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had produced, and which no wisdom lution have no other apology. The force could have removed. They were sent to Boston was large enough to equally beyond the control of both provoke, but too small to overawe. folly and wisdom. Lord Chatham The curb applied was strong enough to might have delayed, as Lord North irritate, but was likely to snap at the undoubtedly accelerated it. The claims first plunge which that irritation would of the colonies grew with their growth, cause. When the experiment came and, of course, strengthened with their to be made, Gen. Gage found that he strength. The most moderate minis- could not send Col. Grant's completry and the most complying Parliament ment of troops over eighteen miles would have soon come to a stand. without imminent hazard. In the next More would have been claimed than experiment, three times that number would have been granted, and less reached Bunker's Hill, only through would not have contented.

an excess of carnage. But these letters show that there Mr. Izard says, in one of his letters, was, near the outset of the Revolution, that “the king seems to be struck with a medium behind the throne, which, horror at the idea of treating with like a window of stained glass, discolo Congress." This was in 1775, about ored the light that fell upon it. “ John

one year before the Declaration of InBarleycorn” was the standard of, not dependence. At that time, proper enonly the length of the inch, but of the deavors at conciliation would probably length and breadth of nearly every royal have succeeded. Lord North, as a measure. Lord Bute is the putative fa- man of sense, may have known what ther of the Stamp-Act, which, like a little endeavors were proper. There was leaven, soon leavened the whole lump; but one way then open, and that way and Col. Grant, another Scotchman, could not be taken, because the king when it became necessary, in conse- regarded it with horror. This royal quence of this rising, to send to the repugnance may have saved the indecolonies a military force, said that one pendence of the colonies. It was cerregiment could sweep them from Canada tain to defeat all advances towards conto Georgia. Lord Chatham would have ciliation, even if Lord Howe had had laughed such an assertion to scorn, and the discretion and dignity to address Lord North, probably, did not believe General Washington by his title. it was founded in truth. It is probable, Whether the stupid fastidiousness however, that the king did so believe. which led him to substitute “ Mr." for He had been educated as an English General," originated in this repugman, and no doubt knew something of nance, or in the pride or weak ness of English history; but his family had the commissioners, the effect was the come to the throne after the Round- same. When the first step is an inheads had passed away. Any one of sult, a second step is not often permitthe family which had been expelled to ted to be taken. The course of the make room for his family, would have mother country had raise understood the colonies. Any Stuart tinental Congress. A general revolt would have recollected that there was necessarily produced such a result. a large infusion among them of the There must be a general head, and sturdy spirit which had brought Charles that head was the Congress; to that I. to the block, and governed Britain alone any appeal, under the circumfrom that Charles to the second stances, could be made. An appeal to Charles, with an outstretched arm that any separate state would have been made all Europe tremble. Constant hopeless; to distinguished individuals manifestations of this spirit had been equally so. Neither states nor individgiven by the colonies. It had showed uals could be applied to without an imitself in unnumbered struggles. Hard- putation of treachery. There was but fought fields could not have showed it one way open, therefore, to open pacifimore strongly. Few men, therefore, cation, and that way was the Continenin England, could have been misled by tal Congress, but the commissioners the gasconade of Col. Grant. George could not take that way. The king's III. must have been among that horror closed it up. few, as the military measures which There can be little doubt that much were taken at the opening of the Revo- of the wrong that was done in the times

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we are alluding to, was done by the of general interest. He was almost king, notwithstanding his constitutional unique in all these respects in that incapacity to do any wrong. Mr. kingdom where rarities of all kinds Izard says that “ Doctor Hunter, a found so much favor. His influence Scotchman, who is continunlly about at the court was powerful, and it was the king's family, says publicly, that always exerted in favor of his country. the four New-England Provinces ought And his exertions there, on the whole, to be extirpated." The king did not were undoubtedly more beneficial to say this, and may not have thought it ; this country than those of any other still, a remark of that kind would not

These services, in her time of have been made in the royal purlieus, need, will never be denied, nor can if it had been liable to rebuke. The their reward be taken away. Still, it atmosphere of the court must have has been alleged, that when the quesbeen genial to such ill-weeds, or they tion of final arrangement came, the would not have sprung up there. lukewarmness or hesitation of that

Some may be deterred from patron- court were not met by Franklin with ising a continuation of these letters, be the same zeal and independence which cause the preliminary notice of the marked the course of other Americans editor leads to a probability that the there, over whom the blandishments of ucts or opinions of Franklin will be the Parisian saloons had less influence, brought into question. Whether it and who were more fresh from the was judicious in the editor thus to scene of action, and better knew the sound the alarm in advance, it is not sentiments and temper of the Amerifor us to determine. It was certainly can people. It was a season when frank and fair. The present volume shades of difference in opinion might contains nothing of this bearing. Even well have floated around. Indeed, if it did, it would not have been the

none probably approached the great less acceptable to us, though entertain- questions which then were to be settled ing the highest veneration for the mem- with.minds made up. Such pre-deterory of this distinguished patriot and minations had excluded all chances of philosopher. If the charges which adjustment. Some strings were to be those letters may contain were a fresh ' let down, others to be raised; otherimputation, the case would be different. wise harmony had never been attained. This is the publication of letters which France had been liberal and kind in her were written seventy or eighty years aid, and she naturally, when the time ago. They speak the opinion of indi- of compensation arrived, looked for a viduals at that time. Such opinions corresponding return. Franklin may had their warrant then, and were ho- have rated her services too high, nestly expressed. That warrant may '(though that could hardly have been no longer exist, and the opinions may done) while others, perhaps, rated them all have been proved to be unfounded. . too low. Franklin saw only the noble All this may be true, and still the letters and generous ally of America; others be generally acceptable. The reputa- saw only the antagonists of Great tion of Franklin is now independent of Britain. Each saw the true color of all imputations of this kind. His pub- the shield as it presented itself to their lic course in France has been viewed view, without probably being aware and reviewed in all its phases through that the two sides had different colors. more than fifty years, and is now well We will now bring these desultory understood. What these letters will remarks to a close. Our object has develope we do not know. We may, been to raise, as far as in our power, in however, conjecture, without much the public estimation, the character of chance of error.

letters of the description now before us. It is known that many prominent We regard them with great respect: men of America believed they saw, in they are likely to give us more truths Franklin's course . while in France, in one page than a dozen pages of other some cause for censure or disapproba- writings. Objections to the correctness tion. This remarkable man was made of history are innumerable. It is a a pet in Paris. His mind, his discove- stream that never receives all its triburies, his country, and even his costume, taries until it ends; something, in every all contributed to render him an object age, is pouring in on one side or the

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other, showing that it is not full. Pro- of a modern voice, to voices coming bably the most perfect history that ever from ages long past. Each page of his was written, so far as the use of all ma text, like a luxuriant modern sofa, terials applicable to its scope was con seems to stand on these notes, which, cerned, is Gibbon's Decline and Fall, like richly-carved antique feet, of all &c. He collected these materials forms, peep out from beneath. around him, until he seemed to sit in Thus it is with these letters—they the midst of - Seven Hills' of authori are transcripts of the past. In the voties. The unremitting labor of a strong lume before us, Mr. Izard and his cormind and a long life enabled him to re respondents speak as they spoke in duce these hills into a magnificent slope, 1774, 75, &c., &c. It is not looking that smoothly and majestically descend- back upon far-removed and indistinct ed from the first Cæsar to the last; and scenes with a spy-glass, which brings yet he settled almost nothing but the them back only in parts, and with fact, that almost nothing could be satis- changed dimensions ; they give views factorily settled. His decisions, made taken at the time, and on the spot. after a patient investigation which few We wish such views were greatly mulminds could have made, have been tiplied. Hence, we are pleased to see questioned, and will continue to be the volume before us, and will be pleaquestioned. His notes, after all, are sed to see those which are to follow, the spice of his work ; they give the Such leaves are, doubtless, much scatsayings of those who lived with the tered, and becoming every year more Cæsars. We turn from Gibbon to Those that can be gathered up them, as we would turn from the suund are hence only the more valuable.






I know that I must struggle, and I know

That sorrow in that struggle must be mine,

And with denial I must chafe and pine!-
My nature and the world decree it so ! -
But shall I from the progress backward go?
My hand upon the ploughshare, shall my heart

Shrink from the toil because the toil be great,
And there are those who, striving, cry “ Depart!

Lest you provoke our ridicule and hate ?"

This were to fight with fortune against fate ;-
A harder conflict than to struggle on,

Still falling, and arising but to fall,

But still to rise and struggle, firm through all,
Growing stronger with each foot of progress won !

we are alluding to, was done by king, notwithstanding his constitut: incapacity to do any wrong. Izard says that “ Doctor Hunt Scotchman, who is continually about the king's family, says publicly, tm the four New-England Provinces onglit to be extirpated.” The king did nou say this, and may not have thought it still, a remark of that kind would have been made in the royal purlie if it had been liable to rebuke. TIL atmosphere of the court must have been genial to such ill-weeds, or would not have sprung up there.

Some may be deterred from pat ising a continuation of these letters cause the preliminary notice editor leads to a probability the acts or opinions of Franklin will brought into question. Wheth was judicious in the editor sound the alarm in advance, it for us to determine. It was frank and fair. The present contains nothing of this bearin if it did, it would not have less acceptable to us, though ing the highest veneration for ory of this distinguished philosopher. If the chi those letters may contain imputation, the case won This is the publication of were written seventyr ago. They speak the viduals at that time. had their warrant thi nestly expressed. no longer exist, and all have been proved All this may be true, be generally accept tion of Franklin is all imputations of lic course in Fr

viewed in


ding anything noble and gene- feel for me, but not contempt. You are Jonwever deficient I may be in all that is fair, and frank, and noble,qualities myself. I certainly have but I-what am 1?" and the boy, apacity and heart to admire them.” with a gesture of despair, buried his No take it back," answered the in- face again in his hands. “Your great

al addressed, warmly grasping est fault is this undervaluing of yourself, proffered hand, “I fully and entire- dear Robert,” said his companion, kindrike it back; for much as I may ly. • You exaggerate your faults or s doubled your nobility and genero- rather infirmities, to a most frightful before, you have eloquently proved extent, and then start in horror from the self possessed of both, this morn- phantom you yourself have raised.”

"And now, boys,” cried Lewis No! there is no exaggerating them,” yard, after a moment's silence, returned Robert, sadly. “Have I not owing himself into a pugilistic atti- again and again vowed to myself, and

- Who's for a fight ?" Nobody vowed to you, that I would not let that apted the challenge; and the bell fool, idiot, that puppy of a fellow,” he ging soon after, each individual hur- muttered between his compressed teeth dy obeyed the summons, having –“George Addington, by his conined, perhaps, some new ideas as to temptible tricks rouse me to anger, and that true courage, nobility, and gene- yet do I not daily yield to the temptabity were, in the brief interval. Love tion? But oh, Gerald—if you knew

as the motive of Gerald Morton's the bitter pride that poverty makes, and vadiness to Robert Hunt-disinterest- if you knew the hell upon earth I enardent affection, which fills young dure with this suspicious, sensitive temarts, aye, and old hearts too, (to the per of mine, you would indeed give xclusion of every mean and unworthy me your deepest pity and sympathy.” teling) oftener than some people in “You have them now-you have them his world will allow-Love, in spite now,” said his companion, in a choked his weaknesses, or rather the more and agitated voice. " A child's glance for them, for the deepest pity added will at times almost madden me,” he strength to his affection. He had, as continued, scarcely regarding the interthe boys said, led Robert away, but for ruption; "every feeling that I have in some time he did not speak, leaving the world seems to be a curse to me, the soft sweet air and thousand sights of I never look at my sisters' grace and rural summer beauty beneath their eyes, beauty, but I gnash my teeth at the to exert their tranquilizing influence, thought, that they will be sacrificed to before he addressed his companion. At some uncouth booby who has money, tength they reached the bridge which or waste their lives in the dreary, desospanned the river, where Robert

, un- lating struggle with poverty, which able any longer to endure the violence killed my poor mother. My father's of his suppressed emotions, flung off gloom and misanthropy check the tenthe affectionate clasp on his shoulders, derness which should fill to the fount a and resting his head on the railing of child's nature ; but I think how differthe bridge, burst into an uncontrollable ent he might have been, had fortune fit of tears. “Yes, despise me as you been kinder ; and I have the picture of will," he exclaimed, "you cannot des- an old age like his before me, sternness pise me more than I do myself; and as and harshness, a distress to himself, and I have given way to the most unmanly a terror to everybody else. I shall be anger, I may as well yield to these just like him, only worse.” “Stop! innly

tears." Despise you, Ro- Robert, stop!” exclaimed Gerald Morbal" repeated his companion, in a ton— do not talk any more such wild

rrowful tone,“ how little you know and desperate, nay, they are wicked hatis in my heart." The boy was, per- words. We have each our destiny in

, struck by the sincerity and emo- our own hands, to make or mar, as we in the speaker's voice, for he raised will. No man, unless he desires, need hand, and gazed long and inquiring- be the victim of circumstances. We must

the other's face. Gerald,” he control fortune, not be governed by itimed, at length, “Gerald Morton, shape our own way, not follow in gloom lieve you, with my whole heart and and despair that which the veriest tri

I believe you; love and pity you fles have made for us; and, my dear, DL XIX.-NO. XCVII.


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