or retard the object. Baxter every reader of history is acquainted ; did this, and as the result, ultimately, but the execution of the King led Baxter occupied a position of lofty religious more freely to avow his sentiments.

His

influence, whence he could look round loyalty never forsook him. While he

upon a wide spread garden, abounding acted with the army of the Parliament, with plants of the Lord's own right his soul burned with indignation at its hand planting, and beautiful with His conduct when it assumed the sovereign own communicated graces. He felt that power, and threatened the life of the

in coming into the midst of a moral King. The death of that ill-fated monarch wilderness, and preaching to men rude he regarded less as the result of his own and debased by sin in its worst forms, obstinacy and stupidity,—of which all the Gospel evinced more power than when parties were furnished with indisputable proclaimed to those who have lived long proofs,-or as a just retribution of these amid its blessings, and are familiar and many other evils of himself and with its inspiring tones. A public disfamily,—than as illustrations of the bad cussion ; faithful assistants; youthful principles and wicked conduct of sectaries training; the distribution of medicine and agitators. With terrible energy did among the poor, and refusing to meddle he launch his invectives against Cromwell with tithes, were all considered helps to and his party; but it is not our design to

his success. He studied their dispositions discuss their merits. The struggle which and fancies, and aimed so to preach that was at first for freedom on the one side, and they could both understand and approve. for absolute power on the other, became “Yet,” says he, with characteristic shrewdat last a struggle for life on both sides. ness, “I always aimed to have someThe final catastrophe, therefore, deeply as thing in every sermon a little above their it is to be lamented, became inevitable. comprehension, that they might still see Charles, it is asserted, played with, and their own ignorance, and be willing to deceived, all parties; till at length he fell keep in a learning state." a sacrifice to his own insincerity.

But the grand secret of Baxter's While these tremendous scenes were success was in his earnest and persevering transpiring, Baxter was thus removed eloquence and labours in the pulpit and from the turmoils of a camp to enjoy the among the people. His was eloquence felicity of a reformation great and glorious of the highest order; consisting not in in the town of Kidderminster. elegantly finished paragraphs, and recitapreaching, lecturing, and visiting; by tion of sentimental poetry; but in a vivid daily, weekly, and monthly services; and apprehension and energetic delivery of allby bringing various additional agencies important truth. It was the eloquence of to bear on the moral condition of the town, a soul burning with intense devotion to he effected a work as felicitous in results, God, and inspired with deepest compasas it was great in magnitude. There, sion for man,-a soul on whom both where previously a tumultuous rabble worlds, heaven and hell, exerted their had clamoured for his life; where mighty influence, and spoke through his Sabbath - breaking, drunkenness, and utterances everything tremendous in warnprofligacy abounded ; now might be seen ing, and joyous in invitation and love. a full sanctuary, thousands of converted Impossible that such a man should labour sinners, crowds anxious to receive from in vain. Earnestness and perseverance

In

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“ Sow in the morn thy seed,

At eve hold not thy hand;
To doubt and fear give thou no heed,

Broad-cast it o'er the land.

“Beside all waters sow,

The highway furrows stock ;
Drop it where thorns and thistles grow,

Scatter it on the rock.

will succeed in any cause ; how much more in that which has God for its Author, and His glory and the good of humanity as its object. The seed of truth scattered by the hand of God-sent men shall germinate and grow. Delayed, perhaps, by rude tempests, chilling storms, and biting frosts; but the fruit, in luxuriant clusters, will appear. Never fail, youthful Christian, in any cause, great and good, in which you may be engaged. Study, in the history of God's great ones, the inspiring principles of your conduct. In their labours, discouragements, reverses, victories, recognise and study your heroic examples :

“Thou canst not toil in rain,

Cold, heat, and moist, and dry
Shall foster and mature the grain,

For garners in the sky:
“ And duly shall appear,

In beauty, verdure, strength ;
The tender blade, the stalk, the ear,

And the full corn at length."
Wolverhampton.

J. F. M.

Our Country.

THE BANKS OF THE TAVY. in a few day-dreams; while I courted

pleasant thoughts among the orchards, and No. V.

clustered oaks, and elmy avenues which

" The shoros Of Tavy lack not aught that may enchant

for so many generations have afforded lhe eye of him, who, in the summer hour,

guardianship and refreshment to the grand Delights to steer his bark where nature spreads old family mansion. The vencrable pile Her fairest pastures, and bestrews her flowers still bore many symbols of very ancient With hand unsparing.

distinction, and they were borne with Nor let him as he glides where Tavy meets graceful dignity too, and with seeming The pastoral Tamar, pass unconscious on; pride, as if it gloried in its many victories For almost hidden in embow'ring groves

over time and change, or, as if it really That edge the rocky bank, the ancient house

shared the feeling of those stately old Of Warleigh rises."

veterans who continue to wear their “How long will the tide flow," said I antique decorations as silent proofs that to the master of my chosen little “Water they belong to eras and generations which Witch,” as he pushed off from Cargreen history has been pleased to honour. Some jetty, shipped his rudder, and arranged of the stones in those walls had faced the my seat at the helm. “Shall we have breezes which used to play on the Tavy time to touch at Warleigh, and then to in the days of King Stephen. There run up the Tavy as far as we can push were lordly old gables which had looked the boat, so as to return comfortably with down on family groupings on the terrace, the ebb?" “O, yes, Sir; there's plenty ever since the times of the two last of time; the tide won't turn till after five Henries; while the mullioned windows o'clock: plenty of time, Sir.” Well, seemed to answer the fitful light which then, let us bear away for Warleigh. By glanced inquiringly on them through the the help of a kind breeze we soon crossed deep foliage, by visionary reflections from the tide-stream of the Tamar, and catch- past scenes of domestic life in Warleigh ing the current as it swept round Warleigh House ; reflections which dimly showed point into the channel of the Tavy, our the variations in the style of that life boat was speedily carried into smooth during the ancestral courses of the Foliots, water, and touched the strand under the the Gorges, the Bonvilles, the Copleshadows of Warleigh wood. The boat- stones, and the Bampfyldes. Alas! for man was left in charge, to indulge himself human nature, one of the scenes in the

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series of traditional visions which secmed to fall on my spiritual sense from the window of the old hall, appeared to be in clearer outline than the rest; and lingered before my fancy in a way peculiar to itself. It was a family picture of a household feud, and a fatal one too. A single bloody stain upon the reputation of a lineage seems to be more easily and more fondly remembered than the entire succession of its brightest virtues. At all events, crime gets emblazoned, while a thousand excellencies leave no record. Is it, that evil has the advantage of good in the power of burning memorials of itself into the mind of the world; or, is it, that man's memory is in deep sympathy with his heart, and betokens the bent of our affections by its readiness to receive bad impressions, and by the fond ease with which it keeps them? Somebody, perhaps, will take up my problems and solve them. In the meantime, let me go on with my story. It is a sad one; but I will tell it.

Not far from the spot where I landed, on the other side of the neck of land whose leafy beauties so lovingly shelter and guard old Warleigh House, and reached by a road which shares the peacefulness of elmy shades, and the hill-side charms and breezy music of romantic Warleigh Tor, there is the parish church of Tamerton Foliot; within whose walls the primitive barons of the manor used to pay their Sabbath vows; and where their dust now sleeps, under their monumental effigies. The time-worn sanctuary stands at the head of a placid creek, hallowing the pretty nook in which three valleys meet; and looking down from its verdurous knoll upon the illage-homes which cluster beneath, as if in holy watchfulness over the spiritual interests of the “ little flock.” How often have my spirits been hushed, as I have watched the gathering of evening shadows around that tower! Near that tower, however, there was a spot on which, as I thought, the shadows used to mingle more darkly than on any other. It was under the wide branches of a venerable oak-tree. Ah! that tree; who could pass it without offering the tribute of a few admiring looks : - Its first appearance would arrest the true lover of ancient beauty, or rather

grandeur, for it was a grand old tree ; and then there was an indefinable charm in its presence, to me at least, notwithstanding the spectral entanglements of light and darkness which to some eyes appeared to gather around it now and then. The question would naturally rise to one's lips, “Has it any particular name:" Yes, it is known as “the Coplestone Oak." For what reason? Well, the shadows thicken at the question; but the tale must be told. In the line of Coplestones of Warleigh, there lived during the reign of Queen Bess, a Coplestone, by the name of John. As the inheritor of that knightly distinction which belonged to his family, he would be known in his time, or ought to have been known, as John, “the White Spur.” Now, this “ White Spur," "had a young man his godson,”-for I shall tell the story as a reverend chronicler heard it from living lips, and recorded it nearly two hundred years ago,

- this “ White Spur," then, alias John Coplestone, " had a young man to his godson, that had been abroad for his education; who, at his return home, hearing of the extravagancies of his godfather's conversation, expressed in some company his sorrowful resentment of it; which was not done so privately, but the report thereof was soon brought (as there be tale-bearers and whisperers, which separate very friends, enough everywhere] to his godfather's ears.

This exceedingly enkindled the indignation of the old gentleman against his godson, and (as 'twas supposed) his natural son also; making him break out, saying, "Must boys observe and descant on the actions of men, and of their betters ?" From henceforth he resolved, and sought all opportunities, to be revenged upon bim. At length, they being both at Tamerton, their parish church, on a Lord's day, the young man observing by his countenance what he was partly informed of before, that his godfather was highly displeased at him, prudently withdrew betimes from the church, and resolved to keep himself away, out of his reach, until his indignation should be overpassed. The old gentleman seeing his revenge likely to be disappointed, sent the young man word, that his anger to him was now over, and he might return to his church

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