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So that this day might be called the first of the Soltdn's reign, who began wi h suppressing taverns and smoking; in which he was lo strict, that, one day walking incognito to see if his orders had any authority, he commanded two poor fellows to be executed for selling tobacco d.

But this calm did not last long : for, a few days after, Soleymdn having ordered the new IVazir, Koja Ismael Pnjhd, to seize privately the leaders of the rebellion, and put them to death (K); the janizaries again take arms, and threaten destruction to both. The Soltan, to prevent the storm falling on his head, by the'advice of Kyoprili Mostafa PafhA (L), throws the whole blame upon the IVazir (M); spreading a report, that he had acted therein without the Soltdn'sknowJege; and, to give it the better gloss, banishes him to Rhodes; appointing Tekkiur Daghi Mostafa Pajhd in his room.

The flames from the capital spread into the provinces. In Rum Hi, Eghen Ozman PaJhd(N), assembles a considerable body of Spahi's, and engages them to demand of the Wazir

d Ricaut ubi supr.

(K) Ricaut says, above 1000 of theGyurbas~,or ringleaders servants, were thrown into the sea one night after another: but speaks of no new commotion thereupon.

(L) According to Ricaut, he was, at this time, removed from the prison of the Dardinels to that of Rhodes.

(M) When troubles arise, this is the only shield which the Soltdns have to defend themselves; and, by sacrificing the Wazir, they are sure to secure their own safety. It is thought, Mohammed W. would not have been deposed, had he given up Ayneji Sohymdrt Papa, when first applied to. So that, altho' the almost unlimited power, which the Soltan gives the Wazir, might be dangerous in other states j yet it is the chief, if not only, support of the Othmdr. empire; iince the Soitdn can,

when he pleases, cut ofF the Wazir, who will nsver depose the Soltan; because he must lose by a change ; nor can ever hope to usurp the crown; because the Turks have so great a veneration for the Othman race.


(N) A man noted for his robberies in Asia. His followers were reckoned the stoutest men in that quarter. He threatened to destroy Iskinder, and even the royal city. At last, being pardoned, he brought with him above 1000 freebooters against the Germans; but was put to dea'th as soon a-s he came tf> Con fiar.tinople. Cant.—Prince Cantemir stems to confo nd Eghen with Gjedufi, if Iskinder be a mistake tor IJkudar (or Skutari). Ricr.ut calls him Teghen; and makes both him and Gjedufr, whom he names Tedik, generals in Hungary.



the Balihfbijh Julus (0), due to them on Soleymaii's advancement to the empire. On the Wazir's pleading inability for the present, they levy the money on the inhabitants ot the' country, and plunder all Bulgaria, as far as Sophia. In Asia, Cyeduk Pa/ha moves his troops to sedition; and, being joined to several thousand banditti, threatens to attack Constantinople itself. Having plundered and subdued all the provinces of the Anadol Beglerbeglik, he marches his army to J/mid Cycchid (P), and prepares to besiege Krisopolis (or Skutarij, thinking the Janizaries were too busily employed to mind him: but they, laying aside their rage the night before the city was to be attacked, pass over, and surround it with trenches; on which the Pajha retires, and is soon after defeated by the Othman army.

While the Turkijljempire is thus shaken by intestine com- Agriayirmotions, the imperial army subdues the most considerable bul- renders. warks of Hungary. Agria, the strongest fortress of Upper Hungary, after four months close siege, is obliged by famine to surrender, on the 20th of Moharram, 1099 ( Q^). The same fate befals Mongatzs, an almost impregnable castle in the 1 fame country, fortified by Tekeli, ar.d made the repository of his wife, treasures, and records. After lie was seized, as before related, and KaJJovia lost, his princess, the heroine of the age, assembled there what forces she could, and stored the place with plenty of provision; in hopes to defend it till the war should be finished, or the Turkish army match to her relief. But those forces being withdrawn from .the neighbourhood, count Terci, in the year 1098, attempted to take the castle: but, after assaulting it for several months with cannon and bombs to no purpose, he blocked it up at a distance; and cut off all provision to such a degree, that the princess Tcheli conquered rather by famine than the enemy's swoud, on the 14th of Rabio'lawel, 1099 (R), surrendered both herself and castle to the emperor's mercy e.

This surrender having been made before the instructions JVfoneatz which her husband had sent to her on that head came to her yields.

* Cant. p. 353, & seqq. Ricaut.

(O) Called also Julus Akchtsi, ( Q.) That is, the 16th of

that is, the money of the neiv, or November, 1687; but Ricaut

the renewed, empire. 'J he na- puts it on December 16. and fays,

ture of the Bakbjbijh is explain- it surrendered at discretion upon

ed a few notes befbie. Cant. the news of the battle of Mo

(P) That \s, the passage of lz- hatz. mid. So is the gulf of Nikome- (R) January 6th, 1688. dia called. Cant.


A. D. hands, he was so incensed, that he destroyed all the places he 1688. came at, as far as Peterivaradin; and then fortified himself with some thousand followers in the village of Theleigh, near that city. But general Heuster, on the 6th of February, fell upon him in his trenches with such fury, that he was put to flight, leaving six hundred of his men slain, and four hundred taken prisoners; among whom was Cenay, the chief commander next to himself f. Otherctm- The common people and soldiers at Constantinople were in matians, hopes, that, on the advancement of Soleymun, a prince, as they imagined, of great sanctity, the divine wrath would be appeased, and the enemy repelled. But when, on the news of those misfortunes, they find themselves deceived, they throw satyrical libels, both in prose and verse, into the Jdmi and Divan, reproaching not only the Wazir and other nobles, but the Soltanihimself, with negligence, and other faults (S). The minister, to obviate farther mischief, orders a guard to pass night and day through the city; prevents nocturnal assemblies, and seizes some persons who talked too freely; but, not to add oil to the flames, dismisses, without

,-"7ud Punislling> them (T)- At last> the Soli's natural timorouf*'nen e ' ness produces a better remedy than courage could have done: for, under pretence of changing the air, he withdraws from the seditious, by removing with his court to Ærianople. The people indeed seemed to have reason to complain of the ill administration of affairs; but did not impute it to the proper persons. How much the treasury was exhausted; and to how great a necessity that opulent empire was reduced, appeared on this occasion: for there was not in the imperial stables a number of horses, mules, and camels, sufficient for the courtiers; nor money enough in the treasury to pay for the hire of what were wanting: so that he ordered the gold and silver vesiels, with his jewek, to be publicly sold, in


{S) Ricaut informs us, that officers were displaced; and 50

the libels reflected on the Sol- perlons, most 'Janizaries, were

tan's intention to remove; and cut off. But Tcghen, thought

that they petitioned the to be the ringleader, was too

to dissuade him. great to be meddled with. At

(T) According to the fame last, 2500 purses, the estates of

author, he seized all the con- two Kixlar Agas, who were put

spirators in their houses, on the to death, coming in seasonably

eve before the plot was to be to pay the soldiers arrears, the

executed; and punished them Soltan removed to AdiiatwpU in

as their crime deserved. Many July.

order order to supply his necessities. At length, departing on hired A. D. horses and chariots, he prevents the sedition just ready to 1688. break out. *—v—^

When he arrives at Ærianople, he pretends to apply him- Turks sue self to the care of the war; but, as his devotions were morefor pe<z<t. agreeable to him, he sent Zuo'lfikar Effendi (U), clerk of the Janizaries, and Alexander Maurokordatus (W), interpreter to the Diivan, ambassadors to the emperor of Germany: under pretence of informing him of h'is election (X); but, in reality, to settle a peace upon what terms they could procure 8.

The Turks, brought to this extremity, dispatch an Jga to Apafi, prince of Transylvania, with a patent to confirm him in his principality; and orders to demand a considerable sum of money, to pay the garrisons on the Borysthenes (or TM -Neper); which the declining state of the empire, he said, vaiua obliged the Porte to exact: at the same time threatening him woits, with a Tatar incursion, in case he did not comply with the demand. General Car off a, being informed of this affair, immediately hastes thither; and so well disposed Apafi, and the states, then met at Hermansiadt, that, rejecting the Aga's proposal, and despising his threats, they, on the 9th of May, 1688, absolutely renounce all obedience to the Otlrman Porte; and confirm the treaty made with the duke of Lorrain. Hereby they put themselves under the emperor's protection, and receive his forces into their garrison places (Y), on con

s Cant. p. 355, & scqq. & Ricaut.

(U) Yenghicheri Effendifi, a famous Panayotti. He experi

post of great prosit j he was in eneed various turns of fortune

great account at court for his at that ticklish court; yet died

learning.—Cant. immensely rich. In 1709, his

(W) Grandson of Skarlatos, son Nikholas thereupon was

vulgarly Skarlotti, who was made prince of Moldavia, then

Sorguj, or purveyor, to the court despot of Walakhia, and his

for sheep and oxen, in the reign brother John, chief interpreter.

o(MorddlV. His father, Pan- Cant.

telisManrokordatui,married Lox- (X) And of renewing the anandra,. daughter of Skarlatos, tient amity, which his predewho, disfigured by the small- cessor had violated: for the pox, was very rich, and fell in Turks thought it below the diglove wich him. Alexander first nity of the empire to sue for practised as a physician; and peace in plainer terms. Rithen, for his skill in the oricn- cant.

tal languages, was made Bajb (Y) Cxonstadt, or Stephanopo

Turjemdn, on the death of the Us, after this, rejecting their



dition, that their privileges, and the exercise of their religion, should be confirmed to them h.

The WaiAr Tekkiurdaghi (Z), Mostnfa Pajha., either thro* Alba Re- fear Qf ^g Germans, or iest the Solidn, in his absence, should ga isjur- ke perfua^ed to put him to death, declines the command of the army; and appoints Rejeb Pajha. Serafiier of Hungary. But, before the Othman forces took the field, the garrison of Alba Regalis, which had been blocked up all winter by the Imperialists, surrendered (A), on the 19th of Rajeb. May 8, 1688, Caraffa had taken the city of Lippa by storm, and the castle yielded in a few days (B). Soon after he reduced Solmoz and -Logo/b, or Lagos. That general, who commanded the Imperial army in the elector of Bavaria's absence, after he had taken Illok and P'eterwaradin from the Turks (C), sent Wallis and Heujler to seize (D) Tiral, a castle on the river 77bistus (or TeiJJe); which being vigorously pressed, the garrison surrendered, on the 28th of Ramazan, with leave to depart'. _ ,' Mean time Teghen Bey was on his march to oppose the

Pama elector of Bavaria, who commanded the Imperial army, the duke of Lorrahi being then lick; and designed to besiege Belgrade: but, before he reached that'city, he returned to Sofia, declaring it impossible for him to keep such numerous forces in obedience, unless he had the seal and the prophet's standard. However, on news of the enemy's approach, he marched back to Belgrade ; where all the forces in those parts submitted to his command, as general of Hungary. After this, he seized on Hajfan Pajhh, on account of an old quarrel, and would have strangled him, but for the son of the Han (or Khan) of Tartary. Then, with ten thousand men

h Ricaut ubi supr. • Cant. p. 358.

allegiance, and refusing to ad- (B) In storming the town 500

mit a German garrison, was Turks were killed, and 2000,

forced to yield at discretion by able to bear arms, made slaves

Vclcrani, appointed general of out of the rastle. But the wo

that province by count Caraffa. men and children were set at li

Ricnut. berty. Rictus.

(Z) So Rodoflus, of which he (C) According to Riraut, the

was a native, is called by the garrisons of thole two cities, on

Turks. He was raised from a the approach os Caprare, set

Janizary to the dignity of Wa- fire to them, and fled to Bel

z:r: but did nothing remarka- grade.

ble. Cant. (D) A mistake, perhaps, for


(A) On the 1 gth of May 8000 Tif.d.
Turks marched/out, of whom
300 were soldiers. Ricaut.

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