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A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER

VOLUME LXVII.

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JANUARY-APRIL, 1901

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POUR MONTHS

THE OUTLOOK COMPANY

NEW YORK

EDITORIAL STAFF OF THE OUTLOOK

Rev. LYMAN ABBOTT, D.D., Editor-in-Chief
HAMILTON W. MABIE, L.H.D., Associate Editor

ROBERT D. TOWNSEND, Managing Editor
CHARLES B. SPAHR, Ph.D.

ELBERT F. BALDWIN
Rev. JAMES M. Whiton, Ph.D.

Copyright, 1901, by the Outlook Comp

ICE TEN CENTS

Near Twenty-third Street

5 JANUARY,

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Civil Service

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Published Weekly
Vol. 67
January 5, 1901

No. 1 The report of tated almost exclusively by Senators and aad the Administration special committee Representatives whose selections of the National Civil Service Reform President has ratified, and that while good League, embodying the result of its in men have been secured under this system, vestigation of the Federal civil service the vast majority of the appointees are and the enforcement of the reform law active local politicians, who create a serious and rules under the present Administra- obstacle to the satisfactory administration tion, shows that while much has been of civil service rules. Among the Presidone to take the business of the Govern- dential offices in the general branches ment out of the hands of the politicians, the changes have been almost universal. much still remains to be done. In pass- In the consular service during the first ing the law of 1883 Congress intended year of the Administration more than to bring under its provisions the entire ninety per cent. of the salaried offices subordinate Executive service_" all that were refilled, and during the same period vast number of appointed officials who in the Indian service more than sixty-two carry into effect the orders of the Presi- per cent. of the agents were changed. dent, ... whose duties do not change with a change of administration, and who have nothing to do with framing the political

The report charges

Violations of the Law policies of the Government." From the

that there have been date of the passage of this act until May serious violations in the Civil Service Law last the extension of its operation was in the classified service--chiefly in the steadily continued, each President placing Internal Revenue service, the Land Office under it, from time to time, additional service, the Government Printing-Office, offices. The committee reports, however, the field forces of the Department of Justhat, while the system in many of the tice, the Pension Bureau, and in a numbranches which have been longest classi. ber of custom-houses and post-officesfied remains unimpaired, the law has not especially in the post-office in Philadelbeen thoroughly and honestly enforced, phia. In many instances the Civil Servand that the President, with the exception ice Commission has addressed remonof the very admirable start made in the strances to the departments concerned in Philippine service, has ignored a number these violations, but has not in any case of excellent opportunities for its extension. obtained satisfactory results. Three years The committee declares that the President ago the League addressed a letter directly is not continuing the work, and that the to the President, calling his attention to progress of the reform has been checked. these violations and asking that measures This is at variance with the declared be taken to stop them. A year later it purposes of the President and with the presented a second report to the Presideclarations of the Republican party. dent, in which violations throughout the Investigation of the facts seems to show service were enumerated, with exhibits. that “exceptions” from the requirements The corrections made, however, were few; of the Civil Service Law have been almost and in no case was an officer who had twice as numerous as appointments made violated the rules removed for that offense. under the law. The League declares that The report also charges numerous indirect the appointment of local Federal officers evasions of the law, especially in the of the Presidential class has been dic- Post-Office Department, where, by devices

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