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and proper therefore that the general contented to enjoy. Wealth has far less aspect of American society should be weight and influence in European societhat of an independent yeomanry. We ty than in American. In Europe, rank need not alarm ourselves by the fear of rides over the head of wealth. The finding any thing like the spirit of feu- richest commoner is subservient to the dalism or the subserviency of rank in poorest baron, and always looks up to the whole range of the republic. That him as his superior. In the United spirit has winged its flight to the camp, States wealth takes, in some measure, its native home, and is now under arms; the place of rank, and carries ignorance -it holds no place and exercises no in- and vanity to an unequal height, at fluence in American civil society. It least in the estimation of the possessor; will be perceived that the general aspect and perhaps we may venture to affirm, of society in the United States, com that in nothing is the sagacity of our pared with that of the courtiers and Fathers more clearly manifested, than higher classes of Europe, among whom in cautiously curbing its political influthere is no communion, no interming- ence. Men stand well in public estiling with the laboring population, must, mation who sustain a correct, moral in the nature of things, be what may character ; that estimation is enhanced be called a popular, and not an exclu- by intellectual attainments, and both sive aspect.
strengthened by opulence. The rubThe moral effects of a state of society bish which encumbers the steep which composed of such materials, may fur- leads on to fame is swept away, and nish matter on which philosophers may personal industry, zeal and merit are speculate ; but there can be little doubt stimulated in the career of distinction on the mind of one practically acquaint- by the fascinating cloudless prospect ed with the subject, on which side the spread before the aspirant. No matter sum of human enjoyment preponde- what a man's father was, the question rates. If slavery, the subjection of mind is, what character does the man himself and body to the will of another, be sustain ? misery, the degree of enjoyment must Equality of rights by no means arbe just in proportion to the distance re- gues equality of condition. Inequality moved from it. It is not enough for of condition is the inseparable result of a man to have the liberty of moving at inequality of mind, of industry, and his will; he must have the means of adventitious circumstances. The idea doing it, or he is in effect a slave still, that the condition of society should be under whatever class he may range, such that all shall have sufficient, is and by whatever name he may choose preposterous, contrary to common to designate himself. If human happi- sense, the unbroken testimony of exness, in this our pilgrimage state, de- perience and the will of heaven.pends in the slightest degree upon the “ The poor ye always have with you." trappings of officeor any external appen- To suppose the idle spendthrift vagadages whatever; if wealth, and rank, bond should make himself master of and titles, and popular distinction, were the same enjoyments, and the same the real and true sources of individual standing in society as the frugal and and national happiness, then, indeed, industrious, is to suppose the primary we must contract the sphere of enjoy- laws of the great Universal Governor ment, and yield the palm of victory to abrogated, and all the inducements the self-devoted aristocrats of Europe. which stimulate individuals and adBut if we hold that moral influence has vance nations removed, which is to any force; that a disenthralment of per- suppose an impossibility. It may suit sonal dependance upon others, is liber- the wild speculations of coxcomical ty; that the true and only reasonable theorists, but never has had, and never distinction among inankind is individual can have, anything practical within its wealth and intellectual attainments ; scope. Equality of rights is all for then we find the elements of greatness which we contend. Inequality in their in our republican institutions, and may use is an individual concern, and challenge all other systems of social and spreads itself over the whole human civilized society to show an equally family. prosperous and happy population, and Paupers, foreign and domestic, exist bid them go and ridicule, whilst we are in our land; but a pauper population,
kindred to that matured in Europe, so to comprehend, what is just as obvious long as land is abundant and cheap, to my mind as the poon-day sun, that cannot be thrown upon American so the nobility and aristocracy of the ciety. We are exempt from that stu- country hold the lands of the kingdom ; pendous evil, and owe the exemption the merchants and manufacturers the to the character of our institutions, and money ; there is nothing whatever for the equality of rights, which guaran- the working agriculturist and manufacties to every citizen the fruits of his turing operatives to bring to market, labor.
but their labor. They have been, and Although the way to every honor still are, sweated down to the lowest and every employment the state can farthing of wages, wbich will enable give, is unencumbered and open to all, them, when in full work, to sustain and the incentive to personal exertion existence ; and when the demand for is coordinate with the ambition of the labor fails, old age, sickness and infirmaspiring; yet an important feature at ity disables, there is nothing left for the same time meets us, in the utter their support. They perish under the impossibility of any one raising himself withering hand of charity, with cold, and family permanently above the gen- nakedness, and famine. Undoubtedly eral level of society. Whatever wealth the taxes press so heavily upon the inhe may acquire ; whatever attainments dustry of the country, that a large he may master, and whatever distinc- proportion of the population cannot tion he may gain, the grave closes obtain the comforts of life, a still larger upon all, and his descendants must act proportion can only command the bare their own part upon the battle-field of necessaries, and beyond them lies a life. They know this, and equip them- countless multitude that cannot purselves accordingly for the contest. In chase anything at all. The aristocracy, such a condition of society, where the the manufacturers, and the movied people are thrown upon their own re- nabobs of the country, have swallowed
their manners are simple and the kingdom, and, under the hammer rural, denoting strength and energy of of the law, just supply the poorpurpose, without those nice discrimi- houses, which, by their magnitude and nating arts of refinement, which throw splendor, are a mockery to the poor an artificial lustre over the face of so- starving wretches that inhabit them, ciety, and rather charm the eye than with just enough to protract death, and satisfy the understanding. Hence we furnish ground for the inquest to bring see, when occasion calls for action, a in a verdict, "Died a natural death." bold, independent, determined spirit How different is the condition of the manifested at once. The man consults social system in our own country.
No himself. He does not bow the “ knee complaining in our streets, no crying to a superior lord, nor wait the teach- for bread, comparatively no miserable ings and instructions of hereditary ru wretches cast from work-honse to lers.” If not mustered into the service work-house, none perishing from want. of his country when an appeal is made Labor is always in demand, and the to arms, he musters himself; marches ample wages and cheap provisions enat his own expense to the encampment, able every one, with ordinary industry, and, with a native boldness and intre- to supply, upon a liberal scale, his own pidity, unchronicled in the history of wants. nations, presents himself a champion If we advert to the moral aspect of in the cause of his country. This is a the American Republic, we shall find characteristic of American yeomanry, no cause to shrink from a comparison altogether unique.
with that of Europe. The author of When I listened to the orators upon American Notes, with all his mendacity Lord Howick's, now Earl Gray's, mo and sarcastic spirit, does sometimes tion, that the house should resolve it strike his harpoon, as if by accident, self into a committee of the whole, to
into a fact of inestimable value. On consider the distressed state of the his journey from Boston to Lowell, by country, I was most forcibly struck with rail-road, he remarks : the grasping at all the variety of causes, which the mind could imagine, but “ There are also a great many ladies who the right one. No one seemed clearly have nobudy with them; for any lady
may travel alone, from one end of the is deluged with impurity. From such United States to the other, and be certain statements I feel that the moral sense of the most courteous and considerate of my countrymen will recoil. They treatment everywhere."
can scarcely credit a narrative so hor
rible in itself, and so dreadful in its Why does he notice this fact ; and consequences. But that it may be why so particularly remark upon it? seen that I have not overcharged the Because, to him, it was a singular fact; statement, painted imaginary because there is no such security for scenes, nor indeed told the half of a female virtue in his own country, nor most astounding tale, I beg to subjoin any other country in Europe.
an extract from a circular, now betore lady can travel alone ten miles in Eng- me, issued by the London Society for land without incurring the greatest the Protection of Young Females, in risk of being insulted. It is indispen- April, 1841 : sably necessary that she have a protector. The spawn of creation, the
“No country in the world is so distinrich, pampered, debauched gentry of guislied for philanthropy as England. She England, seem to feel, that by virtue of bas established institutions to meet almost their rank, they are licensed to prey reign nations have participated in her
every description of human misery. Foupon female chastity, and to render benevolence, and even the brute creation the lower classes of society as subser- bas engaged the benefit of her sympathies. vient to their lusts as they are to their There is, however, one great exception to pecuniary interests. Europe swarms this rule. Woman, rendered by her nawith wretches of rank and wealth, ture dependant "pun man, and more eswhose sole business is debauchery, in pecially entitled to his protection, appears its most disgusting, most outrageous, wirich his protection is not afforded, at
to be ihe only object in this country to most unheard-of forms. Girls, inno- least as regards the young and helpless, to cent, unsuspecting girls, enticed from whom his protection is more especially their parents, and by their consent en- required. There is a large class of persons gaged for dress-inakers, milliners, la- in London, and to a greater or less extent dies'-maids, and general servants, by in almost every other large town in the men moving in the style, dress, and ap- kingdom, who have establishments for, pearance of gentlemen, are sent up to
and live by the seduction of young females. London from the receiving-houses, in The latter, from the bad training of chilvarious and all parts of the kingdom, associations, they frequently find it not
dren by their parents, and early corrupt and taken, not to the places for which difficult to accomplish. But as innocence they were engaged, but to receptacles offers the greatest advantages to these peoof ill-fame, established, upheld, main- ple, deep laid schemes are constantly tained and protected by the nobility adopted to entrap young and modest woand gentry of the country. Here, men into their possession. these hell-hounds, compared with
“ The society once indicted a brothel. whom slave-dealers and slave-drivers, keeper, and were in a condition to prove and repudiators, whiten into angelic that she allowed a surgeon, who kept a forms, force, not seduce by the ordinary together with his travelling expenses, be
respectable shop, a considerable salary, acts of gallantry, their deluded victims, sides specified license privileges for him. and when virtue is destroyed, and self and his assistant, for supplying her character is destroyed, and with them house with young and modest females. all the endearing sympathies and pros. This he did, chiefly by going into the pects of a happy life are destroyed, country, and hiring them for soine respectthey are turned out into the streets tó able service in London. On their arrival perish with hunger or consume with in London, they were taken to the house disease. Tell me, ye libertine scoffers and violated without compunction, by the
parties who frequented it, without the least at the religion of my country, ye slan- chance of escape. Resistance availed them derers of her moral and political cha- nothing; it only increased their value and racter, is this true ? Deny it, if ye price. can. From the height of this aristocratic mount, the streams of moral This female beast fled to Boulogne, corruption flow down, until all the in- and is now living there upon the fruits ferior classes are infected, and the land of her iniquity.
“This however is far from being a soli- fiends of impurity, who pander for tary case. One of these people, who is themselves or their fellow-dealers in feenabled to drive her carriage from the male virtue, are upon the watch. They profits of her trade, keeps her house sup- know whether a lady is sheltered under plied with a constant succession of young the protecting arm of masculine vigor females by some such means. She does not retain any of them more than one or
or not; if not, the net is spread, and two mouths; keeping them confined to every art which the most accomplished the house during this time, and then allows villainy and the most murderous treach. them to depart, or turns them out if neces ery can practice, is used to circumvent sary. Being generally of that age when and secure the victim. In London, as the judgment is weak, and the sense of well as in the country, it is an everyshame strong, and finding their character day affair for gentlemen who cannot gone, their means of subsistence taken from them, and being polluted in mind as well conveniently be absent from their busias in body by the criminal intercourse to
ness, to inquire among their friends which they have been daily compelled to and acquaintances for some one, into subunit
, they give themselves up for lost, whose charge they may commit their and continue in the course into which female relatives and friends, for long they have been entrapped. The final re- and short journeys. I have myself sult is. that, cut off not only from the travelled 200 miles, for no other pursympatlıies of their own sex, but from
pose whatever but to escort a lady. If those of mankind, and treated with the greatest brutality, especially in the latter down to so low a point, let us pause a
the human understanding be bowed part of their career, they eventually perish either by suicide or by disease, the effect moment, and contemplate the dreadful of misery and destitution. The extent of nature of a system, organized throughthis evil is almost beyond belief. It is out Great Britain, and extending its probable that there are more rapes com ramifications to the continent of Eumitted in these houses in one year than by rope, for the express and avowed purthe poor of England in half a century.”
pose of making spoliations upon female &c., &c.*
virtue. Those who, in tho wise econUpon the trial of the Marquis of omy of Providence, are especially deHertford's servant for embezzlement, signated as guardians of the virtue and the witnesses testified that the marquis protectors of the honor of the fair sex, travelled openly upon the continent with are leagued for the destruction of both. his mistresses ; and after his return to Consider that this diabolical principle London, they came to his house every and murderous practice, are brought to night by a back entrance; and what is the fireside of domestic bliss, upheavstill more awful, were actually in his ing the foundations on which the fabric house the very night that he died. I of society, the pillars of right, justice, trust, upon this painful subject, I need equity, law, and moral greatness, rest; not fortify my statement by any further that rapes, murder of body and soul evidence. If this great feature of na- by suicide, disease and destitution, are tional morality is not sufficiently illus- matters of cold-blooded comniercial trated, the defect arises, not from calculation-merchandise sold in the want of material, but from my forbear- shambles of the stews to the highest
Our enemies affirm that female bidder; that the value is just in provirtue in the United States, by com- portion to the brilliancy and intrivsic mon consent and universal practice, is purity of the diamond to be destroyed. under the protection of the nation, and See these gigantic brutes, masked in the therefore a national virtue. According garb of heaven, but in the exact charto the evidence of English philanthro- acter of hell, travelling down, at the pists themselves, the fact is directly expense of the rich to the cottage of the reverse in Europe. The subtle the poor peasant, and with sacrilegious
* The following note, addressed to a member of Parliament, a gentleman with a family around him, and of respectable character, by one of those Tartarian demons, and sent by him to the Society, shows the audacity and perseverance with which this astounding coinmerce is carried on :
“Monsieur:--Madame D*** qui vient d'arriver de Paris avec de très jolies demoiselles et une piquante Italienne ose vous prier de vouloir bien l'honorer de votre patronage sur vous trouverez dans une comfortable maison qu'elle vient d'ouvrier secrete ot discretion. Avriez l'assurance de son respect avec loquel elle a l'honneur d'etre, &c., &c.
Street, No. —."
hands and remorseless heart, plunder- hug to their bosoms sentiments they ing the poor man of his only treasure ought never to know; and thus prehis child. As the sad tidings of disas- pared, to introduce to our doniestic cirter which have overtaken the child, cles the seeds of an overwhelming who has but just left the paternal roof evil, which, in its consequences and in all the charms of youth and loveli- extent, no human calculation can measness of beauty, are disclosed to an in
Think not, from what I have renocent and confiding family, what sor- marked, that it is my intention to cast rows pierce and lacerate the heart ? the slightest stigma upon the pobility, Not a smile plays upon the poor man's or any other class of her majesty's cheek; not a tear of joy glistens in his subjects, as a body. Far from it. eye ; but the world becomes a hopeless What I have stated, and a vast deal shelter, himself its miserable tenant. that I have not stated, in relation to this What throbbings permeate the domes- subject, is before the public, and welltic circle. Peace and happiness, and known to the people of England. every fond and sisterly endearment cut Amongst the nobility, there are muloff, and the wretched victim to man's titudes who honor their rank, honor audacious cruelty, ashamed to meet their country-giants in everything the eye of her natural guardian, exiled great and good--their benevolence is from every fond embrace and all the proverbial, and their efforts to stem the endearments of home, an outcast from torrent of corruption, which floods the society, looks to the only refuge that land, and threatens to bear down everyawaits her-an early lazar-house or an thing before it, are uncensing. The untimely grave unpitied and un same is equally true of portions of all known.” And the poor mother-ah! classes. They are the salt that prewho can paint her anguish, when the serves the body from dissolution.burning thought of a ruined, lost England is made up of extremes—the daughter passes over her desolate soul, highest virtues and the lowest vices; as she watches the cradled infant, and the greatest literary attainments and pours her rustic melody on the cold ear the most untutored ignorance; the of misery !
largest measure of we th, and the Gratitude should fill our hearts, that most abject poverty. She stands unGod has not permitted our country, as rivalled in everything that is great, and yet, to be the field on which the growth everything that is little. There are of such abominations can flourish; but few things in her social policy, if we that a lady may, in perfect security, except her jurisprudence, which can travel in all parts of the United States, be pointed out as examples for Ameri** from one end to the other," with no can imitation. Monarchial habits, cusshield of protection but her own virtue. toms, manners, and style of living, Think of the danger and the immeas are inconsistent with the simplicity of urable responsibility of parents sending republicanism ; and all attempts to martheir daughters to foreign schools, to ry the two, is an attempt to form a mingle in foreign society, to inhale the junction of resisting elements. malaria rising from the pestiferous
J. S. marshes of human corruption, and to