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The export from England has been portion sent to the United States has less than in any year since 1843. The been as follows,

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EXPORTS OF COTTON GOODS FROM ENGLAND TO THE UNITED STATES IN SIX

MONTHS. 1842. 1843.

1844.

1845. 1846. Calicoes dyed, yards. ......13.476.140....3.562.312....5.096.137....6.802.634....6.359.608 white,

3.929.101...,1.953.857....4.300.878....7.963.413....5.366.950 Muslins,

222.439.... 268.658... 238.262. 416.068.... 196.166 Laces,

2.191.381....2.580-825....4.232.490....1.857.559 Velveteens,

98.420....

167.260.... 82.719.... 131.443 Yarn,

25.840.... 77.625....

32.440.... 3.983.,.. 72.328 Thread, 199.690.... 135.260.... 274.821....

319.779.... 275.046 There has been a considerable de England arises from political events in cline this year, it appears, in the ex some quarters and the high prices of ports to the United States. The im food in others. Both these causes are portation of white cotton is more than in process of removal. In the United in 1842, under the 20 per cent. duty, States every thing favors a large deand of prints less. For the year 1845, velopment of internal trade for the the treasury tables show a total import coming year, and the receipts on the into the United States of 11,262,418 great avenues of commerce indicate yards plain cottons, and an export from that business has thus far been active. England to the United States, in the The following illustrates the receipts same time, of 13,294,385 yards. Those for the first six months on the great figures would show some little smug- works of New York, Pennsylvania, gling for the benefit of printers. The Ohio and Michigan. The figures are decline in the general foreign trade of as follows :

TOLLS ON THE PUBLIC WORKS OF N. YORK, PENNSYLVANIA, OHIO AND MICHIGAY,

FOR THE FIRST SIX MONTHS OF THE CURRENT YEAR.

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The aggregate increase upon these There is a great decline in many state works, is 15 per cent. The articles sent west. This is partly owMichigan rail roads, for the sale of ing to a diminished business, and partly which to private companies of east to the fact that a large portion of the ern gentlemen, laws were passed at the New England business which formerlast session of the state legislature, ly went west from Philadelphia and shows the greatest increase. On all New-York, as distributing points, now the roads, however, the increase of goes directly from Boston over the tolls arises from the greater quantity of western roads, by which operation the produce sent down than from merchan- manufacturers save the commissions dize going up. The Pennsylvania ca- they formerly paid the merchants of nals delivered at Pittsburg, to the first these two cities. This is the effect of of August, merchandize as follows: the late tariff, and is a self-evident one;

as, for instance, if New-York has the CERTAIN GOODS ARRIVED AT PITTS

lead as a commercial city, and the BURG, VIA CANAL, TO AUGUST.

largest assortment of foreign goods is to

be had here and at Philadelphia, it is China ware,

lbs. .... 2.686.551....2.689.949 Coffee, 4.221.289....5.317.669

necessary for the manufacturers to Dry Goods, ....11.897.370....5.966.702 send their goods to find sale among the Muslias, 4.892.861...,1.921.640

general assortment. When, however, Groceries, 3.022.686....3.211.994

the tariff breaks in upon the assortment Hardware, .... 6.472.632....3.854.550 Hats & shoes, "

and forcibly keeps certain goods out of Tobac, man.

770.398.... 319.605 the market, the manufacturers are ena

1843.

1816.

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bled to compel the dealers to go to weight of merchandize received at Boston for their supplies, an operation Buffalo, via canal, has increased from which the cheap travel facilitates, and 22,956 tons last year to 29,664 tons in the extent of which is manifest in the the same period this year. The deincreased magnificence of the steamers livery of certain articles of produce on plying between the two cities. This is the New-York canals, at Buffalo, with further indicated in the fact, that while Pennsylvania, at Pittsburg, and via the the Pennsylvania returns show a de- Mississippi, at New Orleans, have been cline in the weight of merchandize sent as follows: west, dry goods more particularly, the

Buffalo. Oswego. Pittsburgh. N. Orleans. Total, 4 points. Flour..

lbs. 744.580. .190.825... 65.452.... €36.324........1.837.181 Wheat, bush. 1.500 931. .163.081.

3.690....1.210.764... .2.878.466 Corn,

724,325....240.589
1.805....3.484.212.

4.450.931 Pork, bls. 56.240.... 8.077 13.551....

369.216

.505.718 Beef, 24.278.... 8.492)

36.008 Wool,

3.461.380....

2 203.246.... 124.300. .5.788.926 Bulter,.

2.482.373.
227.195... 148.700.

,2.858.268 Cheese,

175.962.

138.386....2.296.300.. ..2.610.648 Lard..

3.191.141..

2 042 936...27.443.000.......32.676.091 Bacon,..

2.044.271.... 482.016...17.364.964...31.240.000... ..51,131.256 Oats,. .bush 178.320....

761.076.

939.396 Tobacco,.. lbs. 2.158.645....

18.021.488...74.256.000.......9 4.435.133 In comparing the bread-stuffs de- the same time last year, we have relivered this year at these points with sults as follows:

Buffalo. Oswego. Pittsburg. N. Orlns. Tot. 1845. 1846. Increase. Floor, lbs. ....324.940...133.959...41.338... 533 312...1.0.33,549... 1.837.181... 803.632 Wheat, bush. ..509.484... 17.702... 60... 193.277... 720.523...2.878.486...2.157.943 Corn, ..672.340... 5.031...

1.172.892...1.850.282...4,450.931...2.606.658 Reducing the flour to wheat, the in The tables carefully compiled by crease is equal 10 6,161,575 bushels of Messrs. Wright & Lewen, cotton grain, a most enormous increase. The brokers, Hanover-street, New York,

Indian corn will probably find an out- present the following comparative let sufficiently encouraging to induce summary of the crop of cotton for the constantly increasing supplies.

last and former years :

CROP, EXPORT, CONSUMPTION OF COTTON IN THE UNITED STATES, AND STOCK

ON HAND AT THE CLOSE OF EACH YEAR.

EXPORTS TO

1839.
1€ 10..
1841.
1842..
1843.
1844.
1845.
1846.

Crop.
G. Britain. France. North Other Total U. States Stock

of Europe. ports. export. consumption. .1,360,53o. 799.418.... 242.243.... 21.517... 12,511....1,074.639.... 276,618.... 52,444 ...2,177,835. 1,246,791....447,465....103,232. 78,515....1,876,003....295,193.... 58,442

1,634.945. 858.762....348,776.... 56,276. 49,480....1,313,277.. 297,288. 72,479 .1.683.574.... 935,631....398,129.. 79.9.56. 51.531.... 1,405.249. -267.850. 31,807

2,378,875.... 1,469,711....349.139. .117.794.... 76.493....2,010,129.. .325,129.... 94,486 2,030,409...].2012,498....282,685.... 69.053.... 75,254....1,629.490....346,744....159.772

2,394,503....1,439.306....359,357... 34,501....150,592... 2,083,756....389,005.... 94,126 .2,100,537....1,102,369....359,703. ... 86,692....118,028....1,666,792....422,597....105,626

At New Orleans the most marked Here is an increase of 20 millions evidence of the great improvement in of dollars in one year, mostly in farm agricultural exports presents itself in produce, and that valued at the low the following figures, showing the value prices which have ruled during the of the produce received at that point, past year at all the ports. via the Mississippi and its tributaries, These figures present the great for the four years ending Septem- wealth of the internal trade. Money ber 1:

matters are also in a sound condition.

The best indication of the state cirVALUE OF PRODUCE RECEIVED AT NEW- culating credits may be found in the ORLEANS.

comparative returns of the New York 1842-3..53.728.054....

banks, of which the leading features 1843-4..60.094.716.... .1845-6..77.193.464 are as follows:

1844-5..57.199.122

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BANKS OF NEW-YORK, SHOWING THE LOANS IN MAY, 1846, AND THE LEADING

FEATURES FOR AUGUST.
Loans

Loads Specie. Circulation. Deposites.

May 1846. August 1816. American Exchange Bank, 2,334,796.... 2,398,721.... 512.544.... 226,432.... 1,282,931 Bank of America,

3,524,869 ... 3,440.723.... 883,741.... 205,683.... 1,232.661 Commerce, 4,598,821.... 3,912,730.... 591,498.. 209,650.... 2,351,669 New York,

2,057,312.... 2,109,423.... 477,728. 397,502. 1,393,904 “ State of New York, 3,406.696 3.934,424....1,016,691.... 296,971.... 2,936,633 Butchers and Drovers, 1,254,836.... 1,267,588.... 121,441.... 258,699.... 544,195 Chemical,

861,399....

853,759... 84,626.... 950,366.. 518,671 City,

1,371,205.... 1,341,214.... 94,056.... 147,737.. 692,875 Fulton, 1,157,736.... 1,067,671.... 120,371 229,820

521.109 Greenwich,

331,205.... 358,528. 35,264.. 107,406.... 164,625 Leather Manufacturers, 1,204,078.... 1,001,478..., 142,716. 224,031. 426,674 Manhattan,

1,959,773.... 1,739,323.... 300,162.... 50,029. R62, 157 Mechanics,

2,876,463.... 2,721,399... 669,612. 474,829. 1,063, 189 Mechanics Association, 531,704.... 488,729... 114,930.... 300,029.... 516,218 Mechanics and Traders, 444,803....

424,495.... 66,081 138,303....

258,266 Merchants,...

2,762,135.... 3,011.713....1,073,124.... 335,164. 1,858,139 Merchants Exchange, 1,587,074.... 4,596,210.... 119,583.... 208 092.. 572,658 National,

1,366,953.... 1,248,231. 247,367 209,222. 567,874 Dry Dock,

388,667.... 383,621.... 12,783.... 52,284.. 26,509 North River,

1,166,771.... 1,089,882.... 126,205.... 310,627.... 704.414 Phenix, ..

1,638,467...
1,700,136..

309,449....

317,332. 746,810 Seventh Ward,

930,437. 937,308... 93,783.... 217,903.... 406.613 Tradesmen's,

913,486.... 942,360....

99,009....

188,146.... 480,312 Union,.....

2,042,819.... 2,309,722. 420.824.... 372,606.... 1,037,217

Total City Banks,

Country

40,812,445....38,279,448....8,040,886....5,728,883....21,166,813 ..31,778,986....30,373,038.... 632,423...12,156,603.... 6,943,740

Grand Total,

.72,591,431....68,652,486....8,673,309...17,885,486....28,110,533

The quarterly movement of the city are as follows, as compared with the banks for the last two years and a half, country banks.

LOANS.

SPECIE. City Banks. Country Banks. Total. City Banks. Country, Total. 1844. May,......52,129,817....28,031,251....70,161,068.... 8,485,563.... 970,598.... 6,456,361 August, ... 44,229,837....27,394,092....71,623,929. 9,189,079....1,004,895... 10,191,774 November, 42,203,519....30,288,277....73,091,796.... 8,082,277.... 885,815.... 8,968,096

1845. February,.36,235,242....30,647,856.... 66,883,098.. 5,887,446....1,005,790.... 6,893,236 May, .39,958,323....30,910,963....70,869,286.... 7,252,272.... 866,052.... 8.118,324 Angust, ... 41,533,898....28,645,368....70,179,266.... 7,972,218.... 937,309.... 8,909,527 November, 44,163, 470....30,616,965....74,780,435.... 8,074,030.... 810,515.... 8,884,545

1846. February, . 42,866,558....29,031,022....71,897,580.... 7,899,330.... 762,053.... 8,361,383 May, .....40,812,455....31,778,986....72,591,431.... 7,291,447.... 880,977.... 8,171,624 August, ...38,279,448....30,373,038....68,652,486.... 8,040,886.... 632,423.... 8,673,309

CIRCULATION.

DEPOSITES. May, 5,636,642....12,704,389....18,365,031....22,659, 407....8,083,882.. 30,742,229 August. ... 5,936,172....12,155,192. .18,091,364....23,466,876....5,290.236.... 28,757,112 November, 6,231,272....13,920,947....20,152, 219.... 25,208,490....5,183,132. .30,391,622 February 5,526,199....12,977,204....18,513,403....21,745,847. 4,230,399 25,976 246 March, 6,086,582....13,494,961....19,581,543....25,742,122....2,683,845. 28,425,967 August, 6,143,49....

.12,317,561...,18,461,410....21,511,479....6,135,041....27,636,120 November, 6,419,014....15, 206,225. ...21,625, 239.

..27,154,113....4,619,878....31,773 991 February, 5,995,568....15,164,419....21,159,987.... 24,362,319... 5,292,082.... 29,654,401 May, 6,313,506....14,952,986....21,266,492....23,650,719....7,217,618...,30,868,3.37 August, 5,728,881...,12,156,605....17,885,486....21, 226,807....6,843,746....28,110,553

The circulation of the city banks re- lions, and was at the August return mains uniformly steady. It has not in very nearly the same as at the same the period embraced in the table varied date in 1841. The loans present the $900,000, while that of the country greatest peculiarity. Those of the banks, following the course of luxuries, country banks are near two millions has fluctuated more than three mil- higher than in August last year, while

those of the city banks are near three The effect of the war thus far has millions less, being nearly as low as in been to contract the circulation of February, 1845, when the government, credits without producing any great transferring its money to other cities quantity of floating government paper. for payment of the loan, had thrown The quantity of specie in the country the balance heavily against this city. is large. The New York banks hold The usual course of trade is for the city $8,000,000, which is amply sufficient to hanks to expand from May to August, meet the calls of the importers to disand for the country banks to contract. charge their duties in the precious meThis year, under the war apprehen- tals, more particularly that those dusions, the reverse has been the case, ties will be low, as, for instance, an inand the city loans are probably six mil- voice of 1000 boxes of sugar under the lions less than they would have been present tariff requires from the imbut for the breaking out of hostilities. porter a cash payment of some $12,000, The expenditure of the federal gov- which payment is in bank credits that ernment has also continued to exceed subject the institution to a demand for its revenues, and the deposites have specie to that amount. After Decemdiminished during the month. There ber, the payment on the same quantity were in the city at the close of Au- taken out of warehouse will be but gust $3,821,099 against $3.924,984 at about $4,000, actually drawn from the the close of July. The aggregate de- bank and paid to the government. The posites had from $11,132,638 fallen to demand upon the commercial capital, $9,8; 6,461. The issues of treasury under low duties, must be greatly less notes, under the act of June, amount to than under high ones, and, as a conseless than $1,000,000. The whole state quence, the release of the capital of of affairs in the financial world is such small importers from those requireas to make it a propitious moment for ments will off-set what stringent, if any, the operation of the hard money princi- might arise from paying the low duples of the new Independent Treasury ties in specie. law, if peace can speedily be effected.

NOTICES OF NEW BOOKS.

Liddell f. Scott's Greek-English Lericon, been accomplished. With a diligence and with corrections and additions. By Hen- enthusiasm rarely exhibited out of GerRY Drisler, M. A., Adjunct Professor of many, and of which, certainly, we hardly the Greek and Latin Languages in Colum- suspected the present race of English schobia College, New-York.

lars to be capable, they read up carefully

the later authors, to whom Passow's labors This is in leed a great book. To say that had been largely extended, and wrought it is vastly superior to any Greek-English in the materials ihus obtained in the very Lexicon hitherto published, either in this spirit of Passow himself, so far as the idea country or in England, is to give but a small of the Lexicon is concerned. So far as the idea of its merits. The work professes result could be obtained by pains-taking 10 be “based on the German work of labor, every article in this Lexicon is a Francis Passow," and those who know history of the usage of the word referred any thing of Greek Lexicography, know to, the earliest authority being given first, how sure a basis Passow is. But Messrs. and latter ones added, as far as possiLiddell & Scott's Lexicon is any thing ble, in historical order. The great advanbut a mere translation of Passow's work, tage of this system is so obvious, that not with additions and corrections. They saw a word need be said in its favor. The clearly that his system of Lexicography student who gets his first impressions of a was the only true oue; but he had not word from Donnegan's Lexicon, for inlived long enough to complete the work stance, if he get correct significations at all which he understood so well, and they (which is a mere chance,) will get them wisely proposed to themselves the task of confusedly thrown together without refercarrying it on. And well has that task ence to the different periods of their use;

while in the work before us, they follow negan, will give place to Harper's edition of each other in an order always intelligible, Liddell & Scott. No high school or coland precisely that which the actual wants lege cau maintain its caste, that does not of study require. But the merits of the iniroduce the book. The price of the work as a book for students, do not stop work is only five dollars-less than half here. A strict arrangement of the matter that of the English edition. is observed throughout; first, the grammatical form, then the root, then the inter- AMERICAN TABLEAUX. No. 1. Sketches pretation and examples, and lastly, special of Aboriginal Life. By V. V. VIDE. remarks on the prosody, when necessary. Buckland & Sumner, New-York. Irregular tenses are placed in their own This neat volume is decidedly the most alphabetical order—à necessary aid to unpretending that we have received for young students.

some time past. As the author very justAll that we have said thus far applies to ly admits in his preface, it lays no claim the English edition of the work before us. to the respect and confidence that are We are delighted to find that Mr. Drisler shown to authentic history, nor does it adhas made the American edition greatly ticipate the ready favor accorded to highbetter and more available for practical wronght romauce. purposes than the English. By additional He attempts, however, by a series of reading, and by the judicious use of the pictures, in some degree drawn from fact, late valuable general Lexicons of Pape, and touched with a poetic and attractive Rort and Palon, &c., as well as of nuine- pencil, to render the reader more familiar rous special Lexicons, he has made very with the general features of early American valuable additions to the list of common history, and of the national peculiarities words, as well as to the significations and and customs of our aborigines. The auexamples. Mr. Drisler's greatest improve. thor presents us accordingly with a story ment, however, consists in the “insertion, entitled, the “Aztec Princess," (the events in alphabetical order, of the proper names of which occur in the reign of Monteoccurring in the principal Greek authors.” zuma,) together with the “ Flight of the This measure, which has the fall sanction Katahba Chief,” and “Tula, or the Her. of Passow himself, is so obviously advanta- mitess of Athabasca.” geous and even essential in a Lexicon ia From a hasty perusal of these, we are tended for the use of students, that it stands inclined to think most favorably of his in no need of the elaborate justification talents; but we leave the reader to adge which Mr. Drisler gives to it in his pre- how far he has accomplished the object he face; all good teachers, and countless stu. has had in view. dents, good and bad, will bless him for the hard work that he has spent upon it. He has Eclogues and Georgics of Virgil ; with gone throngh a Herculean task in the mere English notes, critical and explanatory, division of the proofs of the work-his and a Metrical Index. By CHARLES additions have been made in the spirit ANTHON, LL.D. Harper & Brothers, of German honesty and thoroughness-and New-York. he has entitled himself to rank among the This is decidedly the best edition we best of the busy workers in classical litera- have seen of the Bucolics and Georgics of ture, who are now bringing the name of Virgil. American scholarship into good_repute in So much has been said and wriiten at the world.

various epochs and by the most accomThe mechanical execution of this great plished writers, of the sweetuess of his book is something of which even the pastorals, and the majesty and extreme Harpers may be proud. The lype is new elegance of diction by which his “agriand of a beautiful cut; the arrangement cultural poetry" is characterised, that it of the page is neat and satisfactory to the might well be deemed superfluous for us eye; and the paper is of the finest-not to dwell upon those unrivalled beauties whity-brown cotton stuff

, spreading the which have been long acknowledged by ink in every direction, but clear and strong, the whole world. yet thin enough to allow of the compres.

The annotations of Mr. Anthon are of sion of 1700 pages into wonderfully small the most comprehensive, elaborate and and portable limits. No book of ihe sort useful description. He begins them by a has been produced in this country, and sketch of those customs, habits and events very few abroad, that can compare with upon which these poems are chiefly foundit in beauty and finish. There must have ed, and descending gradually to the minutia been an immense outlay of capital in the of his subject, removes all serious difficul. preparation of this Lexicon, but we are ties in the way of the student, and enables sure that it will be well rewarded; no long him to read with the greatest pleasure and time can elapse before such miserable advantage. It would appear from the recompilations as Groves', and the better, searches of this and other learned compibut still vastly inferior Lexicon of Don. lers, that originality is ouly comparative.

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