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April, 1789.]

Proceedings.

[SENATE.

presentatives, and the other public characters pre-ernment, the tranquil deliberations and voluntary consent, the oath was administered. After which, sent of so many distinct communities from which the the Chancellor proclaimed, Long live George event has resulted, cannot be compared with the means Washington, President of the United States !" by which most Governments have been established, The President, having returned to his seat, humble anticipation of the future blessings which the

without some return of pious gratitude, along with an after a short pause arose, and addressed the Senate and House of Representatives as follows:

past seems to presage. These reflections, arising out

of the present crisis, have forced themselves too strongFellow-citizens of the Senate, and

ly on my mind to be suppressed. You will join with of the House of Representatives :

me, I trust, in thinking, that there are none under the Among the vicissitudes incident to life, no event influence of which the proceedings of a new and free could have filled me with greater anxieties than that Government can more auspiciously commence. of which the notification was transmitted by your

By the article establishing the Executive departorder, and received on the 14th day of the present ment, it is made the duty of the President “ to recommonth. On the one hand, I was summoned by my mend to your consideration such measures as he shall country, whose voice I can never hear but with venera-judge necessary and expedient." The circumstances tion and love, from a retreat which I had chosen with under which I now meet you will acquit me from enterthe fondest predilection, and, in my flattering hopes, ing into that subject, further than to refer to the great with an im mutable decision, as the asylum of my de Constitutional charter under which you are assembled, clining years; a retreat which was rendered every day and which, in defining your powers, designates the SENATE.]

more

necessary, as well as more dear to me, by the objects to which your attention is to be given. It will addition of habit to inclination, and of frequent inter- be more consistent with those circumstances, and far ruptions in my health, to the gradual waste commit- more congenial with the feelings which actuate me, to ted on it by time. On the other hand, the magnitude substitute, in place of a recommendation of particular and difficulty of the trust to which the voice of my measures, the tribute that due to the talents, the country called me, being sufficient to awaken in the rectitude, and the patriotism, which adorn the charwisest and most experienced of her citizens a distrust- acters selected to devise and adopt them. In these ful scrutiny into his qualifications, could not but over- honorable qualifications, I behold the surest pledges, whelm with despondence one, who, inheriting inferior that, as on one side no local prejudices or attachments, endowments from nature, and unpractised in the duties no separate views, nor party animosities, will misdirect of civil administration, ought to be peculiarly conscious the comprehensive and equal cye which ought to watch of his own deficiencies. In this conflict of emotions, over this great assemblage of communities and inteall I dare aver is, that it has been my faithful study to rests ; so, on another, that the foundations of our collect my duty from a just appreciation of every cir- national policy will be laid in the pure and immutable cumstance by which it might be effected. All í dare principles of private morality, and the pre-eminence of hope is, that if, in executing this task, I have been too free Government be exemplified by all the attributes much swayed by a grateful remembrance of former which can win the affections of its citizens, and cominstances, or by an affectionate sensibility to this tran- mand the respect of the world. I dwell on this prosscendant proof of the confidence of my fellow-citizens, pect with every satisfaction which an ardent love for and have thence too little consulted my incapacity as my country can inspire: since there is no truth more well as disinclination for the weighty and untried cares thoroughly established, than that there exists, in the before me, my error will be palliated by the motives economy and course of nature, an indissoluble union which misled me, and its consequences be judged by between virtue and happiness; between duty and admy country, with some share of the partiality in which vantage ; between the genuine maxims of an honest they originated.

and magnanimous policy, and the solid rewards of Such being the impressions under which I have, in public prosperity and felicity: since we ought to be no obedience to the public summons, repaired to the pre- less persuaded that the propitious smiles of Heaven sent station, it would be peculiarly improper to omit, can never be expected on a nation that disregards the in this first official act, my fervent supplications to that eternal rules of order and right, which Heaven itselt Almighty Being who rules over the universe—who has ordained; and since the preservation of the sacred presides in the councils of nations and whose provi- fire of liberty, and the destiny of the republican model dential aids can supply every human defect—that his of Government, are justly considered as deeply, perbenediction may consecrate to the liberties and happi- haps as finally, staked, on the experiment entrusted to ness of the people of the United States, a Government the hands of the American pepole. instituted by themselves, for these essential purposes : Besides the ordinary objects submitted to your care, and may enable every instrument employed in its it will remain with your judgment to decide how far · administration to execute with success the functions an exercise of the occasional power delegated by the allotted to his charge. In tendering this homage to fifth article of the Constitution, is rendered expedient the Great Author of every public and private good, I at the present juncture, by the nature of objections assure myself that it expresses your sentiments not which have been urged against the system, or by the less than my own, nor those of my fellow-citizens at degree of inquietude which has given birth to them. large less than either. No people can be bound to Instead of undertaking particular recommendations on acknowledge and adore the invisible hand which con- this subject, in which I could be guided by no lights ducts the affairs of men more than the people of the derived from official opportunities, I shall again give United States. Every step by which they have ad- way to my entire confidence in your discernment and vanced to the character of an independent nation, pursuit of the public good: for, I assure myself, that seems to have been distinguished by some token of whilst you carefully avoid every alteration which might providential agency; and in the important revolution endanger the benefits of a united and effective Governjust accomplished in the system of their united Gov-ment, or which ought to await the future lessons of

Proceedings.

[May, 1789.

experience; a reverence for the characteristic rights of keeper, the messenger shall be received at the freemen, and a regard for the public harmony, will bar of this House by the Secretary, and the bill sufficiently influence your deliberations on the ques- or paper that he may bring shall there be received tion, how far the former can be more impregnably for- from him by the Secretary, who shall deliver it tified, or the latter be safely and advantageously pro- to the President of the Senate," was committed moted. which will be most properly addressed to the House of mode of sending papers, bills, and messages, from To the preceding observations I have one to add to Mr. ELLSWORTH, Mr. Lee, and Mr. Read.

And the committee were instructed to report a Representatives. It concerns myself, and will, therefore, be as brief as possible. When I'was first honored the Senate to the House of Representatives. with a call into the service of my country, then on the eve of an arduous struggle for its liberties, the light in

SATURDAY, May 2. which I contemplated my duty required that I should Agreed, That, until a permanent mode of comrenounce every pecuniary compensation. From this munication shall be adopted between the Senate resolution I have in no instance departed. And being and House of Representatives, the Senate will still under the impressions which produced it, I must receive messages by the Clerk of the House, if decline, as inapplicable to myself

, any share in the per the House shall think proper to send him; and sonal emoluments which may be indispensably included in a permanent provision for the Executive depart- papers sent from the House shall be delivered to ment; and must accordingly pray that the pecuniary the Secretary at the bar of the Senate, and by estimates for the station in which I am placed may,

him be conveyed to the President. during.my continuance in it, be limited to such actual

A message from the House of Representatives, by expenditures as the public good may be thought to Mr. BECKLEY, their Clerk, brought to the Senate require.

the proceedings of the House on a resolution of Having thus imparted to you my sentiments, as they the Senate of the 27th ult.; also, communicated have been awakened by the occasion which brings us the appointment of the Rev. Wm. Lynn, D. D., together, I shall take my present leave ; but not with- one of the Chaplains of Congress. out resorting once more to the benign Parent of the Mr. STRONG, from the committee to whom the human race, in humble supplication, that, since He bill from the House of Representatives was rehas been pleased to favor the American people with ferred, to regulate the time and manner of adminopportunities for deliberating in perfect tranquillity, and istering certain oaths, reported sundry amenddispositions for deciding with unparalleled unanimityments thereto, which were assigned for consideron a form of Government for the security of their ation on Monday next. Union, and the advancement of their happiness, so his divine blessing may be equally conspicuous in the enlarged views, the temperate consultations, and the

MONDAY, May 4. wise measures on which the success of this Govern- The Senate proceeded to the consideration of ment must depend.

the report of the committee on the bill to regu

G. WASHINGTON. late the time and manner of administering certain April 30, 1789.

oaths. The President, the Vice President, the Senate, In line 1, strike out the words “ Congress of the and House of Representatives, &c., then proceeded United States,” and insert,“ Senate and Representato St Paul's Chapel, where divine service was tives of the United States of America, in Congress performed by the Chaplain of Congress, after assembled.” which the President was reconducted to his house At the end of the second paragraph, add the words by the committee appointed for that purpose.

“ of the Senate," and insert the following clause : The Vice President and Senate returned to the

And be it further enacted, That the members of the Senate Chamber; and.

several State Legislatures, and all executive and Upon motion, unanimously agreed, That a

judicial officers of the several States, who have been committee of three should be appointed to pre

heretofore chosen or appointed, or who shall be chosen pare an answer to the President's Speech. Mr. and who shall then be in office, shall, within one

or appointed before the first day of August next, Johnson, Mr. PATERSON, and Mr. Carroll, month thereafter, take the same oath or affirmation, were elected.

except where they shall have taken it before; which

may be administered by any person authorized by the Friday, May 1.

law of the State in which such office shall be holden The report of the joint committee, to whom to administer oaths. And the members of the several was recommitted the mode of communication State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial offibetween the Senate and House of Representa

cers of the several States, who shall be chosen or aptives, as made by the committee on the part of pointed after the said first day of August

, shall, before the Senate, was taken up, and not accepted.

they proceed to execute the duties of their respective The same report of the committee on the part shall be administered by the person or persons, who, by

offices, take the foregoing oath or affirmation, which of the House, and the acceptance thereof by the the law of the State, shall be authorized to administer House, was considered in the Senate, and it was the oath of office; and the person or persons so admin, determined that it should lie until further order. istering the oath hereby required to be taken, shall

A motion, “ That, when a messenger shall cause a record or certificate thereof to be made, in the come from the House of Representatives to the same manner as, by the law of the State, he or they Senate, and shall be announced by the door shall be directed to record or certify the oath of office."

May, 1789.]
Proceedings.

[Senate. In the last paragraph, strike out the words “ of the frage of the elective body in your favor, is peculiarly United States of America,” in the third and fourth expressive of the gratitude, confidence, and aflection lines, and insert the same words in the fourth line next of the citizens of America, and is the highest testimo

We are after the words “ as the case may be ;” and which, being nial at once of your merit and their esteem. accepted, Tuesday morning, 11 o'clock, was assigned sensible, sir, that nothing but the voice of your fellowfor the third reading of the bill.

citizens could have called you from a retreat chosen with the fondest predilection, endeared by habit, and

consecrated to the repose of declining years. We reTuesday, May 5.

joice, and with us all America, that, in obedience to the The bill to regulate the time and manner of call of our common country, you have returned once administering certain oaths was read the third more to public life. In you all parties contide ; in you time, and passed with amendments.

all interests unite ; and we have no doubt that your Ordered, That the Secretary carry the afore- past services, great as they have been, will be equalled mentioned bill to the House of Representatives, by your future exertions; and that your prudence and together with the amendments, and address the sagacity as a statesman will tend to avert the dangers to Speaker in the words following:

which we are exposed, to give stability to the present “Sir: The Senate have passed the bill entitled Government, and dignity and splendor to that country An act to regulate the time and manner of adminis- which your skill and valor as a soldier so eminently tering certain oaths,' with amendments, to which they contributed to raise to independence and empire. desire the concurrence of your House.”

When we contemplate the coincidence of circum

stances, and wonderful combination of causes, which Ordered, That when a bill has passed the Sen-gradually prepared the people of this country for indeate the Secretary shall endorse the final deter-pendence; when we contemplate the rise, progress, and mination thereon, and the day when such final termination of the late war, which gave them a name question was taken, previous to its being trans- among the nations of the earth; we are, with you, unmitted to the House of Representatives.

avoidably led to acknowledge and adore the great ArAdjourned to Thursday morning.

biter of the universe, by whom empires rise and fall.

A review of the many signal instances of divine interTHURSDAY, May 7.

position in favor of this country claims our most pious

gratitude; and permit us, sir, to observe that, among The committee appointed to confer with such the great events which have led to the formation and committee as mighi be appointed on the part of establishment of a Federal Government, we esteem the House of Representatives, to report what your acceptance of the office of President as one of the style or titles it will be proper lo annex to the most propitious and important. offices of President and Vice President of the In the execution of the trust reposed in us, we shall United States, if any other than those given in endeavor to pursue that enlarged and liberal policy to the Constitution, reported.

which your Speech so happily directs. We are conWhich report was ordered to lie for considera- scious that the prosperity of each State is inseparably tion.

connected with the welfare of all, and that, in promotThe report of the committee upon the motion ing the latter, we shall effectually advance the former. committed May 1st was considered, and the first In full persuasion of this truth, it shall be our invariparagraph thereof accepted; whereupon,

able aim to divest ourselves of local prejudices and atOrdered, That, when a messenger shall come munities and interests committed to our charge with

tachments, and to view the great assemblage of comfrom the House of Representatives to the Senate, and shall be announced by the door-keeper, the the justness of the observation, that the foundation of

an equal eye. We feel, sir, the force, and acknowledge messenger or messengers being a member or mem

our national policy should be laid in private morality. bers of the House, shall be received within the If individuals be not influenced by moral principles, it bar, the President rising when the message is by is in vain to look for public virtue; it is, therefore, the one member, and the Senate also when it is by duty of legislators to enforce, both by precept and extwo or more; if the messenger be not a member ample, the utility, as well as the necessity, of a strict of the House, he shall be received at the bar by adherence to the rules of distributive justice. We beg the Secretary, and the bill or papers that he may you to be assured that the Senate will, at all times, bring shall there be received from him by the cheerfully co-operate in every measure which may Secretary, and be by him delivered to the Presi- strengthen the Union, conduce to the happiness, or sedent.

cure and perpetuate the liberties of this great confedeThe committee appointed to prepare an answer

rated Republic. to the President's Speech, delivered to the Sen

We commend you, sir, to the protection of Almighty ate and House of Representatives of the United God, earnestly besecching him long to preserve a life States, reported as follows:

so valuable and dear to the people of the United States; Sir: We, the Senate of the United States, return nation, and glorious to yourself.

and that your administration may be prosperous to the you our sincere thanks for your excellent Speech delivered to both houses of Congress; congratulate you

Read and accepted; and on the complete organization of the Federal Govern

Ordered, Thai the Vice President should affix ment; and felicitate ourselves and our fellow-citizens his signature to the Address, in behalf of the on your elevation to the office of President an office Senate. highly important by the powers constitutionally annex- Mr. BECKLEY, the Clerk of the House of Repreed to it, and extremely honorable from the manner in sentatives, delivered a message, purporting " that which the appointment is made. The unanimous suf- the House had concurred with the Senate in the

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SENATE.]
Proceedings.

[MAY, 1789.
amendments proposed in a bill to regulate the The Secretary was charged with a message to
time and manner of administering certain oaths;" the House of Representatives, with the order of
and " that the House proposed an amendment to Senate passed the 7th instant, on the mode adopt-
the third amendment by inserting after the words ed by the Senate in receiving communications
* Legislatures in the first place,' the words at the from that House.
next session of the said Legislatures respectively.'” Ordered, That Mr. LEE, Mr. ELLSWORTA, and

He also brought the Senate a resolve of the Mr. Johnson, be a committee to confer with any House of Representatives, appointing Mr. BLAND, committee to be appointed by the House of RepMr. TRUMBULL, and Mr. Vining, a committee on resentatives, on the difference of opinion now the part of the House, to conter with any com- subsisting between the two Houses, respecting mitiee to be appointed on the part of the Senate, the title of the President of the United States; and report "joint rules to be established between and, on motion for reconsideration, the instruction the two Houses, for the enrolment, &c. of the to the committee was agreed to, as follows: acts of Congress, and to confer on ihe mode of

“ That they consider and report under what title presenting addresses, bills, &c. to the President.") it will be proper for the President of the United States

The Senate agreed to the amendment proposed in future to be addressed, and confer thereon with such by the House of Representatives to the amend committee as the House of Representatives may apment of the afore-mentioned bill; and appointed point for that purpose.” Mr. LANGDON, Mr. Read, and Mr. Henry, a com

The Secretary carried to the House of Repremittee on their part, for the purpose expressed insentatives the appointment of a committee, on the resolve of the House of Representatives, re- the part of the Senate, to view the rooms in the ceived this day; which, together with the con- City Hall, and to confer upon their appropriation; currence of the Senate to the amendment on the

The rejection of the report of the committee amendment to the bill above mentioned, was car- appointed to consider what style, &c. it will be ried to the House by the Secretary.

proper to annex to the offices of President and of

Vice President;
Friday, May 8.

And the appointment of a committee on the The report of the committee spointed to de- part of the Senate to confer on a title under which termine “What style or title it will be

it will be proper to address the President of the proper to

United States. annex to the offices of President and Vice President of the United States, if any other than those given in the Constitution;" and to confer with a committee of the House of Representatives ap

MONDAY, May 11. pointed for the same purpose, was considered, and Ordered, That the consideration of the report disagreed to.

of the committee upon " the title by which it will The question was taken, "Whether the Presi- be proper for the Senate to address the President of the United States shall be addressed by dent,” be postponed until Tuesday next. the title of His Excellency?" and it passed in the Ordered, That a committee, io consist of Mr. negative.

ELLSWORTH, Mr. Carroll, and Mr. Few, be apOn motion that a committee of three be appointed, to consider and report a mode of carrying pointed to consider and report under what title into execution the second paragraph of the third it will be proper for the Senate to address the section of the first article of the Constitution. President of the United States, Mr. LEE, Mr. The committee appointed the 13th of April to ELLSWORTH, and Mr. JOHNSON, were elected. confer with a committee of the House of Repre

sentatives, upon the future disposition of the pa

pers in the office of the late Secretary of ConSATURDAY, May 9.

gress, made a report, which was ordered to lie A message from the House of Representatives until a committee, appointed May 7. to confer informed the Senate that they had accepted the with a committee of the House “ on joint rules to report of the committee appointed to consider be established for the enrolment, &c., of the acts what style or title it will be proper to annex 10 of Congress,” should report. the offices of President and Vice President of the United States, if any other than those given in the Constitution.

Tuesday, May 12. Ordered, That Mr. Few, Mr. Maclay, and The Clerk of the House of Representatives Mr. STRONG, be a committee to view the apart- delivered a message, purporting that the House ments in the City Hall, and to confer with any had concurred in the appointment of a committee committee that may be appointed by the House on their part, consisting of Mr. WHITE, Mr. of Representatives for that purpose, and report Scott, and Mr. STURGES, to confer with the comhow the same shall be appropriated.

mittee appointed on the part of the Senate, May The committee appointed to consider under the 9th, on the appropriation of the rooms in the what title it will be proper for the Senate to ad-City Hall; dress the President of the United States, report- Also, that the House had appointed a commited; the consideration of which was postponed tee, consisting of Mr. Madison, Mr. TRUMBULL, until Monday next.

Mr. Page, Mr. BENSON, and Mr. SHERMAN, to

MAY, 1789.]

Proceedings.

[SENATE.

confer with any committee that the Senate shall Which report was postponed ; and the followappoint on the disagreeing votes of the Senate ing resolve was agreed to, to wit: and House of Representatives upon the report of “ From a decent respect for the opinion and practice their joint committee, appointed to consider what of civilized nations, whether under monarchical or retides shall be given to the President and to the publican forms of Government, whose custom is to Fice President of the United States, if any other annex titles of respectability to the office of their Chief than those given in the Constitution.

Magistrate; and that, on intercourse with foreign naOrdered, That the committee appointed the 9th tions, a due respect for the majesty of the people of the of May, to consider “by what title it will be United States may not be hazarded by any appearance proper for the Senate to address the President of of singularity, the Senate have been induced to be of the United States, be instructed to conter with opinion, that it would be proper to annex a respectable the committee of the House of Representatives, title to the office of President of the United States; agreeably to the proposition in their message of but, the Senate, desirous of preserving harmony with this day.

the House of Representatives, where the practice lately A motion for the committee, appointed to ad- observed in presenting an address to the President wns dress the President, to proceed, was postponed to

without the addition of titles, think it proper, for the Thursday next.

present, to act in conformity with the practice of that House: therefore,

Resolved, That the present address be · To the WEDNESDAY, May 13.

President of the United States,' without addition of The committee appointed the 11th instant, on

title." the mode of carrying into execution the second A motion was made to strike out the preamble paragraph of the third section of the first article as far as the words - but the Senate;" which of the Constitution, reported: and the report was passed in the negative. ordered to lie for consideration.

And, on motion for the main question, it passed Ordered, That Mr. LANGDON, Mr. STRONG, in the affirmative. and Mr. CARROLL, be a committee, to confer with The committee appointed to consider and reany committee that may be appointed on the part port a mode of carrying into effect the provision of the House of Representatives, and report what in the second clause of the third section of the newspapers the members of the Senate and House first article of the Constitution, reported : of Representatives shall be furnished with at the Whereupon, public expense.

Resolved, That the Senators be divided into three A committee, consisting of Mr. Johnson, Mr.

classes : Read, Mr. LANGDON, Mr. Morris, Mr. Dalton, Mr. Elmer, Mr. Henry, and Mr. Gunn, was ap: Mr. Morris, Mr. Henry, Mr. Izard, and Mr. Gunn;

The first to consist of Mr. Langdon, Mr. Johnson, pointed to report a bill, defining the crimes and offences that shall be cognizable under the au- son, Mr. Bassett, Mr. Lee, Mr. Butler, and Mr. Few;

The second of Mr. Wingate, Mr. Strong, Mr. Paterthority of the United States, and their punish

And the third of Mr. Dalton, Mr. Ellsworth, Mr. ment.

Elmer, Mr. Maclay, Mr. Read, Mr. Carroll, and Mr.

Grayson.
THURSDAY, May 14.

That three papers of an equal size, numbered 1, 2, The petition of Archibald M‘Lean, to be em

and 3, be, by the Secretary, rolled up and put into a ployed as a printer to the Senate and House of box, and drawn by Mr. Langdon, Mr. Wingate, and Representatives, was read, and ordered to lie on

Mr. Dalton, in behalf of the respective classes, in which the table.

each of them are placed; and that the classes shall vaThe Secretary carried to the House of Repre-numbers drawn for them, beginning with No. 1.

cate their seats in the Senate, according to the order of sentatives the order of Senate, passed yesterday,

And that, when Senators shall take their seats from appointing a committee to report " what newspa- States that have not yet appointed Senators, they shall pers the members of Congress shall be furnished be placed by lot in the foregoing classes, but in such with at the public expense.”

manner as shall keep the classes as nearly equal as may The committee, appointed the 9th instant, to be in numbers. determine “under what title it will be proper for the Senate to address the President," and to con

The committee appointed to confer with a comfer with a committee of the House of Represen-mittee of the House of Representatives, in prepartatives“ upon the disagreeing votes of the Senate ing proper rules to be established for the enroland House” informed the Senate that they had ment, &c., of the acts of Congress, reported;

which conferred with a committee of the House of Rep

report was ordered to lie for consideration. resentatives, but could not agree upon a report.

Ordered, That the committee appointed to The committee, appointed the 9th instant,

draught an answer to the President's Speech, wait consider and report under what title it will be on him, and request him to appoint the time when proper for the Senate to address the President of it will be agreeable to receive the Address of the

Senate, at his own house. the United States of America,” reported :

“That, in the opinion of the committee, it will be proper thus to address the President: His Highness,

Friday, May 15. the President of the United States of America, and Protector of their Liberties.

The committee appointed to draught an answer

to

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