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paid the government 11 million dollars du- ished importation, abundance of coin in ties. This was an immense demand upon England, and unusually low state of ex. commercial capital that will nearly cease changes here for the season, indicate an under the new state of things. The de- import of specie from abroad. These cirmand for money from that source will, cumstances may cause a greater deficit in therefore, be much diminished, and the revenues, prior to the new tariff, than has already accumulating saving in the great been anticipated. The quarterly revenues reservoirs of supply point to a greater de- and expenditures of the federal governgree of cheapness, more particularly that ment, for the last two years, have been as the rate is falling abroad, and the combined follows:circumstances of increased exports, dimin
Up to the close of June, it appears the were, it appears from the monthly tables actual expenditure of the government had of the Treasurer's reports, $2,200,000 in not been large on account of the war ; excess of the revenues. The money on having been less than $3,000,000 in excess hand in the deposite banks, August 1, were of the same quarter of the previous year.
as follows: During the month of July the expenditures
UNITED STATES DEPOSITE ACCOUNT.
Amount of de Outstanding Subject to
Transfers ordered posites,
From To. February.. $9,546,862 67....$1,128,664 40.... $8,418,983 02.... $241,000....$205,000 March..
9,750,547 37.... 1,072,986 73.... 8,678,343 09.... 707,487..., 692,487 April..
11,784,393 59.... 783,606 37.... 11,001,569 67.... 376,000.... 371,000 May
13,000,698 72.... 1,159,140 07.... 11,842,341 10.... 336,000.... 530,000 June...
13,470,063 58.... 1,862,781 38.... 11,608,064 65....1,260,000....1,130,000 July..
12,484,888 36.... 3,014,630 35.... 9,890,006 39....1,616,500....1,459,500 August...
........ 11,132,637 66.... 3,121,460 28.... 7,725,797 38.... 730,221.... 442,721
It appears, at the date of the last state. There was, however, a sum of $312,500 ment, that there was $1,179,879 on depo- ordered transferred from other quarters, to site with the Canal Bank, New-Orleans ; meet it. The treasury notes authorized, to and outstanding drafts drawn against for the amount of $11,000,000, have not been $1,267,182, being an overdraft of $87,302. issued, from which it appears that the
treasury had on hand, August 1st, $7,725,- of this war, which she has thrust upon us, 797 balance in bank, and $11,000,000 of are at least $20,000,000, actual outlays, to notes, equal to $18,725,797, in excess of say nothing of the damages which she the ordinary revenues, to meet war expen- should pay. If $2,000,000 in money are ditures, until Congress meets in Decem- added, it will be equal to $25,000,000 paid ber. The expenditures will probably and relinquished to Mexico, for which amtake place, and the war be vigorously ple concessions of territory must be depushed, while attempts at negotiation for manded. The line of the Rio Grande, 10 peace are being made. The message of where it touches at 27° longitude-the paihe President, asking for authority to ap- rallel 30° N. longitude; thence following propriate $2,000,000 to the facilitatii.g of that line to the Gulf of California ; thence a peace, was well received by the whole down the middle of that gulf to the ocean, country. The bill passed the House, and should at least be the southern boundary of was defeated in the Senate by the Hon. the United States. This will give the John Davis, of Massachusetts, by the prac- United States the harbors, rivers, and outtice of one of those Parliamentary tricks lets, in a manner similar to that by which which sometimes can frustrate the most England has the northern bays by the Oreimportant measures for the national wel gon treaty. fare. The consequences may be only The settlement of this question, in a the continuance of the war some months manner to leave no room for future dispute, longer, at a great damage to the national will remove the last obstacle to a long seaindustry and welfare. The settlement of son of prosperity. The elements of trade the Mexican question, on the basis of and commerce have to adjust themselves to "equivalents," is probably the only means the operation of the warehouse and inby which the affair can speedily be con- dependent treasury bills; the action of cluded. Mexico owes the United States which must retard, if not prevent the re$2,000,000 of adjusted claims, and proba- currence of revulsion through overwrought bly $1,000,000 unadjusted. The expenses paper credits.
NOTICES OF NEW BOOKS.
The Statesmen of the Commonwealth of tholicity, papa non potest errare, yet, ma
England: with a Treatise on the Popu- king every fair allowance, we should say lar Progress in English History. By that it is written in a lofty tone ot imparJOHN FOSTER. Harper & Brothers, N. tiality. The first number of the series York,
contains, besides a sketch of popular pro
gress in England, the life of Sir John ElThere is no task more agreeable to the liot, one of the most celebrated statesmen lover of civil and religious liberty than to
and o.ators of the reigns of James I. and trace, with an able writer, the progress of Charles I., and also the life of the great the people through the gigantic obstacles Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Stafford. It of every age, towards a better understand will be remembered that Elliot was one ing and nearer attainment of those inalien- of those undaunted patriots who then liftable rights which the God of Nations in- ed their voices against the undue exercise tended they should possess. But how of the kingly power; and that Wentworth greatly is that pleasure enhanced when was an aristocrat and courtier, whose octhe writer can soar above party and re casional speeches in favor of the people ligious prejudices, and give us a minute must rather be attributed to his treatment and perfect mirror of the past.
by the former king, (for instance, his disThe bane of English historical writing missal from the office of Keeper of the Arhas ever been the general desire to subchives,) than to any philanthropic sympaserve the purposes of the present, by the thies. Both these great men are so idengarbed statements of the bigot, the place. tified with the events of their epoch, that hunter, or the overweening aristocrat. Mr. their lives form a very appropriate introFoster's work is unusually free from these duction to those of the more violent revodefects ; and although he seems rather in- lutionary period, and of the bloody and ty. clined to attack that favorite dogma of Ca. rannical reign of the Protector.
A Text-Book of Chemistry. for the use of commenced life, it appears, in the service
Schools and Colleges. By John Wile of the East India Company, and served Lian Draper, M. Ď., Professor of Che- through the Burmese war, after which, on mistry in the University of New-York, a visit to China, he imbibed the desire, Member of the American Philosophical which grew into a passion, to explore the Society, &c. Harper & Brothers. hitherto comparatively unknown Indian
The art of Chemistry has, of late years, Archipelago. To do this required extrabecome so intimately blended with the ordinary efforts. He returned to Eng. daily pursuits of most mechanical busi- land, purchased the Royalist, belonging to ness, that it is of a growing importance to the Royal Yacht Squadron and Navy, all practical men, to be well acqnainted picked a crew, and inoculated them with with the theory. The art of calico-print- his views; he cruised for three years in ing particularly illustrates the great advan. the Mediterranean and elsewhere, antil a tages of an application of this art. The perfect understanding of each other had art of dying is probably as old or older, sprung up. In 1838 he sailed on his own rethan the manufacture of tissues. It is, sponsibilty for Borneo. The volume before however, only of late years that many and us, comprising No. XVIII.of Harpers' New various colors can be produced by the Miscellany, opens with, and is chiefly same materials, through improvements in composed of the Journal of Mr. Brooke, art. It is true, to a certain extent, that embracing in a lively manner his numermany of the ordinary principles, causes
ous and thrilling adventures among that sinand effects, of chemical combinations are, gular race, and the progress of events until and have been, long known to practical he had consolidated and established a sort men but little acquainted with the science of sovereignty, and become the agent of of chemistry; and it is also true, that the British Government. The agency of many theories of the same as applied to
the Dido in the matter, was to aid in the the arts by eminent philosophers, are suppression of the piracies in those seas, known to practical men to be untrue.
which are a great obstacle in the way of Theory is, however, daily assimilating it. that development of the resources of the self to the practical application of known country, the extent of which Mr. Brooke Jaws to useful resnlts, and with the spread describes in glowing terms. The work is of the higher branches of the science of intense interest, and may be regarded among operatives, the greatest results may as indicating a new feature in the extenbe looked for. The work of Dr. Draper sion of British power in India. is eminently calculated to forward this desirable result. It purports to contain an French Domestic Cookery; combining Eleoutline of the lecture delivered upon the gance with Economy. Harper & Brosubject at the university. It is intended thers, New-York. as a manual, arranged in such division as practice has shown to be suitable for daily work entitled La Cuisiniere de la Cam.
This volume is translated from a French instruction, and embellished with numer. ous wood cuts.
pagne et de la Ville. If we consider for a moment the great difference existing in
the Expedition to Borneo, by H. M. S. Dido, feel assured that even in these there is
cookery of all polite nations, we must for the Suppression of Piracy, unith
much that is susceptible of improvement, extracts from the Journal of James
and that all which tends to diffuse a knowBrooke, Esq., of Sarawak, noro Agent ledge of this art as practised in the civilized for the Brilish Government in Borneo. By Capt. the Hon. Henry Keppel, parts of the world, is of the utmost imporR. N. Harper & Brothers.
tance. It is only by examining the best
recipes adopted in the culinary practice of Notwithstanding the great power of the every country that want of knowledge can English in the Indian and China seas, and be detected, and those ameliorations introthe length of time they have had control duced which are most conducive to health, in that region of the world, there appears economy, and a refined epicurean taste. to have been but little disposition, among The heavy meals of animal food in which either the government or the people, con the Englishman almost invariably indulged, nected with it, to push discoveries or have of late ycars been very often supermake explorations among the adjacent seded by the light, varied, and more islands of the Malayan Archipelago. The wholesome repas a la Francaise; whilst settlement of New South Holland, result- the French on the other hand, owing to a ed from the use of it as a penal colony ; greater intercourse between the two peoand its present importance has resulted ple, have overcome, in some degree at from the multiplicity of the convict de- least, their characteristic indifference to mands. An interest, it appears, has now roast beef, plum pudding, et tout ce qu'il been excited in the other islands through y a de solide. But numerous instances the extraordinary exertions and adventures might be adduced to show the advantages of Mr. James Brooke. This gentleman arising from the more general adoption of
the French cuisine. This nation has long The Indians are a friendly party, who by regarded cookery as an art worthy of the some ingenious means are introduced on exercise of “genins," and produced some his estate, and who act as a sort of protecgreat professors whose names will be men- tion to his family; the Ingins are the distioned with honor by the bons vivants of affected tenantry, who, with painted faces all ages. We are much pleased, therefore, and calico dresses, not only assume the to find in the work before us such a clear name but every peculiarity of the savages, and comprehensive collection of their best except the courage that would enable them and most national receipts; but besides, to put their designs into execution. The there is a full description, neatly illustrated chief arguments of these anti-renters seem by woodcuts, of their most curious and to resolve themselves into this simple prouseful culinary utensils; with instructions position, that as they, or their ancestors for carving, and an interesting view of the had obtained from their landlord leases in German, Polish, Spanish, and Italian sys- perpetuity at an almost nominal rent, and tems of cookery.
had occupied and cultivated these lands
for a certain term of years, they themselves The Redskins ; or, Indian and Ingin: should become the absolute possessors of
being the Conclusion of the Little page the soil, thereby abolishing the fee-simple, Manuscripts. By J. Fennimore Coop. which they regarded as the residue of
Burgess & Stringer, New-York. European feudality. Mr. Cooper has fully No class of writers occupy a more agree, rather their predecessors, had been amply
explained the fact, that these tenants, or able or desirable position in the ranks of literature than those successful novelists rewarded (for after trouble) by large conwho have sought chiefly to illustrate the had been held out as the inducements for
cessions of land from the landlord which history, habits and traditions of their na. its cultivation. The argument is so clearly tive land. They might well claim the in favor of adherence to existing engagebrightest honors their country can bestow. But when they also succeed in making the elaborate manner with which Mr.
ments that we are somewhat surprised at their best and happiest productions the Cooper has sustained a point on which vehicle of some great and hitherto unrerecoguised truth, or of the defence of some
every sensible and intelligent man must essential but obscured principles of justice, clever and amusing, contains many spright
coucur. The book is, however, decidedly they are entitled to the measureless gratitude of mankind. Mr. Cooper has done !y and laughter-moving conversations, and much to raise and extend the social and is interspersed with remarks which must literary reputation of the United States,
tend greatly to enlighten those benighted both at home and abroad; he has presented false' views of liberty and patriotism, have
men, whose motives of self-interest, or to the world some of the most beautiful bliuded them to the fact, that in all ages and graphic pictures of that eventful pe- and countries the relations of landlord and riod in our history which will long serve “ to point a moral or adorn a tale;" whilst Mr. Cooper will take up, ere long, some
tenant must naturally exist. We trust that his striking daguerreotypes of Indian life have awakened the deepest interest of important question upon which there is foreigners , in all that relates to even the feel assured that if he should then display
a still wider difference of opinion ; for we wildest and most sequestered parts of the but half the ability and soundness of reacountry. Our majestic mountains, deep vallies, impenetrable forests, foaming riv. soning that he has evinced in the discus. ers, and even our dreary prairies, are
sion of this, he might render an infinitely placed, by the gifted writer of romance,
greater service to the community. as in one panoramic view before their
eyes; Temper and Temperament. 1 vol. By and they are lost in wonder at the magnificence and inconceivable extent of our
Mrs. Ellis. Harper & Brothers, New
York. territory. Such is the important service which Mr. Cooper has rendered us; and We are always highly gratified at rein noticing his more recent works, it would ceiving a copy of any work from the grace. be strange, indeed, were we not to award ful and philanthropic pen of the gifted him our tribute of respect and admiration. authoress of “the Women of England." The volume of the Liitlepage Manuscripts, In all ages a distinct understanding as to now before us, is based upon those “anti- the chief duties of social life has contri. rent” troubles which, but a short time buted more or less to the well-being of since, threw the country into a state of ex- society; but in the present stage of retine citement. Although a “povel," in the ment, as these obligations have become general acceptation of the word, nearly all more complex, and the subservience to the incidents and colloquial matter spring conventionalism almost universal, they refrom the difficulties between landlord and quire the most conscientiously faithful and tenant; the hero, Frank, being one of the exquisitely delicate and skilful exposition. former “obnoxious" class of persons. Those authors who would serve the world
by increasing human happiness, must look pation. In many of the theories and specudeeply into the heart of man; examine lations of Mr. Headley, we fiud it impossiwith jealous care the artificial influences ble to follow him. As a guide to reflecby which he is surrounded, and well ap. tion we hesitate often to commit ourselves preciate the lofty purposes of his creation. to his suggestions ; but as a painter and Such writers are alone capable of defining delineator of events and scenery we canand illustrating the real duties and essen not but award him high praise. tial observances of modern and refined social life. They alone are worthy the Coffee, Tea, and Chocolate; their influglorious object of demonstrating to the ence upon the health, intellect, and the world, that true happiness and distinction moral nature of man. lie in the reconciliation of will and duty, This is the title of a small volume transand in the indulgence of those lofty and lated from the French of A. St. Arroman, delicate traits of sentiment and character and published by Towsend Ward, of Philwhich should be regarded as the true tests adelphia. The writer quotes the opinions of a more refined civilization. Mrs. Ellis of several distinguished medical practihas nobly enrolled and distinguished her- tioners upon the subject. Many of their self in this cause, and has produced seve views are doubtless erroneous, and conral works which exercise a most salutary trary to those entertained by the majority and agreable influence. The charming of experienced tea and coffee drinkers. volume before us is another step in the But the opinion of Dr. Begiu, with respect useful course she has pursued. Both tem to the nature of tea, is so just and will be per and temperament are so varied by, so generally recognised, that we cannot worldly circumstances, considerations of refrain from giving the substance of it. health, education, and a thousand unknown He says that it facilitates digestion, excites causes, as to present a never-ending theme perspiration, and has been used for the for speculation. The practical object of cure of rheumatism and many diseases of the above work is, however, to slow the the skin. Mr. Percival, another writer reabsolute necessity of making ourselves ferred to, recommends it as calming nervacquainted with every phase of the cha ous affections; whilst Monsieur Lemery racter of tbose with whom we come most awards it the still higher praise of aug. in contact, or who exercise the greatest menting the mental powers,
giving activity power over our destinies. The fair au. and development to thought, and producihoress gives a very interesting disquisition ing hilarity and contentment. Those, howon temper and temperament, as relatively ever, who are desirous of reading the considered, and supplies two of the most ablest and most interesting dissertation we touching stories or sketches we have read have yet seen on this delightful and salufor some time. These are entitled the tary beverage, should read the pamphlet “ Managing Wife,” and “ the Imprisoned published some few months since by the Mind," and serve most aptly to illustrate Pekin Tea Company, New-York, wherein her theory
its various medicinal and moral properties
are arrayed with a clearness and force Napoleon and his Marshals. By J. T. which carry conviction with them.
HEADLEY, Vol. 2.1. New-York: Baker & Scribner. 1846.
Memoirs and Essays on Arts, Literature, We have canvassed at some length in
and Social Morals. By Mrs. JAMESOS. previous numbers Mr. Headley's merits
New-York: Wiley & Putnam, 1846. and defects as a writer; and the present We are happy to see Mrs. Jameson's volume confirms the opinions we then ad- name on the title-page of a new volume. vanced. It would be difficult to find a Her books are always suggestive, and possubject better adapted to the author's sess that happy mixture of enthusiasm and powers. His forte is description - both discrimination which forms the most descenic and adventurous -- especially the lightful critices on literature and art and latter. The idea was a happy one to life. Her Diary of an Ennuyée-hackneygroup together the lives of the remarkable ed as is the scene of the book-abounds men who were so instrumental in carrying with freshness and originality. Her “Loves out the designs of Napoleon. It was a of the Poets" is a delightful compilationmarked trait of the emperor-no small the very romance of biography. "Characelement of his success--that he was gifted teristics of Women" is, however, the work with rare sagacity in the choice of his offi- upou which her fame rests. It' coutains cers. Various in character as his marshals more thought than any other work from were, they were all endowed with bril. a female pen of modern times. The intelliant qualities; and Mr. Headley has given lect of Mrs. Jameson is decidedly mascaus vivid daguerreotypes of their exploits, line, but the spirit in which she writes is such as present their battles and Alpine full of that delicate sympathy and chastenmarches with dramatic effect to the imagi- ed ardor so native to a woman's genius.