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The evil, the exceeding evil of fin, is likewise evident, as what nothing lefs could expiate, than our Lord's precious life. The eternal Father, who weighs perfons and things in an even balance, could not do lefs to his bofom Friend, his everlasting Fellow, his conftant delight, when fet in the gap, than "bruife him and put him to fhame;" to fuch open shame and fufferings, as he underwent in the horrible pit and miry clay. Sure, if the exceeding finfulness of fin had not made it neceffary, Juch a Father would never have made fuch exaction upon fuch a Son. And therefore, in making a sport of fin, men practically mock the fuffering Saviour; in the purfuit and perpetration of fin, men make merry with that, which filled him with forrow, even unto death. Nor can believers themselves furvey their hearts and ways, without feeling, or having reafon to feel, the most tender and affecting emotions. Your lying, my brethren, your fabbathbreaking, your uncleanness, your covetousness, your immorality and ungodlinefs in your unconverted days; together with fuch unbelief, unwatchfulness, unfruitfulness and backflidings from God, as, fince grace took hold of you, you are chargeable with, dafhed the head of Chrift with wrath, when in the pit; and bore him down, till he funk, died and was buried in the mire. Sin is evil in itself, unfpeakably fo, in the difhonour it does to the Lord God; but its evil nature appears moft awfully in the fcars on the Saviour's hands and feet; and in the remarkable fcar on his facred fide; the indelible proofs of what fin coft him, and the dreadful evidence of what it fhall coft finners themselves, who live and die without an intereft in him. If, while in the pit of humiliation, it drew wrath on his head, who had no fin of his own; can it fail of breaking the fluices of divine wrath, refpecting finners themselves,

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in the pit of nature now, and in the pit of hell hereafter? Yea finners, though you roll this and the other fin, as a fweet morfel, under your tongues at prefent, it shall draw down whole floods of ven. geance, upon you, foul and body, hereafter; under the load whereof you fhall be preffed, crushed, tormented, and distracted through eternity.

But it is good news, that our Lord, was by the Father, taken up out of the horrible pit and miry clay; or, in the language of the New Testament, that he was raised from the dead. It is good news to faints. Primitive Chriftians are faid, particularly glorying in the refurrection of Chrift, to have frequently comforted themselves and one another with thefe words, Sirs, Chrift is rifen. No matter, my dear friends, though the grave-stone should be put on every other enjoyment and comfort; comparatively, that is of fmall confequence to you, fince your Lord is rifen; and, with him, your life, your hope, your liberty, your all. Befides, in his refurrection, there is full evidence of the work of your redemption being completed, and the most comfortable carneft of your own refurrection taking place, with glorious advantage, at the laft day. As the refurrection of Chrift is good news to faints, fo it is pregnant with falvation to finners; becaufe in it they have the fureft ground of hope to look to, and build upon. It is unquestionably certain, that, refting upon this foundation, you shall never be removed. Had our Lord been detained a prisoner in the grave, then you could have had no hope; had not thele bands been loofed, your bands could never have been broken; but now, that he could not be holden of them, there is a folid bottom upon which you may build and warrantably venture for eternity. Be exhorted therefore to look to him, that you may be faved; and to wait for him,


that ye may not be afhamed: for in neglect of this ground of hope, you dishonour and defpife the Saviour, and lay in a foundation for his despising, and pouring contempt upon you. Think of these awful, awakening words, and pray that the Lord may write them, as with a pen of iron and the point of a diamond, upon your confciences: they are applicable to all the defpifers of Chrift, and neglecters of the great falvation. "Whofoever fhall "fall on this ftone shall be broken; but on whomfoever it fhall fall, it will grind him to powder," Matth. xxi. 44.


Of the Father's fetting Chrift's feet upon a rock.



THE HE fame nature that was humbled, is exalted, The Man Christ was in the horrible pit and miry clay, and it is only as man he can be faid to be fet on a rock. To fuppofe him capable of exaltation in his divine nature, would no lefs argue against the perfection of his divinity; and be an error no lefs fubverfive of his glory, than if, as God, he had been fuppofed to fuffer. In his divine nature, he was, from eternity paft, fo perfect and glorious, that, through eternity to come, it is impoffible he can ever in any degree, be more fo. Though, when the compliment of a ranfomed world is fully made up, he will have ftill a greater number of admirers and adorers; yet, even then, there will be nothing in the Redeemer's Godhead to admire and adore, which had not place, ere ever the

the creation of angels or men was expede. So much is effential to the notion of that unchangeablenefs peculiar to the divine nature, as evidently taught in fcripture; being "the fame yesterday, "to day, and for ever," Heb. xiii. 8. "without "variableness or shadow of turning," James i. 17. And, what is unfpeakably beautiful and comprehenfive, being "from everlafting to everlasting "God," Pfal. xc. 2. When infpired writers speak of God, they convey the idea of a Being, in whom all poffible, all imaginable perfection and excellence, beauty, dignity and glory, are fummed up. But Jefus Chrift, in his divine nature, was fuch a Being, from everlasting; and therefore, according to that emphatical text, he will, he can, be no more, to everlasting; which at once cuts off all fuch notions as would infinuate any rife or improvement in the circumstances and exaltation of Christ, as Gods whence, in the exaltation pointed out here, we must confine our view to his bleft, immaculate, but once fuffering, human nature. Nor was our Lord only exalted, as the Man Chrift; but in a common, covenant, mediatory capacity. In the horrible pit, he was preffed down by the load of wrath due to the fins of others; and, in his exaltation, he is poffeffed of the rights, bleffings and privileges, purchased, provided and referved for others. In his fufferings in the miry clay, he funk all the fins of an elect world, as in the depths of the fea, never to rife up in judgment against them; and, in his emerging out of the grave, he brought up their peace, pardon and redemption, to be loft no more for ever. In this view, when our Lord fpeaks of his feet being fet upon a rock; he speaks of the earnest and fecurity therein exhibited, that all whom his humiliation refpected, are virtually faved, in him, and shall, in due time, be actually poffeffed

poffeffed of perpetual falvation through him. AM the ranfomed ones were federally exalted in their Head; though their full enjoyment of that triumph over fin, hell and wrath, be referved to the time of their tranflation to Immanuel's better land, where glory dwells. He and they being one, in a myftical regard, what is faid of him as the Redeemer, may be faid of them as the redeemed; and what he did, fuffered, deferved and procured, may be confidered as if done, deferved, fuffered and procured by them, in their own perfons.


Our Lord's circumftances, as Man-Mediator, are now the reverse of what they were in his humbled ftate. Instead of being in a pit or dungeon, out of view, out of mind, inconfiderable and unobferved, his feet are now upon a rock, he is placed upon a glorious eminence, and fet up in the most public, confpicuous, advantagious and honourable point of light. His divinity, formerly vailed, is now manifefted and difplayed, and, as united to his human nature, it fhines forth with diftinguifhing fplendour and magnificence. His human nature itself, is exalted to the highest pitch of beauty and perfection, whether in a moral or material view. In a moral view, the human foul of Jefus Chrift bears the nearest resemblance, the greatest likeness, to the moral character and perfections of God, that the creature is capable of. The holiness of the most exalted angel, and diftinguished faint, bears little or no proportion to that divine holiness wherewith his foul is embellished and adorned. And in our Lord's material beauty, as Man-Mediator, there is fomething fo great, refplendent and majestical, that, according to the defcription given


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