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sylvania lines, the results up to October tolls derived from bread-stuffs sent 1st, from opening of navigation, have down to market, under the speculation been as follows:
of October and November, 1845. The 1845
Michigan railroads, the Ohio and Indi1846
Incr. New-York Canals....2,332,435..2,720,416..411,481
ana canals, all share the improvement in Pennsylvania Works. 940,926..1,003,125.. 62,199 receipts, consequent upon the impulse Total. ..3,273,361..3,723,511..473,380
given to the export of farm produce.
The completion of the western canals These form the two great avenues coming in aid of free trade in corn, will of communication between the west be the legitimate means of restoring the and the Atlantic ports. The increase credit of the western states. they exhibit arises, however, from the Another indication of the comparproduce brought down them fron goods ative business of the two cities, is the going west. The New-York returns are valuations of real and personal estates. for the fiscal year, ending September These have, for four years, been as 30, and embraces, therefore, the large follows : BOSTON.
Total 1842...65,499,900.. 41,923,800. 105,723.700. 176.512.342. .61,294,559. 237,806,901 1843...67,673,400. .42,372,600. 110,050,000. .161,955,314. 63,06 1,375.. .228,001,889 1844...72.048,000. 46,402,300. ....118,450,300. .171,936,591 .64,023,456. 23,960,047 1815...81.697,200. .53,957,300. 135.948,700. ..177,207,990. .62,787,327. .239,995,517 1846....90,119,600......58.7.20,000......148,639,600. .....183,180,934.
..244,952,404 The total valuation in New-York erable increase on a uniform mode of has increased, it appears, $7,100,000 assessment, it affords a general index since 1842, and that of Boston has of a greater degree of prosperity. In advanced $13,100,000, in the same the present case, however, it must be time, or six times as much. The remembered that, in Boston, merchants increase in the real estate of Bos are assessed for the debts owing to ton is the most considerable, and ari them, beyond what they are themses, probably, from the opening of selves indebted; and therefore, an exstreets through exiensive private pansion of credits would, in some degrounds in the fourth ward, and the re gree, swell the personal property. Neclamation of large tracts in the third vertheless, the operation of the tariff of ward. In relation to personal estate, 1842, and the effect of railroads, has however, it would appear that Boston been to give Boston an impetus, which, has increased $17,000,000, while New in point of personal profits, has brought York has increased but $170,000. her along side of New-York. In 1839, These assessed values of personal es the assessment in Boston was less than tates cannot be taken as the actual half that of New-York. It is now very amount of personal property in each nearly equal to it. The United States city, from the different mode and man customs revenues at the two ports of ner of assessment, But when one New-York and Boston have, for the city, as New-York, exhibits no increase three quarters ending Sept. 30, been in the property as assessed by it, and as follows: another city, as Boston, shows a considBOSTON.
1846 First Quarter... $946,668 72...... .1,408 016,02...
.4,636.862... .5,460,834 Second Quarter.... .1,279,657 80. .1,288,372 19.
4,104,339.. 4,033,596 Third Quarter....... ..1,938,757 67......1,280,447
.6,376,360... .5,384,007 Total........... $4,165,084 19......3,976,835 21... .15.117,567 .14,875,437 Total 1844, 3 qrs.......
.$4,915,098 00... ..19,260,741 The duties on warehoused goods in This affords a most remarkable inBoston, for September, amounted to stance of the effects of the great enter$240,000. The decrease in Boston is prise and energy of Boston in over$188,248 from 1845, and $939,263 from coming physical disadvantages and 1844. In New York the decrease on forcing prosperity. the last year is $242,130, and from 1844, $1,385,304-equal to the whole revenue of Boston for one year.
NOTICES OF NEW BOOKS.
The Trees of America, Native and Fo- distinctive features, names, history, geo
reign, Pictorially and Botanically deli- graphy, and the means of cultivating them neated, and Scientifically and Popularly to the utmost, with a minute description described; being considered principally of the insects and numerous evils by which with reference to their geography and they are attacked, injured, or destroyed. history, soil and situation; propaga But there is another point of view in tion and calture; accidents and diseag. which this work of Mr. Browne must be es; properties and uses; economy in regarded as exceedingly attractive. He the arts; introduction into commerce, mer:tions, as he proceeds, the real or fanand their application in useful and or. cied attributes of each particular tree, and namental plantations. Illustrated by all those wonderful legends by which
Engravings. By J. D. they are invested with interest, whether BROWNE, author of the Sylva America- amongst the ancients or moderns. This
feature of the work gives it a fascination We have seldom perused a work with which it could not otherwise
and such heartfelt gratification as we have ex- naught but this was required to adapt it perienced in examining the contents of the at once to the table of a lady's salot., the volume before us. Our country abounds library of the scholar, and to the practical in all those natural productions which are comprehension of the intelligent farmer best adapted by a bountiful Providence to and tasteful landed proprietor. The aumake it truly great, and to render it the thor has made a number of beautiful and paradise of the earth. But where God has appropriate extracts from the poems of been so lavish of his gifts, it behooves man Homer, Virgil, Goethe, Spencer, and some to evince the deepest gratitude and most few American writers, giving charming profound sense of his favors, by devoting sketches of the appearance and properties, all the appliances of scientific research, and real and imaginary, of some of ihose trees the best and happiest efforts of untiring in which he has noticed, and showing the dustry, to bring them to the highest state exact estimation in which they have been of perfection. The object of the present held from the earliest ages. We have in work is, perhaps, the most laudable that this work the history of individual American direct the pen of the patriotic writer; can trees, as distinguished from the spebut of this more anon. There is a charm cies, and this of itself forms a deeply inte' in the title. It betokens a growing taste resting portion of the volume. There is for those agricultural and horticultural pur- among them an account of William Penn's suits which make a land truly great and elm, or that under which he made the beautiful, and it awakens a thousand de- treaty with the Indians, besides a full delightful associations. The trees of America scription of our“ liberty trees," or to are indeed a subject of vast importance; speak more particularly, those elms devoto our navy and commerce, as supplying ted to liberiy, under whieh the people the ready means of constructing the no- used to assemble, burn the effigies of their blest vessels to fight our maritime battles enemies previous to, and during, the Reand waft our products to the utmost bounds volution of '76, and transact other business, of the earth; to our internal comfort, as af- baving for its object the common intefording ample materials for our buildings, rests of the country. One of the most and the construction of those necessary remarkable of these trees existed near articles of household furniture and general Boston city. The people fixed a copper manufacture of which they form the pri- plate upon it, bearing these words in gold mary and most essential portion,-and letters, Tree of Liberty, Aug. 14th, lastly, to our individual enjoyment, by 1765.” The British soldiers tarred and producing the greatest protusiou of the feathered one poor unfortunate within a choicest and most varied fruits, by adorn- few paces of this tree, which they eventuing our gardens, fields, and the avenues of ally cnt to the ground. The life of one of our cities, and giving shade and shelter their party was accidentally sacrificed in from the sultry sun and sudden shower the accomplishment of this act of bitter by which our climate has been so osten enmily. The tree had been planted 129 characterized. We are, therefore, delight years, and, as a narrator of the event reed to have before us a work that is so ad- marks, it bore the first fruits of liberty in mirably calculated to point out the various America. Dr. Smith thus accounts for the uses, fruits, and beauties of our trees; their origin of “liberty trees” amongst us :
" When the people first thought of mak. rate and detailed manner. Throughout the ing liberty a goddess, we cannot say, but book there is much that is entirely new, at the time when the troubles beiween and very beautiful in arrangement, prethe American colonies and the mother. sentation and explanation-and, what will country commenced, there appears to have particularly please the teacher, and supply heen laid in Englaud an unpopular excise a desideratum often felt, there is an abun. , on cider, and the sufferers under the act dance and variety of examples. assembled near Honiton, in Devonshire, It would be natural to suppose, from appropriated an apple-tree as the altar to what we have said, that the book is inwhich they must sacrifice the image of tended mainly for the advanced student. the minister with whom the act originated. but this is not so. It is eminently calcuIt was in imitation of this that we sup- lated for beginners, by the clearness and pose our Revolutionary trees took their fulness of definition and abundance of ilrise.” This is highly probable, but we lustration. For those who wish to master have no space to enter into a discussion of nothing but the rudiments, there is a minithe question, however profitable. We mum course indicated in the preface by conclude our notice by referring the read- reference to the numbers of the paraer to the deeply interesting account of the graphs. The book is a handsome, large trees of our country, contained in Mr. octavo of over five hundred
beauBrowne's able work, many of which, as tifully printed, and sold at the very low single specimens, have not been equalled price of $1 50 — making it one of the in age, beauty and magnitude, by those of cheapest, as well as one of the best and any part of the old world. The author is most useful books recently issued from the greatly indebted to Loudon's Arboretum press. Britannicum, Dr. T. W. Harris's “ Report on the Insects of Massachusetts,” Mr. P.J. The Lancet; A Journal of British and Selby's British Forest Trees," and Mons. Foreign Medical and Chemical Science, M. F. Andre Michaux's Histoire des Criticism, Literature and News. No. 3, Arbres Forestiers de L'Amerique Septen Vol. IV. Burgess & Stringer, N. Y. trionale, for many of the materials and ex The Lancet is, beyond all question, one tracts of his work; but he has evidently of the most useful and popular scientific travelled much for the purpose of obtain works republished in this country. The ing accurate practical knowledge, and has present number contains upwards of thirdisplayed great research and ability in the ty deeply interesting articles, contributed execution of his arduous undertaking. by some of the most skilful and expeThe public ure. however, the best judges rienced medical and surgical practitioners of the terlin merits of this work, and we on those difficult cases of disease and accileave it in it.e.r hands with the most san- dental injury which present the strangest guine hopes of its brilliant success. It is anomalies, or which require bold and exbeautitully bound and printed, the picto-traordinary treatment. rial illustrations being of a high order of Amongst the former, we may mention merit, and altogether it does great credit a singular instance of abscess of the heart, to the publishers.
which will serve most aptly to illustrate
the fact that disease may reach the utmost A Treatise on Algebra. By Prof. Chas. verge of mortality without giving any dis
W. HACKLEY, D. D., of Columbia Col- tinct local evidence of its existence. Dr. lege. Harper & Brothers.
T. Howitt, who wrote the paper of which This is a work to delight the eye of a we now speak, was called upon to visit teacher-it is so full and comprehensive, Samuel P at the residence of the at the same time that it is so simple, clear house-surgeon of the Lancaster Infirmary. and elementary. It contains many things Mr. Howitt found bim suffering acute that are not to be found in any single Eng- pain, which he described as being in the lish treatise, and everything that can serve calf of the leg, and which had commenced to give a student a complete knowledge of twelve hours previous. There were, howmodern analysis. Among the subjects, ever, no signs of inflammation nor any entirely new, or which, if found in other spasmodic action of the muscles to account books, are here treated in a much more for it, and the patient, strange to say, had ample and elegant manner-are Interpo- no other complaint to make. He died soon lation, the Elements of the Calculus of after the surgeon's visit, and there was a Probabilities, and some American im- post mortem examination. The leg was, provements, never before published, in of course, first examined, and various other ihe methods for the solution of cubic portions of the body, but no signs of discynations. The article upon the theory ease appeared. At last, upon opening the and use of logarithms is uncommonly full chest, the pericardium instantly attracted and clear; wbile the important subject of attention, as appearing, very much distendthe Theory of Numbers, generally left out ed. On cutting into it, there gushed out of school-books, is treated in a very elabo- nearly a pint of grumous fluid and pus,
containing a number of purdy flakes, the lies in Great Britain, and connected by whole interior being lined with a layer of birth and patronage with royalty itself. cheesy, scrofulous-looking matter, appa. The author and editor were incidentally rently soft, coagulated lymph, one-sixteenth thrown very much into each other's soof an inch in thickness. The pericardium ciety, and their acquaintance ripening into was covered with the same matter, and of friendship, the former explained the chief an equal degree of thickness.
object of his visit to the United States.On examining the external surface of the Col. Webb thereupon gave him letters of heart, a rounded eminence was discovered, introduction to the late Gov. Clarke of Missituated at the junction of the right auri- souri, and Generals Atkinson and Ashley, cle with the right ventricle, and which by means of which he obtained much valuwas darker in color than any other por- able advice and assistance in exploring the tion. Upon making a crucible incision wilds of the Rocky Mountains, Oregon and into this prominence, there flowed out Upper California—the whole term of his about a tea-spoonful of ill-conditioned pus, visit to these places amounting to upwards with a few curdy flakes; this small ab- of three years. He was impelled by a scess communicating internally by a small, restless spirit of adventure into the most ragged opening, with the right auricle, daring pursuits of the chase, and amongst which contained a mixture of pus and the truest specimens of our aborigines. It blood. There was no communication with will be thus seen that the author has had the sac of the pericardium; the lungs every opportunity of information. The were perfectly sound. This is certainly book is full of exciting events and startling an extraordinary case, at least to the un- incidents, and the agreeable style of the professional observer.
narrative carries the reader on from page The lectures on the principal forms of to page with unflagging interest and unalinsanity, of which the eighteenth is given loyed pleasure. The pictures of Indian in this number, are of great interest, and life are touched with the pencil of one who interspersed with most valuable remarks. paints directly from nature ; and the variThere is one fact, which if generally con ous scenes and characters are often shadow. sidered, would make us more lenient to ed forth with a delicacy, vividness of colorthe faults of many sane persons in the ing and general beauty, whicb naturally ordinary acceptation of the term) with lead to the conclusion that the author is no whom we come in contact, and to this, mere novice in his art. Dr. Conolly, the able lecturer, has called There is such a charm of truth and poeattention. Let him speak for himself. try in the description of Idalie's rencon"Long observation has convinced me that tre with the strange party bivouacked there are many unhappy individuals in round a fire which had attracted her atsociety, whose faulty characters are con tention whilst she was in search of her fanected with some disturbance or inter- ther, that we cannot forbear pointing the ruption of the fetal or infant brain. In scene out to the admiration of the reader. some of these individuals, with much ta. This is remarkable for a subdued and quiet lent and many engaging qualities, there is beauty, but there are many scenes of the a moral eccentricity, wondered at by hap- most stirring nature; rapid sketches of pier organizations, but fatal to their own tiger, bear, and buffalo hunting; of thrillfortunes; in others it leads to actions ing encounters with the Indians, and of the which society cannot tolerate, and agrees many natural dangers in which an unto punish.” We have quoted this pas- known and uncultivated region like that sage, as we believe that it fully accounts of the Rocky Mountains so peculiarly for the strange conduct of nearly one-half abounds. We can only regret that our the world, and that much good will result limited space prevents our making extracts from its being taken into due consideration. from the book. Were it otherwise, how.
ever, we might be placed in the dilemma Altowan; or, Life and Adventures in the of praising some portions of it to the exclu
Rocky Mountains. By an Amateur sion of others equally interesting and adTraveller. 2 vols. Edited by J. Wat- mirable. The editor states in his dedicaSON WEBB, Esq. Harper & Brothers, tion, that the late Mr. Inman would have New-York.
illustrated this work, but for his untimely This work presents some of the most death. All who read it must feel assured graphic, stirring and faithful sketches we that it abounds with scenes that are singuhave yet seen of life in the north-west.- larly adapted to pictorial effect; and sucThe editor, in a deeply interesting and ap- cessful as the work will undoubtedly be, propriate dedication to C. F. Hoffman, the friends of art will not fail to express Esq., informs us that these volumes were great disappointment that the artist did not writteu by an English military officer, de- live to avail himself of so fitting an occasion scended from one of the most ancient fami- for the exercise of his genius.
GOSSIP OF THE MONTH.
Park Theatre.-Since the publication one of her most striking personations.-of the October number of the “ Review," The text abounds in pathetic, striking, our fair and talented countrywoman, Mrs. and vivid passages, and is pervaded by a Mowatt, played a very successful engage- vein of conflicting emotions that bring into ment at this theatre, appearing in a range full relief every excellence of her style. of characters admirably adapted to elicit The part of Mr. Kean, (Sir Walter the varied natural requisites with which Amyot,) is not less admirable in this reshe is endowed. We were much gratified gard, whilst it has an advantage over to mark the progress she had made since every other in which we have seen him ; her last appearance amongst us; and we inasmuch as it makes no extraordinary feel assured that she is destined to realize demands upon those qualities in which he the promises held out by her brilliant debut is deficient. It is true that there are ocin the role of Pauline, in the Lady of casional bursts of jealousy and agony, but Lyons.
the doubt entertained by him, almost The Keans have also had another en
throughout, in the base aspersions of Jabez gagement here, which has been somewhat Sneed, the unworthy steward, subdues more successful than was anticipated, ow this phase of the character to a level with ing, doubtless, to the fact, that they have Mr. Kean's powers, enabling him, in the endeavored to produce something more more quiet expression, whether of renewnovel and attractive than those Shaks. ed confidence or oft-recurring doubt, to pearean parts, in which they have so fre- display much of the taste, feeling, and quently presented themselves before the grace, by which his acting is distinguished. American public. The “Two Gentlemen In looking critically at the plot or conof Verona" was produced by them, it is struction of the play, we confess we were said, for the first time in this country; greatly disappointed. Its chief defects and nothing was neglected that costume are, in the first place, that there is a lack and scenery could do to render the per of novelty in the incidents; and secondly, formance effective; but the play is de- that each circumstance may be easily ancidedly unworthy of its great author, and ticipated, even by those who are but little verifies the opinion, that “eren Homer acquainted with theatrical matters. nods sometimes.”
The scene where Sir Walter discovers It is replete with passages of a pleasing his wife in the embraces of a cavalier, is nature, but there are few, if any, of those such an exact counterpart of a tableau in powerful dramatic effects by which Shaks Dickens' " Cricket on the Hearth,” as drapeare's plays are chiefly characterized, matized and played not very long since and one of the scenes, at least,—that be- at this same theatre, that we might almost tween Launce and his dog, is so pointless feel justified in the conclusion that the auand silly, that, with all our reverence for thor had taken the idea from that piece. his great genius, we cannot choose but But we could point to numeroas plays in condemn it. We need hardly say, that which the various incidents of this piece this piece did not prove so attractive or The plot is, indeed, of the simagreeable as “ Coleman's Jealous Wife," plest and most common-place description, which was played on alternate nights by and certainly unworthy of Mr. Lovell's the same artistes.
talents as a play-wright. The language, The latter is, however, one of those however, is very beautiful. Forcible,chaste, plays which, without possessing any great and fanciful, it has yet the still higher merits of plot or incident, can be rendered merit of arising naturally from the heart highly successful by a spirited and talent- and mind of the dramatis persona. ed actress.
To this there are but two or three pasIt is now our pleasant and novel task sages which form exceptions; but where to notice the first performance of “ The there is so much deserving of admiration, Wife's Secret," a new play by Lovell, it were hypercritical to dwell upon them. the well-known author of " Love's Sacri The parts were all exceedingly well cast, fice.” This, we are informed, was writ- though it was to be regretted that Fisher's ten expressly for Mr. and Mrs. Kean; Jabez Sneed, which would have been and certainly their respective roles are otherwise excellent, was a little overpeculiarly fitted to the mental and physi- acted. cal powers of both performers. Mrs. The Vienna children have been enKean's Lady Evelyne is in every respect gaged by Mr. Simpson for a period of 36