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joined to TekeS's troops, he resolved to pass the Save, and encamp at &7w/;'« on the other fide: but, upon information, that prince Lewis of Baden, in conjunction with Caprara, was marched towards Illok, they changed their resolution; and suit letters by two peasants to the imperial generals at Etfek, to intercede with the emperor for peace, line the messengers, appearing more like spies than ambassadors, were imprisoned; and no notice taken of what they came about: Soon after which, they seized Illok, as before-mentioned.

In the interim, prince Lewis of Baileu arriving at Poffcga, The Turks capital of Sclavenia, was perplexed how to pats the Save at Restated. Proof, since its banks were guarded by two thousand Turks: but Hqfjkirkin and Serini, pasting the river in barges with five hundred Heyduks, and three hundred dragoons, routed the enemy, and killed two hundred. Then, more troops ferrying over, they fortified the place. Three days alter Topol PaJhtL, joined by two others, arrives with eight thousand Turks, and, at midnight, attacks the uermans; who, tho' but thirteen hundred in all, repulse them with vigour. In a second assault they kill live hundred; and then, being reinforced, sally on the Turks, and beat them out of their trenches, killing seven hundred more, and taking their baggage: after which they set fire to the place, and abandon it.

The elector of Bavaria, being arrived at the Save, was informed that the Otlmian army, consisting of twenty-five thousand men, lay intrenched on the other fide of that river, with a design to obstruct his passage. Tekeli also was posted with a strong body, in order to receive them at their landing. It was therefore agreed to alarm the Turks that night in divers places, whilst the generals Serini, Strium, and Aspremont, should endeavour to pass at some distance off, with fix thousand men. This was effected without any opposition: but, at day-break, they were attacked by eight thousand Janizaries, of whom fix hundred were cut off. During this engagement, which lasted two hours, a bridge was thrown across the river, and the whole army crosted the fame day. After gaining this difficult point, the Turks quitted their trenches, and fled; while the elector marched towards Belgrade, which was three days distantk. Here let us return to the Turkish authors.

The way being opened to Belgrade by the taking of Tiral Belgrade (TitulJ, the elector of Bavaria directs his course thither with bejitged. the army; and, having repulsed the Turks, who, at the ille of Sabats, opposed his passage over the Save, proceeds to at

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tack the Serasttier, who had encamped round that city: but that general, not caring to wait his approach, set fire to his camp, and the lower part of the city; and retired to Semendria. The Germans arriving, lay siege to Belgrade on all sides; and, having demolished the walls, on the 11 th of Zio'lkaadeh (or August 26th), give a general assault. After a sharp battle of six hours, the Turks -are driven from the walls, and retreat to the castle; but with so little circumspection, that the Germans, mixing with them, seize the gate, where a fiercer battle than the former ensues; in which, it is said, the whole garrison, consisting of nine thousand men, were put to the sword '.

It may be proper to enlarge from our own historians, upon the siege of this important fortress. On the duke of Bavaria's approach, the inhabitants embarked, with all their moveables, for different places along the Danube; yet many were killed and taken in their flight. When tl\ey were gone, the garrison set fire to the suburbs; where the army, on their arrival, got a very considerable booty. Having furnished their trenches and other works, on the 25 th of August, they began from three batteries to play on the castle with twenty-six pieces of cannon, besides fifteen mortars. Mean time the garrison, though but three thousand men, made several vigorous sallies, being encouraged by their commander Ibrahim Pasta, with a promised relief from Ozmdn, Pasta of Halep, who, with twenty-five thousand men, was then encamped at Nijja; while Teghen (E), retired to Sofia with his horse, for the foot had deserted him, consumed the forage round the country. After this, two other batteries were erected; yet the garrison made stout resistance, and did great execution with their artificial fire, as well as great shot and bombs; one of which blew up a large magazine of powder.

The duke of Lorrain, being recovered, came to the camp, but left the whole conduct of the siege to the duke of Bavaria, who, on the 6th of September, gave a general assault in four quarters at once. The elector himself commanded in the front; the prince de Commcrcy on the right; general Heujler on the left; and Pint, serjeant-major of the regi

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ment of Lorrain, in the quarter near the water. The aflailants entered the ditch with much bravery, through showers of bullets; and made themselves masters of the breach. From the top hereof they were dismayed with the sight of another more difficult ditch, well pallisadoed on the further side, as well as with the loss of their leader count Schaffenberg: also the counts Emanuel of Fustinberg, and Henrik of Starem- in four berg; with many others who were (lain at the beginning oiflaca, the danger. In effect, the Germans began to give ground a little; and the advantage must have been lost, had not the brave elector exposed himself on the breach, and threatened .

death to any who offered to retire. The soldiers awed, and animated by the example of their general, descend the second ditch, and mount to the pallisades with such surprizing boldness, that the Turks fled ,• and, crowding iato the castle separated from the town only by a bridge, hung out a white flag: but some of the most desperate^ assailants got-in after them, and put all to the sword.

They entered with the like success in the other quarters; ^ dti though in that of Commercy one hundred dragoons were cut tairw. off; and general Heuster had his thumb carried away with a musket ball: for all this, he boldly with his soldiers, in spite of the enemy's sire, scaled the walls, and made himself master of an iron gate, by which they got into the town; where the Germans were insatiable in their llaughter, putting all to the sword without distinction. They had also spilt the blood of the PaJbA, the Aga of the Janizaries, and other officers, retired into a small trench behind the castle, if the elector's clemency had not interposed"'.

After Belgrade was reduced, the Turkish ambassadors Success m arrive in the imperial camp; and declare, that they came to Bosnia, settle a peace, as well as to notify the election of Soltdn Soleym&n: but the elector told them, he was sent fcnly to conquer Servia and Bulgaria (F); and that, if they had any thing to propose to the emperor, they must proceed to Vienna.

The prince of Baden had no less success in Bosnia: for, having defeated a considerable body of Turks, who opposed his paslage of the river Unna, he pursued them so briskly, that they abandoned Gradiflta and Kqftaniza. After this, on the 10th of Zio'lhaadeh (or August 15) he was met at the

m Ricaut iibi supr.

{Fj According to Ricaut, Zul- and also to a great feast made

/tar, the ambassador, was in- the 8th of September, on occa*

vited to the camp by the elector, Hon of-hi* success, in order to hear his proposals;



little c'ty or Brod by the Pasha of that province, with the 1688. whole army, whom he routed and Hew with five thousand of «—-v——' his men n, , p - » There is but a very imperfect account of the affairs of Bof, f ■ nia, as related by the Christian historians. According to them, ■* '" prince Lewis, setting out from Pojsega (where we left him) passed the Save, September the 3d; and marched, upon a false information of the numbers of the enemy, to attack Topal, Pas/jd of Bosnia, who was encamped with fifteen thousand men under Tervat, or Tcriuent, near the river Okraina about six miles from Prout. Although the prince had not above three thousand horse, and three hundred Kroats, yet they repulsed the enemy three times; and then coming so close, that, having time to recharge their fire-arms, they fell on with their swords. On this occasion they performed such wonders, that, forcing the horse to abandon the foot, they flew five thousand on the spot, among whom was the Pajhd, two Agas, and his Kyehaya, besides two hundred drowned: the rest submitted. In this surprizing action, the imperialists lost no more than one hundred and fifty men. a-T n r Thus ended the campaign in Hungary; after which the elector of Bavaria was recalled to defend his own territories threatened by the king of France: who was incensed at the choice made of prince Joseph Clement of Bavaria, to be elector of Cologn, in prejudice of cardinal Furstemberg, whose interest he resolved to support by force of arms. The command of the imperial army by this means devolved on mareschal Caprara, who marched from Belgrade, and took possession of Semandria, the capital of Servia (G), and Pojkarcrwert, a small town ; both abandoned by the Turks. These successes induced the Rafcians to submit to the emperor; aud, having made up a body of twenty thousand men, they surprised Waolva and Zolkolova, both on the Drina; killed a thousand Turks, and routed the rest. Mean time twelve thousand of the enemy, most of them rabble, waste and plunder the country about the Morava: but were soon dispersed by general Hcujler; while the inhabitants of those parts, provoked by their insolence, took up arms, and seizing on the city of Uziga, killed five hundred Turks, and made two thousand prisoners.

n Cant. p. 3J9.

(G) The Turks fay, the elec- siege, to take possession. But,

tor, being informed the Oth- in this cafe, the Christian writers

mans had abandoned that capi- may be presumed to know best. tal, sent 1000 men during the

cians sub ait,


By this time, prince Lewis of Baden, having fortified A. D. Prout and Cradijka, marched towards Bertzka, the only 1688. place unsubdued in Bosnia; on whose approach the Turks lr^Y~~~J abandoned the town. Prince Lewis, having in about nine f?',"1^ weeks reduced that whole province, was called home to re-'*' fist the French; and left Picolomini to oppose the Pajhd of Bosnia, who was raising forces in those parts.

About this time Tekeli, reinforced with a party of Turks Tekelirrand Tatars, ravaged the borders of Walakbia and Trdnfilva- triatt. nia: but on the approach of four thousand Rascians hastily retreated; and endeavoured by letter to draw over the Tranfilvanians, telling then, they must by that time have experienced the insolence of the Germans; and that now was the juncture to redeem themselves and posterity from the barbarous slavery they lay under °.

Mean time, the Venetians carry on the war in other-parts Venetian with more variable fortune. In the Morea, the Serafiier is success^. before them in the field; and obliges the garrison of Athens to abandon the city with great loss. Their army soon after march to Egribitz (or Negropont); and, passing the narrow sea which divides the island from the continent, lay close siege to the city: but are obliged, by the disagreement of their own officers, and bravery of the besieged, to retreat with loss. On which, the valiant general count Koningsmark, to whom the Venetians owe almost all the victories gained in the Morea, fell sick and died r.

But neither of these assertions is fact, if we may depend j^on the Christian historians; who are very particular in their pJ|° /" account of this unfortunate siege. According to them, thefined, captain general Francisco Morofini, newly elected Doge of Venice, resolving to besiege Negropont (H), set sail with the fleet; and the 14th of July landed eight thousand foot and

Ricaut, ubisupr. 'Cast. p. 359.

(H) It was antiently called from the town by a deep ditch.

Kbalcis, and is ieated on the fa- The Greeks call it Egrlpos, a

mous Eurippus, or Narrow Chan- corruption of Euripus, as Negro

eel, between the ifle and Greece, pent is of it. The inhabitants

which ebbs and flows, at certain might amount in all to i;,coo

seasons, many times in twenty- people. It is the residence of

sour hours. The city stands at the captain Pajhd, or Turkijh

the narrowest part of the chan- high a Imiral. On a point of

nel (which is there covered with a land towards the Euripus is a

bridge), and is two miles round; castle called Karabaha, or Black

but the suburbs much more Father. large and populous, separated

Mod. Hist. Vol. XIII. C five

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