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the Jews pretend that these chiefs were superior in dignity and authority to the patriarch of Judea;

because all that were

which he thought would displease those of his own church.

We have had two edition) of it in Englijb; the first by Mr. Tha. Taylor, A. M. ann. 1708, which the author himself owns to be faithful and exact; and the other, which is rather an abridgment of it, by J. Crutb, M. D. F. R. S. in two vols. 8vo. and printed in the fame year— But we have chosen to follow the last French edition, which Mr. Basnage hath not only much enlarged, but hath cleared it from all the little cavils raised against it on the other side of the water; for on this side his work hath met with all the kind reception which it so justly deserves.

In his preface to this new edition, that learned author hath not only acknowleged and corrected every fault, supplied every omission, which hath been objected to hjs first, and exposed the unfair practice by which his pirated and mangled history was ushered into the world by Mr, Dupin, and his learned licenser Arnaudin, but hath been at the pains to confute a great number of objections raised against him, with more prejudice and partiality than reason or candor from those of the 'Roman church; among which we may reckon those of the learned father Hardouin, written chiefly in vindication os his own chimerical systems, which yet his whole society were so much ashamed of, as to oblige him to recant it, notwithstanding the great honour and commendation, which they foresaw such

a public act must reflect on the Jeiuijh history and its author, 3 person, in all other respects, the least in favour with the Jesuitical Society.

Some other libels, as we may justly stile them, came out against his learned work from the fame Ramijh quarter; one in particular written by Mr. Simon, tho* published by his kinsman Barat, anno 1714; to say nothing of some others from the monkish tribe, not worth mentioning here; all which the author hath likewise condescended to give a full and satisfactory answer, either in the said preface, p. 10, & seq. or in the body of the book; on which, for that reason, we shall not dwell longer

But there is still an extraordinary onewhichwecannot.in justice to the author and ourselves, omit taking notice of, as it came out from avery opposite quarter; and, by its menacing stileand aspect, joined to a more than common display of learning, seemed to threaten no less than the utter explosion of that great and learned work, and the ruin of its author's character. This singular piece was published under th? pompous title of Entretiensfur diwerssujeti d' Hiftoire, de Religion, Littcrature, & deCrilique; but; the writer, who was likewise a minister of the French reformed church, and had been librarykeeper to one of the late kings. of Prussia, prudently conceals his name, as well he might; and, to give his censures the greater sanction, puts them into, the mouth of a pretended Jew, but half converted to Christianity, by way os dialogue j in which himself bears no other part than that of commending, applauding, and sometimes backing, his objections with some specious proof, but more frequently by prefacing them with expressions the most derogatory, and reflecting on his antagonist, or with some fulsome encomium on his pretended Jew. The two first dialogues being merely introductory to his design, and to apprize the readers, how this Aboab (that is the Jew\ name) came by his stock of polite literature, we (hall fay no more of it, but proceed to the third, whore the threatened censure on the Jeivi/h history begins at p. iz6, and ends at p. 244. Aboab comes punctually at the hour, is so eager to vent his spleen against his adversary, that he breaks out with this exclamation, Di magni horribilem & sacrum libellum! and (hen bluntly opens his first heavy charge against our historian, which is, that he hath falfly accused the Jews of preferring their Talmud to the Sacred Scripture, by their comparing the latter to -water, and the former to •wine. word mis-accented or spelt, and other as palpable as unavoidable errors of the press, were to be brought in as so many undeniable proofs of the Jewish historian's ignorance of the learned, languages; though had he but revised his own short dialogue with half that critical accuracy, he must have observed a much greater number of such inaccuracies, if not much more palpable blunders, than he hath been able to spy out in that voluminous work. But for such a severe and exaggerated examen of those errata, his censures against it would have appeared as impertinent and contemptible for their number as they are in their nature. And such we dare affirm every candid reader will believe, and all that will be at the pains to read will find them, at the first fight; though much more, if they will be at the trouble of perusing the full and satisfactory answers, which the learned author hath condescended to give to each of them, in his preface to that new edition of his work; for which reason, we shalldwell no longer upon that idle heap of impertinent censures, being no farther concerned with it than to justify what we had asserted in our antient history, which was the very first point which that pretended Jt<w undertook to confute. The reader will' easily guess at the rest of his performance by this hisstrst coup (TEJfay, and excuse us from following its author farther in it, especially, as nothing material hath come out from that or any other quarter against the work

were left of the race of David are affirmed to have left that province, and to have retired into that of Babylon, where

they

We have formerly observed f, that the Talmudisls compared the Written Lww to -water, the Mijhna to -wine, and the Gemarra to hippocras, or a rich compound wine. The fact is so undoubted, that no Jew, before bis pretended Aboab, ever denied or pretended to disprove it; and Tie is the first, if not the

only one, who hath attempted to expound that proverbial faying in a quite opposite sense. The method he takes to do it is no less new and singular ; water, fays he, being the most use^ ful and necessary liquor, especially to'thejews, on account of their frequent warnings and legal purifications, it plainly follows, that the comparing the written law to it must imply their giving the preference to it on the very account.

A man must indeed have the stupidity as well as impudence of the worst of Jews, to father such an unheard of exposition on atalm ud i st, so con trary to their avo wed sense of it, and to the manifest import of the gradation from water to wine, and from common wine to the most excellent and cordial of that kind. Mr. La Croze therefore rightly judged, that such an unfair and unjust censure would better fit the mouth of a Jevi in nubibus, than the pen of a protestant: though, in order to qualify him for that part, and to give some colour of reason to his censure, he hath been forced to supply him with some quotations out of the Greek poets, and other parts of literature; for which the talmudists always expressed a more than ordinary contempt. But there was still, it seems, a farther occasion for furniihing his Aboah with all this pompous shew of literature, as the bulk of his censures were to be merely critical, and of the lowest of that kind, and eve:yHebrew,Greei, 01Latin.

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they conclude the sceptre, mentioned by Jacob, is only to be found (F); so that these princes of the captivity are, according ing to the Jewish tradition, affirmed to have been set up in lieu of the royal dignity; and that they have the same right with the ancient Jewish monarchs, over the whole nation wheresoever dispersed ; and whether they pleased to assume or disclaim it (G). But here they grosly contradict themselves, merely to raise the authority of those Babylonish chiefs, who afterwards flourished a considerable time, and in great splendor there, above that of the patriarchs, who were more obscure, and of shorter duration, most probably to keep up the notion of the regal power being still extant in the former; and, to evade the objection which the Christians raise against them, of its having been long since extinct; for their very genealoReyalline- gies plainly shew, that the elder Hillel, the chief of them, was age not of the tribe of Judah, and of the feed of David, being deconsined to {bended, according to them, from Shepkathiah, the son of them, Abitn.il, the son of David (FT). The western Jews pretend moreover, that some of the most considerable families of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin went and settled in Sepharad, or Spain; and that it is among them that the royal line is best preserved, on which account they have looked upon the rest of their nation with a singular contempt, and arrogate to themselves a superiority over them: though we should think, that if any could justly claim such a merit over the rest, it should be those, who, instead of abandoning their native country to go and seek their fortune either in Spain or Babylon, preferred the living in it among the dreadful dilapida■ tions of their metropolis, and other cities, and with a view of calling the dispersed thither again, and raising it as much as was in their power out of its ruins. We shall leave it to the Jews to dispute these points among themselves; and only

above-mentioned since its au,thor's full reply j but, on the contrary, a general approbation of the one, and encomium on the other.

(F) These accordingly quote a concession of Judab Hakkodesh, who is reported to have owned, that if Huna above-mentioned had come into Judea, he would have been obliged to have acknowleged him his superior, that Babylonish chief being of the seed of Bwvid by king Jeboakim, whereas he [Judab) was of the tribe of Benjamin, and only of the royal race by tie females. But this passage, so derogatory to the Jews m Palestine, seems rather to have been inserted in the Jerusalem talmud long after the extinction of those patriarchs, and when the Babylonish chiefs had got all the authority in theirown hands. Neither is it credible, that Jehudab Hakkodejh, who was dead before Huna had been chosen to bis dignity, or at least before he came to take possession of it in Judea, could make him such a compliment before his election, especially as his progenitors were equally of the tribe as Judab, and of the Dwvidic race, as ws shall shew from the very gene, ■ ajogies of the Jews.

However that be, those chiefs have always distinguished themselves by the title of Rabona; whereas they give the- Jewish pontifs only that of Rabbies. They likewise assume the title of NaJJi, or prince; on pretence that it is only with them that the royal race of David subsists in its full vigour; though that

K 4. u:le

title is often taken in a much that this pretended retreat of the

lower fense by some os the west- royal race into Babylon, is not

em Jews, especially in Germany, only without foundation, but

Poland, and Italy; where they it appears, en the contrary, that

give it those who have only the they subsisted still in Judea in

saperintendency over about 20 the lisaeoiAdrian, particularly in

synagogues. -several of the relations of Jesus

(G) So fays the book intituled Christ, who never, that we can

Jad Kbaxahha (11), Capita jive find, left their antient dwelling

principes capti'vorum qui/unt Ba- to go into Babylon; so that it is

byloncuice regesfunt conftituti, li- a mere Jewish fiction, that they

cetque ipfa impetare in omni loco, were all to be found in the lat

fi-veplaceat illis five non flaceat. ter, and none in the former. '(H) We may further add,

(n) Trail, it Regii, tap, iv. dt Aixmalatarcba,

add,

add, that all this artifice of theirs will by no means prove what they design by it, viz. the existence of thesceptre, or royal dimity, since those Babylonish chiefs were then subjects to the kings of Persia, and so could have no pretence to either. We (hall find a more proper place to speak of their pretended grandeur, pompous installation, and other particulars, related of them by the Jewi/b writers; and thus much shall suffice to have premised concerning their swollen and fabulous style; their fondness for sublime fictions and miracles, in order to keep up the people's desponding expectation of a Messiah, as well as to raise an implicit faith and sovereign regard for those doctors and their writings. By all which our readers will easily fee, what dependence can be had upon historians and masters, whose main authority is founded on heaps of the most absurd miracles, as are only fit for a Jewi/b creed. We shall therefore resume the thread of their history, and proceed to give an account of the most material events that have happened to that nation since the destruction of their metropolis. . .

We need not repeat here what we observed near the close jews £, of their history, of the desolate condition to which both city perrej ivlt and kingdom were reduced; or of the dreadful slavery to Gallilee, which the greatest part of the surviving Jews were condemned Egypt, by the conqueror (I). Those that survived this fad catastro* &c. phe, and escaped the fury of the Romans, retired, some into Gallilee, and a much greater number into Egypt and Cyrene;

(I)Werewetocredittheexag- Jea, about 60 years after, the gerated calculation which some destruction of the temple, a sufChristian authors have made of ficient number of them to put the number of inhabitants in a numerous army on foot, to Judea {12), amounting, accord- fortify 50 castles, and to make ing to it, to 66,240,000, one a stout defence against the emwould hardly suppose it to have peror Adrian, besides the city been so far depopulated by the of Bither, which held out a long loss of 13 or 14 hundred thou- and stout siege against him. All sand, which Jofephus reckoned which shews plainly, that either to have perished in this war; there were a greater number but that there would be still a left in the country than his acsufficient number to have kept count would intimate, or, at it from such an ucter desolation least, that they were not so far as the Jeiuijh historian repre- dispersed, much less destroyed sents it. But if the former is or enslaved, but that they could visibly wrong and exaggerated, quickly rally again, and resettle the latter seems no less so on the themselves in it, • other side; since we find in Ju

si») Fid. int. at. Fillalpand.dt vijiin, Exect. txfltn. im.M.f. 3. diffut. xr. disf»t. iii. cf. 5», 8 fl'it

where

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