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A. D. five hundred horse. The city was garrisoned by six thousand 1688. men; and its walls, lined with earth, well fortified on all Ui-v--^ sides with bastions, forts, mines, and cannon; on the right hand of the bridge the Turks had raised a battery, and pitched their tents along the side of the aqueducts; and, on the left hand, had formed a line of communication between the suburbs and a hill, which had a battery commanding the sea, where Mqftafa Pasha, one of the governors, was posted; the other, called Ibrahim Pasta, defended the outworks. There were besides, divers other trenches in different forms, strengthened with pallifades, and a deep ditch thirty paces long, reaching to the gate of the city, and covered with a hornwork. Below the mills, was another battery of three pieces of great cannon, which commanded the shore. Every work had some soldiers to defend it, especially French, who were skilled in throwing bombs and other fireworks. As a farther strengthening, the Serafiier of the Morea lay six miles off with four thousand men. TfoTurks The Venetians made their approaches with little obstrucdefeated. tion from the besieged; and, on the 30th, began to batter the town. One of the bombs fell into the Pa/ha's palace, and put things there into great confusion ; while the excessive heats, producing malignant fevers in the camp, killed many of the officers as well as soldiers, and made others retire to the fleet; among whom was the brave general Koningfmark, who died the 15 th of September following.
The Turks, finding the Venetians to be in these bad circumstances, incommoded them with sallies. On the 16th of August, they attacked the Maltese trenches, but were repulsed; and had the fort near the mills taken from them: yet recovered it next day. This made the Doge, on the 20th, attack the enemies trenches, which extended three miles from the hill to the sea, and effectually covered the soldiers. The marquis of Corbon, with his cavalry, was the first who broke in upon the enemy, and opened a way for the foot to come to handy-blows; where for two hours the event was doubtful; for the Venetians were repulsed twice or thrice in some places. But, at length, the enemies horse retired in great confusion, leaving their infantry to the mercy of the besiegers, who pursued them to the very gates of Negropont, with great slaughter; and mastered the suburbs. In this action a thousand Turks were killed, and as many wounded, among whom were the Serafiier's son, and Mqftafa Pasta. On the Venetian side, two hundred were slain; and among others, the prince of Wirtemberg mortally wounded.
SEPTEMBER the 5th, five hundred Turks, sallying .A. D. on the quarter of the Slavonians, beat them out of their 1688. trenches; but they recovered them again: and a breach be- *~~""v^ ing made in the. tower, on the sea-side at the end of the " bold atditch, engineer Romagnat offered with fifty men to mount Umt'the fame, although but narrow, and void of any cover from the enemy's shot. The Doge landed to be a spectator of this ehterprize; which on the 8th was executed, with so much valour, that they gained the breach: but being very narrow, as well as. without cover, and the descent into the town very steep, they were forced to quit it again with the loss of fix or eight men. About the fame time, count Waldek and colonel P'iltz, advancing with their regiments, one to the brink of the ditch, the other to the foot of the tower, were both cut off, with seven captains and two hundred men.
However the Venetians, nothing discouraged, raised d bonntt new batteries beyond the water; from whence. they made a ta^Cttbreach in the other tower, and battered the curtain between the two. But the season being now far spent, and the sickness increasing, there seemed to be little hopes this year of taking the city; which was continually supplied from the camp with men and provisions. For all this, the Doge would not give up the enterprize; and, leaving no means untried to reduce the place, ordered a traverse to be made over the ditch which was thirty paces wide, to convey the forces under the wall. But this design proved more difficult than was expected, by the violent current of the water; and the labourers being greatly exposed t© the small shot of the enemy, who now raised a work in the false bray to obstruct the progress of the traverse. However they were driven out of this work by the besiegers, who took a small bonnet by the way. Yet the Turks recovered it, though they soon lost it again to the Venetians, who fortified and secured it by a new battery and line of communication.
For all this, the Venetian forces daily diminished by dis- General cases and the sword, the gallies of Malta and Tuscany now "Js****left them also; yet, far from abandoning the siege, they resolved on a general assault, which was deemed practicable; and, on the 12th of Otlober, began it about ten in the morning, with eight thousand men in four several places: but the besieged poured such vollies of small shot upon the troops appointed to storm the breach; that, after many officers and soldiers were killed, they sounded a retreat, not being supported by those who were to have assisted them. No better success attended the other attacks. In one place, they found the entrance into the town obstructed by a very steep descent;
in another, the town being inaccessible without, they stood in the ditch up to the middle in water, exposed to the enemy's 1 stiot. The attack lasted for several hours, in which they lost above a thousand men, and divers officers. The gallies also suffered much on this occasion. The siege *T was now ^0UR(^ impracticable, from the decrease of their raised. troops, to make another attack. But to avoid the shame of quitting the siege, after consuming all the summer before the place, it was proposed in council, to continue there all winter: but the foreign troops declaring they would not stay, the siege was raised, with the loss of many in getting away q.
Thus ended the unfortunate siege of Negropont. On the other hand, the Venetians had better success in Dalmatia; where Kain (I), of which Steaglik (K), the deposed Sof& of Bosnia, was governor, with several thousand soldiers, was by them taken: besides the castles of Verlikka, Quonigrad, and Klin ta~ Grajsach'. On the 17 th of August, Klin was invested by the *«• procurator Girolamo Cornaro ; and a breach being made in the
outer wall, the Venetians became masters of it by the ad of September, the besieged retiring within the second. By the 4th, several new batteries were raised; and the defendant's magazine of powder was blown up by a bomb: for all this, they maintained the castle and lower town with great resolution. At length, the regiments of Corbon and Sebenica being ordered to cross a water, which was all the defence the town had on that side, the soldiers swam over with their swords in their mouths, while the Turks retired from their in trench ment into the castle. The besiegers, thus left in possession of it, presently cut-off the pipes, and destroyed the aqueducts which conveyed water to the castle. Hereupon the Pasha, on the 12 th of September, surrendered at mercy. Narinxse- After this general Cornaro having a design upon Nafirted. rento, an antient port where formerly commodities arrived from Thrace, Servia, Bosnia, and other parts, sailed with his forces to the town of Narim, built three years before at the mouth of the harbour. There landing some troops, and battering the place from a galley, the garrison fled; most of whom were killed, and the rest taken by the Morlaks; who afterwards ravaged the country, and returned with great plunder'.
'ricawt, ubisupr. r Cant, ubi supr. * Ricaut, ubisupr.
(I) Doubtless a mistake for (K) Ricaut calls him AtlaKlin 1 the Alif being very like gick. the Lam in the Arabik characters.
In the interim, the Turkish ambassadors were come to Vi- A. D. enna, and being introduced to the emperor Leopold, in the 1688. name of the Solt&n, presented the letters Julus Nameh (L), V^~v^>^ informing him of So/eyman's election; but made no mention ^ url"ih of peace, in hopes the Germans would first propose it, and ProP0Ja*t< so render the negotiation more easy. When they find themselves baulked in their expectation, they offer to his imperial majesty his choice of a short truce or a peace: that, in case he deiired the former, all Hungary should continue in his hands; Transtlvania be tributary to both empires; Kameniek dismantled be restored to the Poles, and Belgrade to the Turks: but if a peace was more agreeable, some part of Hungary with Belgrade should be restored to the Othman empire.
LEOPOLD, having consulted with the ambassadors of Demands the other confederate powers, returns this answer: That al- of the though, from the present state of things, he had great hopes, not only of recovering the rest of Hungary, but also of subduing the whole Turkish empire, yet he was ready to agree to a peace, provided the kingdom of Hungary, with the provinces belonging thereto, Sclavonia, Kroatia, Bosnia, Servia, Bulgaria, and Tranfilvania, should be resigned to him; Moldavia and Walakhia remain free; the exercise of the Romish religion permitted throughout the Turkish empire; the Franciscan friars put in possession of the holy sepulcre at Je- confederate rusalem; and Tekeli delivered up to him. The Poles de- princes manded, that the antient boundaries of their kingdom should be restored; and all Krim Tartary, Moldavia, Walakhia, and the whole country extending on both sides of the Boryjlhcnes as far as the Danube, resigned to them. And to shew themselves greater friends to religion than the other confederates, they insisted, that all the Christians, who lived under the Othman government, should be freed from tribute. Lastly, the Venetians besides the Morea, the several isles and cities elsewhere already in their possession, demand the sea-coast of Negropont from Korcyra to Korinth; and part of Dalmatia, with the demolition of the havens of Dulcigno and Antivari.
The ambassadors immediately inform Soleyman of the answer they had received; and, undoubtedly, the peace would "sftriicJed have been settled, had not the most Christian king, jealous y rance
(L) or more properly Natnei Pajhds, and to the neighbouring
Julust Humayun, that is, The princes, with whom ho is at
letters of the most sublime new do- peace, to notify his accession to
minion: so are stiled the Soltan s the throne, Cant. letters which he sends to all
A, D. of the great advantages which the Christians had gained against i6?8. the Otnman empire, proclaimed war, without any just cause, *—■"V"*r' against Leopold; advising the Soltdn, by his ambassador Cha■ teauneuf, not to make peace with the emperor (M), since he would the next year penetrate into the heart of Germany; and had actually four hundred thousand men ready for that expedition. He adds, that if the event should answer his wishes, he would reserve to himself all Germany, with Vienna its capital; but restore Hungary to the Soltan. These encouraging promises reviving the spirits of the Turks, Soleymtin neglects his ambassadors (N), whom he sent to sue for peace, and thinks of nothing but war. j, , ... He first applies himself to settle affairs at home; and as
fun essed ^00n as ^e ^ermam were- retired to winter-quarters, fends the greater part of his forces against Eghen Oz-man Pasha, and Gyeduk Pasha, who had almost the whole year, disturbed the Othman empire: which was freed from this danger by their taking the two rebels prisoners.'.
According to Ricaut, Teghen Pajha, after his flight from Belgrade, quarreled with Noraddin Galgu., son of the Khan of Tartary; who thereupon calling him coward, and saying he was sitter to command thieves than soldiers, Teghen ordered Egneu him to be strangled before several Tatar lords. On complaint J am: of this outrage at the Othm&n court, the Wazir endeavoured to palliate the matter in favour of Teghen; who, when he was Janizar Aga, had saved his life in a mutiny. But the Khan himself arriving at Adrianople, to consult about the operations of the ensuing campaign, so warmly urged the affair, that Teghen was by the divan sentenced to be put to death. On ^this news, he flew into open rebellion, wrote to his old master Tedik to do the like in Asia, and plundered the country. But the Pasha of Sofia being ordered to take him dead or alive, he fled into Albania to his old friend Mahmud Bey Ogli; who, having been before gained by the Porte, cut off his head, and sent it to the Soltan.
1 Cant. p. 359. See also Ricaut.
(M) Likewise, by transmit- bafedors having proposed to,
ting vast sums into Poland, he Leopold the quiet possession of all
so far corrupted the avaricious he had conquered, the emperor,
king that, though he did not bywhat fatality our author knew
quit the alliance, yet he usually not, not only rejected this, but,
took care to come no sooner in- contrary to the custom of na
to the field than it was time to tions, imprisoned them in the
leave it. Ricaut. caitle of Puffendorf, ixixVienna,
(N) Ricaut says, that the am- for some years,