Spain's Long Shadow: The Black Legend, Off-whiteness, and Anglo-American Empire
U of Minnesota Press - 372 páginas
England and the Netherlands, Spain's imperial rivals of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, imagined Spain as cruel and degenerate barbarians of la leyenda negra (the Black Legend), in league with the powers of "blackest darkness" and driven by "dark motives." In Spain's Long Shadow, Maria DeGuzman explores how this convenient demonization made its way into American culture - and proved essential to the construction of whiteness. DeGuzman's work reaches from the late eighteenth century - in the wake of the American Revolution - to the present. Surveying a broad range of texts and images from Poe's "William Wilson" and John Singer Sargent's "El Jaleo" to Richard Wright's "Pagan Spain" and Kathy Acker's Don Quixote, Spain's Long Shadow shows how the creation of Anglo-American ethnicity as specifically American has depended on the casting of Spain as a colonial alter ego. The symbolic power of Spain in the American imagination, DeGuzman argues, is not just a legacy of that nation's colonial presence in the Americas; it lives on as well in the "blackness" of Spain and Spainards - in the assigning of people of Spanish origin to an "off-white" racial category that reserves the designation of white for Anglo-Americans. By demonstrating how the Anglo-American imagination needs Spain and Spainards as figures of attraction and repulsion, DeGuzman makes a compelling and illuminating case for treating Spain as the imperial alter ego of the United States. Cross-cultural and interdisciplinary, ambitious in its chronological sweep, and elegant in its interpretation of literary and visual works, DeGuzman's book leads us to a powerful new understanding of the nature - and history - American ethnicity.
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Acker’s African African American Alfau’s alien whiteness Andalusia Anglo Anglo-American imperial ideology associated Barcelona Benito Cereno Black Legend bull bullfights cartoon Carwin chapter character Chromos Clara colonial color critics Cuba Cuban dancer dark death Delano despite discourse Don Quixote Elsie Venner essay ethnic European expatriate fiction figures of Spain film flamenco France Furthermore Gothic Gypsies Hemingway Hemingway’s Hispanic hybridity ibid Indian Jews land Latina/o Latino literary manifest destiny Melville’s modernist Moorish Moors narrative narrator narrator’s Native Americans nineteenth century novel ofthe Oriental Pagan Spain painting Pendulum photographs Picasso Poe’s political race racial readers relation representations of Spain represented romance Sargent Scarlet Letter scene shadow Spain and Spaniards Spanish empire Spanish-American Spanish-American War Spanish-Cuban-American Stein stereotypes story studies suggests Sun Also Rises symbolic tableau tion totem trope United Valdemar version of Spain visual Wieland William Wilson World Wright writers Yemassee
Página 10 - Our detached and distant situation invites and enables us to pursue a different course. If we remain one people, under an efficient government, the period is not far off when we may defy material injury from external annoyance...
Página 326 - Certain it is, however, that this great power of blackness in him derives its force from its appeals to that Calvinistic sense of Innate Depravity and Original Sin, from whose visitations, in some shape or other, no deeply thinking mind is always and wholly free.
Página 62 - ... be hidden? Not unlikely, perhaps. But if the whites had dark secrets concerning Don Benito, could then Don Benito be any way in complicity with the blacks ? But they were too stupid. Besides, who ever heard of a white so far a renegade as to apostatize from his very species almost, by leaguing in against it with negroes?
Página 83 - A few broken monuments are all that remain to bear witness to their power and dominion, as solitary rocks left far in the interior, bear testimony to the extent of some vast inundation. Such is the Alhambra. A Moslem pile, in the midst of a Christian land; an Oriental palace amidst the Gothic edifices of the West; an elegant memento of a brave, intelligent, and graceful people, who conquered, ruled, and passed away.
Página 55 - It was said lowly, but with such condensation of rapidity, that the long, slow words in Spanish, which had preceded and followed, almost operated as covers to the brief English between. For a moment, knot in hand, and knot in head, Captain Delano stood mute; while, without further heeding him, the old man was now intent upon other ropes. Presently there was a slight stir behind Captain Delano. Turning, he saw- the chained negro, Atufal, standing quietly there.
Página 10 - The nation which indulges towards another an habitual 'hatred, or an habitual fondness, is in some degree a slave. It is a slave to its animosity or to its affection, either of which is sufficient to lead it astray from its duty and its interest.
Página 77 - Europe; or, a General Survey of the Present Situation of the Principal Powers, with Conjectures on Their Future Prospects: By a Citizen of the United States...
Página 112 - Their immediate posterity, the generation next to the early emigrants, wore the blackest shade of Puritanism, and so darkened the national visage with it, that all the subsequent years have not sufficed to clear it up.
Página 64 - What Greece to the Turk ? What India to England ? What at last will Mexico be to the United States ? All Loose-Fish.
Página 66 - But these mild trades that now fan your cheek, do they not come with a human-like healing to you? Warm friends, steadfast friends are the trades.