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Nakib Kiazibi Mehemed Effendi (U), assumes the office of Mufti, and Dorajdn Ahmed Pasha, a person of no note, who had been 1 recalled from his Pashdlik, and lived privately, is made JVazir by the rebels. Kid-kyehaya Chalik Ahmed Aga is appointed Janizar Agasi, and Diiv Alt Aga (X), who had been deprived of the post of Kid-kyehaya, is restored to that office. By their advice the conspirators shut the gates of the city, and suffer no man to go forth unless sent by themselves, to prevent the Soltan being informed of their designs. After this they plunder the magazines of the arms kept there; and prepare themselves for war with the empire. March in SOLTAN Mqstdfa, when he heard of this sedition, sends arms Mostafa. Effendi, the chief secretary, to enquire into the reason
of so great a rebellion in his capital city, with a promise to grant all their desires : but, arriving at the gate on the eighth day of the sedition, the guard force him from his horse, and carry him to the At-meyddn; where the people, seizing him as a spy, before their leaders could restrain them, beat him almost to death, and tortured him to such a degree, to make him confess what the Soltan was doing, that they left him neither fense nor speech to declare any thing. Yet this (which they imputed to his obstinacy, rather than their own cruel treatment) incensing them more against the Sottdn, they astotvardj semble above 50,000 soldiers on the 19th day; and, leaving Adriano- the city, resolve utterly to destroy Adrianojde, as the rival of pie. the capital, in cafe the inhabitants should dare to oppose them.
Being come to Hap/a, a town not far from thence, they send to inform the Sohdn, " That they had not taken-up arms "either to fight against him, or the Musulmdns, but only to "oblige the evil ministers to submit to be tried by the divine •• judgment of the Korhn: but that, if he should use the "sword to decide this affair, they would repel force with "force; and he would be accountable to God for the need"less effusion of Mufulmdn blood." They likewise privately warn the inhabitants of Adrianaple not to appear in arms, if they would avoid being plundered; since they came not to fight with their brethren, but to punish the betrayers and oppressors pf the Othman empire 2,
x Cant. p. 433, & feq.
(U He was of the race of (X) He was the only one of
Amirs, and had been Mufti in the rebel party who escaped the
the reign of MohammedW. He pursuit of Ahmed 111. flying to
was called Kiazibi, or liar, as Jezayri, or Algiers; so that he
being thought much given to could never be found. Cant lying. Cant,
The Soltan, on this message, assembles his European A. D. troops with the utmost expedition, and orders them to march '699. under the conduct of the Wazir Rdmi Mehemed, against the T- —»- -J rebels: who, by a Fetvah of the Mufti, Feyzo'llab Effendi (Z), ^rw-v >'"' are declared Cyawrs; and those pronilsed a crown of martyrdom, who should die fighting valiantly against them. But, when both armies were in light, the Nakib Effendi, who acted as Mufti among the conspirators, holds-up the Koran to ^he Soltdn's forces, and desires them to consider: " That they "were brethren of the same religion, the same blood, and "subjects of the fame dominion: that the people of Constan"tinople had not taken-up arms to overturn the empire, or "attempt any thing against the sacred law: but to punish the "infidels, and contemners of the law, agreeably to its pre"cepts; and that, if they endeavoured to oppose so pious "a design, they would draw upon themselves, not Only the "indignation of God, but likewise the severest^unishments." The Soltdn's troops are so affected with this speech, that they abandon the Wazir, and join the rebels, saluting them brethren.
The Wazir, in this desperate state, flies, with two scr- she Mufti vants in disguise, to Varna; and, from thence, back to Con- tortured, stantinople, concealing himself, for some time, in a house which he had in the suburbs of Jyub. Mean time the rebels encamped under the city, at Solak Chejbmefi (A); and, from thence, fend to demand the heads of the Wazir, the
(Z) He was a native of Wan, took presents with both hands;
in Armenia, and of the Amir would ask for them, if not of
race. In the time of Moham- fered him; and would for mo
medW. when Muderis, or mas- ney give any Fett'ah desired of
ter, of the Soleymaniyah school, hirn^ whether right or wrong.
he was appointed Shehzadeb The eldest of his four sons he
Hoja, or preceptor to the Soltan'.; appointed Nakib; and conferred
children, Mostafa and Ahmed, rich Molidhjhips on the other
After having often changed, three, though but young; which
contrary to custom, his ecclesi- gained him the .hatred of the
asticalemployments, he wascre- Ulema, as well as people. What
ated Mufti,and continued in that was worse, he encouraged them,
dignity for seven years; a thing like another Eli, in all sorts of
unheard of among the Turks, extravagancies.—Cant.
He was a man of no great learn- (A) The fountain of Soldi,
ing, and more crafty than wise: so called, either because the
yet had such an ascendant over builder was of the order of the
the Soltan, that he never did any So/dii, or else had lost a hand.
thing without consulting him, It is in a field a mile from Adri
nor could refuse him any thing, anople, in the road to Conjlanti
He was so covetous, that he nop/e. Cant,
I 4 . Mufti
A. D. Mufti with his sons, and Maufth.orda.tus. The Soltdn, expect1699. ing this, had sent-off the Mufti two days before, but with ^"W^ several Bq/ldnji's to attend him, with design to slop his flight, if the danger encreased: rinding therefore the rebels more obstinate in their demands, he fends for him back, and delivers him up, with his two sons. As soon as they have him in their power, they fix nails in his knees; and, by other horrid Cruelties, endeavour to make him discover the immense treasures he was reported to have amassed: but, being a man of great courage, he bears all with singular patience; and utter3 not one word, excepting to desire vengeance from God pn; such an impious and ungrateful people. At length, exhausted with so many torments, he is put to death; and his body (B) thrown into the river, as if he had been an infidel, and unworthy of burial.
The Soltdm, perceiving, from these circumstances, that the people were more exasperated against him than he had imagined, sends to Dorojan Ahmed Pasha (C), the Wazir of the rebels, the seal belonging to that employment; and con-, firms the other officers chosen by them in their posts: with a promise to grant all their demands, and deliver up to them the Wazir, and Maarokordatus, who were fled, as soon as they,should be taken. But, growing more presumptuous by the Soltan's condescension, they concert measures to depose him. For this end, they dispatch a letter to Ahmed, brorher of Soltdn Mostafa, desiring him, since they scrupled to enter
(B) As the laws of the Koran, and the empire, forbid putting a Mufti or Moll ah to death (the highest punishment of the whole order of the V/ema and Kadis being banishment), the rebels, to excuse their treatment of him, declared he was a Gyanur ; and would not allow his body Mohammedan burial, but hired a Greek priest to put him in the ground. This man got some person to drag him ?long, while he went before singing, instead of the burial hymn, Ordure he upon thy Jou/; and, at last, flung it into the river, having first, it is said, perfumed it with frankincense, £nd repeated tsvo Turkijh verses, Whose sense is, neither yours net
curs, he is gone direSly ta bell; with which the Turks were si> pleased, that they both praised and rewarded the Papa for his ingenuity. Cant.
(C) So called by the rebels, because like Dorojhenko, Hetman of the Kosdks, who was called Dorojhdn by the Turks. But he was before named Damad Ahmed. Pajhd, that is, Ahmed Pajhd the son-in-laiv: because he had married the sister of the IVazir Avtujt Ogli HuJJcyn Pajhd, and grandaughter of Kyoprili Mostafa Pajhd; the handsomest woman in her time, but so lascivious, that (he kept many gallants, especially Franks. —rCant.
the imperial palace with an armed force, to come, if possible, to the camp, either 'with or without his brother's leav$, and the army would immediately proclaim him emperor.
SO IT A N Mafias a, intercepting this letter, cpotJOTes >j, tynne long in suspence, whether he should kill his brother, or yor<« Ahmed, lontarily resign the scepter to him. Many of his domestjcfc officers advise the fratricide; alledging, that the conspirators, would be obliged to confirm him in the throne, in cafe there were no other heirs to the empire. But the Spltan abhors such a deed, and resolves to commit himself to the divine providence. He goes therefore to Ahmed, and, embracjqg him with great affection, informs him, that he was universally desired to fill the throne, and first salutes him Sojtm. At his departure, he speaks as follows: " Remember, bro-. "ther, that, while I governed the empire, you enjoyed the "utmost liberty; I desire you will allow me the fame. Think "also, that, although you by right ascend this throne, as "having been possessed by your father and brother, yet, that "the instruments of your advancement are treacherous re"bels, who, if you suffer them to escape with impunity, "will quickly treat you as they do me (D) at present." Having said this, he retires to the fame chamber in which he had kept his brother; where, six months after his deposition (E), he died of a distemper contracted through melancholy. He reigned eight years and some months.
SO LTA N Mqstafa was a prince of great expectations in jjis c},a, the beginning of his reign; but fortune afterwards blasted raSer, them. He had greater advantages from nature than both his predecessors: for he was of a mature judgment, great application, and strict sobriety. Neither covetous in collecting, nor profuse in distributing, the public monies. He was a good archer, and .expert horseman. A lover of justice (F), and very devout in his religion. He gained great reputation by the peace of Carlovjitz ; which, having been in vain attempted by his father and uncles, he settled, by wonderfully reconciling all parties.
He was, as to his person, of a moderate fife; his face »,. round, and beautified with red and white: his beard red, tseer,on'
(D) Ahmed followed the ad- phew Mahmud advanced in his
vice of his brother, and, pro- room. Ahmed died in 1736. bably, by that means, escaped (E) More properly his abdi
an early deposition. However cation, which is a voluntary
that fate befel him at last: for deposition; by which he pre
he was deposed in 1730, by a vented a forcible one.
a corrupt administration had calls in question both his judg
nven occasion to; and his ne- ment and justice,.
thin, and not long: his nose short, and a little turned-up: his eyes blue; and his brows thin and yellow. In the spring, he used to have spots break out in his face, which disappeared again in the winter. He left no son alive (F), although he had been father of several. He was particularly fond of Ibrahtm (G), son of his uncle Ahmed, whom he always carried with him; and designed, as was thought, for his successor, in case he died without issuea.