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TWENTIETH CENTURY TEXT-BOOKS

OF HISTORY

A HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN NATION. By

ANDREW C. McLAUGHLIN, A.M., LL.B., Professor of American History, University of Michigan. Illustrated, Cloth, $1.40.

A HISTORY OF THE BRITISH NATION. By

GEORGE M. WRONG, M.A., Professor of History,

University of Toronto. Illustrated. Cloth, $1.30. A HISTORY OF THE MIDDLE AGES. By DANA

CARLETON MUNRO, A.M., Professor of European
History, University of Wisconsin. Illustrated,
Cloth, 90 cents.

A HISTORY OF MODERN EUROPE. By MERRICK

WAITCOMB, Ph.D., Professor of Modern History,
University of Cincinnati. Illustrated, Cloth, $1.10.

MUNRO'S MIDDLE AGES AND WHITCOMB'S

MODERN EUROPE in one volume. Cloth, $1.50.

LIFE OF THE ANCIENT GREEKS. BY CHARLES

BURTON GULICK, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Greek in Harvard University. Illustrated, Cloth, $1.40.

D. APPLETON AND COMPANY NEW YORK BOSTON CHICAGO

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BERNARD MOSES, Ph.D., LL.D.

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COPYRIGHT, 1906, BY
D. APPLETON AND COMPANY
PREFACE

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The main purpose of this book is to show what the Government of the United States is, by giving a sketch of its organization and the general methods of its working. It deals not only with the central, or Federal government, but also with the State, Territorial, and local governments; and all of these taken together make up the Government of the United States. Students who undertake the study of this

Government should keep in mind the fact that each of the u governments, local, State, and Federal, exercises some part b of the political power of the nation. This is the territorial A distribution of power. He should also keep in mind the fact

that in the town or city government, as well as in the State or Federal government, the power which each holds is

divided among the legislative, the executive, and the judicial c departments. This is a distribution according to the kind 1 of power to be exercised. Thus, in order to understand how

this nation is governed, one must give attention to both of

these forms of distribution. 12 The topics here treated, concerning the organization and

powers of the Government, constitute a general subject by

themselves. If properly comprehended, they show us what jė the Government is. They are sufficient to occupy the student

s during the time usually allotted to this study, and they must be understood before he can give his attention most profitably to the questions that arise in the course of the Government's practical work.

It will be observed that the book is divided into a series of numbered sections. In each of these sections a more or less distinct subject is treated, and it is believed that from this discussion of the various institutions of the Government a knowledge of the whole as well as of the individual parts will be easily acquired. The formal topics following each section are intended to assist the student in analyzing the text, and in finding out what are the essential points. Then by making use of the references to parts of other books, which are printed immediately below the topics, the student will, it is expected, acquire the habit of getting information from many sources. Through this practice he may, moreover, gradually prepare himself for investigating the subjects that are placed at the end of the several chapters. By reading carefully the documents and passages cited, the student may acquire a broader view than any single volume will convey; and under proper guidance he may receive, by the use of this material, training in the process of verifying statements concerning historical and political affairs. It will be generally expedient, however, for him to omit these subjects for advanced study until after thoroughly mastering the rest of the volume.

BERNARD MOSES.

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA,

January, 1906.

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